Pelargonium (Pelargonium) or geranium is one of the most popular and favorite flowering herbaceous plants among flower growers with a long flowering period and a bright palette of colors and shades. Hanging pots with geraniums decorate any indoor and outdoor spaces and areas. Not only flowers look very beautiful, but also juicy green leaves. With proper care, a capricious culture will reward every plant lover with a generous lush flowering.
Pelargonium ivy (Pelargonium peltatum) - one of the most famous and popular types of ampel geranium. This species has South African roots and grows in the wild on hillsides, decorating vast areas with its flowing shoots. The average length of shoots is about 90 cm.Ampel geranium consists of fleshy leaves with a smooth surface of a green or variegated shade of about six centimeters in width, long peduncles and inflorescences - umbrellas, consisting of three dozen simple or double flowers of white, pink, purple, red shades , as well as with various spots, strokes and dots. The flower resembles a cactus or an asterisk in shape.
A place for growing ampelous geraniums must be chosen open sunny, the flower perceives direct sunlight positively. Pelargonium will need reliable protection from a slight cold snap, although severe cold will harm it less.
Surprisingly, geranium responds well to watering with milk water. Regular cow's milk must be diluted with water and watered with flowers. A drainage layer should be mandatory when growing geraniums.
The plant can survive the lack of moisture in the air and in the soil, but excessive moisture is contraindicated for it and can lead to death.
Important! It is strongly not recommended to wet the plants by spraying. Water drops falling on the leaf plates will lead to rot and various infectious diseases.
A favorable soil for ampelous pelargonium will be a light fertile soil mixture (loamy) with a high content of potassium and a minimum content of nitrogen. Excess nitrogen in the soil will lead to a build-up of the leafy part of the plant and will inhibit the flowering process.
The most suitable composition of the substrate: fine river sand - one part, leafy soil, sod land, peat (lowland) - in two parts.
Additional plant nutrition in the form of complex mineral fertilizers should be applied regularly every 7-10 days, starting from the first week of March and ending with the last week of August. The nutrient solution should be diluted at a low concentration.
The transplant is recommended after 2 years. The flower container is replaced as needed, but it is worth remembering that geraniums like to grow in a cramped pot. Instead of replanting, you can change the upper part of the substrate to a new nutrient soil.
During the winter months, pelargonium is dormant. The above-ground part is usually removed, and the container is transferred to a bright, cool room with a temperature of about 7-8 degrees Celsius. Care consists in rare moderate watering. Two waterings per month is enough.
Geranium can continue its growth and development in the winter, if it is provided with proper conditions of detention. This requires a room temperature of 20-23 degrees Celsius, full lighting for 10-12 hours a day, soil moisture and remoteness from heating devices or central heating batteries.
Ampel geranium is a rather capricious flower and it is troublesome and laborious to grow it from seeds. Seed propagation is not considered popular among novice florists, it is more suitable for professionals. Cuttings are more popular.
The cut cuttings must be left for a day so that the slices dry well, after which they are treated with charcoal or activated carbon powder and planted in the soil mixture. It is recommended to pre-calcine the soil in the oven or spill it with boiling water for disinfection. The distance between plantings is 2 cm. In about a month, full-fledged roots will appear, and in the next summer season, geraniums will bloom.
Ivy geranium: growing and care
Many people think that geranium is a somewhat old-fashioned plant, whose modest red and white flowers are unlikely to decorate a home. But in fact this is not the case, geraniums have many beautiful varieties, and one of them is Pelargonium ivy. It is a very attractive flower, lush, blooming profusely, with many cascading shoots. This is an ampelous variety, a pots with such geraniums will surely decorate a gazebo in the garden, terrace or balcony.
All geraniums are divided into several groups, namely:
The most important thing in a plant is, of course, flowers. It is from them that the future owners of any of the groups of geranium-pelargoniums are repelled when choosing
Often ampelous geranium is called ivy. In most cases, they are simply simply confused because of the consonant name.
