Laurel noble: we grow seasoning on the windowsill


The noble laurel, from which the bay leaf, which is very widely used in cooking, is harvested, prefers to grow in a warm tropical climate. But this plant also feels good in an apartment on a windowsill, taking the form of a small tree or bush. It is not difficult to grow it, but you need to know some subtleties.

How to grow laurel indoors

There are several ways to get a fragrant laurel tree on a windowsill. However, you should immediately be ready to provide the southern culture with its usual microclimate: humid air and warmth.

Laurel tree can be grown at home on a windowsill

To increase the humidity of the air, a humidifier can be installed in the room with the laurel, this will be useful not only for the plant, but also for all households.

From seed

The seeds must be fresh, because over time their germination is greatly reduced. You can buy seed material in specialized gardening stores or in the market, where laurel branches with ripe fruits are often sold. It is better to sow at the end of winter or at the very beginning of spring, when the conditions for germination are the most favorable.

Laurel seeds can be purchased at the store

The technology is as follows:

  1. The seeds are soaked for 2-3 days to swell in water, and then disinfected for 15-20 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Beforehand, you can carefully remove the scaly shell from them, so the seedlings will appear faster.
  2. Then the grains are kept in a solution of any growth stimulant (Zircon, Epin, etc.). Time according to instructions.
  3. Small containers with a necessarily arranged drainage system are filled with a loose soil mixture, made up of taken in equal parts:
    • low-lying peat;
    • coarse sand;
    • garden sod land.
  4. The soil is moistened and slightly compacted.
  5. The seeds are placed and sprinkled with a layer of substrate no more than 1–1.5 cm, then re-moistened.
  6. The plate is covered with plastic wrap or transparent glass to create a mini-greenhouse.
  7. The pot is placed in a warm (not lower than +20 ... + 23 ° С) and bright place.
  8. The shelter is regularly removed for ventilation, while not forgetting to remove condensation.
  9. Crops are moistened as needed.
  10. The sprouts will break through in 2-3 months (sometimes later). After 3-4 pairs of true leaves appear, they are split into separate planting containers.

Laurel seeds germinate for a very long time

Seed breeding method of laurel is considered the longest and most time consuming. Sometimes the seeds do not germinate at all.

From cuttings

If you have an adult mother plant, you can use cuttings.

This is done like this:

  1. At the beginning of spring, pieces 8–10 cm long are cut from the lower and middle parts of semi-lignified branches, each of which will contain at least 3-4 buds. The lower cut is made obliquely (45–50 °) under the knot (where the leaves emerge), and the upper cut is made directly about 8–10 mm above the last knot.

    Semi-lignified branches are used for grafting.

  2. All leaves are removed, leaving only the topmost pair. But they are cut at least in half to reduce moisture evaporation.
  3. You can root cuttings in:
    • coarse sand (perlite, sphagnum, etc.);
    • fertile soil with peat and sand (1: 1: 1);
    • plain water;
    • mixtures of sand with peat (1: 1);
    • turfy garden soil and sand (a layer of earth at the bottom of the pot, sand on top).
  4. It is advisable to dip the cuttings in a solution of a root formation stimulator.
  5. Cuttings are stuck into the ground, deepening the lower end by 4–5 cm.

    Cuttings are most often planted directly in the ground.

  6. Cover the top with an inverted glass jar or cut plastic bottle, which is regularly lifted for ventilation. The shelter is removed completely after the sprouts appear.
  7. Water the cuttings after the soil dries out in a container.
  8. After 4–5 months, when the root system is formed, the seedlings are transplanted in separate pots using the transfer method.

Grown laurel cuttings are planted in separate pots

It is necessary to keep rooting cuttings warm (+22 ... + 25 ° С) and in a well-lit place, but without burning sunlight. Watering should be moderate and only slightly lukewarm, settled water. Even if all the conditions are met, rooting is not always successful.

Video: grafting laurel

Layers

This is how the laurel growing in the open field is usually propagated. You can get a layering of a laurel tree if you root one of the young lower, not yet completely lignified branches. It is better to do this in spring or in the first half of summer. This requires:

  1. Place a container with a nutritious loose substrate near an adult laurel, if it is contained in an apartment.
  2. Make a small incision in the bark (4–5 cm long) of the selected branch under the bud at a distance of about 20–25 cm from the crown.
  3. Tilt the shoot and pin it to the ground in the prepared pot. If the laurel grows in open ground, then the branch is bent down next to the bush.

