The noble laurel, from which the bay leaf, which is very widely used in cooking, is harvested, prefers to grow in a warm tropical climate. But this plant also feels good in an apartment on a windowsill, taking the form of a small tree or bush. It is not difficult to grow it, but you need to know some subtleties.
There are several ways to get a fragrant laurel tree on a windowsill. However, you should immediately be ready to provide the southern culture with its usual microclimate: humid air and warmth.
Laurel tree can be grown at home on a windowsill
To increase the humidity of the air, a humidifier can be installed in the room with the laurel, this will be useful not only for the plant, but also for all households.
The seeds must be fresh, because over time their germination is greatly reduced. You can buy seed material in specialized gardening stores or in the market, where laurel branches with ripe fruits are often sold. It is better to sow at the end of winter or at the very beginning of spring, when the conditions for germination are the most favorable.
Laurel seeds can be purchased at the store
The technology is as follows:
Laurel seeds germinate for a very long time
Seed breeding method of laurel is considered the longest and most time consuming. Sometimes the seeds do not germinate at all.
If you have an adult mother plant, you can use cuttings.
This is done like this:
Semi-lignified branches are used for grafting.
Cuttings are most often planted directly in the ground.
Grown laurel cuttings are planted in separate pots
It is necessary to keep rooting cuttings warm (+22 ... + 25 ° С) and in a well-lit place, but without burning sunlight. Watering should be moderate and only slightly lukewarm, settled water. Even if all the conditions are met, rooting is not always successful.
This is how the laurel growing in the open field is usually propagated. You can get a layering of a laurel tree if you root one of the young lower, not yet completely lignified branches. It is better to do this in spring or in the first half of summer. This requires:
Laurel reproduces well by layering
If you will be growing laurel in a room, try to find planting material from a houseplant.
The easiest way to buy ready-made laurel seedlings is at a gardening or flower shop. After purchasing, the plants need to be transplanted into a slightly larger container with a suitable soil mixture.
You can buy grown laurel seedlings in the store
The laurel tree does not cause any problems in the maintenance.... You just need to follow a few simple rules:
Laurel loves warmth and sun
Sometimes, due to mistakes in the care of a laurel tree, the following can happen:
Laurel leaves can dry for various reasons.
It is difficult to fight with scabbards, but you can
Once I brought home a new plant and did not notice a scale insect on its leaves, apparently, the insects were still very small. But then they grew, bred and crawled over to neighboring flowers. I fought with them for a long time, because no chemicals penetrated through the hard shield shell. I had to collect everyone by hand, and only then spray the plants and soil in pots with insecticidal solutions.
At the initial stage, the cultivation of laurel can be somewhat difficult, since the seeds do not germinate well, and the cuttings do not take root well. But in the future, there is usually no special trouble with this plant, since it is very unpretentious.
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Good day, dear readers. Today we'll talk about a spice, which is probably present in the arsenal of any housewife, and a strong half of humanity, when preparing their favorite dumplings, rarely does without it. We are talking about a bay leaf, the cultivation of which at home will be the topic of our conversation today.
If you decide to grow laurel at home, you need to find a suitable place for it.
It is recommended to use a water solution with baking soda for watering. To prepare it, you will need 1 liter. running water and ½ teaspoon of soda.
Growing strawberries on a windowsill
Strawberries are a very tasty and healthy berry. It contains many vitamins. Unfortunately, fruiting does not last long, and in the rest of the months you have to buy imported or greenhouse berries.
It turns out that strawberries can be grown on the windowsill of the house. In winter, it is very pleasant to enjoy homemade berries.
Having decided to grow strawberries on a windowsill, first of all you need choose the right planting material ... The fact is that it is better to grow indoors varieties that are unpretentious to environmental conditions .
In addition, in the room where the containers will be located, you need to create special microclimate. So that the strawberries do not hurt and grow quickly, it is required to install in the room comfortable temperature. It is equally important to control during the growing season lighting and humidity levels.
Which varieties are suitable for growing on a windowsill
Strawberry varieties, for growing at home on a windowsill, must be repairing , unpretentious to daylight hours and temperature.
For growing strawberries on a windowsill at home, it is better to choose varieties such as:
To successfully plant and grow strawberries at home on a windowsill, certain rules and conditions must be followed.
The best place to grow remontant strawberries is on a sill facing south or east. It is possible to grow culture on the eastern and northern windowsill only under the condition of constant additional light.
For rapid growth and ripening of strawberries, the duration of daylight hours should be 12-14 hours. In summer, the bushes have enough sunlight, and in autumn and winter, strawberries need supplement with fluorescent lamps.
Lighting devices need to be turned on 2 times a day: from 6 to 9 o'clock from 16 to 20 o'clock.
The temperature for growing strawberries at home should be at +18 .. + 20 C. If the temperature is lower, the plants start to ache.
Air humidity should be 70-80%.
During the heating season, when the air in the apartment is very dry, the bushes are sprayed with standing water at room temperature from a spray bottle.
