This plant with large, luxurious flowers is known to most indoor floriculture lovers. Its real name is hippeastrum (translated from Greek hippeastrum - knightly star) from the amaryllis family.
Hippeastrum differs from real amaryllis in the larger sizes of the plant itself and flowers, as well as the flowering time. But for some reason, among amateur flower growers, it is customary to call him amaryllis... Of course, the latter used to be a widespread indoor plant, but then hippeastrum - numerous multi-colored hybrids came into fashion.
This bulbous plant is quite unpretentious to care for. The bulbs can live and bloom for 20 years, and with good care, the plant can delight you with its luxurious flowers twice a year. Of course, it is for the sake of flowers that hippeastrum is grown. An acquaintance of mine, who has a very average income in her family, is going to her relatives and friends for her birthday and cuts the flower arrows of the hippeastrum, which she skillfully grows. The bouquet turns out to be simply regal, especially since the cut is in water from two weeks to a month.
But not everyone succeeds in growing amaryllis successfully. I was interested in the secrets of this plant because of this incident. Once my friend - the head of the local library, keen on indoor floriculture, offered me hippeastrum bulbs.
When I asked why she was distributing planting material for such an interesting flower, I heard that she had hippeastrum for three years, but during this time she had never bloomed. She thought that the flower had already died, and wanted to occupy the pot with another plant, but when she shook out the ground, instead of one onion, she found several large ones and a whole bunch of small ones at once.
The bulbs looked quite alive and healthy, and I asked to tell how exactly the hippeastrum was planted, and how it was looked after in order to understand the reason for this behavior of this unpretentious plant.
A friend said that she had long dreamed of starting a hippeastrum, so when she was presented with a bulb of this plant, she allocated the best, largest pot for it. She did not bother with the earth, she took a simple garden from the site. I planted the onion as usual, at its three heights. By the spring, elongated leaves appeared, and she began to water the hippeastrum and feed it with "Ideal", but by the end of summer the leaves wilted. There was no flowering. And so it was repeated for another two years.
I listened to her story and wondered: why do many people take plants and animals and begin to diligently look after them, without trying to find out in advance what exactly their pets need. When they die, people are surprised: after all, it seems, they tried, did what they could. Exactly so: what they could, and not at all what was needed. Let's figure it out in order.
For the hippeastrum, it is very important which pot it is planted in. The pot is selected with such a diameter that around the bulb there is no more than 3-4 cm of free space at the planting level.
The composition of the soil mixture is also important, it must be nutritious, since feeding begins from the moment of flowering, and not earlier. The soil mixture is composed of sod, leafy soil, peat and sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 1: 1. Drainage is made at the bottom of the pot.
The bulb of the hippeastrum is planted half-deep, that is, at least a third of it, or even the entire upper half, should protrude above the soil level. After planting, water the plant to better compact the soil, but subsequent watering until the bulb awakens should be minimized and carried out into the pan.
Now about leaving. As the leaves grow, watering is increased, and from the moment the flower arrow protrudes, they begin regularly, once a week, feed the plant with a fertilizer solution for flowers.
In order to prolong flowering, it is better to transfer the hippeastrum to a cooler place, and remove the anthers from the stamens before opening them. After flowering, the arrow of the flower is cut off, leaving a stump with a height of 2-3 cm, but until the end of growth, they continue to water and feed the plants.
In the fall, the hippeastrum usually has a period of rest. Watering is reduced, dead leaves are cut off. A pot with hippeastrum (more precisely, again with an onion) is placed in a dark, cool place with a temperature of about + 12 ° C. It is watered occasionally, in a pallet, in order to prevent the roots from dying off, but not allowing the soil to be completely soaked in the ground.
And in December, it usually starts all over again. Once a year, the top 2-3 cm of soil in the pot should be replaced with a new one. The bulb is transplanted into a new pot every 2-3 years, as it grows, that is, when it becomes cramped in the old one.
