Drought-resistant plants for the garden: choosing the most beautiful varieties

Not every plant is able to fully develop and grow without sufficient moisture. They can react to its lack in different ways: some slow down in growth, others lose the turgor of the leaves, and others dry up altogether. But what if in hot dry weather it is not possible to water the flower garden often? In this case, an excellent solution to the problem will be the selection of drought-resistant plants for decorating a flower garden, which, even with an insufficient amount of moisture, do not lose their attractiveness, delighting those around them with lush flowering and a wonderful aroma.

When decorating flower beds from drought-resistant plants, you can adhere to standard planting schemes, in which the foreground is filled with low-growing flowers, and tall handsome men are planted in the background in the background.

Decorative flower beds can act as a spectacular decoration of the site and serve as a source of aesthetic pleasure for their owners

When creating a flower garden that will decorate the site for more than one year, it is necessary to take into account a number of points:

  • Place of arrangement. Drought-resistant flowers feel comfortable on depleted soils. But they do not tolerate swampy soils, where there is no sufficient outflow of moisture. On waterlogged soils, they simply rot and die. Reliable drainage of the soil is a prerequisite for arranging flower beds. When laying out flower beds, the illumination factor of the site is also important, because some drought-resistant flowers like sunny areas, while others like shady places.
  • Combination of plants. When choosing compositions, it is important to take into account the conditions for growing a particular species. Plants with different moisture needs may feel uncomfortable in close proximity. And even with such a combination of plants, the grower may have difficulties with watering.
  • Creation of conditions for growth. To ensure reliable drainage, a sufficient amount of gravel and sand must be added to the soil. It is advisable to water it only in the morning, thereby reducing the loss of moisture in the daytime.

It is necessary to plant plants at a sufficient distance from each other, leaving room for free growth of their aboveground part.

You can save moisture in the soil by mulching it using chopped leaves, sawdust and straw

Since most drought-resistant plants in nature grow on depleted soils and soils lacking vitamins, it is better to limit the amount of organic fertilizers when preparing a flower garden.

The opinion that drought-resistant plants look inconspicuous against the background of their sun- and moisture-loving counterparts is wrong. Among the drought tolerant plant species, there are many bright and showy decorative flowers. Beautifully flowering drought-resistant perennials are unassuming in nature and can grow even on impoverished soils.

Many growers love drought-resistant plants, not only for their simplicity and beauty. A pleasant aroma always hovers around the flower beds with these plants, attracting insects that pollinate the flowers.

But even among the variety of beautiful drought-resistant plants, one can single out clear favorites that are able, even with insufficient care, to delight with lush, unique flowering throughout the season.

Using tall and low-growing drought-resistant herbs when decorating compositions, you can even create real masterpieces of landscape art

Arid Garden Flower Varieties

Plants that are unpretentious to care for can feel comfortable both in sunny and slightly shaded areas. Periwinkle, wormwood, euphorbia, arabis, sedum and yarrow grow beautifully between stones. They are indispensable in the design of dry slopes, as well as for the arrangement of rockeries and rock gardens.

Among ground cover and low-growing drought-resistant flowers, they are distinguished by the greatest decorativeness: subulate phlox, Gaillardia, alissum, saxifrage

Lilac lavender bushes, planted along the garden paths and exuding a magical aroma in the area, can literally transform the territory of the site

Irises, loved by many flower growers, also do not differ in particular pretentiousness in care. Most of them bloom in the spring for 3-5 weeks, but some varieties bloom again in the fall.

More information about planting and caring for irises can be found in the material: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/posadka-vyrashhivanie-i-uxod-za-irisami.html

Irises are amazing plants, numbering in tens of thousands of varieties, amaze the imagination with an exquisite flower shape and a variety of colors

Echinacea is also great for decorating dry areas. A native of warm countries is interesting with bright inflorescences of pink, yellow, burgundy and purple shades.

In addition to decorative appeal, miniature suns can also have a healing effect: they help to increase immunity, as well as cure colds and flu.

The original texture of the garden will help to give the Byzantine chastetz. The plant, popularly referred to as lamb ears, is interesting due to its silvery foliage, which has a velvety structure.

Byzantine chastets is a herbaceous perennial 30-40 cm high.As it grows, it creates elegant soft pillows with a silvery sheen

Crocosmia is an unusually beautiful plant with about 50 species and is of South African origin. The aroma of its flowers is somewhat reminiscent of saffron, which is widely used in cooking.

