Hamedorea graceful also called Chamedorea elegans (Chamaedorea elegans). It is directly related to the palm family (Arecaceae). Under natural conditions, it can be found in the moist dense forests of eastern and southern Mexico and the Guatemala region.
This plant is shrubby and has a creeping trunk. Thin erect stems grow from it in large numbers, which have a height of 1.5 to 2 meters, and a width of 2.5 to 3.5 centimeters. In the upper part of the stems, panicles are collected, consisting of 6 or 7 long-petiolate closely sitting vaginal leaves, painted in green. Over time, they die off and fall off, while ring-shaped traces of a light shade remain on the surface of the stems. Feathery arched leaves have from 12 to 15 pairs of lanceolate-linear lobes, which can reach 20 centimeters in length.
Sufficiently long stalks grow from the leaf sinuses. They bear branched, loose inflorescences in the form of panicles, which consist of fragrant very small yellow flowers in the shape of a ball. At the end of flowering, small (no more than 6 millimeters in diameter) round fruits are formed. Ripe fruits are black in color, and each of them contains 1 seed.
The most popular among florists is the graceful chamedorea. The fact is that there is nothing difficult in caring for it, and it is also quite compact, which is important in not very large rooms. However, in order for plants to grow and develop normally, you need to know a few rules for care.
This palm tree is not demanding on lighting. So, it can be placed in partial shade (even deeper into the room) or in a well-lit place with diffused sunlight. However, when choosing a suitable place, it should be borne in mind that the plant does not tolerate direct sunlight at midday, which can leave burns on the foliage.
Hamedorea can be grown without sunlight at all. However, with the help of artificial lighting, she needs to create a fairly long daylight hours (from 10 to 12 hours).
In the warm season, the plant needs a moderate air temperature (20 to 27 degrees). With the onset of the winter period, it is recommended to rearrange it in a fairly cool place from 12 to 16 degrees. However, it should be borne in mind that hamedorea reacts extremely negatively to sudden changes in temperature. In this regard, it is necessary to ventilate the room in which it is located with extreme caution, do not allow cold air currents to fall on the palm tree.
During active growth, watering should be abundant and systematic. It should be borne in mind that the warmer it is in the room, the more moisture the palm tree will need. It is recommended to water after the top layer of the potted substrate dries out a little. It should be borne in mind that deep or complete drying of the soil in no case should be allowed, because this can lead to the death of the palm tree. However, make sure that the water in the soil does not stagnate, as this can cause the development of rot on the roots.
Watered with lukewarm, well-settled water.
In order for the plant to feel normal in indoor conditions, it needs high humidity. The foliage must be moistened from the sprayer at least 2 times a day, and if possible, arrange a warm shower for it.
In order to increase the humidity of the air, it is recommended to use special household appliances. If possible, place the hamedorea in the immediate vicinity of an artificial reservoir. Remember that you cannot place this palm tree next to heating appliances.
If the air humidity is lower than the palm tree needs, then the tips of the leaves will begin to dry out, which negatively affects its appearance.
This plant has only one growth point, while the stems do not branch. In this regard, when trimming the upper part of the stem, the growth of the palm tree stops completely, and after all the leaves remaining from the bottom die off, it will die.
Suitable soil must be heavy. To prepare the soil mixture, it is necessary to combine sod and deciduous soil, sand and peat, taken in a ratio of 3: 1: 1: 1. For planting, a ready-made mixture for palm trees, which can be bought in a special store, is also suitable. However, experienced florists recommend adding a small amount of charcoal to it.
Don't forget to have a good drainage layer on the bottom of the container. It can be made of broken brick (clay shards) or expanded clay.
It is necessary to feed the palm tree from the beginning of the spring to the middle of the autumn period once every 2 weeks. You can use liquid palm fertilizer for this. You can also take a liquid fertilizer for ornamental deciduous plants, but in this case, you should use only 1/2 of the recommended dosage on the package.
