Among the numerous and different representatives of the orchid family, the orchid called Angraecum stands out. This genus includes about 200 different species. Under natural conditions, they can be found in the tropical rainforests of Africa, on the island of Madagascar, as well as on other islands of the Indian Ocean. Star-shaped flowers are usually white. They can also be small or rather large (diameter from 3 to 10 centimeters), as, for example, among the most popular species - Angrekum Magdalena and Angrekum one and a half feet. There is a special waxy coating on the surface of the leaves and flowers, which makes this plant especially attractive. So, a flowering Angrekum bush is a very spectacular and unique sight.
Such a plant, like almost all other representatives of this family, needs high humidity and sufficient heat.
So, in the summer, Angrekum needs a moderate temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. With the onset of the winter period, it is recommended to slightly lower the temperature of the content by 4 or 5 degrees, but do not forget that the room where such an orchid is located should not be colder than 16 degrees. It must be moistened from a sprayer and watered systematically, while ensuring that the soil mixture is slightly damp all the time. For irrigation, you should use water at room temperature, while it is best to take rainwater or well-settled, but you can also use boiled water. In order to reduce the evaporation of moisture from the substrate, it is recommended to place a not very thick layer of sphagnum on its surface. It will also help keep the soil breathable.
The light level is very important for the normal growth and development of Angrekum. The lighting should be very bright, but the plant requires extremely diffused light. The fact is that the direct rays of the sun have a detrimental effect on the plant, which in the wild hides from them under the canopy of the forest. In addition to bright lighting, you need to provide such a flower with a fairly long daylight hours, equal to 12 hours, and it should have such a length all year round. In this regard, in the warm season, experts advise transferring Angrekum to the balcony or to the garden. This will not only help provide it with the right level of lighting, but the plant will also be able to receive an influx of fresh air, which has a positive effect on it. In winter, experts advise to supplement the plant with the help of special fluorescent lamps.
For planting, a standard soil mixture for epiphytes is suitable. In order for the plant to grow and bloom well, the substrate should consist of tree bark, charcoal, fern roots and sphagnum.
Budding begins in November, and flowering usually lasts from December to February. The flowering period is 3 to 4 weeks. The flowers of this plant are very fragrant, but this pleasant smell can be felt only at night. The fact is that insects that pollinate this type of orchid in natural conditions fly only at night, and the plant tries to attract it, enhancing its aroma at this particular time of day.
No clearly defined rest period is observed. However, after flowering is over, it is recommended to carefully cut the peduncle, slightly reduce watering, and also stop fertilizing the soil (for several months).
You need to feed the plant during intensive growth. For this, it is recommended to use a complex mineral fertilizer for orchids, while taking only ½ part of the dose indicated on the package.
The transplant is carried out 1 time in 2 or 3 years. Its goal is not only to replace the soil mixture with a fresh one, but also to change the pot to a more spacious one. It is recommended to transplant this orchid in the spring after it has faded. During the transplant, you can also carry out the reproduction procedure.
For reproduction of such a plant, "children" (lateral processes) are used. They will definitely appear if the plant is properly cared for. You need to plant the baby very carefully so as not to damage its rather delicate roots. Otherwise, the adaptation period will be greatly delayed, and flowering can be seen only after a few years.
This genus of orchids is quite resistant to disease. Most often, young, not strong plants are sick. As a rule, a scale insect settles on them or gray rot appears. If pests are found, they should be tried to be removed from the surface of the plant, and then treated with an insecticide of the appropriate action. When rot appears, it is necessary to reduce the frequency of watering for a while. If adult specimens are properly cared for and provided with the necessary conditions for normal growth, then, as a rule, such problems do not arise with them.
Most often, flower growers are worried that angrecum does not bloom. As a rule, too dry air or irregular watering is to blame for this. If there are such problems, then you can very easily find out about them by the appearance of the plant. So, its leaves will begin to turn yellow, and growth will become slower. In the case when an outwardly healthy plant does not bloom, this may mean that it simply does not have enough light.
Angrekum does not differ in exacting care. For its normal growth and development, only high humidity, fresh air and sufficient lighting are required.
Angrekum (Angraecum) belongs to the family orchids (Orchidáceae)... In nature, this orchid grows in the tropical forests of Africa, the islands of the Indian Ocean, for example, on the island of Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Comoros, Seychelles.
The first Angrecum was discovered by the French naturalist Borie de Saint-Vincent on Reunion Island and described in 1805.
Angrekum Orchid not considered a particularly picky plant, for its normal growth and flowering, high humidity and sufficient lighting are required.
Temperature: In summer, angrekum is grown in the temperature range of 20-26 ° C, in winter the temperature is lowered by 4-5 ° C, while the room should not be colder than 16-17 ° C.