Crocosmia, decorated with spikelets with star-funnel-shaped flowers, is famous for its abundant and long flowering, which can last from mid-summer to late autumn.

This drought-resistant plant looks great in open flower beds.

Among the tall, drought-resistant beauties, one can distinguish mallow, miscanthus, ornamental onions. Reaching a two-meter height, they are able to create elegant screens that will act as a bright decoration of the site throughout the season until the first frost.

Graceful stems of stock-roses can adorn about a dozen semi-double or double flowers of various shades, starting from snow-white, deep yellow and ending with dark purple and burgundy

These showy plants are ideal for a low-maintenance garden. It is enough just to sow the seeds into the ground at a distance of 50 cm from each other on fertile and well-drained soil - and in a year or two you get the opportunity to enjoy the stunning flowering of mallow from June to late autumn.

You can learn more about how to grow mallow: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/malva-posadka-i-uhod.html

Allium or decorative bow deserves special attention. Throwing out flowering arrows 80-170 cm high (depending on the variety) in the spring, he dresses up in spherical inflorescences of stunning beauty.

Large balls of allium inflorescences, smoothly swinging on thin arrows, are strewn with star-shaped flowers of white, pink and light purple shades

In addition to its aesthetic appeal, due to the specific onion smell, allium is able to protect not only itself, but neighbors in the flowerbed from harmful insects.

Drought tolerant herbs

When decorating a flower garden, a special place should be allocated to drought-resistant grasses. The most attractive among them are: gray fescue, two-strand fescue and elimus.

Compact bushes of gray fescue, whose height does not exceed 20-25 cm, outwardly resemble a sea urchin with bluish needles

Such bumps look spectacular against the background of reservoirs, in rocky gardens. Gray fescue grows best in sunny areas with a fertile well-drained substrate.

Two-source is a rapidly growing decorative grass that forms tall cushions collected from white-green variegated grass

The decorative cereal elimus is also attractive for its pointed bluish-gray leaves.

Since the elimus grows quickly and behaves somewhat aggressively towards neighboring plants, it is better to plant it in a flower garden, limiting the roots with a container without a bottom

Ornamental trees and shrubs

The beautiful barberry shrub is a clear favorite due to its unpretentiousness and drought tolerance. Its spiny stems, which grow up to 1 meter in height, are adorned with elegant yellow, pink-brown and bright red leaves.

Among the variety of barberry varieties, the most decorative are Golden Ring with red small leaves in a yellow border and Rose Glow with pink-brown leaves with a fancy pattern in the form of white strokes and droplets

Branched barberry shrubs love sunshine, but they can grow in slightly shaded areas. Some varieties of barberry by the fall also delight with edible bright red fruits.

You can learn more about how to use barberry in landscape design from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/barbaris-posadka-i-uxod.html

Euonymus is a bright and unusually beautiful shrub with a beautiful openwork crown and small elegant foliage.

The plant, the foliage of which has a rich dark green color in the summer months, is engulfed in an autumn fire with the onset of September, painting in orange, purple and violet shades.

The pinkish fruits, strewn with the stems of the spindle tree, open as they ripen, and bright red-orange seeds peep out of them. An amazing sight! But it is worth remembering that ripe fruits, like all parts of the plant, are poisonous.

The silver goose shrub is no less decorative. He feels most comfortable on very poor soils, enriching and improving them with nitrogen.

The branches of the shrub, decorated with silvery foliage, are strewn with miniature flowers during flowering, which spread a pleasant aroma, thanks to which they are widely used in the perfumery industry

In place of flowers, fruits are later tied, which by autumn grow into yellowish berries with an astringent sweetish pulp.

Juniper is absolutely undemanding to care and an unusually beautiful forest guest, which has long taken root in suburban areas.

The flexible branches of an evergreen shrub are adorned with tiny needles and scaly needles that spread a pleasant resinous scent around them.

An amazingly beautiful forest dweller who can withstand adverse conditions, with his persona is able to transform any place on the site. It will act as a spectacular addition to a rocky garden, a multi-level flower garden, a mixborder, and a framing of a garden path.

Drought tolerant plants - ideal for garden and flower garden decoration. They take root well and serve as a worthy decoration of the site.

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There are quite a few herbs that meet the requirements of arid areas. Drought-resistant ground cover grasses will decorate not only the flower beds, but also the dining table, which increases their value. In addition, grasses can be sown in a cemetery, creating a neat and well-groomed look.

