Pilea varieties are so diverse that it is sometimes difficult to believe that all these plants belong to the same species. These plants are valued for the decorativeness of the leaves, since their flowering is inconspicuous and sometimes even imperceptible. Caring for a saw at home is simple, and novice growers can do it.
Pilea is an annual or perennial from the nettle family. Homeland - Southeast Asia.
The height of the saw is about 30 cm, most of the indoor varieties are even smaller. Leaves (for their decorativeness, and sawing is valued) in different species there are the most diverse - small and large, with a solid and jagged edge, oval and round, velvety and glossy, with or without a pattern. Flowers are small, inconspicuous, white, inflorescences are located in the axils of the leaves.
Pilea is prized for its ornamental leaves
Despite the fact that the pilea is native to the tropics, it prefers a not very hot atmosphere, rather even a cool one. It is very unpretentious in care, and is widely used for home and office decor. Looks good in hanging pots as an ampelous plant.
Pylaea need frequent updating, as they grow quickly and degenerate (bushes lose their attractive appearance, stems stretch out, shed foliage). You need to focus on the appearance of the plant, you may have to do this annually, but, as a rule, after 2 years.
A flower transplant can be organized in a fairly long period of time - from early spring to the end of June. The pot will need a few centimeters wider and deeper than the previous one, but no more than 10 cm. 1/3 of it is filled with drainage. Before transplanting, the plant must be cut off, pinch the tips of all shoots.
The soil is needed loose, light, with an acidity index of pH 5.5–6.0. When compiling a mixture, you yourself will need humus and leafy earth, sand, peat (1: 1: 0.5: 0.5).
Laying drainage at the bottom of the pot is required
When transplanting, the substrate needs to be slightly crushed.
In order for the saw to feel good and delight the owners with the brightness of the leaves, you need to know the simple rules of care.
The saw will not forgive neither long pauses between watering, nor excessively moistened soil. Between waterings, the top layer of the soil should dry out, and at depth it should remain moist. The water should be soft, settled. It is better to water often, but a little, than rarely, but abundantly - 2-3 times a week in summer, in winter - 1 time. Waterlogging is especially negative in the cold period, when the error immediately affects the decorative effect of the leaves.
It is recommended to fertilize the plant throughout the year. Even in autumn and winter, when active growth stops, it is necessary to maintain the saw - once a month will be enough. Universal fertilizers are suitable for decorative deciduous plants. In spring, summer and the first half of autumn, the saw is fed 2 times a month.
The universal fertilizer is suitable for feeding the sawtooth
Pilea blooms with small whitish flowers. Sometimes the inflorescences are even difficult to detect - they are located in the axils of the leaves. Since pilea flowers do not have a decorative role, many growers cut them off when they appear, so as not to weaken the plant.
Pilea leaves are more decorative than flowers.
The dormant period in the pylaea is implicitly expressed, but nevertheless it is. From mid-autumn, the temperature of the room where the plant is kept should be lower - about 15aboutC. Reduce watering and feeding. During this time, it is important to protect the saw from drafts, but ventilation is necessary. Leaves should not touch cold glass, otherwise the plant will turn black.
In the spring, the fast-growing saw is cut off, leaving shoots 8-10 cm long. Then, during growth, every 2-3 weeks, the upper shoot bud is pinched to stimulate the formation of new branches. So the bush becomes lush.
In order for the plant to be lush, it must be pinched.
Ruellia also deserves attention for its unpretentiousness and ease of care: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/ruelliya-uhod-v-domashnih-usloviyah-foto.html
Under unfavorable conditions and improper care, the saw is susceptible to infestation by pests. The fight should be started as soon as the problem is discovered.
The best way to propagate a sawtooth is by cuttings.
The seed propagation method of the pilea is practically not used, since in room conditions the seeds ripen reluctantly.
Among the many indoor flowers growing in our house, the pilea is especially original. It belongs to the Nettle family, but outwardly it has nothing in common with the nettle. Its leaves are fantastically colored, and for their color we call the flower a watermelon among ourselves. It has been growing with us for a long time. The plant is unpretentious, does not require any special care. Like any home flower, it requires periodic mineral and organic feeding, pruning and transplanting. Imagine our surprise when for the first time in many years a flower appeared on our watermelon!
In order for the plant to feel good, you need to constantly take care of the size of the pot and buy a new one, which is larger not only in length, but also in width. Then there is enough space for all the shoots. Pilea loves water. I water it every day (in winter, twice a week). Because the plant loves to be sprayed, I water it once a week in the shower so that not only the roots, but also the leaves are saturated with moisture. Top dressing is usual, like that of other plants - about once every 2 weeks. In this case, the leaves will be beautiful and large. Succulent green leaves, like other similar plants, are not very fond of direct sunlight. Therefore, it is worth considering placing the bush on the other side. It grows beautifully for me on the north window. But there should still be enough light, especially in winter.
The flower is beautiful, its leaves are attractive, striped. I read that it blooms, but it never bloomed with me. He stood on my fridge all the time, it's warm there, and it's not very dark, the kitchen is bright. I moved it to the window, I will watch, perhaps, in the spring and it will bloom. The flower is unpretentious, if for 4 years nothing has done it on the refrigerator, then it is generally good on the window. There is more light on the window, and the flower does not stretch out so well, its leaves began to grow more heap.