    Laurel reproduces well by layering

  4. Sprinkle the place of the incision with soil (3-4 cm is enough), then compact a little and water.
  5. Moisturize regularly.
  6. A few weeks later, when a fresh sprout appears from the ground, the rooted shoot is cut off from the bush.
If you will be growing laurel in a room, try to find planting material from a houseplant.

From ready-made seedlings

The easiest way to buy ready-made laurel seedlings is at a gardening or flower shop. After purchasing, the plants need to be transplanted into a slightly larger container with a suitable soil mixture.

You can buy grown laurel seedlings in the store

Care and possible problems when growing laurel

The laurel tree does not cause any problems in the maintenance.... You just need to follow a few simple rules:

  • Good lighting, but no direct sunlight on the leaves. South windows are best suited.
  • The temperature in the autumn-winter time should be about +12 ... + 15 ° C, in the spring-summer period - within +22 ... + 25 ° C.
  • In summer, watering is moderate, after the top layer of the substrate dries out (2-3 times a week). In winter, watering rewild (no more than 1 time in 7-10 days)... In hot weather, the plant is sprayed daily.
  • Liquid mineral complex fertilizers are applied approximately once every 3-4 weeks (dosage according to instructions). Do not feed in winter.

Laurel loves warmth and sun

Sometimes, due to mistakes in the care of a laurel tree, the following can happen:

  • The foliage will turn yellow. The reasons are:
    • waterlogging, which caused rotting of the root system, or poor drainage;
    • depletion of the substrate;
    • bright sun rays, from which burns remained;
    • cramped pot.

      Laurel leaves can dry for various reasons.

  • Insect pests will appear, for which insecticides are used (Aktara, Inta-Vir, Confidor, etc.):
    • scabbard
    • mealybug;
    • spider mite.

      It is difficult to fight with scabbards, but you can

Once I brought home a new plant and did not notice a scale insect on its leaves, apparently, the insects were still very small. But then they grew, bred and crawled over to neighboring flowers. I fought with them for a long time, because no chemicals penetrated through the hard shield shell. I had to collect everyone by hand, and only then spray the plants and soil in pots with insecticidal solutions.

Video: we grow lavrushka at home

At the initial stage, the cultivation of laurel can be somewhat difficult, since the seeds do not germinate well, and the cuttings do not take root well. But in the future, there is usually no special trouble with this plant, since it is very unpretentious.

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Bay leaf, growing at home, care features

Good day, dear readers. Today we'll talk about a spice, which is probably present in the arsenal of any housewife, and a strong half of humanity, when preparing their favorite dumplings, rarely does without it. We are talking about a bay leaf, the cultivation of which at home will be the topic of our conversation today.


How to care for a plant at home

If you decide to grow laurel at home, you need to find a suitable place for it.

  1. You need to place the plant on a windowsill or on a flower stand, where there is a lot of light and sun. In the shade, the plant develops more slowly. Do not expose foliage to direct sunlight.
  2. Ventilate the room often to prevent discoloration and drying of the leaf tips.
  3. Water as the soil dries. The tree requires good drainage so that the root system does not rot from excess moisture. A refreshing shower and spraying will moisturize the crown and avoid pest infestation.

Advice

It is recommended to use a water solution with baking soda for watering. To prepare it, you will need 1 liter. running water and ½ teaspoon of soda.


How to grow strawberries at home on a windowsill.

Growing strawberries on a windowsill

Strawberries are a very tasty and healthy berry. It contains many vitamins. Unfortunately, fruiting does not last long, and in the rest of the months you have to buy imported or greenhouse berries.

It turns out that strawberries can be grown on the windowsill of the house. In winter, it is very pleasant to enjoy homemade berries.

Having decided to grow strawberries on a windowsill, first of all you need choose the right planting material ... The fact is that it is better to grow indoors varieties that are unpretentious to environmental conditions .

In addition, in the room where the containers will be located, you need to create special microclimate. So that the strawberries do not hurt and grow quickly, it is required to install in the room comfortable temperature. It is equally important to control during the growing season lighting and humidity levels.

