Timely vaccination of rabbits is the only way to avoid mass deaths from infectious diseases.
For those who keep rabbits, it is imperative to know when to vaccinate, at what age and at what time.
In rabbits two types of dangerous diseases... They do not respond to treatment and are usually fatal.
VGBK develops from 1.5 months and older... In the animal, hemorrhages are formed in the lungs and liver in the form of hemorrhages and congestion.
An animal can get it through bedding or faeces. By contact and contactless way. Insects, rats, mice and birds are carriers of the disease.
Once in the skin cells, the virus begins to multiply and with the blood stream enters the liver and heart. The disease develops within 72 hours. If a sick animal is found, it should be urgently isolated from other animals.
Signs of the disease:
The deceased animal should be taken to the laboratory for examination in order to make an accurate diagnosis. Autopsy reveals that the internal organs are swollen and filled with blood.
Myxomatosis - this is another disease dangerous for rabbits. The disease affects the anus, lower digestive tract, genitals and mucous membranes of the head.
The developmental period is approximately 7 days. Animals are infected with the virus through blood and contact. Most often, the disease is spread by blood-sucking insects.
Signs of the disease:
Rabies... A rare but still common disease in rabbits. It is dangerous for both animals and humans. Infection occurs through the skin and, with deep penetration, affects the nervous system.
No cure, which is fatal. The incubation period lasts from 7 to 14 days. Preventive vaccination serves as protection against the disease.
Signs of the disease:
Vaccination is the only remedy for these diseases. Without prophylactic vaccinations, the death rate is 70-100%.
When vaccinated, the age of the animal is important., the formation of immunity depends on it. It is advisable to protect animals from stressful situations, because this weakens the immune system.
The vaccine works as follows: it contains pathogens and, when the vaccine is done, the rabbit's body copes with them. In such individuals, as a result, immunity to viral diseases is developed.
The first vaccination takes place at the age of 1.5 months... If necessary, it is possible to make 3 weeks, but not recommended. Vaccination takes place at intervals of 6 months.
Only healthy individuals should be vaccinated.
With myxomatosis, the vaccine is given once a year., because most often this disease is spread by insects. It is also recommended to follow certain rules so that vaccination is successful:
Adults are vaccinated every six months or once a year. In warm regions, every 6 months and in cold regions, 1 year.
Vaccinations against hemorrhagic disease:
Rabbit breeders should be aware that a comprehensive vaccine is currently being developed. She is against VHKB and myxomatosis. Its cost is slightly higher, but easier to use.
Vaccinated according to the scheme:
Reasons why the vaccine does not work:
In order for vaccination to be beneficial, there are some rules to follow.
Animals must be healthy... If you see that the rabbit is lethargic and there are suspicions of any disease, then it is better to postpone the vaccination and isolate the animal. Show it to your veterinarian for a diagnosis.
Read the instructions before vaccination. Since it is constantly changing, this should not be neglected.
Do not change the dosage yourself... Because in this case, vaccination may not help and immunity to the disease will not be developed.
Timelines should not be changed... Since immunity is developed for a certain period of time and if the timing is changed, then the effect of the vaccine will be reduced to zero and will not bring any benefit.
10 days before vaccination, animals should be worm: you need to give anthelmintic drugs.
The weight of the rabbits must be at least 0.500 grams. The vaccine should not be given to female succubines.
The interval between vaccinations should not exceed 2 weeks.
Buy a vaccine from a veterinary pharmacy, and not in pet stores and even more so on the market. During the purchase, ask about the storage and transportation conditions. Don't forget to check the expiration date.
If you bought an adult that did not have a single vaccine, then it's okay. Give the animal all the appropriate vaccinations in the same way.
When vaccinating at home, you should considerthat this is a serious procedure:
Therefore, before vaccination carefully read the instructions on the packaging... Look at the shelf life and conditions.
Study the instructions for use, dosage and side effect. Also, the vaccinations should be administered strictly according to the scheme.
How to vaccinate a rabbit yourself?
Vaccination on your own is not difficult. Before her, some procedures should be carried out so as not to harm the rabbit:
Give an injection better in the withers, but possibly in the thigh... Hold the animal tightly during this procedure.
The diluted drug is stored for no more than 3 hours.
After you vaccinate the animal, keep it in quarantine for 14 days... After this time, there is less risk of infection.
The animals are fed as usual. There must always be plenty of clean water in the cage.
Side effects are usually not observed, there is only increased salivation. No separate treatment is required. All symptoms disappear after a few days.
