Strawberry Alexandria: the history of cultivation, description of the variety and features of care


Among the many types of garden strawberries, the remontant, mustacheless varieties are the most appreciated. They bear fruit all summer long, and they can be cultivated not only in the garden, but also in the apartment on the windowsill. The popular strawberry variety Alexandria, grown independently from seeds, will bring sweet aromatic berries to children and adults until the end of autumn.

The history of cultivation of the variety

To avoid terminological confusion, it is worth making a reservation right away - a berry, which is popularly called a strawberry, is actually a garden strawberry. True strawberries, although aromatic and sweet, are much smaller and rarely found. In any case, not in the limited space of summer cottages, where there is a battle for every piece of land. It differs from garden strawberries in the shape of berries, aroma, color and texture of the leaves. Garden strawberries are represented on the plots in all variety of shapes and colors. The strawberry variety Alexandria has been known for more than half a century. In 1964, it was introduced by the Park Seed Company.

Description of the strawberry variety Alexandria

The bush reaches twenty centimeters in height. Does not form a mustache. The leaves are bright green, with a serrated edge, folded along the central vein. The flowers are white, small, with rounded petals.

Berries are small in size, without a neck, oblong-conical, sharply sharpened closer to the apex. Average fruit weight 8 g. The color of the berries is red, the surface is glossy. The seeds are noticeable, colored red. The pulp is sweet, very aromatic, with a pronounced strawberry flavor. Berries are used fresh for food, for decorating desserts and pastries, for making jams and jellies.

Alexandria strawberries are small but sweet and aromatic

Characteristics of the variety

The grade is remontant. Strawberry Alexandria is characterized by several waves of fruiting from May to October, which is an indisputable advantage with a small berry size. A productive variety. On average, 400 g of delicious miniature berries are harvested from a bush. Strawberries of the Alexandria variety are frost-resistant and disease-resistant. The plant is propagated by seeds, since the bushes do not give a mustache. The compact size and lack of a mustache make Alexandria strawberries a favorite when choosing a variety for growing on a balcony or windowsill.

Features of planting and growing strawberries Alexandria

For cultivation of strawberries Alexandria, seedlings are purchased or grown independently from seeds. Seed propagation has a number of advantages: the resulting plants are not affected by nematodes, ticks and viruses. Often, when buying seedlings on the market, you can not guess with the variety, since sellers are not always conscientious. In addition, it is economically profitable to purchase seeds, and if you get them yourself, then it is completely free.

It is better not to buy strawberry seedlings on the market, but to grow it yourself from seeds

Seed extraction technique

From the ripe berries with a sharp knife, carefully cut off the surface layer of the skin with a minimum amount of pulp. Lay out on a paper towel to dry. After a few days, rub the dried pieces with your fingers, freeing the seeds. There is another way: a ripe berry is thoroughly kneaded in a glass of water. In this case, the pulp floats, and the seeds remain at the bottom. The water with the remnants of the pulp is poured, the seeds are decanted and dried.

Getting seedlings and planting strawberries

According to reviews, strawberry seeds quickly lose their germination, so it is recommended to start planting immediately after harvesting. However, many gardeners start growing seedlings in late February or early March, while receiving the first berries in the same year.

Video: planting seeds

To obtain seedlings from seeds, you need:

  1. Prepare a nutritious soil.
  2. Purchase a small plastic container and make drainage holes in it.
  3. Fill the container with nutritious soil, compact and level.
  4. Water the soil abundantly with a warm solution of Fitosporin.
  5. On the surface of the soil, spread a thin white paper napkin, also poured with Fitosporin solution, or a layer of snow.
  6. Pour the seeds into a separate saucer and gently spread them with a dampened toothpick over a napkin or snow.

    A layer of snow should be spread over the surface of the soil and seeds should be scattered on top

  7. When using a napkin, you can pierce it in the places where the seeds will be planted. The main thing is not to deepen them.
  8. Cover with a lid or foil to reduce moisture evaporation, transfer to a bright place and wait for the first true leaves to appear after three or four weeks.

    After 3-4 weeks, real leaves will appear on the sprouts

  9. In the phase of 2-3 true leaves, separate the seedlings into pots or peat cups.

    You need to dive strawberry seedlings in the phase of 2-3 true leaves

  10. In early May, pots with seedlings can be taken out into fresh air for hardening, followed by planting in open ground.

Video: growing seedlings

Good lighting is the main condition for healthy, not elongated seedlings. In order for the seedlings to be strong, it is recommended to feed the seedlings after the appearance of the third true leaf, using humus or other ready-made dressings. For example, Gumi-20M Rich, which, in addition to a complex of fertilizers, also contains Fitosporin, which effectively suppresses the development of fungal and bacterial plant diseases.

Gumi-20M Rich - a fertilizer containing macro- and microelements, provides adequate nutrition for plants

Landing in open ground

To plant seedlings in open ground in May, they clear a small area, add fertilizer-rich soil or rotted compost to it, which is sieved and leveled. Seedlings are planted at a short distance from each other for growing. Some growers cover the seedlings with cut plastic bottles to reduce transplant stress.

To ensure a good strawberry harvest, it is recommended to mulch the soil. Mulch comes in two types: organic and inorganic. Organic mulch - rotted sawdust, peat, hay, pine needles. It fertilizes the soil well, but is short-lived. It has to be changed once or twice a season.

Organic mulch fertilizes the soil well, but is short-lived

Inorganic mulch - spandbond, plastic wrap. It is more durable, but does not improve the composition of the soil and, with excess moisture, can cause root rot. Its advantages include the fact that it retains moisture better, inhibits the growth of weeds, and the soil under such mulch warms up faster and retains heat.

When using inorganic mulch, strawberry seedlings are planted through cross-shaped incisions in the material

To land on a permanent seat, you need:

  1. Prepare a bed 100–110 cm wide. Dig up and level the soil.
  2. Regardless of the selected mulch, dig holes 25x25x25 cm in the garden at a distance of 30 cm from each other and 50 cm between the rows.
  3. Water the holes and plant the seedlings, being careful not to deepen the apical bud.

    Strawberry seedlings should be planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other and 50 cm between the rows

  4. Cover with soil enriched with humus and mulch with rotted sawdust or dry peat. If inorganic mulch was used, then fix the edges of the material around the perimeter of the bed.

    The edges of the film must be fixed around the perimeter of the garden

After planting seedlings in open ground, it is recommended to cut off the first flowers that have appeared so that the plants get stronger and take root better.

In most cases, by the end of summer, they manage to taste the first harvest of berries. Strawberries of the Alexandria variety tolerate low temperatures well, so further care for them will not cause much trouble. It is recommended to renew the planting every three years to obtain a stable, aromatic and healthy crop.

Variety reviews

Wherever you decide to grow strawberries - on a plot or in a pot on the balcony, a little miracle will not leave you alone. The tantalizing aroma of sweet berries will settle with you, promising a tart sweetness.

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