Which varieties are suitable for growing on a windowsill

Strawberry varieties, for growing at home on a windowsill, must be repairing , unpretentious to daylight hours and temperature.

For growing strawberries on a windowsill at home, it is better to choose varieties such as:

  • Homemade delicacy F1
  • Eternity S1
  • Temptation
  • Pink dream
  • Grandian F1
  • Elan F1.

To successfully plant and grow strawberries at home on a windowsill, certain rules and conditions must be followed.

Growing place

The best place to grow remontant strawberries is on a sill facing south or east. It is possible to grow culture on the eastern and northern windowsill only under the condition of constant additional light.

For rapid growth and ripening of strawberries, the duration of daylight hours should be 12-14 hours. In summer, the bushes have enough sunlight, and in autumn and winter, strawberries need supplement with fluorescent lamps.

Lighting devices need to be turned on 2 times a day: from 6 to 9 o'clock from 16 to 20 o'clock.

The temperature for growing strawberries at home should be at +18 .. + 20 C. If the temperature is lower, the plants start to ache.

Air humidity should be 70-80%.

During the heating season, when the air in the apartment is very dry, the bushes are sprayed with standing water at room temperature from a spray bottle.

Planting capacity

First, the seeds are sown in small cups, and as soon as they release the first pair of leaves, they are transplanted into larger containers.

When the strawberry seedlings form 5-6 leaves, they can be transplanted into a pot for further home growing.

You can plant strawberries in long boxes with a volume of 10-15 liters. When planting in such containers, the distance between the bushes should be at least 20 cm.

Regardless of size, there should be drainage holes in the bottom of the planting container to allow excess water to drain out.

Soil for planting

You can buy potting potting soil at a specialist store or make your own. For indoor strawberries, any soil designed for growing vegetables and flowers is suitable.

Strawberries will feel good if the humidity is in the area 70-80%. In the midst of the heating season, in winter, when the air in the apartment is very dry, bushes sprayed from a spray bottle with settled water at room temperature. yum.

What container to plant

Initially, the seeds are sown in small cups, and as soon as they release the first pair of leaves, they are transplanted (dived) into larger containers. When the strawberry seedlings have already formed 5-6 leaves, they can be transplanted into a pot for further home cultivation.

You can also plant plants in long boxes with a volume of 10-15 liters ... When landing in such containers the distance between the bushes must be at least 20 cm ... Regardless of size, there should be drainage holes in the bottom of the planting container to allow excess water to drain out.

Preparation of planting material

It is better to grow strawberries at home on the windowsill with seedlings, growing seedlings from seeds is a rather long and troublesome business. Planting material can be purchased from nurseries or taken from your site if you grow remontant varieties.

The preparation of strawberry seedlings for planting at home is carried out as follows:

It is most convenient to plant strawberry seedlings for indoor cultivation in the fall, after you propagate it in the summer with the help of a mustache.

  • From the available rooted sockets, only the largest and healthiest.
  • Planting material separated from the mother plant and planted in a pot, and first remove all leaves from them, except for the youngest 1-2.
  • To give the strawberries a dormant period, the container is placed in a cool place for 14 days, - basement or cellar.

Planting seedlings

Before starting planting, a drainage layer, crushed stone, pebbles, expanded clay, small pieces of slate or brick are placed on the bottom of the pot.

Strawberry seedlings are planted at home like this:

  • A drainage layer and a little earth are poured into the pot.
  • The seedling rhizome is dipped in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for several minutes.
  • Then the seedlings are placed in a pot and the roots are spread. The root must be full-grown in the pot. The rhizome must be shortened if, when planting, it is necessary to bend its ends strongly (it is impossible for them to be twisted).
  • They fill up the missing soil to the point of growth (heart), while it is important not to deepen it.
  • Next, they carefully compact the earth and water it.

Growing strawberries with seeds

You can use seeds to grow strawberries at home on a windowsill. Then the harvest will have to wait longer than when planting seedlings.

In order for the seeds to sprout well together, they need to be hardened. The planting material is laid out on a damp cloth, then it is folded in half and put in a bag and sent to the top of the refrigerator for 30 days.