First, the seeds are sown in small cups, and as soon as they release the first pair of leaves, they are transplanted into larger containers.
When the strawberry seedlings form 5-6 leaves, they can be transplanted into a pot for further home growing.
You can plant strawberries in long boxes with a volume of 10-15 liters. When planting in such containers, the distance between the bushes should be at least 20 cm.
Regardless of size, there should be drainage holes in the bottom of the planting container to allow excess water to drain out.
Soil for planting
You can buy potting potting soil at a specialist store or make your own. For indoor strawberries, any soil designed for growing vegetables and flowers is suitable.
Strawberries will feel good if the humidity is in the area 70-80%. In the midst of the heating season, in winter, when the air in the apartment is very dry, bushes sprayed from a spray bottle with settled water at room temperature. yum.
What container to plant
Initially, the seeds are sown in small cups, and as soon as they release the first pair of leaves, they are transplanted (dived) into larger containers. When the strawberry seedlings have already formed 5-6 leaves, they can be transplanted into a pot for further home cultivation.
You can also plant plants in long boxes with a volume of 10-15 liters ... When landing in such containers the distance between the bushes must be at least 20 cm ... Regardless of size, there should be drainage holes in the bottom of the planting container to allow excess water to drain out.
Preparation of planting material
It is better to grow strawberries at home on the windowsill with seedlings, growing seedlings from seeds is a rather long and troublesome business. Planting material can be purchased from nurseries or taken from your site if you grow remontant varieties.
The preparation of strawberry seedlings for planting at home is carried out as follows:
It is most convenient to plant strawberry seedlings for indoor cultivation in the fall, after you propagate it in the summer with the help of a mustache.
Before starting planting, a drainage layer, crushed stone, pebbles, expanded clay, small pieces of slate or brick are placed on the bottom of the pot.
Strawberry seedlings are planted at home like this:
Growing strawberries with seeds
You can use seeds to grow strawberries at home on a windowsill. Then the harvest will have to wait longer than when planting seedlings.
In order for the seeds to sprout well together, they need to be hardened. The planting material is laid out on a damp cloth, then it is folded in half and put in a bag and sent to the top of the refrigerator for 30 days.
The sequence of planting strawberries at home on the windowsill seeds:
The optimal time for planting strawberry seedlings in an apartment is early spring or from August 15 to September 20.
How to care after planting and before harvest
Caring for strawberries on the windowsill consists of the following actions: watering, feeding, pruning, pollination and pest control.
For watering strawberries, use only settled water at room temperature.
It is necessary to moisten the soil in containers with strawberries on the windowsill 2 times a week. It is best to moisturize the soil in the afternoon. After watering, the soil is loosened.
It is recommended to feed indoor strawberries once every 2-3 weeks, after the first leaf appears on the bush. As a fertilizer, you can use conventional complex dressings or special nutrient mixtures for strawberries. Top dressing is applied in accordance
If you do not want to, you can prepare your own food for indoor strawberries.
In a 3-liter jar, crushed eggshells are poured into a third. Then 1 glass of ash is poured and the jar is filled to the top with slightly warm water. At the end of 5 days of infusion, the solution is filtered. Before making the top dressing is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3.
You can also fertilize strawberries on the windowsill with weak solutions of mullein 1: 10 or chicken droppings 1: 20.
Strawberries need pruning to maximize yields. To do this, the first few flowers are plucked on seedlings grown from seeds.
You do not need to cut off the flower stalks on the strawberries planted with seedlings.
If further expansion of indoor plantings is not planned, and it is not necessary to replace adult bushes, it is necessary to regularly remove the mustache.
So that after flowering berries are set, it is recommended to pollinate the strawberries. There are several ways to artificially pollinate at home:
Diseases and pests
During fruiting, strawberries are sometimes affected spider mite. To get rid of this worst enemy, plantings are sprayed garlic tincture. To prepare a solution, 2 cloves are crushed and filled with 100 ml of water. Insist 2-3 hours and then filter, pour into a spray bottle and process the affected plants.
Terms of germination and harvesting
Strawberry seeds planted in an apartment sprout for a rather long time: the first seedlings make their way to the surface 20-30 days after sowing.
Repaired strawberries, planted by seedlings, grown at home on a windowsill, bloom in 30-35 days, and ripe berries begin to pick up after about a couple of months after landing.
The year-round cultivation of remontant strawberries on the windowsill is an exciting activity that does not require so much time and effort. To do this, you need to choose the right planting material, observe the rules and conditions for growing on the windowsill, skillfully care after planting and harvesting, and also fight pests.
You can also find out on my channel:
Tomatoes, cucumbers, pumpkin and even strawberries. For all this, you do not have to go to the nearest grocery store, especially during a pandemic. Together with Ksenia Zanina, an expert in indoor floriculture, we have drawn up simple rules, following which you will be able to grow your own crop at home.