Rabbit vaccination workshop at the rabbit breeding workshop at the Agro Animal Show. Conducted by V.I. Belokon Candidate of Veterinary Sciences, Researcher, TOV "Bio-Test-Laboratory":
Associated vaccine against myxomatosis and viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits dry.
Vaccine against myxomatosis rabbits, dry, live, cultured. Strain "B-82".
Tissue inactivated aluminum hydroxide vaccine against viral hemorrhagic disease.
RABBIVAK-B... The vaccine against myxomatosis in rabbits is attenuated. RABBIVAK-V... Against viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits inactivated.
There are also foreign-made drugs.
If you have one or two rabbits, then the use of foreign-made preparations is possible. But if you have a farm, then use domestically produced drugs.
If animals die en masse on your farm after vaccination and you can prove that the vaccine was not of high quality, then you can sue the manufacturer so that the manufacturer will pay you compensation for the losses incurred.
But you can only sue a domestic manufacturer.
Rabbit diseases are difficult to treat... They are practically not amenable to treatment, therefore it is easier and more cost-effective to prevent diseases, especially dangerous ones.
The breeder should take care of the cleanliness and proper care of his pets. Same timely preventive vaccination of rabbits is mandatorythat will keep the livestock healthy and active.
Rabbit breeding is quite troublesome. Those animals that are already sick have no chance of surviving. Rabbits should be vaccinated for all individuals, regardless of species or habitat. Dangerous diseases can be provoked by ordinary walks, bites of certain insects, and eating fresh grass.
Several types of dangerous diseases are known. Pathologies are not cured, provoking the death of the animal. It is required to vaccinate animals for the following diseases:
To treat these pathologies, you need to consult a veterinarian.
A similar disease develops from 6 weeks or more. The animal develops pulmonary and hepatic hemorrhages.
Penetrating into the cells of the skin, the viral agent multiplies and enters the internal organs with the bloodstream. The disease develops within 3 days. When an animal is found to be infected, it is necessary to isolate it from other individuals.
Symptoms of the pathological process:
A dead animal must be sent for laboratory testing to clarify the diagnosis.
Important! Rabbits are vaccinated every six months to keep the immune system from stimulating. However, the vaccine against HBV is recommended for administration only 9 months after the introduction of the last one.
This is a disease that is dangerous for rodents. It affects the anus, the lower gastrointestinal tract, the reproductive system, and the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose.
The incubation period lasts about a week. The infection is transmitted through the bloodstream (from the female to the offspring) and through direct contact with an infected animal. Often, the pathology is carried by insects that suck blood.
Important! To know what vaccinations need to be given to rabbits with a similar pathology, you need to consult a doctor.
A rare pathology that is periodically diagnosed in rabbits. Infection occurs through the skin and, with intensive development, damages the central nervous system.
Healing is impossible, death is inevitable. The time for the development of the disease is 1-2 weeks. Protection from disease is preventive vaccination.
The main way to counteract such pathologies will be vaccination. Without preventive vaccination, the death rate reaches 70-100%.
Note that vaccination is mandatory for rabbits - the procedure cannot be avoided if you want to raise healthy animals. With the help of vaccinations, you can prevent the development of dangerous diseases, which, moreover, are contagious. Rabbits should be vaccinated taking into account the age category of eared "patients". The level of immunity of rabbits depends on age, which is why this factor is so important.
The sensitivity of animals to stress is known: the smaller the rabbit, the worse it is able to adapt to various experiences and pain. Therefore, even a simple injection can cause a gamut of negative emotions in a rabbit, and sometimes a disease on this basis. Therefore, the first vaccination is not carried out until the animals reach one and a half months.
But what are the diseases of decorative rabbits and what their treatment can be, this information will help to understand.
However, in the case when it is urgent to vaccinate - for example, when an epidemic of any disease has arisen, it is allowed to vaccinate animals from the third week of life. Earlier than three weeks, you can’t categorically.
On the video - vaccinations for rabbits:
It is customary to vaccinate rabbits every six months: this period is considered optimal, and is recommended by veterinarians. However, it is also necessary to consider the mode of transmission of the infection. So, myxomatosis in rabbits is transmitted through blood-sucking flying insects - and since there are none in winter, the vaccination against this disease can be done once a year - in spring and summer. But how many years decorative rabbits live and how to grow them correctly, this information will help to understand.
