Apple trees for your garden: summer and autumn varieties


What varieties of apple trees to choose for a garden in the North-West region

Autumn is approaching, which means the time of planting fruit crops in the orchards. From the first days of the development of a personal or suburban area, amateur gardeners, especially beginners, have to look for answers to many questions. The durability and productivity of the planted crops depend on their correct solution.

It is known that a garden is laid not for a year or two, or even for a decade. It is planted not only for themselves, but also for children and grandchildren. Therefore, it is so important to correctly choose the types and varieties of fruit and berry crops that are most adapted to local conditions, determine the number of planted plants, correctly place them on the site so that they receive sufficient food and sunlight.


When laying an apple orchard, it is necessary to take into account the biological characteristics of the growth and fruiting of species and varieties, their advantages and disadvantages, and those soil and climatic conditions in which they have to develop. Mistakes, miscalculations are very expensive, since the costs of acquiring random seedlings will be wasted, and a lot of effort and money and, most importantly, time will be spent to correct the mistakes.

Therefore, gardening experts strongly advise to grow mainly zoned varieties recommended by the State Register of Breeding Achievements for each zone, region and even district.

However, on individual garden plots, a wider range of varieties of each crop is justified, the attraction for planting of new promising varieties that have not yet passed the state test. In this way, experienced amateur gardeners help to evaluate and introduce new varieties in each region. In addition, this allows them to have a wider range of plants in terms of economically valuable traits: fruit quality, ripening time, yield, winter hardiness, resistance to pathogens, etc.

This publication presents the main zoned, new promising and some old varieties of apple trees, widely used in the North-West zone of Russia. Most of them breed in the Pushkin nursery "SPC Agrotechnology" (see the article "Quality and purity of planting material").

Below is a brief description of them so that each gardener chooses for himself the desired varieties of summer, autumn and winter ripening periods and provides himself with the products of this valuable and healing main fruit crop.

Summer varieties of apple trees

Avenarius

Avenarius apples

A variety of folk selection. Received by Pastor Avenarius at Tsarskaya Slavyanka near St. Petersburg.

The tree is tall with a dense crown, begins bearing fruit 3-4 years after planting.

Fruits are medium-sized (60-80 g), round-conical, yellow-white in color with a striped blush. The pulp is white or slightly pinkish, loose, juicy, sweet. The fruits ripen in mid-August and are stored for 2-3 weeks. The variety is highly winter-resistant, scab resistant.


Wine

Wine apples

A variety of folk selection. The tree is vigorous with a wide-oval dense crown. Fruits 5-6 years after planting.

Fruits weighing 100 g, flat-round, ribbed, yellowish-green with a pale red blurred blush, greenish juicy pulp, sweet and sour taste with a wine flavor. Fruits firmly adhere to the tree, ripen at the end of August, are stored until mid-October.

The variety is high-yielding, winter-hardy, scab resistant.


Grushovka Moscow

Apples of the Moscow Grushovka variety

An old variety of folk selection. The tree is medium-sized, at first with a pyramidal, and then with a rounded crown of medium density, begins to bear fruit 4-5 years after planting.

Fruits are below average size (60-70 g), flat-round, slightly ribbed, on a thin peduncle. The skin is greenish-white, yellowish on the sunny side with orange-red strokes and stripes. The pulp is yellowish-white, juicy, tender, sour-sweet. The fruits ripen in early August.

Differs in high winter hardiness and resistance to fungal diseases.


Fragrant

Scented apples

The variety was obtained at the Leningrad Fruit and Vegetable Experimental Station. The tree is vigorous, with a rounded dense crown, begins to bear fruit 4 years after planting.

Fruits of medium size (80-120 g), round-conical with narrow ribs, yellowish-green with tender, dense, juicy pulp, excellent taste, with aroma. The fruits ripen in August and are stored for up to 50 days. Differs in high winter hardiness and resistance to fungal diseases.


Yellow sugar

The variety was found in the Vologda region. The tree looks like an apple tree (Chinese). It starts bearing fruit 3-4 years after planting.