Thyme - in addition to its strong aroma, it has beautiful lilac flowers. But, planting it in the garden, be careful - all the surrounding bumblebees and bees will gather to taste its pollen. Cypress euphorbia is a short herb with sharp needle-like leaves. It blooms twice - at the end of spring and summer. There are so many flowers that each bush turns into a fluffy ball.

Gray fescue - attracts attention with its sharp, bluish-green leaves. It is often compared to the sea urchin for its obvious resemblance. Plant it in the front rows and renew it every 4 years for a long lasting carpet. The advantage of Fescue is that it does not grow and continues to grow even in winter. Fescue ground cover bushes will give your graveyard plots a neat look.

10 plants for dry areas

Lack of water in the country is not a reason to abandon the arrangement of flower beds and flower beds, but many garden plants (especially pampered species) simply will not survive without regular watering. Therefore, the owners of such sites must rely on drought-resistant species, forms that naturally grow in similar conditions, content only with what the sky sends.

An area with a lack of watering can be attractive, photo by the author

In the scientific world, drought-resistant plants are usually called xerophytes. It was they who adapted to life in such conditions.

Armeria Primorskaya has adapted to live and develop normally in conditions of water shortage, photo of the author

Some of them develop a powerful root system that extracts life-giving moisture from the deep layers of the soil. Others, with the help of various morphological changes (by increasing the protective layer of the cuticle on the leaves, dressing them in dense pubescence, modifying them to thorns and scales), adapted to use water sparingly, storing it for a rainy day in parts of the body. And ephemera, ephemeroids generally shortened their life cycle, having time to complete it before the onset of the dry period.

Areas with water scarcity are especially attractive in spring, photo by the author

Therefore, a dacha in an arid area may well become a source of beauty and inspiration if you choose the right plants for its decoration.

Gray fescue is good in arid places,photo of the author

And there are many such plants:

  • stonecrops
  • saxifrage
  • rejuvenated
  • erythematosus
  • artichoke
  • santolina
  • yucca
  • decorative bows
  • hyssop
  • cistars
  • lavender
  • rosemary and others.

And again, we have selected the top ten popular leaders of herbaceous perennial plants, dwarf shrubs, including their decorative varieties.

Antennaria dioecious

Antennaria dioica (Antennaria dioica), or cat's foot, is a semi-evergreen creeping gray-green perennial 5 cm high and 45 cm wide.

Antennaria is dioecious. Photo from the site pflanzenbestimmung.info

The flowers are small, from white to light pink, bloom in pubescent shields in the middle of summer.

Decorative varieties:

  • `Nyewoods` -20 cm wide, dark pink flowers
  • 'Rosea' - pink flowers.

Antennary dioecious 'Nyewoods'. Photo from ru.pinterest.com. Antennaria dioecious 'Rosea'. Photo from the site vestnik-cvetovoda.ru

Beautiful dense curtains of a cat's paw will look spectacular in rockeries and in a drought-resistant mixborder. It is good to occasionally loosen the soil, and after rains - to mulch. Propagated by division in spring or early summer.

Armeria seaside

In summer, rockeries in dry areas of the cottage are decorated with bright inflorescences of armeria on low peduncles.

Armeria seaside, photo of the author

Armeria maritime is a herbaceous perennial, up to 20 cm high, up to 30 cm wide, forms spectacular cushions. Globular inflorescences collected from pink, white, red flowers bloom in May-June.

Decorative varieties:

  • 'Bloodstone' - dark red flowers
  • `Vindictive` -15 cm high, pink flowers.

Armeria seaside 'Bloodstone'. Photo from ru.pinterest.com. Armeria seaside 'Vindictive'. Photo site timothypinder.homestead.com

In central Russia, it may suffer in cold, snowless winters. Propagated by seeds, cuttings.

You can choose seeds and seedlings of armeria in our catalog, which combines the offers of large garden online stores. Select the planting material for armeria.

Asphodelin yellow

In nature, its flowering is so impressive that the desire to see this unusual beauty in your country house is understandable.

Yellow asphodeline blooms, photo of the author

Asphodelin yellow (Asphodeline lutea) - an elegant plant 70-80 cm high with peculiar yellow candles-inflorescences blooms in May-June. In central Russia, planting sites for the winter must be covered with humus and spruce branches.

What else to see on the site about asphodeline:

  • The source of love and inspiration - Crimea

Immortelle italian

A discreet background plant: its silvery color pleases throughout the growing season, and its tart aroma intensifies on a hot summer day.

