LLC "Stabilen", St. Petersburg
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The multi-year polyethylene film for soil mulching “Stabilen®” - mulch, developed by Stabilen LLC, is very promising and reliable. In terms of its agrophysical parameters, it is a more perfect material than the well-known black film.
For ease of use by gardeners, the Stabilen® mulch film is available in a sleeve size of 90 cm (in the spread the width of the web is 1.8 m), the film thickness is 100 microns. The film has a silvery color, its service life is 7 years, frost resistance is minus 65 Сº.
In developed foreign countries, film mulching has become a common technological method for growing a wide variety of crops, both in open and protected ground. Taking into account the weak spread of mulching in Russia, we consider it expedient to present the properties of the film "Stabilen®" - mulch in the context of the advantages that this method provides.
Film mulching improving the physical properties and increasing soil fertility through covering its surface under the plants with polyethylene film "Stabilen®" - mulch, creates favorable conditions for the growth, development and fruiting of agricultural crops. This is achieved, first of all, by protecting cultivated plants from weeds in an environmentally friendly way - by depriving them of light.
Weeds under mulch not only stop taking away light and food from cultivated plants, but by rotting they enrich the soil with organic matter. As you know, nutrients are assimilated by plants only in the form of solutions. Maintaining soil moisture, preventing water from evaporating, penetrating into the soil during irrigation and atmospheric precipitation, film mulch contributes to uniform and adequate nutrition and development of plant root systems, more efficient assimilation of fertilizers and fertilizing by them.
When using our silver mulch, fertilizers are applied in half the dose compared to open ground: mineral - annually, organic - after 3.5 years. Regarding "Stabilen®" - mulch, it should be noted that it is a heat-retaining film, it does not release heat from the soil and thus creates a soil microclimate that promotes the development of microorganisms beneficial to plants, actively participating in their nutrition.
Polyethylene mulch contributes to the complete supply of oxygen to the root systems of plants through the free diffusion of air. This property of the film also contributes to the preservation of a loose soil structure, prevents the formation of a soil crust, which retards the growth of plants, especially fragile seedlings.
Unlike black mulch film, silvery "Stabilen®" mulch has the property of reflecting 40% of the incident light, which eliminates the risk of damage to plant roots from overheating. As a result, Stabilen® mulch can be used not only outdoors, but also in greenhouses and greenhouses. Part of the light flux reflected by the silvery mulch creates additional illumination of the plants from below, which is especially valuable for plantings muffled by leaves, for example, garden strawberries.
Mulching with a silvery film of this culture is especially developed and positively appreciated by gardeners due to the obvious advantages of the method for obtaining and maintaining a high-quality harvest. In a dry summer, the retention of soil moisture with the help of a film is beneficial, with an excess of precipitation, the development of gray rot decreases, the berries lying on the film dry quickly and are well preserved.
Mulching "Stabilen®" - mulch is applicable to all crops: vegetables, flowers, berry bushes and fruit trees. Silver mulch is an excellent material for design solutions when creating flower beds, areas, paths free of vegetation.
The high reflectivity of Stabilen® mulch in the area of heat rays allows it to be used to protect plants from late spring and early autumn frosts. The maximum thermal protection at night under the film with a clear sky and calmness in the open field is up to 5 ° C, in greenhouses up to 7 ° C. Since the “Stabilen®” film - mulch is practically opaque to light, plants during the frost period must be closed daily in the evening and opened in the morning.
With the help of "Stabilen®" - mulch, it is possible to solve the problem of protecting the root systems of berry, flower crops, shrubs and fruit trees from freezing, since a loose layer of frost forms between the film and the soil, similar to snow and heat protection can be 10-15 ° C. This is especially true during the snowless period of winter. When decorating the ridges, they allow gardeners to use only Stabilen® film - mulch and soil, no other materials at hand (boards, stones, etc.) are required. The ridges mulched by the proposed methods are convenient for using covering materials on them.
Stabilen® film - mulch is becoming more and more popular among gardeners. The positive responsiveness of plants to mulching, getting rid of exhausting weed control is important for every gardener and especially valuable for those who have the opportunity to visit their plots only on weekends. And so the phrase "Mulching - the health of yours and your plants" is not just a slogan, but reflects the essence of this agrotechnical technique.
