About 5-6 years ago, the fashion for pink tomatoes came to our country. In the markets, they were primarily bought up. Buyers refused to take red fruits from farmers. This continued until the seeds of a tall red-fruited hybrid were brought to Russia, which conquered both farmers and buyers with beauty and taste. Mahitos returned the former glory to red tomatoes.
This Dutch hybrid was created by the RIJK ZWAAN holding. The family business Rijk Zwaan is a recognized leader in the global vegetable selection market. The main office is located in the Dutch village of De Leer.
The RIJK ZWAAN brand is represented in 30 countries, and its history in the Russian Federation has been going on for over 20 years, since 1995. The best varieties and hybrids are supplied to Russian vegetable growers. All of them have been tested in our conditions and are included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements.
Original Mahitos seeds in Russia are sold under this brand.
The application for variety trials of the Mahitos tomato was received in August 2011. The year of inclusion in the plant register is 2012. The hybrid is approved for cultivation in all regions of the Russian Federation under film shelters. And although this hybrid is recommended for personal subsidiary plots, it is cultivated on an industrial scale, grown in farm greenhouses and harvested, much higher than those declared in the State Register.
Mahitos is a powerful indeterminate tomato with a strong stem, short internodes and a well-developed root system. Brushes are formed every 2-3 leaves. A tangible advantage of Mahitos is the ability to set fruits in cool and cold conditions.
Mahitos bushes are strong, with short internodes
The bush grows up to 180–250 cm. It takes 90–100 days from germination to harvesting the first fruits. In total, during the growing season in the greenhouse, 6–8 brushes are laid on one plant, each with 5–6 fruits. But these are average figures. In the south, the stem of Mahitos, which has grown to the ceiling of the greenhouse, is thrown over the top bar so that it continues to grow and bear fruit, hanging down like a liana. The main thing is that the tomatoes have time to fill up before the onset of cold weather.
The fruits are all aligned, smooth, dense; unripe fruits do not have a dark spot at the peduncle. Mahitos tomatoes do not crack, differ in excellent taste and presentation, tolerate transportation well, and are stored for a long time.
There are significant discrepancies regarding the weight of the fruit, and hence the yield of the hybrid. So, in the State Register the fruit weight is indicated - 72 g, yield - 3.4 kg / m². On the website of Raik Zwaan Rus, the weight is 220–260 g. The indices from the manufacturer are confirmed by amateurs and farmers: the typical Mahitos weight of one tomato is 200–250, individual specimens - up to 500 and even 700 g. In fact, the yield of one bush is from 20-30 fruits, which is at least 4-6 kg, on average - 10 kg per plant. Planting density - 4-5 bushes per 1 m².
Tomatoes can be planted in summer greenhouses in most of our country in early to mid-May, earlier in the south, and later in the north. By the time of planting, the seedlings of a mid-season hybrid should be 60–65 days old. This means that the seeds need to be sown from early to mid-March. Mahitos is susceptible to late blight. From the first days of growing, pay attention to the prevention of this disease:
Mahitos shows its power already in the seedling season, and strong plants need good nutrition. Feed the plants every 10-14 days with a complex seedling mix before planting in the greenhouse. They have proven themselves well: Fertika, Agricola, BioMaster, Clean sheet. Give the first feeding one week after picking in individual cups, the last one a week before disembarking to a permanent place.
Prepare the garden in advance: dig it up, adding a bucket of humus and 1-2 glasses of wood ash to each square meter. Planting scheme Mahitos - 40X70 cm. Like other indeterminate tomatoes, this hybrid is very easy to form a bush. Remove all stepchildren, grow in one stem with the obligatory garter to the trellis.
The rest of the care is:
It is not necessary to plant tomatoes in the slots of the black film, you can lay it in the aisles after planting
To increase yields, especially in the northern regions, the fruits are harvested in milk or blanche ripeness. The advantage of early harvesting is that unripe fruits are stored for a long time (2 months) and tolerate long-distance transportation well. Fully ripe Mahitos tomatoes do not lose their presentation and good taste for two weeks.
