Aubrieta, or aubretia, is a herbaceous species that belongs to the Cabbage family and is an evergreen, creeping perennial shrub. It is found both in European countries, for example, in Italy, France, and in the countries of South America. The habitats are different everywhere. Aubrieta can be seen on rocks, along river banks, in gardens or rock gardens. The plant got this name thanks to the famous illustrator Claude Aubrie, who wrote his works in the botanical genre. A distinctive individual feature of the plant is the ability to produce healthy and rich foliage throughout the year.
Small, elongated leaves have serrated ends and a rough surface. The flower's calyx consists of four petals, which reach a diameter of about 1 cm. Their color is very diverse. All flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences. The orbieta blooms profusely throughout the whole season. If you observe regular plant maintenance, following the advice of gardeners, you can also see re-flowering in the fall. The fruit resembles a bean pod in appearance, in which small brown seeds ripen.
To start growing this amazing flower in your garden, you need to learn how to plant seedlings, and only then transfer them to open ground. Below we will look at how the plant reproduces, its diseases, methods of protection from insects and the rules for caring for a flower.
Seed propagation for this type of plant gives rather high shoots. However, it is best to take advantage of growing seedlings, which can then be transplanted, as sowing seeds directly into the soil can cause the variety to split. In this case, it is possible to expect the beginning of flowering of the aubriet only in spring. The seeds are sold in shops selling garden products.
Sowing is best done before the onset of the spring thaw. This time falls around the end of February. They are sown in small pots, which are filled with a mixture of peat and humus. From these containers, young seedlings will then be planted in open ground. Before planting, the soil is pre-moistened, then seeds are placed on its surface, which are sprinkled with a small amount of sand. It also needs to be watered on top. The planted crops are covered with a protective film. In order for the seeds to germinate, it is necessary to maintain a constant temperature, which should be between 18 and 21 degrees.
As a rule, sowing seedlings from seeds is time-consuming and must be looked after with great care. Do not forget to air and water every day. The first shoots begin to appear after a few weeks. As soon as the green leaves become visible, you can remove the protective film. Try not to overflow the seedlings, as the aubrieta does not tolerate excess moisture. If you feel that the seedlings are not yet fully matured for transplanting and are not developing enough, then the plant can be fed. For these purposes, a mixture of mineral fertilizers diluted in low concentration is used.
Aubrieta is difficult to take root during transplantation and most often dies. In this regard, a flower grown at home on a windowsill is not suitable for picking. If there is a desire to completely eliminate the intermediate transplanting of seedlings, it is necessary to sow seeds for seedlings in different pots.
As soon as the spring frosts recede, you can begin to transplant the aubriet from the seedling container. Choosing a territory for growing a flower should be done with all responsibility. Consider the fact that this plant loves bright sun and does not tolerate shade. In order to achieve intensive and long-lasting flowering, it is necessary to prepare a plot for planting seedlings, which will be located on the sunny side of the vegetable garden or garden. Even the most meager soil is suitable for growing aubriets. It grows well on any rocky terrain and is not picky about the choice of soil. However, the soil must absorb moisture well and contain ash or peat. A small slightly alkaline or neutral soil environment is allowed.
You can plant Aubrieta on a flower bed as you like. The plant is quite malleable and flexible. The size and length of the roots of the seedlings will affect the planting depth. The width of the hole must be made half the width of the seedling pot. When growing a flower in a plastic container, the dishes must be lowered into water so as not to damage the plant when removing it. After air bubbles rise to the surface of the pot, the seedling is carefully removed and placed in the hole. The area of soil around it is pressed a little and sprinkled with sand, then watered.
Aubrieta is a rather unpretentious flower and does not require any special efforts when leaving. Adult specimens may not need watering for a long time, the only exception is dry and hot summers. Typically, under normal temperature conditions, over-watering can cause overgrowing of the plant, which in turn will drown out flowering. Young shoots need to be watered a little more often until they are completely strong. Sprinkling is considered to be the most optimal watering method. The soil in the flowerbed must be constantly loosened and weeds removed.
During the flowering period, the soil around the plant is sprinkled with sand to preserve the root moisture. In early spring or autumn, Aubriet needs to be fed with special mineral fertilizers, which are used by gardeners when growing perennial plant varieties.
It is necessary to carry out a complex pruning of all green shoots after the aubrieta ends the growing season. Thanks to such measures, young green stems and leaves will soon begin to appear. They will be a wonderful addition to the flowers growing next door in the flowerbed. This floral carpet will retain its beauty until the next autumn bloom.
As mentioned earlier, the seed propagation method does not make it possible to preserve the varietal properties of the seedlings. Nevertheless, if the task is to collect seeds, then for this, during the pruning, it is necessary to leave several shoots with ovaries on the bush. After the pods have matured and darkened, they need to be cut off. The husked seeds are dried and well ventilated. They are then used for seeding in the manner described above.
After spring blooming, experienced gardeners usually prune. In the event of another bloom that occurs in the fall, it is recommended to leave all leaves and shoots intact for the winter. Re-pruning is best done next season. An adult perennial plant can easily survive the winter if there is sufficient snow cover. Under more severe conditions, it is necessary to cover the bush with dry foliage and spruce branches to protect it from death and freezing.
