As you know, melons are extremely whimsical plants that need special conditions for growth and fruiting. Most varieties grow well in the southern regions, but they are not suitable for the middle zone and the north. The Kolkhoz woman melon comes to the rescue, which is intended for cultivation in open ground or in a greenhouse in central Russia. Resistance to low temperatures allows you to grow a rich crop, and the ease of caring for the plant makes it extremely convenient in the farm. In this article, you will learn how to grow this variety, what conditions are necessary for a high yield, how to deal with pests and when to harvest the fruit.
Melon Kolkhoznitsa is a mid-season variety, the growing season of which takes up to 95 days. Growing in a greenhouse, you can reduce ripening to 77-80 days. The pumpkin has a slightly elongated, spherical shape, bright orange or yellow-orange in color, with a pronounced mesh pattern. The average weight of a pumpkin reaches 1.5 kilograms. The pulp is white, firm and crunchy, and has a very sweet taste. Unfortunately, the Kolkhoznitsa variety is not suitable for long-term storage, therefore, it needs to be consumed or processed as soon as possible.
One of the main advantages of the variety is resistance to low temperatures. This is very rare for the pumpkin family. And this is exactly what allows you to grow the Kolkhoznitsa variety with equal success both in the greenhouse and in the open field.
In order for the collective farmer melon to give a rich harvest, you need to make little effort. It does not matter where the cultivation is planned - in a greenhouse or outdoors, it is best to first grow the seedlings from seeds. Sowing takes place starting from April 14-17, the most recent date is the beginning of May. The formation of seedlings suitable for planting takes about 25-30 days, so having planted this variety for seedlings in mid-April, already in mid-May you can plant seedlings in a greenhouse or in open beds. It is important to immediately cover the beds with foil if planting is done in an open area.
When planting, it is important to take into account that a melon needs a lot of free space for comfortable growth and active development. Therefore, there should be about 80-100 centimeters between the holes. When the first lateral stems appear, after the formation of the third true leaf, it is necessary to carry out pinching, forming the plant into one stem. The procedure must be repeated regularly, each time pinching the plant over the third leaf, cutting off the lateral shoots.
Lighting is of great importance. Recommended illumination intensity from 5000-6000 LK. However, it is worth knowing that the melon, which loves abundant lighting, blooms faster with a shortened day. That is, it must be stably illuminated for 8-11 hours. Shorter daylight hours will lead to the fact that the growing season will slow down.
Also, do not forget about watering. The general drought resistance of pumpkin does not mean that you can forget about watering. When the seedlings are planted in a greenhouse or in the ground on the site, they need a sufficient amount of moisture for a good growing season. When doing this, try not to flood the plant or pour water on the stems and leaves.
First of all, make sure that the melon does not grow in acidic soil. It is also quite difficult to grow a healthy crop if in the early stages of the growing season ventilation does not work well in the greenhouse or, on the contrary, there are drafts. You should forget about watering with cold water, since this not only slows down the growing season, but also creates favorable conditions for the development of fungal diseases.
It is important not to forget about the mineral dressings that are needed in the first week after planting the seedlings, when the green mass of the melon is just beginning to develop. The soil in the greenhouse must be fertilized in advance, but additional fertilizing cannot be avoided. Prepare a mixture of superphosphate, ammonium nitrate and potassium to apply every 2 weeks.
Growing in a greenhouse also requires additional pollination of the inflorescences. To do this, shake the pollen from the male flowers into a plastic bag and pollinate the female flowers.
This variety requires a certain temperature for good growth. Despite its resistance to low temperatures, cultivation should take place at a temperature of at least 18 ° C, and preferably at 26 ° C.
Due to its rather short growing season, this variety allows you to collect the first fruits already 2 months after planting, however, the description on the seed bag will tell you more detailed information.
The ripeness of the pumpkin can be determined by the condition of the peel, as soon as it turns yellow or dark yellow, you can pick up the fruit from the garden. In addition, the pumpkin becomes softer where the flower was and easily separates from the stalk.
A description of all the diseases and pests to which the Kolkhoznitsa variety is susceptible can result in a rather voluminous encyclopedia. However, in the greenhouse, most of them do not appear, so we will consider only the most frequent unwanted guests who interfere with growing sweet melons.
The cultivar is often prone to powdery mildew. A fungal disease manifests itself as a grayish bloom on the leaves and stems. The affected areas fade and die off rather quickly. Powdery mildew negatively affects not only the condition of the plant, but also the quality of the fruit.
Fusarium is another opponent of the Pumpkin family. Spores of the fungus penetrate the plant and lead to the formation of spots on the leaves, which often curl downward. Gradually, the plant begins to wilt and, if nothing is done, dies.
Among insects, the most dangerous are: melon aphids, spider mites, wireworms and gnawing scoops. Therefore, it is necessary to annually treat the site with fungicides and insecticides.