Fruits of medium size (100 g), regular, round-conical shape, yellow with intense bright red, slightly speckled and striped blush, good sweet and sour taste. Ripen at the end of August, stored for 1-2 months.

The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and annual fruiting.


Golden early Chinese

Apples of Kitayka golden early

The variety was bred by I.V. Michurin. Medium-sized tree with a sparse pyramidal crown. It starts bearing fruit 3-4 years after planting. Fruiting is regular, the yield is high in some years.

Fruits are small (30-40 g), round, when ripe they acquire a light yellow color. The pulp is firm, yellowish, with a pleasant sour-sweet taste. Fruits ripen in early August, crumble before picking up.

The variety has a high winter hardiness.


Korobovka (Medunichka)

Korobovka apples

A variety of folk selection. A tree with a wide spherical crown, begins to bear fruit 6-7 years after planting.

Fruits are small in size (30-50 g), flat-rounded, red-striped. The pulp is slightly yellow, juicy, with a pleasant honey aroma. Fruit ripening - early August, stored for about a month. Fruiting with good care is high and annual.

Popular in home gardening for its early ripening and excellent taste.


Mantet

Mantet apples

Canadian variety. Medium-sized tree with sparse oval crown.

Fruits of medium size (120 g) are round-conical in shape with slight ribbing, yellowish-green, with a red striped blush. The pulp is white, with a pinkish tinge, juicy, good sweet and sour taste. The variety is prone to periodicity of fruiting. The fruits ripen at the end of August, are stored for 2-3 weeks.


Memory of Lavrik

Apples of the Memory Lavrik variety

The variety was obtained at the Leningrad fruit and vegetable experimental station. The tree is vigorous with a dense oval crown, begins to bear fruit in 4-5 years.

Fruits are large (140-300 g), elongated-conical, yellowish-white. The pulp is white, juicy, tender, of excellent sweet and sour taste. The fruits ripen at the end of August and are stored for 1.5-2 months.

Surpasses the zoned varieties in winter hardiness, yield, scab resistance, large-fruited.


Folding

Apples varieties Papirovka

An old variety of folk selection. The tree is medium-sized with a wide dense crown.

Fruits are of medium size (90-100 g), flattened-rounded-conical with wide ribs, light yellow when fully ripe. The pulp is white, tender, with a good sweet-sour taste. The fruits ripen in August, are stored for 2-3 weeks.

The variety is characterized by winter hardiness and early maturity.


Suislepskoe

Suislepskoe apples

An old variety of Estonian selection. The tree is vigorous with a round or broad-conical dense crown.

Fruits are medium-sized (80-120 g), round, greenish-yellow, with characteristic thin strokes and blurred crimson stripes. The pulp is white, pinkish near the skin, juicy, tender, good sweet and sour taste. The fruits ripen in late August and early September and are stored until November.

The variety is widespread in the regions of the North-West, it has good winter hardiness.


Autumn varieties of apple trees

Melba

Melba apples

Canadian variety. The tree is vigorous with a broadly oval or rounded crown, begins to bear fruit 4-5 years after planting.

Fruits above average size (110-180 g) are round or rounded-conical, greenish-porcelain, with an intense raspberry blush. The pulp is white, juicy, tender, sweet and sour dessert taste, with aroma. Fruits ripen in late August-early September, are stored for 1-2 months.

Differs in high winter hardiness, productivity and regular fruiting.


Striped anise

Apples of variety Anise striped

A variety of folk selection from the Volga region. The tree is vigorous with a rounded dense crown, begins to bear fruit 5-6 years after planting.

Fruits are of medium size (80-100 g), flattened-rounded, light green with a red integumentary color, often in the form of stripes. The pulp is greenish-white, moderately juicy, sweet and sour, with a characteristic aroma.

Winter hardiness and productivity are high.


Auxis

Auxis apples

The variety was obtained in Lithuania. The tree is medium-sized with a rounded crown of medium density. It begins to bear fruit 4 years after planting, it is distinguished by annual fruiting.