Dose tomatoes in the light at room temperature, and if you do not have time to eat and process so many tomatoes, then keep them in the dark and cool - +10 ... +15 ° C. In the southern regions, the fruits of Mahitos ripen directly on the bushes, for the market they are often cut with whole brushes. Each weighs 1kg on average and looks amazing.
Fully ripened Mahitos brush looks spectacular and appetizing
What can be the purpose of large, beautiful and very tasty tomatoes? Of course - salad. They are eaten fresh, salads are prepared. The surplus is frozen, processed into paste and juice, winter preparations are made, in which you need to add tomatoes in slices. If you have medium-sized Mahitos, then, thanks to their dense skin, they are perfect for whole-fruit canning.
Mahitos is a tomato that farmers praise perhaps more than seed producers and sellers. In practice, the outstanding yield of this hybrid and the high consumer properties of its fruits have been tested. With all the advantages, care remains as standard as for any other greenhouse variety.
Tomato is one of the most popular horticultural crops grown in almost all household plots in any region. There are many varieties and hybrids bred by breeders - from traditional red tomatoes of a classic shape to the most unusual shades and configurations. Recently, pink tomatoes have been especially eagerly cultivated. One of the worthy representatives of this group of varieties is the Pink Bush F1 hybrid.
Although the word “black” appears in the name of the variety, mature tomatoes are brown in color. A rather wide, irregularly shaped green areola is located around the peduncle. The shape of the fruit is elongated, plum-like. The pulp is loose, has a sweetish taste. Weight up to 50 gr. 7-10 tomatoes can be formed on each brush, and the total yield reaches 5 kg per bush. Black Moor is mid-season - fruit ripening begins 105-110 days after germination.
Refers to semi-determinant varieties. The central stem of such tomatoes stops growing after 8-12 inflorescences have formed. The first inflorescence is located at the level of 7-9 leaves on the main stem, and on the lateral branches at the level of 3-5 leaves. Subsequent inflorescences are located across 2 leaves. This arrangement ensures uniform fruiting throughout the life of the plant. The short internodes inherent in the Black Moor variety make it possible to obtain a lot of brushes. An adult plant can reach 1-1.5 m.
Tomato seeds Black Moor
There are no ideal varieties, and Mazarin F1 is a worthy representative of a new generation of hybrids, with beautiful fruits and very productive.
Benito Tomato is one of the best Dutch hybrids with good taste and consistent yield. The variety was bred by accidental crossing. After long trials, it became clear that tomatoes are suitable for greenhouse cultivation and open field.
Benito tomatoes belong to the determinant varieties, the growth of which is limited by the flower cluster. The bushes reach a maximum height of 70 cm. However, a garter for this hybrid is necessary so that the shoots do not break under the weight of the fruit.
Bushes are undersized, compact, medium shoot formation. The Benito variety does not need pinching, the main crop is formed on the lateral shoots. The leaves are large, dark green, rejected.
In rare cases, only the lower leaves are trimmed, which bend towards the ground. This is necessary for good air exchange so that the plant does not hurt.
Tomato variety Benito F1 belongs to medium early hybrids, flowering occurs in early June. The flowers are simple, pale yellow, the formation of the ovary is good. One cluster contains up to 9 fruits.
Tomatoes ripen together, the first fruits are removed 95 days after germination. Yields peak around 110 days of growing.
The fruits of Benito F1 deserve special attention. Plum-shaped tomatoes, beautiful, even, with a dense skin. The average weight of one tomato ranges from 100-150 g.
The pulp is bright red, not watery, aromatic. The share of dry matter reaches 5%, sugars - 2.5%. There are few seeds in the fruits.
The peculiarity of Benito tomatoes is good keeping quality and ripening ability. For transportation, they are removed while still green. Tomatoes tolerate transportation well, up to 90% of marketable fruits are preserved.
Benito F1 showed good results among other tomatoes when grown throughout Russia, including the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East. A variety with good immunity and high yield.