Aubriet flower can be propagated in any convenient way, since the plant is unpretentious in this regard. The method of propagation by seeds or cuttings is mainly used. The cultivation of aubriets from seedlings was described in detail by us a little earlier. Gardeners who have extensive experience in breeding various flower crops choose the seed method of propagation. Before planting, the flowerbed area is cleared of weeds, small stones and dug up. A mixture of fertilizers is applied to the prepared soil, then it is sprinkled with wood ash and chalk and moistened. The seeds are planted at some distance from each other, after which they are sprinkled with sand and watered. If the planting was carried out in the spring, then you can expect the first shoots after 10-20 days. In the case of autumn planting of seeds, young shoots will appear only the next year.
The method of propagation by cuttings is widespread. When pruning aubriets in summer, as a rule, a large number of green shoots remain, on which there are no flowers. A greenhouse is used for planting cuttings. Prepared soil is poured into it in advance, consisting of peat and sand. Cuttings that have taken root are transplanted into a flower bed. In areas where low winter temperatures prevail, seedlings are left in a greenhouse until spring arrives, so that they, as it should, can get stronger and take root.
The division of the bush is carried out both in spring and in autumn, but the plant is quite difficult to tolerate such an event. It is often carried out in a specific sequence. Initially, it is required to dig out the Aubriet bush and divide it into equivalent parts, in which strong shoots and roots will be present. Then they are planted in different holes. It is worth noting that this breeding method is far from always successful. The separated parts of the plant are difficult to take root, so gardeners prefer growing aubriets from seeds or cuttings.
Aubrieta is a resistant ornamental plant to the effects of any diseases and pests. Occasionally, there are cases of infection with powdery mildew. This fungal disease causes a white coating that appears on the leaves and flowers, which turns brown over time. Due to illness, the flower loses its attractiveness. The plant gradually begins to wilt and turn black. To stop the further spread of the disease, the bushes are treated with a solution of colloidal sulfur.
The greatest danger to the aphid is aphid, which takes away the strength of the plant and feeds on its cell sap. Aphids are a carrier of various viral diseases. To destroy it, drugs such as Fufanon or Karbofos are used. If the number of pests is too large, then the treatment is repeated several times to completely get rid of the insects.
Aubriet flower growing in rocky terrain is practically unaffected by pests and diseases.
Today there are about 12 species of this flower, including cultivated varieties. In our area, such types as white aubriet, graceful aubriet, and Kolumka aubriet are rare. Here, for example, the deltoid aubriet, which looks like a short perennial green plant, is more widespread. The leaves are jagged at the edges and gray-green in color. Small purple flowers gather in racemose inflorescences that resemble a lilac bush. The flowering period begins in late spring and lasts about a month. This variety is considered to be the first cultivated cultivar of a flower.
Aubrieta hybrid or cultivated is a plant that reaches a height of about 20 cm, which can winter well. Leaves with serrated ends are elongated, purple flowers of small diameter. Aubrieta cultivated is propagated by seeds. The most popular varieties are:
There are other equally well-known varieties of obriety: Carnival, Gloriosa, Wanda, Blue King, Queen, Royal Keskade, Triumfant and others.
Aubrieta is by far the best option for creating flowering carpets. The varieties of this amazing plant differ from each other in only one thing: the structure of the flower and the length of the pistil - otherwise the aubrets are absolutely identical.
The genus Aubretia also includes evergreen, flowing and hardy plants. The most popular in our area is Aubretia deltoid, it looks like a carpet covering the ground or lawn. Numerous species of Aubrieta were bred from her: Barker Double, Dr. Mules, Lavender Queen, Tauricola and many more.
Growing Aubriet seedlings is not particularly difficult. But keep in mind that because of the long roots, the plant does not tolerate transplantation, so it is better to take separate peat cups or tablets for sowing. The work is carried out as follows:
Seed germination takes 20-30 days. During this time, regularly ventilate the greenhouse, spray the soil surface with lukewarm water as needed and wipe off condensation from the film. Be extremely careful with the water supply, seedlings do not like dampness shaved. When the seedlings hatch, the cover is removed from the crops. If it seems to you that the plants are developing poorly, feed them with a weak solution of complete mineral fertilizer 12-15 days before planting.
The grown seedlings are planted on the flower bed without removing them from the peat tablets (pots). The recommended distance between neighboring bushes is at least 5 cm. The first flowering of aubriet, grown from seeds, will delight you only next year.
Lovers of lush shaving do not always manage to grow it from seeds. I sow them for seedlings in early March in plastic containers with drainage holes in the soil moistened with a spray bottle. Acceptable - immediately to the site in May or before winter. But the seeds are very small, so they do not germinate well in the open field, they can get lost or die due to rain and other reasons.
The plant prefers neutral or slightly acidic soils with the addition of sand, lime, chalk, ash, eggshell, and does not tolerate heavy, acidic and highly fertilized soil.