When choosing a fertilizer for chamedorea, preference is given to the one where there is a lot of nitrogen in the composition, which contributes to the acceleration of foliage growth.
Despite the fact that such a palm tree grows rather slowly, young specimens must be transplanted annually, while the new container should be slightly larger in diameter than the old one. After the graceful chamedorea becomes an adult, it will need to be subjected to this procedure much less often, only after the roots cease to be placed in the pot. As a rule, adult plants are transplanted with regularity once every 3 or 4 years.
You can propagate by root suckers, seeds, and by dividing the bush.
The seeds are sown in a special greenhouse, where the required temperature is maintained. Seedlings, as a rule, appear 30–40 days after sowing, but there are cases when this process takes up to 6 months. Chamedorea begins to bloom at the age of three or four, while at the moment it should reach at least 30 centimeters in height.
Root offspring are separated from the mother plant only after they have developed strong roots. They are then planted in separate pots and cared for as an adult plant.
Overgrown rather large bushes are suitable for dividing. But in indoor conditions, a palm tree, as a rule, does not grow to such a state where its stem can be divided. As for purchased palms, most often they are planted in several pieces at once in one container. In this regard, if necessary, such a bush can be divided into two or more parts.
Spider mites, scale insects or thrips can settle on the plant. If they are found, it is necessary to carry out treatment with insecticides (for example, actellic).
As a rule, chamedorrhea begins to hurt due to a violation of the rules of care. So, one of the common problems is the dried tips of the leaves, which is caused by too low air humidity.
If the watering is too heavy and the substrate is almost constantly wet, this can lead to the formation of rot on the roots and base of the stem. Pay attention to the potting soil. If a not very pleasant smell comes from it, and there are traces of developing mold on its surface, then these are the first signs that rot may appear on the plant.
Also, this plant can get sick with chlorosis. If there is a lot of calcium in the soil, then the foliage will begin to acquire a yellow tint.
If it is too cold in the room in winter, then some of the leaves of the palm tree become dark, and then they can completely fall off. This can also happen due to sudden changes in temperature. However, it should be remembered that the darkening and falling of the foliage located in the lower part of the stem is a completely natural process, and you should not worry about this.
In a well-equipped living space with zoned placement of magnificent living plants and palms, you can feel like in a paradise picturesque corner of nature.
For a novice amateur florist, growing palm trees at home may seem like a daunting task. For cultivation of palms at home, no more than 9-10 species are of obvious interest.
Of the sufficient number of naturally occurring palms, only a few are cultivated as indoor plants. Although most palms are unpretentious, there are still some peculiarities in the care, marked by subtle nuances.
The attractiveness of palm trees is primarily due to their impressive size, leafy fronds and fan leaves. A palm tree with a beautiful name chamedorea (from Lat. Chamaedorea), with careful commitment and care, will become a pride among its own kind.
The diminutiveness of hamedorea, the juiciness of green leaves, coupled with an ideal location in a residential area, will create an atmospheric idyll in a modern interior direction. After all, a house without living plants is deprived of life, comfort and harmony.
In total, the genus of exotic hamedorei has over 100 varieties that grow in the wooded regions of South and Central America, as well as on the island of Madagascar and in South Africa. In the natural environment, these are mainly lianas or small palms, however, not so many species are adapted for growing in indoor conditions. One of them was the graceful hamedorea, also known as the elegance hamedorea.
This plant has a creeping trunk from which a large number of shoots grow - which is why it is classified as a shrub. Shoots are erect, rather thin, outwardly reminiscent of bamboo. They have a single point of growth, do not branch. The length of the chamedorea reaches 1.8-2 m, in its natural habitat it grows on the lower tier, therefore it does not require good illumination.
The leaves give the plant a decorative look. They consist of 5-7 cirrus leaves of a dark green hue, collected on a tubular petiole in pairs.
