Determinant tomato varieties: a brief overview and features of agricultural technology


It is difficult for novice gardeners to understand the huge variety of tomato varieties. They can differ from each other in a large number of parameters, among which the type of growth is one of the most important. For this indicator, all varieties of tomatoes are divided into determinant and indeterminate.

Determinant tomato varieties - what is it?

A distinctive feature of determinant tomato varieties is genetically programmed limited shoot growth. It stops after the formation of a certain number of fruit clusters. Most often, their number varies from 2 to 6, and the last brush is always at the top of the shoot.

Lateral shoots of determinate tomato varieties grow only in the lower part of the plant. The impetus for their development is the formation of the upper fruit cluster. The first inflorescence in tomatoes of this type is formed at a height of 4–8 leaves, and all subsequent ones through 1–2 leaves. Some determinant varieties have the ability to form fruit clusters without a gap in the leaves.

Determinant tomato varieties are easy to distinguish from indeterminate ones.

Many people think that all determinate tomatoes are undersized. However, it is not. Today there are many varieties of this type, the height of which is 1.5-2 m.

Due to the peculiarities of the formation of the bush, the determinant varieties are inferior in yield to the indeterminate ones. But they significantly surpass their counterparts in the speed of ripening of fruits and a friendly return of the harvest. In addition, determinant varieties are much less demanding on growing conditions.

The best representatives of determinant tomato varieties

Breeders have bred more than a dozen varieties of determinant tomatoes. Among them, each gardener can choose a crop that best meets all his requirements.

For open ground

Tomatoes are a rather capricious culture. When grown outdoors, they can suffer from both cold and too high temperatures. They are also negatively affected by the excess air humidity characteristic of most regions of our country, which can cause the development of fungal diseases. The following varieties of determinant tomatoes resist the whims of nature better than others:

  • Agatha;
  • Liang;
  • Dwarf;
  • Valentine;
  • Sanka;
  • June;
  • Explosion;
  • White filling;
  • Persimmon;
  • Bull heart;
  • Solerosso.

Photo gallery: varieties of determinant tomatoes for open ground

Agatha

An early ripe variety for table use, included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in the North Caucasian, Middle Volga, West Siberian and East Siberian Districts. Its fruits are ready for harvesting 98-113 days after germination.

Agatha is a short bush with a simple inflorescence, on which up to 4 fruits can form. The first brush is laid over 6–7 leaves, the next through 1 leaf.

The height of the Agatha bush is 33-45 cm

When ripe, flat-round, smooth Agatha fruits are colored red and contain 5–5.5% of dry matter. Their weight varies from 77 to 99 g. The number of seed chambers is 7–11.

Agate is often used for the commercial production of tomatoes. Farmers highly appreciate such qualities as:

  • good germination when sown directly into open ground;
  • yield (583–676 c / ha);
  • amicable return of fruits (for the first decade of fruiting, 185–209 are harvested, and sometimes up to 400 c / ha);
  • excellent taste (tasting assessment of fresh fruits - from 3.8 to 5 points);
  • evenness and transportability of fruits.

Sanka

One of the most popular tomato varieties. Despite the fact that Sanka is zoned only for the Central Black Earth District, gardeners successfully grow it and get a good harvest in most regions of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.

The height of the bushes of this variety does not exceed 60 cm. The first inflorescences are laid above the 7th leaf, the subsequent ones - after 1-2 leaves. Fruits are round, slightly ribbed, with an average weight of 71–90 g. The number of seed chambers is 3–4.

The Sanka variety is distinguished by the uniformity of fruits in size

When ripe, which occurs 90–95 days after germination, tomatoes of this variety turn red. The average yield of Sanka is 258–348 c / ha, maximum - 371 c / ha. For the first decade of fruiting, from 10 to 34 centners / ha are harvested.

Fresh fruits of this variety have good taste. They are used both for the preparation of salads and for whole-fruit preservation. The juice of ripe tomatoes contains:

  • 4.4-5.6% dry matter;
  • 1.8-1.9% sugars;
  • 0.4-0.7% organic acids.

Video: personal experience of growing the Sanka variety

Persimmon

A popular orange-fruited variety of determinate tomatoes. It is recommended by the State Commission for Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements for growing in open ground and under temporary film shelters throughout our country.

The persimmon variety is characterized by a strongly leafy bush with a height of 70–90 cm with a small number of lateral shoots. When grown in a greenhouse, it can grow up to 140 cm. The first fruit clusters are laid over the 7th leaf, the subsequent ones - after 1–2 leaves. Persimmon fruits have a flat-round, medium-silvery shape and have an excellent taste. Each of them weighs about 240 g. The number of seed nests in the fruit is more than 4.

Orange persimmons are high in beta-carotene

Persimmon tomatoes reach technical ripeness one day after germination. From one square meter of plantings of this variety, about 5.8 kg of high-quality fruits are harvested.

Video: an overview of the persimmon variety

For greenhouses

For cultivation in closed ground, highly productive varieties of determinant tomatoes are usually chosen, which make it possible to use the scarce area of ​​greenhouses and greenhouses as efficiently as possible. Their resistance to fungal diseases is also of great importance, they are able to develop rapidly in closed and damp rooms. This quality is fully possessed by such varieties as:

  • Ampelny;
  • Verlioka;
  • Babay;
  • Legionary;
  • Pink cheeks;
  • Doll Masha;
  • Spring of the North;
  • La la fa.

Photo gallery: determinant varieties of tomatoes for indoor use

Verlioka

Verlioka is a high-yielding hybrid intended for cultivation in glass greenhouses and under film shelters. It is zoned in all regions of Russia.