Fruits are medium and above average (100-150 g), round, light yellow with a carmine-red blush almost over the entire surface. The pulp is yellow, juicy, aromatic, sweet-sour dessert taste. The fruits ripen in September and are stored until December-January.

The variety is winter-hardy and fruitful.


Baltika

Apples of the Baltika variety

The variety was bred at the Leningrad Fruit and Vegetable Experimental Station. Vigorous tree with an oval crown of medium density.

The fruits are large (140 g), round, slightly conical, light yellow, with a bright red blurred blush and striping on most of the surface. The pulp is white, dense, juicy, aromatic, with a good sweet and sour taste. The fruits ripen in the first half of September and are stored for up to 2 months. The tree begins to bear fruit 5 years after planting.

The variety is highly winter-resistant, yields high yields annually.


Bessemyanka Michurinskaya

Apples Bessemyanka Michurinskaya

The variety was obtained by I.V. The tree is medium-sized with a dense, broadly oval crown, begins to bear fruit in 4-5 years.

Fruits are round in shape, above average size (100-120 g), slightly ribbed, greenish-yellow with carmine-red streaks and stripes almost throughout the fruit. The pulp is slightly yellowish, dense, aromatic, with a good sweet and sour taste. Fruits ripen at different times, in mid-late September, are stored until December.

The variety is winter-hardy, highly resistant to scab.


Borovinka

Borovinka apples

An old Russian variety of folk selection, widespread in the regions of the North-West. A tree of moderate growth with a round, open crown of medium density. It starts bearing fruit 4-6 years after planting.

Fruits are of medium and above average size (120-200 g), yellowish-light green in color with pale red stripes on the illuminated part. The pulp is yellowish, juicy, sweet and sour. The fruits ripen in the first half of September and are stored until November.

The variety is winter-hardy, bears fruit annually, gives high yields.


Riga dove (seedling Trebu)

Riga Golubok apples (Trebu seedling)

A folk variety obtained in Estonia. The tree is medium-sized with a rounded dense drooping crown. It starts bearing fruit 5-6 years after planting.

Fruits are medium (85-125 g), round-conical, yellowish-white, sometimes with a slight tan on the sunny side. The pulp is yellow-white, juicy, sweet and sour, with a pleasant aroma. The fruits ripen in mid-September and are stored until December.

The variety is relatively winter-hardy, resistant to fungal diseases, annual fruiting.


Cinnamon new

Apples varieties Brown new

The variety was obtained at the VNIIS named after I.V. Michurin. The tree is medium-sized with a rounded dense crown. Fruits 5-7 years after planting.

The fruits are yellow with a dull red striped blush on a large part of the fruit. The pulp is light creamy, good sweet and sour taste. The fruits ripen in mid-September and are stored until February.

Average winter hardiness, high scab resistance.


Cinnamon striped

An old Russian variety of folk selection. Widely distributed in the European part of Russia. The tree is medium-sized or tall with a wide-pyramidal or round sparse crown. Fruits 6-8 years after planting.

Fruits of medium size (70-90 g), flat-round, greenish-yellow with a dark red striped blush. The pulp is yellowish-white, sour-sweet with a pleasant aroma of dessert taste. The fruits ripen in the second half of September, are stored for 35-40 days, when ripe they crumble.

They are characterized by high winter hardiness, average scab resistance.


Autumn striped (Streyfling)

Apples varieties Apple varieties Autumn striped (Streyfling)

An old Baltic variety, widespread in the North-West of Russia. Vigorous tree with a wide-rounded crown, strong skeletal branches. At the time of fruiting begins 7-10 years after planting.

Fruits are above average size (100-150 g), rounded-conical, ribbed, sometimes without a depression at the peduncle, light yellow with an orange-red speckled-striped blush. The pulp is slightly yellowish, sometimes pink under the skin, juicy, sour-sweet, spicy, with aroma. The fruits ripen in the second half of September and are stored until November.

The variety has high winter hardiness and productivity.