Such a palm tree grows extremely slowly - the growth does not exceed 1-2 leaves per stem per year.
A small number of leaves does not in any way impair the decorative appearance of plants., nevertheless, they are most often sold in several pieces in one container - such a composition looks like a leafy, very lush ornamental bush.
Hamedorea, elegant at home cultivation, can bloom: it produces nondescript panicles with spherical yellow flowers, visually resembling mimosa twigs. At the end of flowering, round fruits with a diameter of 5-6 cm remain, one seed ripens inside each.
Advice! The flowers of this palm tree do not differ in special grace and beauty, while flowering takes a lot of energy from a green pet. To prevent chamedorea from spending the necessary trace elements for setting and ripening seeds, it is best to pluck the inflorescences at the stage of their formation.
The salon palm tree is spectacular, but at the same time compact. It looks good in any interior, and can be grown both as an independent plant and as part of a group. It should be noted that chamedorea is not only beautiful, it also brings considerable benefits - it moisturizes and purifies the air from formaldehyde and benzene vapors. The palm tree is non-poisonous, so it can be safely planted in houses where tetrapods and feathered pets live.
Esotericists believe that this unusual plant helps to get rid of sadness and melancholy, maintains optimism and creates a good mood. That's why it is recommended to plant it in the living room or in the kitchen, and it is not recommended to place a palm tree in the bedroom.
A new flower brought from the store should definitely be left in quarantine - it needs time to acclimatize. It should be kept away from other green pets for two weeks after purchase to prevent infestation. - it is possible that chamedorea could catch a disease or some kind of pest in a nursery or store. During this period, the flower needs moderate watering and good lighting.
The bamboo palm is quite picky about the composition of the soil - to grow this exotic, moisture and breathable soil, loose and fertile, is needed. It is best to take a ready-made soil mixture designed specifically for palm trees, but you can also compose it yourself according to the following recipe:
It will not be superfluous to add a few pieces of charcoal or activated carbon to the soil.
The transplant should be done a couple of weeks after the acquisition of hamedorea, regardless of the season. From the store pot, it should be transferred by transferring to a larger container, and the resulting voids should be filled with a nutrient substrate.
Subsequently, the transplant is carried out in the first half of spring: young plants - annually, and palms older than 3 years - every 3-5 years. Old chamedoreas do not need to be transplanted at all - you just need to renew them in the upper layer of the substrate (remove the old one and fill in the new one). This should be done every spring.
Please note that when transplanting chamedorea, pebbles, expanded clay or any other drainage should be placed on the bottom of the container so that its height is about 1⁄4 of the height of the container. This will prevent stagnation of moisture and avoid rotting of the root system.
The bamboo palm should not be grown on a windowsill or anywhere else exposed to direct sunlight. The area under the window or to the side of it will be optimal for it. At the same time, shadows must be avoided, this plant needs a well-lit corner.
Hamedorea can grow and develop equally well in both natural and artificial light. The best option is when scattered rays shine on the bamboo palm during the daylight hours. If the chamedorea is located in the corridor or in the very corner of the room, it is worth placing an LED lamp or LED strip near it, it should shine at least 10-13 hours a day.
South-facing apartment owners should make sure that bright rays do not fall on the bamboo palm tree during hot summer hours. - burns leave rather ugly brownish spots on the leaf blades. Therefore, it is best to protect the flower with a small screen or light tulle. In winter, the sun's rays are absolutely harmless, so the hamedorea can be moved closer to the window.
Please be aware that under one-sided lighting, the original symmetry of the palm tree is broken, and the plant loses its attractive appearance... To prevent this from happening, it is necessary from time to time to rotate the container with a palm tree around its axis - for example, every 7-10 days to make a 90-degree turn.