Low-leafed Verlioki bushes can reach a height of 1.5, and sometimes 2 m. Fruits are round, smooth, dark red in color. Their weight usually does not exceed 100 g. The taste of fresh tomatoes of this hybrid is good and excellent. They are great both for eating fresh and for pickling or pickling.

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The fruits of Verlioki ripen 95-100 days after germination. When grown indoors, the average yield of a hybrid is about 5 kg per bush or 10 kg per square meter. m landings.

One of the main advantages of Verlioka is unpretentiousness. It perfectly tolerates a lack of light, sudden changes in temperature and excessive humidity, and is also very rarely affected by diseases that are dangerous for tomatoes, such as:

  • tobacco mosaic virus;
  • cladosporiosis;
  • fusarium;
  • gray rot.

My dad's favorite variety is planting for 10 years or more. There is no 2m, it is built at a height of 1.3–1.5m. Tomatoes - balls about 80-100g, average taste, dense wall - good in salting. Resistant to diseases, when the rest are already pulling out with strong cladosporia on it, single specks.

Pink cheeks

Medium early variety with large and fleshy pink fruits. It is included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements as a crop recommended for cultivation under a film shelter in the Northern, Northwestern, Central, Central Black Earth, Volgo-Vyatka, Middle Volga and North Caucasian districts. Ruddy cheeks are in demand and gardeners in Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova and other neighboring countries.

Indoors, the height of the bushes of this variety usually does not exceed 1.5 m. The first inflorescence is formed at the level of 8–9 leaves, and the gap between the following is 1–2 leaves. The weight of the flat-round, slightly ribbed fruits of the Pink Cheeks ranges from 180 to 250 g. They are distinguished by excellent taste and are suitable for preparing salads.

The fruits of Pink Cheeks are fleshy and tasty

When grown outdoors, the height of the Rosy Cheeks bush is reduced to 80–90 cm.

Tomatoes of the Pink Cheeks variety are ready for harvesting 110–112 days after germination. About 5.5 kg of fruits are harvested from one square meter of plantings.

I also grew in the last season from "Manul" "Pink cheeks" were 2 bushes, fully corresponded to the description, I liked the early, fruitful and tasty tomatoes, this year I will plant a couple of bushes without fail.

La la fa

Highly productive determinant hybrid, recommended by the State Variety Commission for winter-spring cultivation in greenhouses. It also shows good results in greenhouses or greenhouses of ordinary gardeners.

The height of the bush of the La-la-fa hybrid is about 1.5 m. The first flower cluster is formed above 8-9 leaves, the subsequent ones - after 3 leaves. Fruits are flat-rounded, smooth, glossy; when ripe they turn red. Their average weight varies from 126 to 16 g.

Tall hybrid La-la-fa needs shaping and garter bushes

The advantages of this variety include:

  • high yield (17–20 kg / sq. m);
  • resistance to fusarium, cladosporium and tobacco mosaic virus;
  • excellent gustatory and commercial qualities of size-sized fruits.

Every year I plant a couple of La-la-fa F1 bushes. It is problem-free, with a good yield, ripens early, and is well stored. But in my opinion, the taste is bland. Although in the first salads it goes with a bang.

Video: fruiting bushes of the La-la-fa hybrid in the greenhouse

The earliest

Among gardeners, varieties of determinant tomatoes of a very early ripening period are especially popular. They are ready to harvest within 80–95 days after germination. This saves them from infection with late blight, which usually appears on tomatoes much later, and allows you to get a good harvest of tasty fruits even in the open ground of the northern regions of our country. In addition, many ultra-early varieties of this type have miniature bush sizes, making them suitable for potting.

Earlier than other determinant tomato varieties ripen:

  • Alpha;
  • Boney MM;
  • Conqueror of the North;
  • Ryabinushka;
  • Betta;
  • Ladybug;
  • Potted red;
  • Potted yellow;
  • Spring round dance;
  • Little Red Riding Hood;
  • Conqueror of the North;
  • Ryabinushka;
  • Pink miracle;
  • Strawberry cherry.

Boney MM

The Boni MM variety was bred by the specialists of the Gavrish breeding company in the 90s of the last century and was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 2001 as a crop approved for cultivation in open ground throughout Russia. Its fruits are ready for harvesting as early as 80–90 days after the appearance of the seeds.

The Boney MM bush is standard, medium-branched, up to 40-50 cm high. The first fruit cluster is laid over the 6th leaf, the subsequent ones are not separated by leaves. Fruits are flat, red, with 2-3 seed nests. Their average weight is 58–63 g. The taste of fresh tomatoes is good.

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I highly recommend it to those who are short on time. Tomato Boni MM grows in a compact bush, does not require the formation and removal of stepchildren. The fruits ripen very quickly. Can be grown in beds with shelter from spring frosts. In summer, in the open sun, the fruits are the most delicious.

Honey heart

A high-yielding variety with a very early ripening period. Zoned across all regions of our country for planting in open ground and under temporary film shelters.

The height of the Honey Heart bush does not exceed 50 cm. The orange fruits of this variety have a smooth heart-shaped shape and excellent taste. Their average weight varies from 100 to 150 g, but under favorable conditions it can reach 200, and even 250 g. This variety shows the best results under film shelters. With this method of cultivation, the marketable fruit yield reaches 8.5–9 kg / sq. M.

The beautiful and tasty fruits of the Honey Heart will not leave indifferent any tomato lover.