Tambov

Apples varieties Tambovskoe apples

The variety was obtained at the V.I. I.V. The tree is medium-sized with a spreading crown. Fruits 4-5 years after planting. Fruits are above medium size (100-170 g), highly rounded, pale green with a densely diffused dark crimson blush. The pulp is white, slightly friable, juicy, with a pleasant sweet and sour taste. Ripen in the second half of September, stored until November-December.

The variety is winter-hardy, productive, relatively resistant to fungal diseases.

Read the next part. Winter varieties of apple trees

G. Alexandrova,
candidate of agricultural sciences

Read also:
• What are columnar apple trees
• Apple tree: origin and groups of varieties
• Summer varieties of apple trees
• Popular varieties of apple trees in autumn and summer ripening
• Recommendations for pruning apple trees for hobby gardeners

Growing conditions for apple trees

Apple trees grow and bear fruit on average for 30-35 years. Therefore, when laying an apple orchard, and even when planting several seedlings, you need to be extremely attentive to the agrotechnical requirements of the culture.

Site selection

Apple trees do not tolerate low-lying places, where spring frosts slide and stagnate. From recurrent and prolonged frosts in all regions (including southern ones), complete freezing out or severe damage to flower buds and blossoming flowers of this culture is possible. This means that at the dacha you need to pick up a site that is elevated and protected from cold air currents. If possible, select a separate, with suitable conditions, area for 5-8 apple trees. So full care can be provided and the requirements for agricultural technology can be fulfilled.

In a small summer cottage, pay attention to the columnar apple trees. A small crop habit will allow planting up to 12-15 varieties in a relatively small area. Some gardeners planted them in a bed, creating a unique, elegant, "fragrant" path during the flowering and ripening of apples.

Apple trees don't like shade. They need evenly lit areas, and not occupied by someone else's root system. Therefore, try to plant young seedlings at a distance from old trees. If the site allows, apple trees can be planted in small groups in places that are suitable for environmental and agricultural requirements.In the garden diary, on the general plot of the site, mark the places allocated for the apple trees. The next concern is the composition and quality of the soil in the areas allocated for apple trees.

Soil for apple trees

For apple trees, neutral soils with a pH of 5.5-6.5 are needed, provided with sufficient nutrients, especially nitrogen, with good drainage properties, it can be of medium density (loamy chernozems, ordinary), but air and permeable with high moisture capacity. The most suitable are ordinary chernozems, loamy with a predominance of sandy loam, loess-like loam. On light soils, constant irrigation is necessary. Peaty, highly acidic soils, with a close location of underground waters, with stagnant waters after rains and irrigation are not suitable. Apple trees with a deep root system develop poorly and die early on sandy or clay-sandy soils.

Having picked up a good location and type of soil, you can buy seedlings in the spring and plant your apple orchard.

Attention! We ask you to write in the comments to this article: what varieties of apple trees do you grow, how much they satisfy you, how they correspond to the declared characteristics. Do not forget to indicate your region and features of agricultural technology. Thank you!


Green varieties

Apples with green peel are especially appreciated not only by gardeners, but also by those who know about the beneficial properties of fruits. The best varieties of apple trees include several varieties.

Granny Smith

The variety was bred in 1868. The first fruits were obtained in New South Wales. In 1935, the variety appeared in England, in 1976 - in the USA and Canada. The selection work was carried out by Mary Ann Smith, a national breeder, she managed to get the variety by pollination of the Australian apple tree with the wild French one.

The tree is medium-sized, is a natural semi-dwarf, has a spreading crown. Fruits ripen large, their weight reaches 300 g. The rind is rich green, the apples are round or slightly oval. There are brownish-red blotches. The pulp is light, juicy, sweet and sour.

Fruits begin to ripen at the end of September. Under the right conditions, the shelf life is long - until the next harvest. Care consists in regular pruning and feeding.

Golden Delicious

Mid-season variety of unknown origin. The seedling was accidentally found in South Virginia over a hundred years ago. After that, he was recognized all over the world. Gardeners love this variety for its ease and simplicity in growing and care.