In the description of Benito tomatoes, it is indicated that the variety gives up to 8 kg per bush. But in reality, in order to achieve such figures, you will have to pay enough attention to the plant. On average, the yield of a hybrid is up to 20 kg / sq. m.
Important! The amount of harvest in the greenhouse and in the open field is different. In a protected bed, you can grow up to 10 kg per bush.
Fruiting is stable, long-term, does not depend on the vagaries of the weather, the yield is friendly. Tomatoes begin to sing from the beginning of summer until the very frost. On one bush, up to 20 fruits ripen at a time.
Benito tomatoes are versatile in use, they are used for fresh salads, making ketchups and sauces. Tomatoes of this variety are especially good for juice and whole-fruit canning. Due to the dense skin, they do not burst during heat treatment.
Judging by the reviews of summer residents who grew Benito F1 tomatoes and the characteristics of the variety, we can conclude that the bushes are highly resistant to diseases. They are rarely affected by late blight, fusarium and verticillary wilting.
Important! With good care, bushes are rarely affected by pests.
Based on the description of Benito tomatoes, a number of advantages of this hybrid can be distinguished:
No significant drawbacks were found in the Benito F1 variety during the cultivation period. However, with insufficient care, the fruits suffer from apical rot. This should be taken into account when planting a hybrid.
The Benito tomato variety is grown according to the usual scheme, there are no special differences. But it will be useful for beginners to learn about all the intricacies of the process.
The cultivation of Benito tomato seedlings for open ground begins in mid-March. If the bushes are planted in greenhouses or under film shelters, then they can be sown in late February - early March.
Before planting, the seeds must be prepared so that the seedlings are friendly. To do this, they are soaked in growth stimulants. You can use store preparations or aloe juice, sweet water.
The duration of the procedure is 30 minutes, after which the planting material is dried.
Important! If it is indicated on the package with the seeds that they have been treated for diseases and pests, then no additional manipulations with them are necessary.
For germination, containers with a height of 10-15 cm are used. They are pre-cleaned of the remains of last year's soil, washed with hot water and sprayed with disinfectants.
Often summer residents use a solution of potassium permanganate or biological products, for example, Fitosporin, for this purpose.
Seedlings of Benito tomatoes are grown in loose and nutritious soil. A store-bought substrate for seedlings or your own production is suitable.
As a basis, you can take sod land, garden, add leaf humus, peat, sand to it. Such soil is disinfected before use. One way is to warm it up in the oven.
Heat treatment kills most pests and pathogens.
The bottom of the container for seedlings is drained with expanded clay, 2.5–3 cm thick, after which a layer of fertile soil is poured. The soil surface is well sprayed with a spray bottle and planting grooves are formed with a depth of 1.5 cm.
Tomato seeds are laid out at a distance of 2 cm from each other. The container is covered with a bag and placed in the brightest place. For the emergence of friendly shoots, the temperature in the room is maintained at + 22–25 ° С, after that it is lowered to + 16–18 ° С.
This will prevent the tomato seedlings from stretching.
The picking of seedlings is carried out after the second pair of leaves. By this time, the seedlings will get stronger and grow up a little. Elongated shoots can be deepened to the cotyledon leaves. At the same time, the stem is laid obliquely so that additional roots are formed.
Throughout the entire period of growing seedlings, tomatoes require careful care. Watering is carried out with warm water, the soil is moistened as needed, no more than twice a week.
Important! Waterlogged soil leads to the appearance of a "black leg". This is an insidious disease that can destroy all seedlings.
After picking, Benito's tomatoes are fed twice with mineral fertilizers. The concentration of the solution is reduced by 2 times. Before planting in a permanent place, the seedlings are hardened, briefly taken out into the street.
Transplanting tomatoes into open ground is carried out in mid-May. By that time, the age of tomato seedlings is 55-60 days.
This is the optimal time for transplanting, young plants will take root well in a new place and will soon bloom. Overexposing the bushes at home is not worth it, flowering seedlings adapt worse.