I liked the tomato very much. Grew up in the OG. Despite the heavily rainy and cool first half of summer, many fruits were set. The color did not drop. Tomatoes are even, plum-heart-shaped, without cracking, with a sweet taste. Fruit weight 150-200g. A good hard-working tomato.

Cherry strawberry

A modern hybrid with cherry-type fruits ripening 90–95 days after germination. Recommended for growing throughout our country in film greenhouses and greenhouses. Gardeners of the southern regions manage to get a good harvest of the fruits of this hybrid in the open field.

According to seed producers, up to 30 fruits can be formed on one cherry strawberry bunch.

Strawberry cherry bushes reach a height of 1.2–1.4 m and must be tied to supports. Small, with an average weight of 20–30 g, the fruits have an original, roundly elongated shape, reminiscent of strawberries. When ripe, they are red in color and taste great. Tomatoes of this hybrid are used for fresh consumption and whole-fruit canning. The marketable fruit yield in film greenhouses is about 4.4 kg / sq. m.

Semi-determinant

Semi-determinant tomato varieties are characterized by high vigor. On their shoots, 8–12 fruit clusters are formed, and the plant height can reach 1.8–2 m. The first inflorescence on the main stem is formed above 7-9 leaves, and on lateral shoots - above 3-5. Subsequent clusters are located after 1-2 leaves, which ensures uniform fruiting throughout the season.

Among the features of semi-determinant tomato varieties include shortened internodes. The distance between the clusters does not exceed 18 cm. This allows you to get more fruits from one plant.

Semi-determinant tomato varieties show themselves especially well in greenhouses. Compared to low-growing varieties, they are much more efficient in mastering the area of ​​greenhouses and greenhouses and bring much more marketable fruits. At the same time, half-maturing ripens much earlier than the Indians.

When grown outdoors, the growth of semi-determinate tomato bushes is reduced.

Table: common varieties of semi-determinate tomatoes

Variety nameRegion of admissionRipening period (days after full germination)Productivity (kg / m)Resistance to diseases, pests and adverse weather conditionsFruit characteristics
The formColorTasteWeight (g)Number of nests
BaronIII light zone (winter-spring cultivation in closed ground)108–11513.8-16.6 (output of marketable products 91%)
  • tobacco mosaic virus;
  • cladosporiosis;
  • fusarium;
  • verticilliasis
Flat-roundRedGood122–1344 and more
VirtuosoAll regions of the Russian Federation (for growing under film shelters)1109,9
  • fusarium;
  • cladosporiosis;
  • tomato mosaic virus.
Flat round, ribbedRedGood1553–4
WaveAll regions of the Russian Federation (for growing under film shelters)1109,5
  • fusarium;
  • cladosporium disease;
  • tomato mosaic virus.
Flat-round, slightly ribbedRedGood1473–4
CardinalAll regions of the Russian Federation (for growing under film shelters)1207.2-8.4 (97% marketable output)Heart-shaped, the base of the fruit is medium-silvery, the apex is with a spoutPink, with a raspberry tint4424 and more
Magnum 44All regions of the Russian Federation (for spring cultivation in film greenhouses)9818,3Tobacco mosaic virusRound, smoothRedA great2056 and more
Pink ElephantAll regions of the Russian Federation (for growing under film shelters1126,2–8,2Flat round, with ribbed basePinkA great2804 and more

Photo gallery: semi-determinant tomato varieties

Ultradeterminate

Shoots of ultradeterminate varieties of tomatoes stop growing after the formation of 2–3, less often 4–5 fruit clusters. Their first inflorescence is laid above 6–7 leaves, the subsequent ones - without separation or through 1–2 leaves. Moreover, the height of this type of tomato bushes ranges from 20-30 cm to 1.5 m.

Table: the most popular ultra-determinate tomato varieties

Variety nameRegion of admissionRipening period (days after full germination)Bush heightProductivity (kg / sq.m)Resistance to diseases and adverse weather conditionsCharacteristics of fruits
The formColorWeightTasteNumber of nests
Semko SinbadCentral85–93Up to 50 cm6.6 (early - 5.2)
  • tobacco mosaic virus;
  • fusarium
Round or flat round,Red88A great3–4
AngelicaAll regions of the Russian Federation93–96Creeping,3–3,6Back oviphoid, smoothRed45–52A great2–3
GavrocheAll regions of the Russian Federation82–87Up to 50 cm1,5–1,8
  • tobacco mosaic virus (medium);
  • fusarium (medium);
  • often suffers from cladosporia
Round, smoothRed40–50Good2–3
KuzyaAll regions of the Russian Federation98–1001.3-1.5 m8,7–9,2Flat-rounded, slightly ribbed, the base of the fruit with a small notch, the apex is smoothRed155–165A great4–5

Photo gallery: ultradeterminate tomato varieties

Formation of determinant tomato varieties

Most varieties of tomatoes of the determinant type need to form a bush. Neglecting this procedure can lead to a decrease in yield and an increase in the ripening period of fruits.

Bushes of determinant varieties are formed in three ways:

  • One stem (when grown outdoors). This method is to delete all stepsons. At the same time, a decrease in yield does not occur, because in the conditions of a rather short summer, typical for most of the territory of our country, the fruits on the side shoots still do not have time to ripen. The main stem is not pinched and all the fruit clusters that have tied are left on it.
  • Three stems (when growing medium late and semi-determinant varieties in a greenhouse). The main stem and the two lowest stepsons are left on the bush. In this case, the lateral shoots are shortened so that only one inflorescence and a leaf located above it remain on each of them. As a result, the number of fruit clusters obtained from one plant increases by 2 pieces, and in conditions of a closed ground, they all have time to mature.
  • With the transfer of the growth point to the lateral shoot (when grown in greenhouses of medium early and semi-determinant varieties). At the beginning of summer, all lateral shoots are removed on the plant, with the exception of the lowest one. One stepson is left on it, formed after the second inflorescence. They do the same with a new shoot. The tops of the left stepchildren are pinched in order to prevent the formation of a third inflorescence, which is unable to set high-quality fruits.