In a plant, the crown has the shape of a cone; as it grows, it expands and acquires roundness. Leaves are oval, wide, bright green. Fruits are elongated, large, weighing up to 200 g. At the time of technical maturity, the peel is light green, and at full ripeness it becomes golden yellow. The apples are even, elongated, almost always of the same shape. There are small subcutaneous dots of black color. The pulp is juicy, sweet. The fruit smells good.

The plant begins to bear fruit in the second or third year after planting. The harvest begins from mid to late September. The variety is characterized by high yield. Seven-year-old trees can produce 250-300 centners per hectare.


Conclusion

We all taste the first fruits with great joy and pleasure, be it strawberries, currants or raspberries, but tasting the first apples is a special pleasure.

When you have not yet had time to bite off a piece of juicy fruit, you are already inhaling this magical incomparable apple aroma.

To get stable apple yields, you need not only to choose good varieties, but also know a few rules for caring for apple trees:

  1. Correct planting of the seedling, including the location of the grafting site at soil level
  2. Regular watering and mandatory feeding of seedlings, especially while the trees are still young
  3. Formative and growth-regulating tree pruning
  4. In the presence of a weak annual growth, it is necessary to perform anti-aging pruning, which stimulates the development of young shoots.
  5. The first post-planting years need to regulate the number of ovaries and fruits in order to avoid overloading the seedlings with the crop, thus eliminating the depletion of immature trees
  6. For better pollination and setting of apples, have pollinating varieties on the site, i.e. apple trees of the same ripening period
  7. Timely fight against diseases and pests with yields of tasty and healthy apples.


Garden and vegetable garden near your home

For a good garden of relatively small size, the optimal set of fertile trees would be:

  1. Apple trees - up to 6 pcs. different varieties:
  • summer apple trees - 2 pcs.
  • apple trees of the autumn variety - 2 ... 3 pcs.
  • apple trees of the winter variety - 2 ... 3 pcs.
  1. Pears 3 ... 6 pcs. different varieties:
  • summer pears - 1 ... 2 pieces
  • autumn pears - 1 ... 2 pieces
  • winter pears - 1 ... 2 pcs.
  1. Plum - 1 ... 2 pcs. different varieties.
  2. Cherry - 3 ... 5 pcs.
  3. Sweet cherry - 1 ... 2 pcs.
  4. Apricot - 1 ... 2 pcs.
  5. Peach - 1 ... 2 pcs.
  6. Walnut - 1 pc.

It is recommended to plant the following types of bushes in the garden:

  • currants - 5 ... 15 bushes
  • raspberries - 5 ... 15 bushes
  • gooseberries - 5 ... 15 bushes
  • grapes - 10 ... 20 bushes
  • strawberries - 75 ... 100 m 2.

There are also many useful types of trees that would be nice to have on your site in the garden, but their availability depends on the climatic conditions of the area, the size of the garden and the wishes of the owner. These tree species include:

  • quince
  • viburnum
  • chokeberry
  • almond
  • hazel
  • sea ​​buckthorn
  • mulberry
  • hawthorn
  • barberry.

When laying a young garden, you should pay attention to the ideal growth conditions and life expectancy of different species and varieties of trees. For example, an apple tree is more moisture-loving than an apricot. It is believed that winter and autumn varieties of apple trees are more moisture-loving than summer varieties.

Garden soil

The soil of the site on which the garden will be located should be examined for the following characteristics:

  • acidity of the soil. For most bushes and trees, slightly acidic and slightly alkaline soils are best suited. Otherwise, lime is introduced into the soil (once every 3 ... 5 years)
  • ground water level. A high level of groundwater greatly affects the growth and longevity of fertile trees.

Optimal location for a garden

The best option for the location of the garden is slopes at an angle of 5 ... 8 ° with a southwest or west orientation.