The soil mixture is prepared from purchased universal soil, previously washed and calcined in the oven sand and crushed chalk (3: 3: 1). I fill containers with it, spread the seeds over the surface, sprinkle with a thin layer of sand, spray from a spray bottle, cover with polyethylene and put in a bright place with an air temperature of at least +20 degrees.
I sow at a distance of 3-4 cm from each other, BECAUSE SEEDLINGS DO NOT LIKE PICKING.
I ventilate the containers periodically. Seedlings appear in 3 weeks.I remove the polyethylene, transfer the crops to a room with a temperature not higher than +17 degrees.
Aubrieta is a very light-loving plant. To prevent the seedlings from stretching, you need to provide a daylight length of 12 hours. In the first half of March, I usually light up at 3 o'clock in the evenings, and then - only in cloudy weather, including during the day.
I lightly sprinkle the soil under the plants with sand, sprinkle moderately with settled water at room temperature, preventing the substrate from drying out. As I grow, I begin to harden the plants: I first open the window for 20 minutes, adding 30 minutes every day.
The seedling box is placed in a sunny place, since the aubrieta is a light-loving plant. However, direct sunlight during the seedling stage should be avoided. The optimum temperature for germination of seeds and development of sprouts is from +18 to + 21 ° C. It is desirable to additionally illuminate with a lamp in the evening hours.
Periodically, the room with seedlings needs to be ventilated. It is not necessary to expose the box to a draft; it is enough to slightly lower the temperature of the air for hardening.
Seedlings are regularly watered in the evenings with warm, settled water as the top layer of the soil dries up. A dry crust must not be allowed to form.
The pick is made about a month after sowing, from the moment 3-4 pairs of true leaves appear. The day before transplanting into a new container, the soil is abundantly moistened. The sprout is transferred to new dishes by transferring. It is poured in with a teaspoon, carefully removed and immediately placed in new soil.
Transplantation to the site takes place at the end of April - mid-May, by which time the soil should warm up enough.
Adult shave care:
Aubrieta bloom begins in May-June and lasts about 1.5 months. There is a way to prolong it: after the first stage, cut off the faded shoots under the root, this stimulates the emergence of new flowering shoots. It is recommended to moisten, fertilize and mulch the soil to support the plant. This is how gardeners maintain their flower cover throughout the summer.
Autumn pruning is not carried out as it weakens the plant. To preserve the shaving for the next season, it is enough to cover its roots: a heap of dry leaves will do. Aubrieta does not shed its leaves during the winter and remains green. Only sharp frosts down to –30 ° C can harm it.
Aubrieta is a low creeping plant that is ideal for decorating rock gardens, rockeries, dry streams and mixed flower beds.
I have been growing Orieta for a long time, but unfortunately, the previous, lushly grown plant was destroyed by careless workers who performed construction work on my site and dumped construction waste directly onto the flower bed. When I appeared on the site, many plants, including abrieta, were destroyed.
Subsequently, I bought an abrieta specifically for a dry stream. For a year, it has grown well and blooms profusely. I love this purple cloud of small flowers, beautifully nestled close to the ground. At the peak of flowering, there are so many flowers that sometimes even the leaves are not visible.
Aubrieta is completely unpretentious, but does not like overly fertile soils and she definitely needs a lot of sun. The soil is better calcareous, but sandy-clayey, permeable is also suitable. In no case should waterlogging and waterlogging of the soil be allowed.
It does not bloom in the shade of abrieta, but it is precisely its abundant and long flowering that makes the abrieta a favorite of gardeners. There are many applications for it. I have plans to plant several abriets of different colors and make them, over time, hang beautifully from a high stone parapet that encloses one of the landscape levels.
Beautifully shaved looks in the foreground of the flower beds, creating a colorful fluffy rug with its covering.
Abrieta hibernates under the snow. This is an evergreen plant, so it looks aesthetically pleasing at any time of the year.
Propagated by dividing the bush or seeds. The most convenient and simple way, I think, is reproduction by dividing the bush. This is best done in late summer or autumn. Carefully separate part of the mother bush and plant in a new place, then water abundantly. The survival rate is very high.
Aubrieta is a beautiful and unpretentious plant that can easily decorate the garden with thousands of small flowers combined into lush, creeping thickets or neat mounds. A beautiful and not capricious plant. I recommend!
When drawing up landscape compositions, the aubriet is planted on alpine hills and rocky slopes. It also looks good in the front of the curb. It can also be used for planting in a mixborder, but at the same time it is necessary to ensure that it is not oppressed by larger plants.
The creeping shoots of Abris can form spectacular cascades, so it is very beneficial to use it to decorate the edges of walls or slopes. It is also used to fill flower beds with primroses. Its flowering begins immediately after their flowering, which allows you to close empty places.
At the moment, Aubriet is rarely used in landscape design. This is due to certain difficulties in leaving. After planting, it requires timely and proper care. You will not be able to forget about her.
Plants such as Iberis, Alyssum, and styloid phlox can be used as partners for Arietta. It goes well with other ground cover plants, especially if they have a contrasting color.
Anyone can grow shaved on their site. The next year after sowing, it will bloom, forming spectacular clumps. Subsequently, with proper care, it will delight the eye for many years and effectively decorate landscape compositions.