Even an inexperienced gardener can handle the formation of bushes of determinant varieties of tomatoes.

Superdeterminate and undersized or standard varieties of determinant tomatoes most often do not need shaping. But with too thick plantings or very cold and wet summer at the end of July, stepchildren that have grown from the axils of the lower leaves are cut out from them, and flowers and newly formed ovaries are also removed, which will not have time to turn into full-fledged fruits by the end of the season.

Regardless of the method of forming bushes, it is necessary to follow the general rules of pinching.

  • Lateral shoots are pinched off by hand or cut with sharp scissors. At the same time, a small stump is left on the bush, which will prevent the formation of a new stepson in this place.
  • The best time for pinching is early morning. During the day, the damage will have time to dry out, so that during a cool night it will not become an open gate for infection.
  • Tools used to remove excess shoots must be washed and disinfected in advance. This will prevent the spread of dangerous diseases.

Many gardeners remove not only extra side shoots from tomato bushes, but also the lower leaves. This allows you to significantly reduce the consumption of plant resources and direct their surplus to the development of fruits. The leaf removal procedure is carried out simultaneously with pinching.

You cannot remove more than three leaves at a time.

Tall determinant varieties also need a mandatory tie of bushes to a support, which can be used as a trellis, pegs or greenhouse frame. Experienced gardeners do not recommend rigidly fixing the twine on the stem, as this can injure the plant. It is much better to gently wrap the escape with a rope, and tie the knot directly on the support.

Video: the subtleties of the formation of determinant varieties of tomatoes

Other features of agricultural technology

Tomato is not a culture for the lazy. Determinant varieties are no exception. Caring for them has its own rules, without which it is impossible to get a bountiful harvest of high-quality fruits.

Sowing

Determinant varieties of tomatoes develop faster than their indeterminate counterparts, therefore, to obtain strong seedlings that have not overgrown by the time of planting in open ground or a greenhouse, they are sown a little later. Usually, the best time for this event is considered to be at the beginning of March.

Shop seeds do not require any additional processing. But to speed up sprouting, they can be placed in a cloth moistened with warm water. Seeds collected on their own are etched with a solution of potassium permanganate before planting. This will help prevent the development of many diseases.

Sowing tomato seeds is usually done in seedling boxes, which are placed in a warm place. Under favorable conditions, they sprout in 5-6 days. After the seedlings have the first pair of true leaves, they are dived into separate pots or more spacious containers. For group plantings, the distance between plants should not be less than 10 cm.

Picking promotes the development of the root system of tomatoes

Seedlings of determinant tomato varieties are watered only after the topsoil dries out. Excess moisture often leads to the development of black stalk, which leads to plant death.

2-3 weeks before planting in a permanent place, the seedlings begin to harden, taking them out into the street or an unglazed balcony. The time spent in the fresh air is increased gradually, preventing hypothermia of the plants or the appearance of sunburn on their delicate leaves and stems.

In the southern regions, the seeds of some early varieties of determinant tomatoes are sown directly in open ground after the ground has warmed up to 15 ° C. You can speed up this process by covering the area with a film in advance.

Planting in open ground or greenhouse

In open ground, determinant tomatoes are planted at the age of 45-50 days. The exact time depends on the region, so in central Russia and more northern regions, the threat of return frosts, destructive for thermophilic tomatoes, may persist until the end of May or early June. And in the south of our country, tomatoes are ready for planting in open ground at the beginning of May.

Determinant tomatoes can be planted in polycarbonate greenhouses as early as 40 days after germination. In temperate latitudes, this procedure is usually performed in early May. In the southern regions, by this time, tomatoes have already been growing in the greenhouse for at least 15–20 days.

Before planting tomatoes in a greenhouse, its walls are treated with fungicidal preparations.

Planting density depends on the size of the bush. Miniature varieties are planted very compactly - up to 8 plants are placed on one square meter. The distance between tall plants should not be less than 30–40 cm.

Adult plant care

Determinant varieties of tomatoes, like any other agricultural crops, need weeding and loosening of the soil. Mulching the soil under the bushes will help to significantly reduce the number of weeds. This procedure also reduces water consumption and improves soil structure.

For tomatoes, both excess and lack of moisture are equally dangerous. Water this culture only with warm water. A month before harvesting the fruits, watering is reduced. This measure prevents cracking of tomatoes and accelerates their ripening.

When watering tomatoes, avoid getting moisture on the green parts of the plant.

Determinant tomato varieties respond well to feeding. Most often, mineral fertilizers are used for this. Before flowering, the plant needs an increased nitrogen content, after the formation of ovaries - potassium and phosphorus. At the beginning of the growing season, the introduction of organic matter also has a positive effect, for example, watering with a solution of mullein or bird droppings. After the beginning of flowering, fertilizing with fertilizers containing a large amount of nitrogen is stopped, since an excess of this substance provokes the excessive formation of a green mass to the detriment of fruiting.