  1. In an area where strong winds constantly blow throughout the year, the garden needs to be protected from the leeward side by a number of windproof trees. These trees include walnuts.
  2. If, after all, there is only a place for planting a garden on a mountain with rocky soil, then it is necessary to clean the soil from stones, cobblestones and arrange a garden area in the form of terraces, with a strip width in redistribution of 2 ... 3 m. On each strip of a terrace, trees are planted, depending on from the type of trees:
  • upper terraces - stone fruit trees
  • middle terraces - apple, pear
  • lower terraces - plums, apple trees of winter varieties, as well as bushes of raspberries, currants or strawberries.
  1. It is not recommended to plant a garden in closed pits.
  2. It is recommended to plant trees in the garden in a row with a pitch of 3.5 ... 8 m, dividing into zones depending on the type of tree and variety. Zoning by type of tree in the garden makes it easier to care for the trees.
  3. The distance between the rows of trees depends on the thickness of the crown of the trees and the height:
  • between low-growing trees - 3.5 ... 4 m
  • between tall trees - 7 ... 8 m.
  • between the bushes - 1.5 ... 2 m.
  1. The garden requires constant supervision and maintenance. IN tab. one a gardener's calendar is given, which indicates the possibility of performing garden work, depending on the month of the year.

Table 1 - Gardener's calendar

2. We are repairing tools and equipment for the garden.

3. Mineral and organic fertilizers are procured in the required amount.

2. Performance of work on pruning fruit trees, if the air temperature is above -10 ° C.

2. Treat the "wounds" of trees, whitewash the trunks.

3. Pruning of berry bushes is carried out.

3. Material is prepared for smoking in the garden in case of severe frost during flowering trees.

4. Spraying trees with chemicals before they bloom (to prevent damage to trees by diseases and pests).

5. Fertilization of trees (near-stem).

6. Loosening the soil around the tree trunk.

7. Pruning frozen branches on trees such as apricot, cherry, sweet cherry.

3. Preventive spraying of trees and bushes.

2. In dry times, water the trees.

3. Spraying trees and bushes - pest control.

2. Watering trees if necessary.

3. Harvesting (apples and pears of summer varieties).

6. Preparing for the next storage operation.

2. Weeding strawberries, fertilizing.

2. After the leaves fall, the soil is dug up.

3. When digging, it is recommended to apply fertilizer.

4. Clearing dry branches and diseased leaves on currant and gooseberry bushes.

2. After the leaves have completely fallen off, the apple and pear trees are pruned.

3. Prevention of disease by spraying on stone fruit trees.

4. Cleaning the garden from fallen leaves.

5. Protection of young trees by tying the trunk with paper or cloth.

It is recommended to divide the garden near the house into 4 parts according to different cultures:

  • 1 part (zone) intended for that group of plants that requires the obligatory application of fertilizers and water (watering). These crops include cabbage, cucumbers, zucchini, watermelons.
  • Part 2 intended for a group of plants that require a relatively small amount of mineral and organic fertilizers. Such plants include tomatoes, eggplants, onions, garlic, beets, etc.
  • Part 3 designed for plants that can do without bush feeding, but love watering. Such plants include beans, dill, peas.
  • Part 4 intended for one of the most common crops in Ukraine, namely potatoes.

If the land plot is small, then all vegetable crops can be planted together with a certain combination:

  • radish with carrots
  • cucumbers with dill
  • beans with potatoes or beets
  • onions with carrots.

Also in the garden between the rows of trees you can plant vegetable plants that are not particularly "afraid" of the shade. Such plants include cabbage, onions (like herbs), lettuce, radish.

Climbing crops can be planted near the trunks of young trees - peas, beans, etc.


Russian varieties of apples

According to statistics, every resident of Russia eats about 20 kg of apples a year, however, the time of solid apple orchards is imperceptibly receding into the past, and imported apples are more and more sold on the Russian market. And what varieties of Russian and imported apples can you find most often? Why are they good? And which should be preferred?

Apple varieties most commonly grown in Russia

Antonovka is one of the most popular Russian apple varieties with a unique sweetish aroma. The fruits themselves are large (they can be small during drought, in a lean year), rounded, slightly flattened or with a hint of a conical shape. The color of the Antonovka fruit is green; it turns yellow during storage. The apple skin is smooth, in the depth of the apple funnel it is “rusty”. Antonovka's pulp is yellowish, juicy, sweet and sour (uniquely Antonovka) taste.