Some people, who have no idea what ivy geranium looks like, confuse it even with an ordinary one, believing that there is no difference between them. This is a very gross mistake - related varieties can be very different from each other.
Pelargonium feels great both indoors and outdoors. Therefore, ampelous geraniums are often planted in the ground. The requirements for a flower planted outdoors remain the same as for home care. For lush flowering and healthy growth, it needs watering, feeding and periodic pruning.
Ampel geranium on the street
The most important thing for planting geraniums on the street is the composition of the soil. It is a well-chosen land that will give strength to a flower. The soil must be without stagnant groundwater, thus the roots of the flower will be protected from decay.
For your information! Another important point is that geranium does not like clay and loamy soil, so places with such soil are not suitable for planting a flower.
Ampel geranium prefers very bright places. Thanks to the sun, pelargonium begins to bloom profusely, otherwise the buds fall off and only the stems begin to grow. It is important to take into account that, like many other flowers, ampelous geraniums do not like direct sunlight, so the place should be moderately lit and hidden from direct sunlight.
During the flowering period, ampelous geraniums should be in a warm place. The best temperature for this flower is about 18 ° C. However, the plant is not afraid of cold snaps, so you should not worry about the winter period.
Important! Since pelargonium most often hangs down from the pot, dissolving its leaves, you need to choose a place for the flower so that its branches do not deform from the wind.
This type of pelargonium can be propagated by two methods: cuttings and seeds.
Seed propagation has many nuances... It is this technique that can get a lot of material for planting. The seeds can be purchased at various flower and gardening shops.
However, sowing with seeds is a complex process.... Sometimes even experienced flower growers prefer to propagate the culture using cuttings.
The seed is sown from November to April... In winter, the sprouts need extra light. For a powerful root system to develop, the soil must be loose and light.
The seeds are sown in peat pots or tablets. Seeds should not be buried deeper than 5 mm.
The container with crops is recommended to be covered with plastic wrap. For watering, it is better to use a spray bottle.
A month after the emergence of the first shoots, the seedlings dive into separate containers. From this moment, pelargonium needs additional fertilizing.
Growing pelargonium ivy from seeds:
This type of culture is propagated by cuttings much more often.... It is desirable to cut cuttings from the tops of vertical shoots in August or March. It is recommended to choose shoots that are at least 7 cm long. It is good if they have a couple of good leaves.
The shoots are dried for 15 hours and treated with coal powder, and then rooted in loose soil. It is impossible to deepen the cuttings into the ground by more than 4 cm.
Experts do not recommend covering containers with cuttings with plastic wrap. It is advisable to cover with a non-woven fabric. It perfectly permeates moisture and does not allow condensation to form inside.
Propagation of ampelous geranium by cuttings:
During the flowering period, geraniums need feeding. You can help the flower during this period with the help of various fertilizers, which are added to the soil throughout the spring and summer.
In this case, a complex of mineral fertilizers comes to the rescue. Also, flower growers sometimes use milk as a top dressing. But you should be careful, beforehand, just like other fertilizers, you need to dilute it with water.
Lush flowering of ampelous geranium at home after proper care
Important! Organic feeding is not suitable for ampelous geraniums.
For fertilization purposes, substances such as phosphorus, potassium and magnesium sulfate are also used, which also need to be diluted with water.
Ampel (ivy) pelargonium has dense rather large inflorescences. Resistant to rain.
The Lollipop Nixie Dark Red variety has a semi-double flower, white with a cherry irregular stripe along the edge. The plant is compact, it grows both up and down.
It does not grow too quickly, reaching the bulk by July. But in the second half of the summer he has no equal. Pelargoniums bloom for a long time, without growing out and not getting sick by the fall, like many other flowers. You can try to keep the plants in winter at a temperature of + 3 + 10 '(on a heated loggia).
Pelargonium ampelous ivy looks great in hanging flowerpots and containers. She also feels great on terraces, creating islands of bright saturated color.
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