Prevention of fungal diseases plays an important role in the agricultural technology of determinant tomato varieties. To reduce the likelihood of infection, plantings are treated with a solution of fungicidal preparations. These include:

  • HOM;
  • Speed;
  • Ridomil.

In addition, adherence to the basic rules of agricultural technology will help to avoid the development of diseases. Plants that are deficient in nutrients and sunlight are more likely to suffer from diseases.

Determinant varieties are ideal for an early and balanced tomato harvest. Most of them do not require time-consuming care, thanks to which even a novice gardener can grow them on his site.


Determinant and indeterminate tomatoes: what does it mean

The purchase of seeds for planting tomatoes presents gardeners with a choice: which species should be planted this year. Along with the timing or yield on the package, there is the word "determinancy", which is incomprehensible to a beginner. The characteristic does not affect the early maturity or color of the fruit, but describes the shape of the bush. The height and features of the formation of plants depend on whether determinant, indeterminate or semi-determinant tomatoes grow in the beds.


The best varieties of tomatoes for 2020: photos and descriptions

When choosing tomatoes for their site, gardeners, first of all, rely on varietal or hybrid characteristics. Productivity is the most important criterion on which the quantity and quality of the crop depends. Sometimes it is difficult to find the right option from the rich variety of tomatoes for open ground and greenhouses. Then varieties are chosen depending on the region of cultivation, ripening period, degree of resistance to diseases and other factors.

Open ground varieties

A huge number of species with excellent yields are intended for growing vegetables in the open air. Low-growing bushes with large fruits are one of the advantages of tomatoes for the soil. It is easier to care for such heat-loving plants, they do not require complex agrotechnical techniques.

By ripening period

Tomatoes, like other vegetable crops, are characterized by different ripening times, from early to very late.

Ripening periodRipening of fruits after the appearance of the first shootsgeneral characteristicsThe most productive tomatoes (2020)
Ultra-ripeFor 80-85 daysThe fruits are small, juicy, and low in sugar. The height of the bush is no more than 50 cm. Poorly suitable for conservationLittle Red Riding Hood, Pride of Russia, Benito, Superstar, Valentina, Marisha, Maxim
Early ripeFor 90-95 daysSmall, tender fruits, average yield. Suitable for preservation, salads. Bushes grow up to 70 cmAgatha, Riddle, Augustine, Lyana, Sanka, Buyan, Gourmet, Amur bole, Grandma's kiss
Medium earlyFor 100-103 daysThe fruits are juicy, small, fragrant. The purpose is universal. Bush shape - compactOpenwork, Babushkino, Pulka, Giant red, Russian soul, Cardinal, Flamingo
Mid-seasonFor 100-115 daysHigh palatability, excellent yield. There are both undersized and tall varieties.Scarlet candles, Hybrid basket, Stresa, Intuition, Black baron, Pudovik, Pink honey
Late ripeningFor 120-130 daysExcellent fruit taste, high yield, universal purpose. Good keeping quality and transportability of fruitsGiraffe, Astronaut Volkov, Titan, Rio grand, Russian size, King of kings, Rocket, Premier

The ripening time, color and shape of tomatoes depends on the variety.

Usually early ripe vegetables with not large fruits and not a large harvest, but with a quick, friendly return of ripe tomatoes. Mid-season are also of medium size. Late ones are usually difficult to care for, but it is among them that you can find champions in weight, but there are not many such handsome men on the bush.

By region of cultivation

Every year, breeders create new species with high quality indicators. In stores, you can buy specialized varieties of tomatoes intended for cultivation in certain climatic conditions. Classification by regions of Russia:

  • for Moscow region: Champion, Sweet bunch, Medoc, Pink elephant, Fireworks, Bull forehead
  • for the southern regions: Torch, Novice, Titan, Winner, Bison, Ermak, Gift, Mikado
  • for the middle lane: Bull heart, Black Prince, Uzbek (Yusupovsky), Moskvichka, Snowdrop, Big Brother, Spasskaya Tower
  • for Siberia: Siberian heavyweight, Ultra-early ripening, Sanka, Abakan pink
  • for the Urals: Coin, Bull heart, Button, Countryman, Yellow Buyan, Bullfinch, Demidov
  • for the far north: Snow Tale, Ballerina, Ladies' fingers, Berdsky large, Countryman, Dubok, Gina.

An unpredictable, cold or, conversely, excessively warm climate is not a reason to give up growing tomatoes in the open field. Thanks to selection, varieties have been bred that grow and develop well in any area.

Disease resistance

To get a rich harvest, you need to choose tomato varieties not only with the appropriate characteristics. It is necessary that this criterion be complemented by such an indicator as disease resistance.

Late blight, root rot, tobacco mosaic, cladosporium are diseases that most often affect plantings of thermophilic crops.

Catalog of tomatoes that endure the onslaught of various diseases:

  • Blitz
  • Koenigsberg
  • Geisha
  • Betta,
  • Anyuta
  • Bohemia
  • Chio-chio-san
  • Tatyana
  • Puzata khata
  • Moscow lights
  • Apple tree of Russia
  • Raspberry giant.

Unfortunately, there are no varieties that are 100% resistant to infections. But there are hybrids that yield the harvest until the active phase begins in many fungal diseases and infections.

Greenhouse varieties

With a good greenhouse at your disposal, you can get fresh tomatoes all year round. Greenhouse varieties are suitable for making salads or preserving. Excellent salad tomatoes can be obtained from the following varieties:

  • Geisha
  • Fairy's Gift
  • Andromeda
  • Eagle beak
  • Pink angel
  • Pink pearl
  • Fatalist
  • Scarlet caravel
  • Amana orange.