This short review is about the seeds of one of the most popular melon varieties in the middle lane.
The high nutritional value of the Kolkhoz woman melon is due to its chemical composition. The pulp is rich in vitamins A, PP, E, group B, ascorbic acid. It contains the minerals necessary for the body: calcium, magnesium, fluorine, sulfur, iron, sodium, potassium, cobalt. It also contains fiber, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, starch, dietary fiber. Melon Kolkhoz woman is used in dietary nutrition and helps with vitamin deficiencies.
Because this melon has a juicy flesh, it is an excellent thirst quencher. Due to the fact that it flushes the kidneys and other organs of the urinary system, its regular use is a good prevention of urolithiasis and even cancer of the bladder.
The benefits of the Kolkhoz woman melon during pregnancy are especially great due to several factors at once:
Melon Kolkhoz Woman is also useful for men: in addition to the general beneficial effect that this fruit has on the body, its seeds have long been known as a strong aphrodisiac. With a daily use of 2-3 g of seeds, you can maintain potency for many years.
However, do not forget that the use of a kolkhoz woman melon does not always bring benefits - in some cases, the fruits are harmful. Melon can have an adverse effect on the body in the following cases:
One of the varietal features of the Kolkhoz woman melon is its low calorie content, therefore it is used in dietary nutrition. The energy value of the pulp of this variety is only about 30–35 kcal per 100 g. At the same time, the high content of carbohydrates, including sugars, provides the body with a sufficient amount of energy. Fiber - the main component of melon pulp - cleanses the intestines, helps to normalize digestion, has a beneficial effect on metabolism, and helps to cope with constipation. To achieve the most pronounced effect, it is recommended to consume the melon as a snack.
The collective farmer belongs to the mid-season varieties, the first fruits ripen 2-3 months after planting. The bush looks like a cucumber. The only difference is the light, rounded leaves that do not have chipping along the edge. Melon fruits have the following characteristics:
Before planting seeds for seedlings, they must be germinated. To do this, the seeds are wrapped in a bandage or toilet paper, immersed in a ceramic mug, poured with warm water, and placed in a warm place for several days. It must be ensured that they are always moist and warm. Seedlings will appear in a couple of days.
It is better to plant melon for seedlings on April 30, and plant it in the ground in early June (after the 10th)
Each seed must be planted in a separate container. The container for planting can be a disposable glass, a peat glass or a square pack of kefir cut in half. The main thing is to then remove the seedlings from the container without damage, in order to plant them in the ground.
Melon rises and grows quickly. It is necessary to keep the seedlings in a sunny place and make sure that the soil is moist. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place when all frosts have passed, at the age of 1-1.5 months.
Residents of the south, as well as owners of greenhouses and those who have the opportunity to approach their plantings at least twice a day in order to shelter them in the evening and remove a temporary shelter in the morning, can grow a Kolkhoz Woman in a reckless way. It is recommended to prepare the soil for melon in the fall, since phosphorus fertilizers need to be applied, and they dissolve for a very long time. If you add superphosphate in the spring, then it will go into an easily digestible form at the time of melons ripening, although it is needed throughout the growing season.
Superphosphate granules can be used to fertilize perennial crops throughout the warm season, but for melons growing for only one season, it is introduced in advance, in the fall
Fertilizers for planting melons on 1 m² of the garden:
For looseness, it is not necessary to pour sand; you can use small pieces of bark, thin twigs, leaves, hay dust and other plant residues, which will also enrich the soil by rotting.
The soil on the melon should be loose, allow air and moisture to pass to the roots
In regions of risky agriculture with cool and rainy summers, as well as in areas with a close occurrence of groundwater, it is customary to make high beds. Under a layer of earth of 20 cm, "pillows" of about the same thickness are laid from natural materials: grass, branches, household waste, sawdust, etc. In this case, the melons will be raised above the level of the garden, they will be better warmed up by the sun, and dry faster after rains. Many grow melons in barrels and boxes freed up after growing cabbage seedlings.
Sowing technology, as in the classic cultivation of seedlings: seed preparation, seeding depth, temperature conditions are the same. Choose the lightest place on the site. The scheme of planting seeds and seedlings of a collective farmer in the open field: 140x100 cm, in a greenhouse with a garter to the trellises - 70x70 cm.
The melons are harvested as the fruit ripens. Readiness for harvesting is determined by the easy separation of the fruit from the whip, the bright color of the peel, and a fine mesh of cracks covering the peel. A dense, fine mesh covers the fruits that must be used immediately for food and for processing.
Fruits in which the netting on the peel is less pronounced or only covers them in places can be stored for up to six months. The ripeness of fruits without a net on the peel is determined by a strong aroma and easy separation from the lashes.