The creation of a favorable temperature background deserves special attention when caring for an exotic. At the stage of active growth, the plant feels comfortable at a temperature of + 21 ... 26 ° С, during the dormant period from December to February, it is advisable to lower the heating to + 16 ... 18 ° С. If this is not possible, then try to rearrange the palm tree away from radiators, fireplaces and any other heat sources.
The minimum permissible temperature is + 12 ... 14 ° С, if the room is colder, chamedorea will quickly die.
This plant is dangerous gusts of wind and drafts, so when ventilating, try to remove them away from windows and balcony doors.
Hamedorea is extremely picky about the humidity of the room, which must remain at around 40-60% for the full growth and development of the plant. To maintain the necessary microclimate, it is best to purchase an electric humidifier. Such a device benefits not only flowers, but also all other inhabitants of the apartment, however, such equipment is not cheap.
Alternatively, you can regularly, at least once every 2 days, spray chamedorea from a spray bottle, and once every 2-3 weeks arrange it with a warm tropical shower. Such manipulations allow you to wash off all the settling dust and dirt, as well as refresh the green foliage. It is hardly possible to wash an adult palm tree under the shower - then you can wipe the leaf plates with a damp sponge twice a month. This should be done carefully, using settled or filtered water. Treatment with cleaning agents, as well as compositions with wax is strictly prohibited.
In the absence of a humidifier, you can go for a little trick. - put a small indoor fountain next to the flower. Although the evaporating liquid does not increase the humidity level significantly, this method is considered the least effective.
The irrigation regime of hamedorea directly depends on the temperature background in the house and the season. So, in the period from March to the end of October, the plant is actively increasing its green mass - at this time it must be irrigated regularly and quite abundantly. However, try not to allow moisture to stagnate - excessive waterlogging contributes to the appearance of fungi and rot and leads to the death of the plant. The approximate frequency of watering in spring and summer should be 2-3 times every 7-10 days.
With the onset of autumn, watering can be reduced, and starting in November, transfer to 1 irrigation per week, and then only after the top layer of soil in the pot has dried.
Please note that, regardless of the time of year and the frequency of irrigation, the plant needs soft heated water, the temperature of which is 2-3 degrees higher than room temperature.
Young Chamedoreans do not need pruning, and adult plants do not need to prune the stems and leaves. Inexperienced growers try to stimulate lateral growth of shoots and cut off the top - this is a big mistake. A palm tree has only one growth point, and when it is cut, the development of the bush simply stops, and new leaves are not formed.
But sanitary pruning must be paid attention to - as the leaf plates die off, they must be removed so that the yellowed and dried foliage does not worsen the decorative appearance of the plant. When carrying out manipulations, you should adhere to some rules:
The implementation of such simple recommendations will prevent pathogenic microflora from entering healthy tissues.
Like all other palms, chamedorea loves fertilizer. The most effective are ready-made complexes of the brands Agricola, Chisty List, Florovit, Bona Forte, Mister Tsvet and Compo. You can use other preparations intended for dracaena, as well as palms, ficuses. From March to November, feeding is carried out 2 times a month, during the rest period from December to February - 1 time in exact accordance with the dosage specified in the attached instructions.
The seed propagation method is used extremely rarely, since it requires a lot of time and attention of flower growers. The best option is the propagation of the palm by root suckers. Root suckers with strong and fully formed shoots are subject to separation and rooting.
Another method of breeding a houseplant is dividing the bush. During the transplant, the flower is carefully examined. If there is a root branch, the procedure for dividing the bush is performed. The rhizome of the cut is treated with a solution of "Epin", "Zircon" or "Kornevin" and planted in a container filled with a fertile substrate.
Hamedorea will look gorgeous in a large milk flowerpot against the background of an interior designed in snow-white tones.
Several palms in tall and narrow brown pots, arranged in a row, will harmoniously look against the background of beige walls and a light coffee-with-milk floor.
A bamboo palm tree growing in a wide brown flowerpot will look attractive from the corner of a bright room next to the window.
For more information on caring for chamedorea, see the next video.