The best varieties for conservation:

  • Auria
  • Banana feet
  • Pink raisins
  • Rajah
  • Baba
  • Alexander the Great.

Cherries are sweet, small tomatoes that grow well both outdoors and in the greenhouse, but small-fruited vegetables are more productive in sheltered beds. F1 Magic Harp and F1 Yellow Caramel are hybrids with fruit weight no more than 25 g.

When choosing a vegetable for a greenhouse, many people rightly give preference to tall and high-yielding varieties. But for shelters made of polycarbonate in all regions of Russia, stunted plants, usually having an early ripening period, as well as mid-ripening tomatoes, are excellent.

Description and photos of the best hybrids

For open ground, breeders also offer species with high yields of hybrid origin, they are resistant to diseases and temperature extremes.The best tomato varieties in 2020:

  1. Intuition F1 - one of the best tomato hybrids for picking with brushes, mid-season, from germination to picking the first vegetables - 110 days.
  2. Katya F1 is a hybrid with an early maturity. Fruits weighing 90-130 g, ripen at the same time. More than 10 kg of fruit can be harvested from 1 m² per season.
  3. Search F1 - unpretentious and tasty tomatoes at the same time. The hybrid tolerates cold weather and is immune to most diseases. The bushes are covered with small red fruits that are great for pickling and preserving.
  4. Blagovest F1 is a hybrid of an early ripening period. Fruits are round, glossy, with slightly pronounced ribbing. Up to 5 kg of fruit can be harvested from one bush.
  5. La la fa F1 - has excellent consumer qualities, high productivity and unpretentiousness. The average fruit weight is 140-170 g. From 1 m² you can collect up to 20 kg.
  6. Vladimir F1 - has a high yield and is suitable for cultivation in any kind of soil. High productivity throughout the entire fruiting period.
  7. Beef King F1 is an early maturing Dutch hybrid. Tomatoes are round, dense, smooth. Up to 4-5 kg ​​can be harvested from one bush. Resistant to low temperatures, diseases.
  8. Ashdod F1 - tomatoes with a smooth, dense skin. Fruit weight - from 110 to 140 g. The pulp has a bright burgundy color.
  9. Tanya F1 is a hybrid from the Netherlands with excellent immunity, dense structure, good yield. Fruits of the correct round shape, weighing 150-200 g. They perfectly tolerate transportation.

If the designation F1 on the bag with planting material is hybrids of tomatoes (or other plants) of the first generation, F2 - of the second, and so on.

Exceptional taste, fruit weight, constant yield, disease resistance, adaptation to weather conditions are the advantages of hybrids over tomato varieties.

Testimonials

Varvara Petrovna, 56 years old:

My favorite tomato variety in 2019 is Idol, medium-sized, very tasty, fruitful. Planted on March 20 for seedlings, the first fruit was picked on June 20. The bushes bore fruit for 3 months. From cherry the most successful variety is Black Cherry, very tasty and fruitful, the most favorite tomato of children.

I like the fruits to be large and regular in shape. Therefore, I prefer the varieties Early Rose, Peach, Heavyweight of Siberia and Pink Fig. This year I brought up Grandma's secret. The bush is determinant, the average height is 180 cm. I have never managed to produce kilogram fruits, the maximum weight is 700-800 g. Probably, this is because I allow the formation of a bush in both two and three stems.

I never conduct a systematic analysis. I analyze when the tomatoes have already been picked. I like large, sugary berries. I really like the Pink Giant, but the yield is low. So far, 2 varieties relatively meet my requirements - Pink Andromeda and Mazarin. Over time (I am a beginner gardener) I think to find the best variety or hybrid of tomatoes.

Now in my country house I grow mainly tomatoes. Approximately 20 different varieties. Red, yellow, brown, black. Beauty! Cherry, Cream, Oxheart. Different sizes, different tastes, different ripening periods - from May to October. The main thing is to have warm weather. I am not fond of conservation, so we eat fresh vegetables. If the harvest is good, I give the remaining tomatoes to my relatives.

Yield stability from year to year, the ability to adapt to weather conditions, resistance to pests and diseases are an important criterion for a reliable tomato variety. In 2020, you can plant both time-tested tomatoes and new elite varieties. The choice depends only on the preferences of gardeners.


Landing

The variety in question is cold resistant. It is suitable for the Central Black Earth Region and the North Caucasus, as well as the Nizhny Novgorod, Yaroslavl, Vladimir and Ivanovo regions. It is recommended to plant this hybrid outdoors. The Andromeda F1 variety is divided into several varieties, which can be distinguished from each other by color:

  • Pink
  • Gold
  • Red.

From planting to harvest, an average of 92 to 116 days pass.

Growing seedlings

Seeds should be sown in early March. Sowing is recommended to be done 55-60 days before planting in the ground. It is necessary to dive the seedlings when 2 true leaves appear. For 1 sq. m. plot can be planted up to 4 seedlings. Planting pattern: 50 x 40 cm.

Landing in the ground

Seedlings are transplanted in May, when the nights become warm and, accordingly, the soil warms up. This procedure is carried out on open beds or under a film. Tomatoes need to develop, so there should be no more than 4 seedlings per 1 square meter of area. This approach also provides easy care for these plants.