If the seedlings have grown well, and it is still cold outside, then it is better to transplant them under a film shelter.
The Benito f1 tomato planting scheme is standard. On one square. m place no more than three plants. In the greenhouse, you can compact plantings up to four bushes per sq. m.
Planting holes are prepared in advance. Superphosphate, ash, humus are added to them. Fertilizers are mixed with fertile soil. After planting, the tomatoes are well watered and mulch the soil.
Further care for Benito F1 tomatoes comes down to loosening the soil, feeding and watering.
The first feeding of tomatoes can be done 10 days after transplanting. At the beginning of the growing season, nitrogen fertilizers are used. Yeast infusion has proven itself well.
Add 150 g of wet yeast, 100 g of sugar or old jam to 5 liters of water. Mix well and leave in a warm place for a day. Then prepare a working solution of 10 liters of water and 1 tbsp. infusion.
Repeat feeding in a week.
In the future, they switch to phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Periodically, ash is added under the tomatoes.
Loosening of the soil is carried out after each watering. The soil is moistened regularly. If the weather is hot, then at least three times a week.
Tomato variety Benito F1 is disease resistant. But in regions of harsh farming, preventive treatments will not hurt. At the beginning of the growing season, the bushes are sprayed with Bordeaux liquid or other copper preparations. In the future, Fitosporin is used, which protects the variety from a complex of diseases.
Tomatoes in a rainy summer are annoyed by aphids and caterpillars. They get rid of them with chemicals or folk remedies. A tobacco solution or hot pepper infusion has proven itself well.
The Benito tomato is a promising variety that deserves attention. Tomatoes are attractive, retain their presentation for a long time, and are suitable for industrial cultivation or hobbyists. If you follow all the rules of cultivation, then the bushes will delight you with a good harvest in any weather.
Eduard Bazykin, 57 years old, Yaroslavl I have been growing Benito tomatoes in a greenhouse not so long ago. The variety pleased me with a good harvest and tasty fruits. I did not take care of the bushes, I did not notice any shortcomings. Normal variety, nothing special. Tomatoes are sweet, good for preservation. Olga Ananyeva, 42 years old, Tyumen region I planted a hybrid Benito for testing, I liked everything. The tomatoes are medium in size and suitable for preservation. Delicious, sweet and aromatic. There were no problems with growing seedlings. The seeds sprouted together and developed well. I planted tomatoes in a greenhouse on time. Care is usual, as for all varieties. Prikhodko Kirill, 27 years old, Rostov region Benito planted tomatoes directly on the garden, then thinned and planted in the garden. The experiment was a success, the bushes turned out to be good. I did not make a pick. Tomatoes quickly took root, bloomed earlier than others. The harvest is good, it can be transported and kept fresh for some time. The tomatoes are delicious, but the aroma is not expressed.
Typhoon F1 tomatoes are grown mainly by professional vegetable growers. To get a good harvest, you need to make an effort - the plants need careful care. Fruits of a survey variety of medium size, very tasty, aromatic and healthy. Therefore, tomatoes are grown by many owners of personal plots.
Typhoon F1 tomatoes were bred by Russian breeders in 2001. The survey variety passed state registration in 2003. The main purpose of an agricultural crop is growing in a greenhouse and unprotected soil.
Typhoon F1 is an early maturing tomato variety. From planting seeds for seedlings to ripening of fruits, no more than 90-95 days pass. The indeterminate standard bush grows up to 1.8 meters in height.
REFERENCE: In the southern regions, tomatoes reach 2 meters.
The plant is branched, medium-leafy, light green leaves.
The main features of the fruits of the "Typhoon" F1:
The first tomatoes weigh 80-100 grams, later the weight of tomatoes is 60-70 grams.
The main advantages of typhoon F1 tomatoes:
Among the disadvantages of survey varieties of tomatoes are:
Growing tomatoes upside down:
Typhoon F1 tomatoes contain a large amount of sugar, so their taste is bright and rich. The fruits are used fresh, in cooking, in salads and cold snacks. Since the tomatoes are quite large, they are not canned as a whole. Many summer residents use tomatoes for barrel pickling. Typhoon F1 fruits produce delicious juices, sauces and purees.