Lighting: The plant needs bright, diffused lighting without exposure to direct sunlight. The optimal daylight hours should be at least 12 hours, and all year round. In the summer, the orchid is taken out to the balcony, terrace or garden, which will provide the plant with an influx of fresh air and sufficient lighting. Angrekum reacts very positively to being kept on the street.
Watering: The soil in the pot should always be slightly moist, the plant does not tolerate complete drying of the substrate, but also strong stagnation of moisture, waterlogging also harms the orchid. The frequency of watering depends on the temperature of the content, how quickly the soil dries out. The surface of the soil in the pot is covered with wet sphagnum moss, which is regularly moistened - it is designed to reduce the evaporation of moisture from the substrate.
Watering is carried out with filtered or well-settled water. For watering, the pot is lowered into a basin or a bucket of water for 30 minutes, so that the substrate is completely saturated with moisture. After watering, the pot is placed in an empty basin and waited for the excess water to drain. There is a relationship between the level of humidity and the level of humidity of the substrate: so if the high humidity level in the room ceases to require regular watering, the orchid begins to receive all the necessary moisture from the atmosphere, and on the contrary, if watering is regular, the orchid easily tolerates insufficient air humidity.
Air humidity: Angrekum needs high air humidity. To increase the humidity, containers with water are used, which are placed in the immediate vicinity of the plant, trays with wet expanded clay and air humidifiers. You can also apply regular spraying to this orchid, and during the strong summer heat, the orchid can be bathed under a warm shower. There is a relationship between the humidity level of the air and the humidity level of the substrate: so if the high humidity level in the room ceases to require regular watering, the orchid begins to receive all the necessary moisture from the atmosphere, and vice versa, if watering is regular, the orchid easily tolerates insufficient air humidity.
Fertilizers: During intensive growth, from the beginning of spring to the end of summer, the orchid is watered 2 times a month with a special fertilizer for orchids. In autumn and winter, fertilization is reduced to 1 time per month.
Pests: Angrekum is a pest-resistant orchid species. Only weak, young plants are damaged, most often by scabies. Adult specimens, with proper care and under the necessary growing conditions, are not susceptible to pest attacks.
Soil for Angrekum Orchid:
For cultivation, only special soil mixtures for orchids are used. For angrekum, the bark of a small fraction is more suitable, therefore, especially large pieces should be broken. If special soil is not available at the flower shop, you can make it yourself by mixing pine bark, high moor peat and adding more charcoal and sphagnum moss.
Correct transplant of Angrekum orchid:
The orchid reacts extremely negatively to the transplant, so it should be disturbed only as a last resort, for example, if the substrate is heavily crushed, stopped in dust, or the plant has become very cramped in the pot.
The angrekum pot should be low and wide. If you bought a high pot, it is better to fill it ½ part with drainage. A couple of heavy stones are placed at the bottom, for stability, then a thick layer of drainage and a layer of fresh soil are poured and only then the orchid itself is rolled over, filling all the voids with a new substrate.
Angrekum lays buds in November, and blooms in December, February. On average, flowering lasts a little over a month. It happens that an orchid does not bloom, this happens for a number of reasons:
After flowering, it is recommended to cut the peduncle, slightly reduce watering and stop fertilizing.
The peculiarity of this orchid is that at home, subject to the correct length of daylight hours and at the required temperature, it does not need a rest period and flowering can be almost year-round. But in winter in our climate there is a decrease in daylight hours, so in winter it is necessary to supplement the angrekum, if this is not possible, you can give the orchid a rest by reducing watering and lowering the temperature of the content to 17-18 ° C, but not lower than 16 ° C.
At home, the orchid is propagated by lateral processes-children, which necessarily appear if the plant is grown in the right conditions. Children grow in the root zone of the angrecum, but do not rush to separate them, you must wait until the roots of the shoot reach at least 5 cm.
The separation is carried out carefully, trying not to damage the weak roots, as this can lead to the fact that after planting the orchid will adapt for a very long time, take root, and the first flowering will need to wait for several years.
To be the happy owner of an often blooming and healthy plant, you must adhere to certain rules for caring for a moth-like orchid.
The flower needs a lot of soft light, which the plant can receive from the west and east facing windows. If the window faces the south side, then during the peak of solar activity, a slight shading is created with the help of a loose curtain to prevent the appearance of spots on the shoots, indicating burns. To keep the plant symmetrical and not tilting to one side, the orchid pot rotates around its own axis twice a month.
Important! During the budding period, the flower should not be disturbed.
A substrate for cultivating a flower can be purchased at a flower shop, both ready-made and as separate components, the main of which is moss.
To ensure optimal conditions under which a beautiful flowering of the culture occurs, a temperature regime is created in the range of 18-25 ° C.
Important! For a short period, the orchid is able to withstand high (up to 42 ° C) and low (up to 12 ° C) temperatures.