Soil preparation

Tomato is classified as an unpretentious crop, but this is not a reason to abandon the stage-by-stage preparation. Soil saturated with nutrients is bought in advance. Do not use the soil that is present on the site, because it does not contain enough minerals. Botanists have formulated recommendations, based on which they choose the soil for open and closed ground:

  • choose manufacturers with positive reviews
  • the package must indicate the physical and chemical composition
  • the composition includes peat, sand, vermicompost or mineral fertilizers
  • the soil should be slightly moistened
  • refuse to buy if the package contains earth with large strong lumps
  • The pH of the soil is at least 5.5 and not more than 6.7.

Experienced people prepare the ground on their own. The soil is taken as a basis, which is located on the site. Humus and turf soil are added to it in equal proportions. For every 1 m² of the plot, 2.5 kg of the mixture is consumed. If a high level of acidity is recorded on the site, then 300 g of peat or sawdust are added to the above components. In the absence of discrepancies with the reference indicators, vermiculite and chernozem are added to the soil in equal proportions. For every 1 m² of the site, 1.5 kg of the mixture is consumed.


Variety variety

Many people mistakenly think that the Cardinal tomato and Mazarin are one and the same plant. The description of the variety is similar, but gardeners claim that the "cardinal mazarin" does not have such a pronounced taste as the Mazarin tomatoes. If you look closely at the photo of two tomatoes, you can see a different shape of the fruit, for the cardinal it is a little flat-round. There are no differences of opinion in the cultivation of vegetable crops. From this we can conclude that the "Cardinal" is a subspecies of "Mazarin".

We hope our information was useful to you. By the way, this variety is unpretentious in care, so even a novice gardener who does not want to spoil the impression of the garden at the initial stage can handle it. Following our advice, you can easily grow a real tomato-type decoration on your site and taste it.

For the first time they planted a mazarin with their daughter this year. We grew seedlings, transplanted them into the garden, looked after and could not wait for the first fruits. As a result, after two and a half months, a ripe crop appeared. I immediately noticed the unusual shape of the tomato, which looked like a valentine, and after trying it, I fell in love with this tomato. Its taste is excellent, I have not yet met such sweet fruits, a high yield of the bushes served as a good bonus. We collected about 17 kilograms of tomato from ten seedlings. Half was processed into tomato juice and cylinders were rolled up for the winter, and the rest were made with various vegetable winter salads. In winter, we will try the blanks, and then we will already think whether to grow more mazarin or not.


Caring for plants on the ridges

Seedlings are planted in the prepared soil at the beginning of summer, when it warms up well and the danger of recurrent frosts is gone.

The main items of plant care are activities that are well known to summer residents:

  1. Watering. Moisten the tomato bushes under the root after sunset with warm water.
  2. According to the description of agricultural technology of the "Countryman" tomato variety and reviews of vegetable growers, drip irrigation of the ridges is considered the best option (see photo). In industrial cultivation, special irrigation systems are laid, because this species is picky about moisture intake.
  3. Top dressing. During the growing season, it is enough to feed the tomatoes 2-3 times. The first time during the period of weight gain. You will need nitrogen components. Plants respond well to organic matter - infusion of chicken manure or mullein, as well as mineral complexes. The second time when flowers and first ovaries appear. At this time, tomatoes are fed with potash and phosphorus fertilizers. Nutrient formulations are applied in liquid form after watering or rain. Foliar dressing is applied by spraying the formulations over the sheet.
  4. Weeding and loosening. Removing weeds helps protect tomatoes from many pests and diseases, as well as retain moisture and nutrients in the soil.


What varieties of tomatoes are best suited for the Urals

Tomato varieties for the Urals in a greenhouse must have cold-resistant properties, because in harsh climatic conditions, not every type of this crop can give a good harvest.

  1. Adeline. This variety of tomatoes is mid-season, undersized, determinate. The tomato bush does not require pinching (height 0.4-0.5 m), tying to a support is recommended. Fruits are smooth and oval red cream, weighing 60-90 g, tasty and juicy. This variety of tomatoes can be used both for pickling and canning, and for fresh consumption. Tomatoes are resistant to fusarium. Sowing for seedlings is done 65 days before planting in the greenhouse.
  2. Iceberg. This early tomato variety is ideal for the climatic features of the Urals. Grown without pinching, suitable for greenhouses. The bush is low (60-80 cm) and strong. The fruits are red in color, taste sweet and juicy, the mass of one tomato reaches 200 g. There are 2 varieties of this variety, differing in the shape of the tomato: round fruits of a slightly flattened shape or slightly ribbed tomatoes in the shape of a bag.
  3. Alyonushka. Medium-sized, large-fruited, early variety of tomatoes, resistant to adverse conditions and stress. The bush reaches a height of up to 1 m, therefore, it requires pinching and garter measures. At the stage of maturity, the fruits are red, large, fleshy, weighing 300-400 g. Sowing for seedlings is carried out 50-55 days before planting in the ground. For 1m 2
    it is recommended to have up to 4 plants.

Tomato "Arctic Rose"

  • Arctic rose. Determinant, undersized and early maturing variety, resistant to the main diseases of tomatoes. The bushes are compact up to 0.4 m in height, do not require pinching. Tomatoes are used for salad purposes; at the stage of ripeness they are pink in color. Round-shaped fruits reach a weight of 100-200 g. It is recommended to sow tomato seeds for seedlings 55-60 days before planting in a permanent place.
  • Baron F1. Semi-determinant, medium early (108-115 days from germination to maturity), large-fruited tomato variety, adapted for growing in the Urals. Recommended for cultivation, both in greenhouses and in the open field. The bush in greenhouse conditions reaches 70 cm and more. The fruits of this variety are flat-round red, weighing 120-140 g. Resistant to cladosporium, tobacco mosaic virus, fusarium. It is necessary to sow seeds for seedlings 55-60 days before planting in the ground. Recommended planting density - 7-8 plants per 1m 2
    .
  • Fighter (Brawler). Low-growing, early, determinant tomato variety, characterized by unpretentiousness, resistance to droughts and cold snaps. The height of the bush reaches up to 50 cm, which excludes the pinching procedure. Fruits-cream red, glossy and smooth, weighing about 70 g, universal use (for fresh consumption and preservation). The variety is resistant to manifestations of bacterial diseases and the tobacco mosaic virus.

