Maidenhair - Officinal and medicinal plant or herb


MAIDENHAIR

Adiantum capillus veneris

(family

Polypodiaceae

)

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

The maidenhair, scientific name Adiantum capillus veneris, belongs to the family of Polypodiaceae and a plant that belongs to the much larger group known as ferns.

The maidenhair as a medicinal and medicinal plant is contemplated in several world pharmacopoeias but not by the Italian Official Pharmacopoeia (F.U.I.).

PROPERTY'

The properties of the maidenhair fern are due to its active ingredients: tannins; phenols such as campferol derivatives such as adiantone; triterpenoids; sulfur esters of hydroxycinnamic acid; mucilage; tires; small amounts of essential oils; sugars and alicicic acids.

All these components give the maidenhair the following therapeutic properties:

  • treatment of respiratory tract diseases: colds, coughs, phlegm exerting a fluidifying and soothing action, hoarseness, aphonia, bronchitis, asthma and respiratory problems in general;
  • help in case of difficult digestions as it acts on the liver by enhancing its functionality even at the biliary level
  • it favors the production of sweat (diaphoretic) therefore it always helps in the case of respiratory tract diseases;
  • promotes diuresis so it is a blood purifier;
  • it is a regularizer of the menstrual flow by also making the disappeared menstruation reappear;
  • tannins as astringent and anti-inflammatory make it particularly suitable in cases of bleeding, also regulating blood pressure;
  • it is an excellent help for those with hair loss problems as it acts on the hair follicles slowing down and fighting hair loss;
  • It is also recommended for smoking and alcoholism as it reduces the urge to drink and smoke.

USED ​​PARTS OF THE PLANT

The parts used of the maidenhair fern are the aerial parts, therefore the fronds but sometimes also the rhizomes.

The optimal period for harvesting is when the plant has spores, which roughly coincides with the summer - autumn months. In any case, it can be collected even when it is free of spores, as long as the fronds are fresh and not dry.

Once freshly harvested, the fronds are hung upside down, collected in bunches and left to dry in well-ventilated, warm and dark places. After that they can be stored in glass or porcelain jars, closed and placed in the shade.

HOW TO USE IT

As a decoction against asthma, to promote menstruation; gargling with decoctions for sore throat; as an infusion against stubborn cough, colds, hoarseness, bronchial phlegm, smoking, alcoholism; as a poultice for external use to increase milk secretion.

The decoction is rubbed into the hair in cosmetics against hair loss, as an anti-dandruff and against greasy hair.

CURIOSITY'

It was the French physician Lobelius, one of the most famous botanists of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries who first experimented on himself the maidenhair against asthma and whooping cough.

WARNINGS

There are no particular reports in the use of capelvanere although it is always better to consult your GP before using it.

HOW TO TREAT AND CULTIVATE THE HAWTHORN

For its botanical characteristics and cultivation techniques, see the page: Maidenhair.

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS AND PLANTS

You see: Maidenhair - The language of flowers and plants


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