The ideal conditions for growing vegetables in the house are warm and light windowsills. In the southern and eastern, seedlings develop faster. But even if daylight is a rare guest in your apartment or you want to plant seeds in autumn or winter, then everything is fixable: once you invest in a phyto-lamp and then enjoy the harvest for a long time. It is best to focus on phytolamps with a capacity of at least 50 watts. In autumn and winter, when the daylight hours are short, it is necessary to supplement the lighting of the garden on the windows at least 10-12 hours a day. In spring and summer, no additional lighting is needed on bright, sunny windowsills.
Now for the garden on the windowsill, you can choose spicy herbs, tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers. Basil, lettuce, mint, and arugula are rapidly developing from greens. If you plant cherry tomatoes and cucumbers in April, then the harvest will be ready at the end of July. Spicy herbs can be added to dishes literally a month after sowing the seeds. Strawberries are exotic on the windowsill, but they can also be grown at home. For this, special remontant varieties (with fruiting throughout the year) were bred. True, it is better to plant it early - in February-March. Now “temptation” and “alexandrina” are growing on my windowsill. For better germination, it must be stratified: planted in the snow or just hold a bag of seeds in the refrigerator. For the good development of strawberries, bright lighting and regular airing of the room are required.
Plastic containers with a lid are ideal for germinating seeds. I always save plastic from fruits and vegetables, ice cream, cake lids are also suitable - I just tighten them on top with cling film. In garden stores, you can find convenient mini greenhouses with or without peat tablets. When it's time to transplant seedlings, plastic cups will do. An alternative to them are seedling pots with a removable bottom. Then, when the seedlings of vegetables and grasses cover the previous volume, transplant them into pots. I like clay, not burnt. The porous material allows the root system to breathe. Mineral salts, on the other hand, appear on the clay without lingering in the ground for a long time. But there is one drawback - plants in such pots will have to be watered often. If you are leaving home for a few days, it is better to plant in plastic containers.
I'll tell you about the rules for transplanting the most common vegetables on the balcony - cherry tomatoes and cucumbers. For tomatoes, the rule has been working for me for a long time: planting in peat tablets under a film, then seating in pots when two or four real leaves appear, but the next transplant, already at the time of the appearance of buds, in pots of at least three to five liters. At the same time, the soil should be fertile. Ready-made substrates "For tomatoes and cucumbers" based on vermicompost are on sale. You can also plant it in universal soil, but then be sure to add fertilizer. Cucumbers grow the fastest. I call them indoor lianas, because they instantly braid balconies and window openings with green lashes with leaves, inflorescences and fruits. Cucumbers are big water lovers. Immediately after the appearance of two true leaves, transplant into pots with a volume of five liters or more. To do this, you can take a five-liter bottle and cut off the top. In addition to the volume of the pot, soil fertility and frequent watering, indoor cucumbers need constant ventilation and the air temperature is not higher than 22-25 degrees. On hot days, I spray the cucumber lashes with cool water.
You can buy a ready-made set of florist in the store. Usually it is a miniature scoop, ripper, garden fork. But you can replace it with what is at hand in the house: a tablespoon, fork and pencil.
The plant that really made me want to garden was the avocado. It was an experiment, the seed sprouted in March last year. Now I have 25 indoor plants, in addition to them - a lemon that has grown from a stone, a bay leaf, 12 sprouts of two types of tomatoes, five more have already grown.
Gardening for me is a way of meditation and a tool for growth. Plants will teach you not to rush, to measure life over long periods of time. At the same time, passion compensates for all the difficult moments. The main thing is to be attentive to the plants, and then they will give you a lot of pleasure. Before gardening, it is better to do a small review of plant bloggers or YouTube channels: for example, during my first plantings I was guided exclusively by empiricism, so I had 10-15 seeds in one hole instead of one. A very useful book for beginners - "Garden and vegetable garden in pots and containers" by Kay Maguire. Do not be afraid of the new, do not be self-critical if something does not work out right away, and rejoice even at micro-successes.
photo from letsgoplanting.co.uk
It is the leaves of the noble laurel - an evergreen tree or tree-like shrub native to the Mediterranean - that have been used for many centuries as a seasoning, indispensable in the preparation of many dishes. The ornamental properties of the plant have long been recognized: since the 16th century, it has been cultivated as an indoor plant.
In the wild, laurel can reach a century of age and a height of 10 m or more. The laurel tree is found in countries located on the Mediterranean coast - Greece, Turkey, Spain, France, Italy, it is also common in the Caucasus and Transcaucasia. In Russia, it can be found on the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula and the south of the Krasnodar Territory, because a tree needs a warm and humid climate to grow and develop.
It is possible to grow laurel outdoors only in the southern regions, and, at first, it is advisable to plant it in a container indoors and only when it gets stronger (no earlier than 2-3 years) - in the garden. In an area where the temperature in winter drops below -10 ° C, the plant can be grown as an indoor plant and in summer it can be taken out into the garden or on the balcony.