    Tomato "Big Ben"

  • Big Ben. Yielding mid-season tomato variety. The height of the bush reaches 1.8-2 m, pinching and a garter are required. The greatest yield is achieved when 2-3 stems are formed. Fruits are heart-shaped, red in color, weighing 400-700 g. Tomato pulp is fragrant and sweet. Tomatoes are commonly consumed in salads and used to make juices.
  • Bullish forehead. This indeterminate, mid-season, large-fruited variety has been acclimatized for the regions of the Urals. The height of the bush reaches 1-1.5 m. It is characterized by the ability to tie a large number of tomatoes. Fruits are large and dense, bright red, weighing up to 600 g. Seeds must be sown for seedlings 60-65 days before planting. For 1 m 2
    placement of up to 4 plants is recommended.
  • Top ten. Low-growing and early variety of yellow tomatoes. Unpretentious and does not require pinching. Fruit weight reaches 170-200 g, taste is sweet, practically without acid content. Tomatoes are versatile for their intended purpose.
  • Generator F1. Determinant, early maturing, undersized tomato hybrid. The bush reaches 50 cm in height, requires a garter to a support and pinching up to 1 brush. On the cluster there are up to 7 fruits weighing 70-130 g. Tomatoes are in the form of elongated cream, dense and smooth, ideal for preservation. Resistant to major tomato diseases. Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out 55-60 days before planting in the ground, per 1m 2
    have up to 6 plants. The yield of this variety is up to 8 kg from 1 m 2
    .

    Tomato "Pride of Siberia"

  • The pride of Siberia. An early, determinant tomato variety recommended for greenhouse cultivation in the Urals. The bush of the plant reaches 1.5 m in height. Tomatoes are flat-round, bright red, weighing up to 900 g. It is unpretentious, but it increases its productivity with good watering and fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers. Sowing for seedlings is recommended 50-60 days before planting plants in a permanent place. 4-5 tomato bushes per 1m 2 are placed in the greenhouse
    .
  • Zinulya. Semi-determinant, early maturing tomato variety, resistant to disease and stress. A bush 0.8-1 m high, which does not require pinching. Fruits of excellent taste with a slight sourness, flat-round, pink-pearl color, weighing 200-300 g. The yield of one bush is up to 3-4 kg. Tomatoes are universal: they are suitable both for preservation and for salads.
  • Little Red Riding Hood. Determinant, early ripening tomato variety. The bush is compact, undersized. Garter and pinning to the first hand is recommended. Fruits of tomatoes are red, smooth and round, medium density, weighing up to 100 g. Tomatoes are suitable for salads and preservation. Advantages of this variety: resistance to fusarium wilting, verticillium, stable yield. Acceptable planting density: 6-8 tomatoes per 1m 2
    .

    Tomato "Labrador"

  • Labrador. This tomato variety, adapted for a harsh climate, is distinguished by its unpretentiousness, early maturity (98-105 days from germination to maturity), and high yield. The bush is compact, standard, up to 0.7 m high, does not require pinching. Fruits are dense apple-shaped, weighing 80-150 g, sweet and sour taste. These tomatoes are versatile (suitable for salads, canning and pickling). The yield of 1 plant is up to 2.5 kg.
  • Lagidny. Medium early, unpretentious, determinant tomato variety, recommended for growing in greenhouse conditions in the Urals. The height of the bush reaches 0.6 m. It is recommended to tie to the support and pinch to the first brush. Plum-shaped fruits, dense, weighing 50-90 g, red.
  • Monk. This tomato variety is characterized by mid-maturity (100-112 days from planting to full maturity), short stature, determinism and unpretentiousness. Perfect for growing in the Urals. The bush is up to 0.5 m high, does not require a garter and pinching. Fruits are not prone to cracking, red in color, weighing up to 130 g. Seedlings are planted in the ground after 50-60 days, placing on 1m 2
    4-5 bushes. This variety of tomatoes requires regular watering, loosening, weeding and feeding.

    Tomato "Mongolian dwarf"

  • Mongolian dwarf. A productive variety of tomatoes, characterized by early ripening of fruits and does not require pinching. The height of the bush is up to 30 cm, but the width can reach 1 m. Fruits are round, bright red, weighing up to 200 g. Tomatoes are suitable for canning and eating in salads.The variety is stable at any temperature extremes.
  • Nikola. Determinate, undersized and mid-early variety of tomatoes. Medium-branched bush up to 0.6 m high, does not require pinching and garter. Fruits are red, round, weighing up to 100 g. Tomatoes have a universal purpose. Recommended planting density - 6-8 plants per 1m 2
    ... The advantages of this variety include high yield, good marketability of tomatoes and a friendly harvest formation.
  • Tomatoes in the Urals. Growing, varieties

    At the moment, tomatoes for the Urals in the greenhouse, varieties of which are not subject to temperature effects and give a consistently high yield, are represented on the market by a large assortment. The above tomatoes are notable for their popularity among gardeners, but they are far from a complete list of crops that can grow in harsh climatic conditions.

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