The survey variety is grown by transplanting seedlings.
For seedlings, dense and whole seeds are selected. Vegetable growers recommend pre-disinfecting the planting material by placing it in a weak manganese solution for several hours. For better germination, seeds are soaked in special growth stimulants.
Seeds are planted in containers in late March or early April. Planting material is undemanding to the ground; a mixture of garden soil with humus is perfect. The seeds are sown into the soil to a depth of about 2 cm. The soil is sprayed with warm water and covered with polyethylene. Germinate the seeds in a warm, dry place.
When sprouts appear, the film is removed, and the containers are placed on a well-lit windowsill, glazed balcony or terrace.
Plants are planted in open ground or in a greenhouse at the age of 45 to 50 days. The soil in the beds is loosened and holes are formed. Plants are transferred into holes, on the bottom of which superphosphate or sifted wood ash is placed (no more than 1 tablespoon).
After moving into the ground or greenhouse, the seedlings are watered with warm soft water. After a few days, young plants are fed with organic fertilizers.
REFERENCE: Seedlings are watered with warm water and fed with nutrient complexes before planting.
Basic rules for caring for bushes of the "Typhoon" F1 variety:
Review tomatoes are very fond of feeding. Vegetable growers recommend alternating organic and mineral fertilizers. From organic matter, it is best to use mullein solution or bird droppings.
IMPORTANT: The trunk of the plant needs a trellis support, and the branches with fruits should be tied up, since the bush grows tall.
Typhoon F1 variety has a high immunity to fungi and viruses.
Plants are resistant to diseases such as:
When growing tomatoes in greenhouses, prevention is necessary. The following measures will help to avoid infection of plants with diseases:
A frequent disease of tomatoes "Typhoon" F1 - brown rot of the fruit. The disease is controlled by removing damaged tomatoes and reducing the application of fertilizers that contain nitrogen. Plants are also sprayed with Hom.
Insect pests can attack tomato plantings:
Alternative methods and special insecticides will help to cope with insects.
In the middle lane, tomato bushes are often harmed by slugs. Gastropods are fought by mulching the ground in the beds. Also, an effective way to get rid of slugs is to create barriers from eggshells, coarse sand or branches of conifers.
Varietal tomatoes have a high yield. From a bush, 4 to 6 kg of ripe fruits are harvested.
In which regions is it better to grow?
In the southern regions, the Typhoon F1 variety shows excellent results in the open field, in the regions of central Russia - under film shelters. In the northern regions, plants are planted in heated greenhouses.
Variety reviews from those who planted
Typhoon F1 tomatoes are appreciated by many gardeners for their excellent taste. Despite the poor keeping quality, tomatoes are grown for fresh consumption, for making juices and mashed potatoes. And the high yield and amicable ripening of the fruits of the survey variety makes it possible to use tomatoes throughout the season.
Medium-late giant cultivar for protected ground. Perfect for gardeners who prefer to grow large-fruited tomato varieties in greenhouses. The plant is indeterminate, powerful, 1.4-1.8 m high, which allows you to fully use the volume of the greenhouse. The fruits are very large, bright red, dense, flat-rounded. The minimum weight of the fruit is 300 g, the maximum is 1300-1500 grams, and the better the care of the plant, the larger the fruits and the more abundant the harvest. The first brush is laid over 9 sheets, the next after 3 sheets. Productivity up to 5 kg per plant.
Sowing for seedlings is carried out 60-70 days before planting plants in a permanent place. The optimum constant temperature for seed germination is 23-25 ° C. When planting in the ground per 1 sq. m. 2,8-3,1 plants are placed. The variety responds well to watering and feeding with complex mineral fertilizers. Grown in one or two stems with a garter to the support.
To accelerate the process of seed germination, plant health, improve fruit set, it is recommended to use specially designed plant growth and development stimulants.