Immortelle Italian, photo of the author

Italian immortelle (Helichrysum italicum) is an evergreen subshrub up to 60 cm high and up to 1 m wide. It blooms in summer with yellow small baskets collected in shields.

Italian immortelle - flowering, photo by the author

Winter-hardy, but in the first year of planting, it is better to cover it with dry leaves, spruce branches. Propagated by cuttings in October-November.

What else to see on the website about the Italian immortelle:

  • Italian in Crimea

St. John's wort

Luxurious during the flowering period, abundantly scattering the "gold" of its flowers.

St. John's wort photo of the author

St. John's wort (Hypericum calycinum), or calyx - an evergreen subshrub up to 60 cm high.The only drawback is insufficient winter hardiness, so I cannot recommend it for central Russia, but the plant is so beautiful and drought-resistant that I decided to include it in this article.

Iberis evergreen

On our site he finds more and more admirers.

Iberis evergreen, photo of the author

Iberis evergreen (Iberis sempervirens) is a shrub with small leaves that remain in winter, up to 30 cm high, 40 cm wide. Small white flowers, collected in small dense apical brushes, bloom from April.

Iberis evergreen 'Snowflake'. Photo of the site 123rf.com. Iberis evergreen 'Weisser Zwerg'. Photo from google.ru

Decorative varieties are difficult to distinguish from each other, the visual difference lies in the compactness of the bushes:

  • 'Snowflake' - 25 cm high, 60 cm wide
  • `Weisser Zwerg` -15 cm high and 25 cm wide.

In central Russia, it requires winter shelter.

Choose varieties of Iberis with different colors of flowers in our catalog, which contains offers from large online stores of seeds and planting material. Select Iberis seeds.

Kentrantus red

How can you do without it in dry areas?

Kentrantus red, photo of the author

Kentranthus ruber, or centranthus red, is a beautiful herbaceous perennial 60-70 cm high, 1 m wide. The flowers are pink, red, white, bloom from May to September. In addition to the southern regions, you can try to grow it in protected areas of summer cottages with dry shelter. It reproduces easily by self-seeding.

Large-flowered winged borer

Large-flowered winged bush (Aethionema grandiflorum), or ethionema, is a semi-evergreen dwarf shrub 20-30 cm high and wide.

Large-flowered winged worm (with white flowers), photo by the author

The flowers are white, light pink, fragrant, collected in small inflorescences, they bloom in April or May after flowering are cut off. Prefers calcareous soils. In central Russia, it is grown as an annual. Propagated by seeds.

Narrow-leaved lavender

When you see the mesmerizing flowering of lavender in the highlands of Crimea, it becomes obvious: here it is - an ideal plant for dry areas.

Narrow-leaved lavender blooms, photo of the author

Parameters of narrow-leaved lavender (Lavandula angustifolia): height up to 1 m, width - up to 1.2 m.

Decorative varieties:

  • `Hidcote` -up to 60 cm, width - 75 cm, dark purple flowers
  • 'Jean Davis' - light lilac flowers

Narrow-leaved lavender 'Hidcote'. Photo courtesy of windyridgegardencentre.ie. Narrow-leaved lavender 'Jean Davis'. Photo from loghouseplants.com

  • `Loddon Pink` -compact, up to 45 cm in height, in width - 60 cm, light pink flowers
  • `Munstead` -45 cm high, 60 cm wide, bluish-purple flowers

Narrow-leaved lavender 'Loddon Pink'. Photo from potterandrest.co.uk. Lavender narrow-leaved 'Munstead'. Photo from the site highcountrygardens.com

  • 'Nana Alba' -30 cm high and 30 cm wide, white flowers
  • `Twickel Purple` -60 cm high, -1 m wide, bright purple flowers.

Narrow-leaved lavender 'Nana Alba'. Photo from growsonyou.com. Lavender angustifolia 'Twickel Purple'. Photo site burncoose.co.uk

It is good to loosen the soil around more demanding varieties, and mulch after rains.

You can choose seeds of various varieties of lavender in our catalog, which combines the offers of large garden online stores. Choose lavender seeds.


Bryozoan (Irish moss) is a drought tolerant perennial that is suitable for growing in sunny areas. A miniature plant can take root on rocky ground. It fills well the free areas between stones in the alpine slides. Differs in resistance to high temperatures, prolonged rain, frost. In July, small buds form on the green carpet.


All these perennial drought-resistant crops are unpretentious in care. Everyone who wants to decorate the garden with them will be able to choose an option at their discretion.

What drought-resistant perennials do you grow?

You can find the original article and other materials on our website.

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