This houseplant prefers bright, diffused light, without direct sunlight. In the summer you can take it outside, but do not forget that it must be protected from the sun's rays. Throughout the year, the pilea prefers an approximate air temperature of up to 25 degrees. And most importantly, do not forget that the saw is afraid of drafts. Water the saw with plenty of warm, settled water, before watering, check the top layer of the substrate, whether it is dry or not. If the leaves of the pylaea wither and turn pale, this may mean that you are overmoistening the substrate. Pylaea loves humid air, but it should not be sprayed, as spraying the plant can damage the decorative effect of the leaves. A drip tray of water or wet sand may be the best option, but the bottom of the pot should not touch the water.
- When pruning saws, trim the 4-5 longest shoots per month to keep the plant compact.
- Propagate the sawtooth every 2 years and keep the most leafy specimens.
- Due to waterlogging and watering with cold water, the roots of the pylaea begin to rot and leaves fall off.
- It turns out very original and decorative if several types of saws are grown.
- Pilea is a light-loving, shade-resistant plant, but it does not like direct sunlight - they cause burns on the leaves. But in the shade, the leaves fade and lose their decorative effect.
Pylaea add a special charm to the interior thanks to their amazing leaves. Unpretentious care and ease of reproduction is another plus on the list of the advantages of this plant.
I never cease to be convinced that life is beautiful.
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Houseplants can liven up and brighten a room. Even the smallest of them can delight the eye every day. Pilea, although a small flower, is able to cope with the tasks. Many species with colorful and shiny leaves will be a real gem in your floral collection. However, even to such an unpretentious plant, you need to find the right approach.
Myrtle is a plant that belongs to the genus of evergreen shrubs and trees of the myrtle family, numbering about 100 species. Under natural conditions, myrtle grows in tropical and subtropical zones of both hemispheres. On the Black Sea coast of Crimea and the Caucasus, the Mediterranean myrtle (M. communis) is grown in the open field as an ornamental plant. In harsher conditions, you can grow myrtle as a houseplant in pots or indoors in greenhouses.
This family also includes guava, clove, eucalyptus, lemon myrtle, etc. Swamp myrtle plant is called hamedaphna (otherwise cassandra), but it belongs to the heather family and grows in the Northern Hemisphere.
Myrtle has long been known as a houseplant. The most common in this capacity is common myrtle (M. communis). Sometimes he is also called myrtle communis (Russian interpretation of the Latin name). A variety of indoor myrtle is small-leaved myrtle (M. microphylla).
Indoor myrtle is an evergreen tree 50-100 cm high. Large specimens in a greenhouse can grow up to 2.5 m. In natural conditions, taller plants are also found.
Myrtle leaves are small, leathery, shiny, lanceolate, opposite. When kneading, the leaf smells good, as it contains essential oils.
Myrtle flowers solitary, small, white and fragrant. They appear in early summer, located in the axils of leaves on long pedicels. Indoor myrtle flowers are pollinated with a brush. Pollinated plants bear fruit in autumn - juicy, dark blue berries containing spice. When ripe, myrtle fruits produce seeds that can be used for propagation.
Not inflorescences, but leaves are especially decorative in these plants. A variety of types of saws allows flower growers to choose those specimens that they like.
Among the pili (the Nettle family) there are both annual and perennial plants in the form of low bushes or small-leaved forms creeping on the soil surface. Inflorescences of small pink or white flowers are not particularly decorative. Indoors, tropical species with decorative leaves are often grown, and unusually attractive hybrid forms have been bred on their basis.
The most famous species is pilea cadieri originally from North Vietnam. It is a short, up to 30-40 cm, plant with a silver pattern on the shiny green surface of the leaves.
Have wrapped pylaea (P. involucrata) yellow-green leaves with a beautiful texture. But the variety is more common among lovers. Moon valleycharacterized by a larger leaf size and a wide dark brown stripe along the midrib. The surface of the leaf has an extraordinary texture: all areas between the veins are filled with cone-shaped formations resembling mountain peaks.
Spruce pylaea (P. spruseana) was the original species for several ornamental varieties. Among them, very beautiful saw Norfolk, which has extraordinary folded-corrugated leaves convex between the veins with rounded denticles along the edge, decorated, moreover, with two silvery stripes. Depending on the light, the leaves of this variety can acquire a silvery-bronze or golden-green color. The plant itself has a compact branched shape with a large number of leaves. Variety Bronze also grows in the form of a low, lush bush, and elongated brownish leaves are decorated in the middle with a wide silver stripe. The same leaf shape for the variety Silver treebut the leaves are completely silvery in color with a pinkish brown underside. The surface of the sheet is flatter, without pronounced folds and wrinkles, and only the denticles along the edge seem to be minted.
The most beautiful of the known varieties of pili can be called saw Ellen... This is a short, compact plant with branched shoots and relatively large (up to 10 cm) and wide leaves. Their coloration is surprising - silvery-gray with a strong metallic luster.The reverse side of the leaves is pinkish brown. The leaves have a corrugated surface inherent in many saws and a serrated leaf edge.
Pileae with simple small green leaves are much less common. And completely in vain. Looks very original small-leaved saw (P. microphilla), similar in its arched light green shoots to a fern. Due to one of its peculiarities (during flowering, it throws clouds of pollen into the air), it is called a "gunner" or "artillery" plant. In this group, the largest leaves (1-1.5 cm) in monofilament pilea (P. nummulariifolia)... They are round, bright green, slightly pubescent and corrugated. Pressed saw (P. Depressa)has smaller, about a centimeter, smooth emerald green leaves on graceful thin shoots. Very similar to her pylaea (P. glaucophilla)... The leaves of this species are bluish in color. The smallest leaves (only 3-5 ml), dark green and shiny, in a miniature compressed saw (P. compressa).