The sequence of planting strawberries at home on the windowsill seeds:

  • A shallow box is covered with prepared soil and slightly moistened.
  • Keeping a distance, the seeds are laid out in rows.
  • Sprinkle the seeds with a thin layer of soil.
  • then the box is covered with plastic or glass and placed in a warm place.
  • As soon as the seedlings germinate, the shelters are gradually removed, and the container is placed on a light windowsill.
  • Plants with a pair of real leaves are transplanted into a spacious pot.

The optimal time for planting strawberry seedlings in an apartment is early spring or from August 15 to September 20.

How to care after planting and before harvest

Caring for strawberries on the windowsill consists of the following actions: watering, feeding, pruning, pollination and pest control.

For watering strawberries, use only settled water at room temperature.

It is necessary to moisten the soil in containers with strawberries on the windowsill 2 times a week. It is best to moisturize the soil in the afternoon. After watering, the soil is loosened.

It is recommended to feed indoor strawberries once every 2-3 weeks, after the first leaf appears on the bush. As a fertilizer, you can use conventional complex dressings or special nutrient mixtures for strawberries. Top dressing is applied in accordance
with instructions.

If you do not want to, you can prepare your own food for indoor strawberries.

In a 3-liter jar, crushed eggshells are poured into a third. Then 1 glass of ash is poured and the jar is filled to the top with slightly warm water. At the end of 5 days of infusion, the solution is filtered. Before making the top dressing is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3.

You can also fertilize strawberries on the windowsill with weak solutions of mullein 1: 10 or chicken droppings 1: 20.

Strawberries need pruning to maximize yields. To do this, the first few flowers are plucked on seedlings grown from seeds.

You do not need to cut off the flower stalks on the strawberries planted with seedlings.

If further expansion of indoor plantings is not planned, and it is not necessary to replace adult bushes, it is necessary to regularly remove the mustache.

So that after flowering berries are set, it is recommended to pollinate the strawberries. There are several ways to artificially pollinate at home:

  • The blossoming flowers are alternately drawn with a paintbrush throughout the entire flowering period.
  • A fan is directed at the plants . Under the flow of air, pollen is transferred from one flower to another, and the strawberries are pollinated.

Diseases and pests

During fruiting, strawberries are sometimes affected spider mite. To get rid of this worst enemy, plantings are sprayed garlic tincture. To prepare a solution, 2 cloves are crushed and filled with 100 ml of water. Insist 2-3 hours and then filter, pour into a spray bottle and process the affected plants.

Terms of germination and harvesting

Strawberry seeds planted in an apartment sprout for a rather long time: the first seedlings make their way to the surface 20-30 days after sowing.

Repaired strawberries, planted by seedlings, grown at home on a windowsill, bloom in 30-35 days, and ripe berries begin to pick up after about a couple of months after landing.

The year-round cultivation of remontant strawberries on the windowsill is an exciting activity that does not require so much time and effort. To do this, you need to choose the right planting material, observe the rules and conditions for growing on the windowsill, skillfully care after planting and harvesting, and also fight pests.

You can also find out on my channel:


A vegetable garden on the windowsill: how to grow a crop in your apartment

Tomatoes, cucumbers, pumpkin and even strawberries. For all this, you do not have to go to the nearest grocery store, especially during a pandemic. Together with Ksenia Zanina, an expert in indoor floriculture, we have drawn up simple rules, following which you will be able to grow your own crop at home.

Rate the illumination

The ideal conditions for growing vegetables in the house are warm and light windowsills. In the southern and eastern, seedlings develop faster. But even if daylight is a rare guest in your apartment or you want to plant seeds in autumn or winter, then everything is fixable: once you invest in a phyto-lamp and then enjoy the harvest for a long time. It is best to focus on phytolamps with a capacity of at least 50 watts. In autumn and winter, when the daylight hours are short, it is necessary to supplement the lighting of the garden on the windows at least 10-12 hours a day. In spring and summer, no additional lighting is needed on bright, sunny windowsills.

Remember the season

Now for the garden on the windowsill, you can choose spicy herbs, tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers. Basil, lettuce, mint, and arugula are rapidly developing from greens. If you plant cherry tomatoes and cucumbers in April, then the harvest will be ready at the end of July. Spicy herbs can be added to dishes literally a month after sowing the seeds. Strawberries are exotic on the windowsill, but they can also be grown at home. For this, special remontant varieties (with fruiting throughout the year) were bred. True, it is better to plant it early - in February-March. Now “temptation” and “alexandrina” are growing on my windowsill. For better germination, it must be stratified: planted in the snow or just hold a bag of seeds in the refrigerator. For the good development of strawberries, bright lighting and regular airing of the room are required.