At what age are rabbits vaccinated? Usually, the first vaccination of farm rabbits, like everyone else, occurs from 2-3 months of age. This is due to the fact that it is at this age that young rabbits are separated from their mother, they switch to independent nutrition. Vaccinations for dwarf rabbits need to be done especially carefully. All this is a great stress for the body, respectively, the immunity of the animal, which was previously supported by milk, also falls. Thus, it is this age that is ideal for starting vaccination.
If there is an unvaccinated animal on the farm, all necessary vaccines should be supplied immediately, after which the usual classical revaccination scheme should be followed, which is strictly mandatory.
Vaccination can be carried out both independently and with the help of a veterinarian. At first, it is recommended to use the services of a professional: he will tell you which vaccine for rabbits is the best and highest quality, what are the features of its implementation.
Basic rules for vaccination of rabbits
How to vaccinate rabbits yourself? If a decision is made to vaccinate fluffies on your own at home, you need to choose a rabbit vaccination schedule (or a rabbit vaccination schedule), which you will have to adhere to in the future. You will also need a special syringe, which is sold at a pharmacy called an injector, and the vaccine itself. Of course, you can use ordinary syringes, but it is the injector that is able to inject the vaccine to the desired depth, which will allow the correct vaccination for rabbits.
If the vaccine is sold in the form of a dry powder, which is diluted with liquid in the right proportions, then it must be distilled water. It is impossible to store the already prepared solution.
Before starting the introduction of the drug, you need to make sure that the rabbit is immobilized. Where is the drug being injected? The injection must be made intramuscularly, usually the area at the top of the hind paw is selected for this. In general, vaccination of rabbits at home is similar to a hospital procedure.
For rabbits, complex vaccination is in demand among rabbit breeders for a number of reasons. They injure the body of animals less, there is no need to observe a two-week interval between injections, and this is beneficial. Below are some of the highly popular varieties of such drugs.
A drug that protects against myxomatosis and plague - "Pestorin MorMix". The advantage of this vaccine for rabbits is that young animals over 10 weeks of age are allowed to be vaccinated. But be careful, because after opening the ampoules after 2 hours, the drug loses its effectiveness.
A remedy that is a barrier for two extremely serious diseases - hemorrhagic disease and myxomatosis - “Lapimun Gemix”. Just like the previous drug, it is approved for vaccination of young animals. The effect of the vaccine appears after 1-2 weeks and lasts up to 10 months.
To vaccinate rabbits effectively, you need to follow a few rules. It is important to strictly control the time when you vaccinate animals, especially during outbreaks. There is no need to take risks and buy drugs in unverified places. The best way to get the vaccine is from a veterinary pharmacy. It will not hurt to consult with experienced farmers who are aware of which manufacturer's vaccine is in demand, and which drugs often “fail”.
If the animals are vaccinated by a veterinarian, then you need to make sure that he injects and how. As practice shows, sometimes the negligence of veterinarians can provoke the death of the entire herd. It is necessary to check that the doctor gives the injection with a sharp, not a blunt needle, and that he really does the injection, and does not imitate it, which also happens quite often.
If the rabbits will participate in the exhibition or you have to travel with a pet, it is still better for a doctor to vaccinate. After that, the veterinarian is obliged to issue a certificate, which will indicate the name of the vaccine, the date of the vaccine and the name of the organization. This document is usually required by exhibition organizers and customs officials.
Vaccination of sick rabbits can only make the situation worse. Unhealthy animals should not be vaccinated, but treated. For this, completely different drugs are used.
As for the shelf life of the vaccine, it is not in vain that the manufacturers strictly stipulate the temperature regime. As a rule, the drug retains its effect only at temperatures from 0 to 5 degrees. If the suppliers do not comply with these standards, then instead of immunity, the animal will receive a decent dose of poison, which, if it does not kill the rabbit, will definitely cripple it.
The vaccination procedure is simple if you have a scheme for the procedure at hand. You need to use the services of a veterinary hospital to get detailed advice from a specialist. Vaccination with a preventive purpose is carried out according to the rules:
Rule 1. The vaccine is purchased from a specialized pharmacy with a confirming quality certificate.
Rule 2... Only healthy rabbits are vaccinated.
Rule 3. Dilute the vaccine immediately prior to injection. The maximum shelf life of the finished substance is no more than 3 hours.
Rule 4. The drug is injected intramuscularly into the thigh or withers. In this case, the rabbit must be firmly held.
Novice breeders should carefully study the recommendations for vaccination to avoid possible complications. Timely vaccination of rabbits with a high-quality vaccine will give a positive result.
The animals will be protected from aggressive viruses, and the owner will ensure himself a profit from the sale of young animals or output products (meat, skins).