Hippeastrum is usually propagated by daughter bulbs, which are separated from the mother when the plant is transplanted. However, the baby does not need to be separated to get more flower arrows in one pot.
Some growers are engaged in home breeding of hippeastrum, for which they practice seed reproduction. This way you can get very interesting color patterns, two-tone and shaded. The anthers of the stamens are removed from the mother plant before they are opened, and the pollen of the father flower, preferably of a different color, is transferred to the pistil of the flower with a needle.
It is better to take pollen in the first or second day after opening the anthers, when its viability is especially high. Plants grown from seeds usually bloom in the 3-4th year! An exciting and exciting experience, and the result can be amazing.
In order to extend the hippeastrum flowering holiday in your home, you can plant bulbs, or expose the pots of bulbs to light and heat at intervals of two to three weeks so that they wake up and bloom in turn. Then the cavalier's star will decorate your home almost all year round!
A. Kremneva, agronomist
What interests an ordinary amateur florist who decides to grow amaryllis or hippeastrum? That's right, he is interested in the questions: "How to achieve long flowering?", "How to get amaryllis by March 8?", "How to drive out amaryllis by Christmas?" and others. And it is better that the flowering was 2 times a year. Better yet, the flowers "ripen" by the desired date, regardless of the season. Fiction? Far from it! In general, to the question "When does amaryllis bloom?" you can simply answer: “When required, then it blooms! Forcing will help. "Amaryllis, Black Pearl variety. Photo: RHS Plants
|Distillation start date||Flowering start date|
|December 15th||January 19 - February 9|
|1st of January||february|
|January 15||February 19 - March 12|
|1st of February||Martha|
One of the most common amaryllis (hippeastrum) tricks is the targeted cultivation of flowers. For example, for the birthday of your beloved grandmother, you need to grow a gorgeous bouquet of amaryllis, and your birthday is in February. How to be here? But there is a way out!
Ahead of time, in 30 days before your grandmother's birthday, take out a pot of amaryllis (hippeastrum) from the store. Place the pot in a warm place where the temperature is + 20-25 ° С, but do not water until the bulb "wakes up". By the way, it is required to darken the bulb until the arrow appears.
After the arrow appears, begin to moderately water the soil with warm water, and when the peduncle grows, remove the darkening and put the amaryllis in a place with good lighting. After replacing, start watering abundantly to get guaranteed results by the desired date. That's the whole trick.
I think that bitter pepper lovers will never give up the opportunity to always have a bush with burning pointed fruits at hand ... for for them any dish with hot pepper becomes immeasurably tastier))
It is not at all difficult to grow such a miracle on a windowsill.
But growing such a miracle on a windowsill is not at all difficult. To do this, you only need the presence of the sun in the window for 3-4 hours a day, a pot of soil, and the necessary seeds. And in 2-3 months you will have a gorgeous treasured bush, strewn with medium-sized fruits. And it can bear fruit in one place up to 5 years!
By the way, it is especially worth emphasizing that all representatives of "bitter peppers" are highly decorative and will certainly become a decoration of your home garden!
I don't think I had to persuade you)) It remains only to skim through a few lines of the necessary information.
For home cultivation, seeds of early-maturing self-pollinated varieties and hybrids are best suited. To the delight of hot pepper lovers, almost all varieties of hot pepper fully meet their purpose)
Seeds of early-maturing self-pollinated varieties and hybrids are best suited
These are varieties and hybrids:
Special feedback received two varieties of pepper:
In order for hot pepper bushes to grow and develop without problems, several basic conditions must be met from the very beginning.
Chionodox are bulbous plants. At the same time, with the peduncles, a pair of basal leaf plates of a dark green color grow, they are grooved and broadly lanceolate, and reach from 8 to 12 centimeters in length. Loose brushes, located on peduncles, consist of six-petalled bell-shaped flowers that are blue, pink, white or blue in color. The fruit is a juicy box, and inside it are black seeds. Ovate bulbs are about 30 mm long and about 17 mm across. Their surface is covered with light-colored scales. These bulbs are designed for 2 annual cycles.