Choose the right container

Plastic containers with a lid are ideal for germinating seeds. I always save plastic from fruits and vegetables, ice cream, cake lids are also suitable - I just tighten them on top with cling film. In garden stores, you can find convenient mini greenhouses with or without peat tablets. When it's time to transplant seedlings, plastic cups will do. An alternative to them are seedling pots with a removable bottom. Then, when the seedlings of vegetables and grasses cover the previous volume, transplant them into pots. I like clay, not burnt. The porous material allows the root system to breathe. Mineral salts, on the other hand, appear on the clay without lingering in the ground for a long time. But there is one drawback - plants in such pots will have to be watered often. If you are leaving home for a few days, it is better to plant in plastic containers.

Keep track of your growth

I'll tell you about the rules for transplanting the most common vegetables on the balcony - cherry tomatoes and cucumbers. For tomatoes, the rule has been working for me for a long time: planting in peat tablets under a film, then seating in pots when two or four real leaves appear, but the next transplant, already at the time of the appearance of buds, in pots of at least three to five liters. At the same time, the soil should be fertile. Ready-made substrates "For tomatoes and cucumbers" based on vermicompost are on sale. You can also plant it in universal soil, but then be sure to add fertilizer. Cucumbers grow the fastest. I call them indoor lianas, because they instantly braid balconies and window openings with green lashes with leaves, inflorescences and fruits. Cucumbers are big water lovers. Immediately after the appearance of two true leaves, transplant into pots with a volume of five liters or more. To do this, you can take a five-liter bottle and cut off the top. In addition to the volume of the pot, soil fertility and frequent watering, indoor cucumbers need constant ventilation and the air temperature is not higher than 22-25 degrees. On hot days, I spray the cucumber lashes with cool water.

Don't forget the tools

You can buy a ready-made set of florist in the store. Usually it is a miniature scoop, ripper, garden fork. But you can replace it with what is at hand in the house: a tablespoon, fork and pencil.

What Moscow amateur gardeners grow on balconies

The plant that really made me want to garden was the avocado. It was an experiment, the seed sprouted in March last year. Now I have 25 indoor plants, in addition to them - a lemon that has grown from a stone, a bay leaf, 12 sprouts of two types of tomatoes, five more have already grown.

Gardening for me is a way of meditation and a tool for growth. Plants will teach you not to rush, to measure life over long periods of time. At the same time, passion compensates for all the difficult moments. The main thing is to be attentive to the plants, and then they will give you a lot of pleasure. Before gardening, it is better to do a small review of plant bloggers or YouTube channels: for example, during my first plantings I was guided exclusively by empiricism, so I had 10-15 seeds in one hole instead of one. A very useful book for beginners - "Garden and vegetable garden in pots and containers" by Kay Maguire. Do not be afraid of the new, do not be self-critical if something does not work out right away, and rejoice even at micro-successes.


Not in the garden, so in the house

photo from letsgoplanting.co.uk

It is the leaves of the noble laurel - an evergreen tree or tree-like shrub native to the Mediterranean - that have been used for many centuries as a seasoning, indispensable in the preparation of many dishes. The ornamental properties of the plant have long been recognized: since the 16th century, it has been cultivated as an indoor plant.

In the wild, laurel can reach a century of age and a height of 10 m or more. The laurel tree is found in countries located on the Mediterranean coast - Greece, Turkey, Spain, France, Italy, it is also common in the Caucasus and Transcaucasia. In Russia, it can be found on the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula and the south of the Krasnodar Territory, because a tree needs a warm and humid climate to grow and develop.

It is possible to grow laurel outdoors only in the southern regions, and, at first, it is advisable to plant it in a container indoors and only when it gets stronger (no earlier than 2-3 years) - in the garden. In an area where the temperature in winter drops below -10 ° C, the plant can be grown as an indoor plant and in summer it can be taken out into the garden or on the balcony.


Watch the video: Easy DIY Window Ledge Plant Shelf. 2020


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