The mulching material is placed on slightly moistened, weed-free, loosened soil. Do not place it close to plant stems or trunks. Moisture trapped in mulch can cause them to rot. Lightweight materials are lightly tamped to prevent them from being blown away by the wind. Heavy ones should not be compacted, otherwise they will not allow air to pass through well.
One of the most common mistakes when mulching is the wrong choice of the thickness of the material layer. Not thick enough leads to the fact that the benefits of agrotechnical reception are completely lost.
A thin layer is not able to retain soil moisture and does not protect the soil from overheating. It also does not prevent weeds from germinating. On the contrary, a layer that is too thick, especially if the material is heavy, leads to acidification of the substrate and poor air passage to the roots.
Despite the difficulties that a gardener may face when using mulch, you should not neglect this agrotechnical technique on your site. The correct selection of material and its competent use in the garden and vegetable garden is the key to good plant growth and a high yield.
Natural organic mulch is considered the best covering material for soil under garden crops. Organic mulch includes all agricultural waste: straw, sawdust, mowed grass, peat, crushed tree bark, wood shavings, wood chips, fallen leaves, humus, mature compost, needles, flax, sunflower, cereal waste, fallen cones. The mulch is cut green manure, hay, crushed eggshells, manure and other materials.
Application of wood chips for mulching
Organic mulch protects the soil from overheating (in summer) and freezing (in winter).
The aisles covered with mulch in hot weather reduce the temperature of the soil, which protects it from excessive evaporation of moisture and prevents the formation of a post-irrigated crust.
If the soil around the seedlings is covered with a 5-7 cm layer of mulch, then the shoots of weeds (especially annuals) will decrease several times. Perennial weeds that have sprouted through the mulch (quinoa, yarrow, euphorbia) can be cut at the seedling level, the main thing is to prevent their flowering and insemination. With such care, the vegetable garden, of course, will lose its elegance, but will gain health.
In half-cut weeds, bushes of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants will take root faster, gain the necessary organic mass and move on to forming a crop that will be sheltered from sunburn. There is a group of malicious weeds (field bindweed, wheatgrass) that quietly grow under the mulch canopy. But there are fewer of them and you can walk with a hoe, turning mulch in the aisles.
During the summer, the mulch, gradually decomposing, will enrich the soil with nutrients and humus, which will attract beneficial soil microorganisms and worms. The soil will become loose, more breathable. Under the sagging mulch, the washing out of the upper layer by rains and weathering under the influence of wind will decrease.
The use of coniferous mulch can slightly increase the acidity for some crops (sorrel, chicory, potatoes, radish, tomatoes, carrots, pumpkin). You can slightly alkalize the soil with hay, broadleaf sawdust for peppers, beets, onions, parsnips, celery, asparagus.
Recently, they began to use more actively small mulch from sunflower husk and grain crops. Such mulch practically does not cake, freely passes air and water, its multi-layering creates a low temperature, and slow decay gradually enriches the soil with nutrients.
Illiterately applied organic mulch can have a negative impact on the soil. So, its large layer in rainy damp weather is a good home for mold and other fungal and bacterial infections. Large mulch (long stems of weeds, sunflowers, pieces of cardboard) is a cozy home for snails, slugs and other pests. Therefore, select mulch and use it carefully, taking into account the structure of the soil, its composition, crops.
Planting pepper with straw mulching
Film for greenhouses can vary in thickness, color and quality. Despite the fact that any film is a budget covering material, its popularity does not decline over the years. To get a good harvest, the greenhouse must be covered with a good quality cover.
Mulched soil has important advantages over open ground:
Mulch allows you to avoid soil compaction, dehydration, destruction of its structure and a decrease in fertility. In some cases, mulching material acts as a protection against weathering and leaching of soil in a summer cottage.
The most effective method of mulching works in arid or simply hot climates, because it is in such conditions that the soil most often loses its fertile qualities.
Summer residents still cannot come to a consensus about what is better. Some argue that strawberries are harvested thanks to mulching. Others say that mulch has a detrimental effect on plants. Consider all the advantages and disadvantages of mulching.
Mulching with different types of materials will help solve many problems for a summer resident:
There are enough advantages to resort to mulching strawberries, if you do all this separately, you need a large amount of money and a lot of effort.
Experts are sure that the misconception of people about the dangers of mulching is due to the fact that a person does not have all the information about the correct use of material for mulch in different regions.
It is important to know that mulching will not solve all your problems, but it will help gardeners save budget, energy and time.
All natural types of mulch saturate the soil with nutrients.