- sugars 9.22%
- acids 1%
- pectin substances 14%.
- tannins 41 mg
- ascorbic acid 17 mg
- P-active substances 327 mg.

Antonovka ripens in mid-September and can be stored for up to 3 months. Today Antonovka is found more in private gardens, and in orchards, it is gradually being replaced by less whimsical and more disease-resistant varieties of apples.

White filling

White filling is one of the most popular old Russian varieties that grow not only in central Russia, but even north of St. Petersburg. Fruits are large enough, often asymmetrical, light yellow, close to white when ripe. Sometimes it has a pronounced blush. A feature of the variety is the lightness of the fruit. The shape of the apples is closer to round, slightly truncated-conical. Apples of almost the same size ripen on one tree. The apple funnel may be slightly rusty. The skin is thin, shiny, with a natural waxy coating, covered with gray or green dots. The pulp of the White filling is fragrant, white, loose, more sweet than sour.

- sugars 9%
- acids 0.9%
- pectin substances 10%
- ascorbic acid 22 mg
- P-active substances 210 mg.

Ripens from early July to mid-August. You need to eat White filling immediately after harvesting, so this variety of apples can be stored for no more than 3 weeks. The variety does not tolerate long-distance transportation, since the apple skin is very thin and cannot protect the fruit from impacts and pressure. In this regard, many gardeners refuse to grow White filling, preferring varieties with a longer shelf life and better tolerating transportation to the points of sale.

Pepin saffron

Pepin saffron is one of the new, but already well-proven varieties of apple trees. Fruits are round-conical, medium-small in size, symmetrical. The color is greenish-yellow, with a blurred dark red blush, noticeable strokes and stripes and an abundance of subcutaneous dots. The walls of the funnel are slightly rusty. Pepin's flesh is of a saffron cream color, dense and very juicy, has a spicy delicate aroma.

- sugars 11.6%
- acids 0.57%
- ascorbic acid 14.2 mg
- P-active substances (catechins) 167 mg.

The variety is winter ripening and can be stored well for 6-7 months. Differs in high regular yield, perfectly tolerates transportation. It is becoming more and more popular in horticultural industries.

Idared is another apple variety that is very popular in our time. It has large rounded flattened fruits, slightly conical in the upper part. The skin is covered with a natural weak waxy coating, its main color is yellow-green, the top is covered with a bright raspberry blush and dense dark red stripes and strokes. The funnel is deep, there is a slight rustiness. The pulp is creamy, firm, sweet and sour, with a weak aroma.

- sugars 10.5%
- acids 0.6%
- ascorbic acid 11.5 mg
- P-active substances (catechins) 120 mg.

The variety is very high-yielding. Ripens at the end of September, can be stored in refrigerators for up to 5 months. They are often used for the preparation of dried fruits.

Despite the name, the fruits of this apple tree are very small, but this tree can be grown even in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Novosibirsk and Irkutsk regions. The apples are small, rounded, ribbed. The color is bright purple. The pulp is dense, very juicy, greenish in color. The apples taste sweet, with a slight sourness and pronounced astringency, which disappears during storage or preparation of jam, jam, freezing.

- sugars 10%
- acids 2.3%
- ascorbic acid 18 mg
- P-active substances (catechins) 465 mg.

Ripens in early September. The fruits can easily withstand storage until February.

This variety was bred at Moscow State University. Lomonosov and is now considered the best of the summer dessert. The fruits of Lungwort are small (up to 100 grams), round-conical in shape. The main color of apples is yellow-green, and on top there is a vague red blush, red-brown stripes, marbling. The pulp is yellow, unusually sweet, honey.

The ratio of sugars to acids is more than 200, distinguishes this variety from others and makes it a dietary one. However, the variety is not rich in ascorbic acid and other useful substances. Lumpy Lamb ripens in August, after a short storage it becomes even sweeter. It can be stored for 3-4 months.

Another variety of apples that is very common in Russia (especially in the Oryol region). Fruits are medium-sized, round-conical in shape. Skin with a white touch of natural wax. The main color is yellow-green, on top there is a thick blush, there may be stripes, subcutaneous points are usually clearly visible. The funnel is almost free of "rust". The pulp is creamy, with a greenish tinge, dense, very juicy.The taste is sweet and sour, harmonious. The aroma is strong and pleasant.

- sugars: 11%
- acids 0.36%
- pectin substances 13%
- ascorbic acid 9 mg
- P-active substances (catechins) 167 mg.

Ripens at the end of September. The variety has a high yield and good shelf life - until March.

Apple varieties most commonly grown abroad

Granny Smith

It first appeared in Australia, from where it came to New Zealand, then to England and then to almost all countries. Differs in large size (fruits can weigh more than 300 grams) and bright green color. Sometimes it is yellow-green, may have a cloudy blush on the sunny side. The pulp is firm and very juicy, without aroma. It practically does not darken on air, therefore it is widely used in desserts and baked goods.

- sugars 8.8%
- acids 0.79%
- ascorbic acid 5.9 mg.

Ripens in September-October. Differs in high productivity. Stored for a long time - under normal conditions up to 5 months. It tolerates transportation well.

Apples of Japanese origin, popular all over the world. The Fuji variety is large in size - about 7.5 cm in diameter. The color is red, with barely noticeable stripes of green. The pulp is white, juicy and very sweet. The Japanese grow 500,000 tons of these apples annually. In other countries, Fuji is gaining popularity, especially in China.

- sugars 10%
- acids 0.45%
- ascorbic acid 8 mg
- P-active substances (catechins) 90 mg.

The variety has a high yield. The fruits practically do not deteriorate during transportation and can be stored for up to 4 months under normal conditions.

Red Delicious

Another popular imported variety. Fruits are dark red, large, round-conical in shape. The skin is firm. The pulp is creamy in color, with an indistinct aroma, juicy, sweet.

- sugars 12%
- acids 0.38%
- ascorbic acid 6 mg
- P-active substances 130 mg.

The fruits ripen at the end of September and are well stored in the refrigerator until April. Under normal storage conditions prone to bitter mottling.

A variety of apples bred by cloning and gaining more and more popularity in the world. The fruit is small and round. The color is yellow-green with red vertical stripes. The pulp is firm, juicy, with a fresh aroma, sweet and sour taste.

- sugars 10.9%
- acids 0.64%
- ascorbic acid 8.7 mg.

Ripens at the end of September. Differs in high productivity, resistance to damage. Easy to transport. It can be stored until March.

Which apples to prefer: Russian or imported?

Every time you buy apples, you ask yourself: which is better to choose - Russian or imported apples? Which are the best for health? If you have carefully read our material, then you have noted the chemical composition of our and imported varieties of apples. Ours have much more useful substances: ascorbic acid, catechins. However, Russian apple varieties tolerate storage worse and are easier to spoil during transportation ...

To be honest, you can only choose between Russian and imported apples in September, October and a little in November. Then Russian apples run out and imported ones remain on the shelves. Under the guise of Russian, Polish and Chinese apples are most often sold, since they are the cheapest and look similar to ours. And how could it be otherwise, if the whole of Russia, according to FAO, produces only 0.968 million tons of apples a year, while China produces 33.3 million tons. Even countries such as France, Greece, Turkey and Chile produce more apples than Russia, not to mention the United States (collects 5 times more apples than we do).

Gardening in Russia is becoming more and more unprofitable. In the Tambov region, 15 out of 18 are closed, in the Lipetsk region, 18 out of 20, and in the Rostov region, out of 50 garden farms, only two remain.

So, do not indulge yourself with illusions. In stores, and in markets, starting from the end of November, whatever is written on the labels, you buy imported apples, most likely Chinese or Polish. Therefore, be careful. If you see apples that are smooth and shiny, they are usually treated with a special wax, which must be washed off before use. And it can only be washed off with a brush under hot water. Otherwise, you will eat a good dose of chemistry that negates that small fraction of the apple's benefits.


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