Pineapple is a popular tropical plant that can be grown at home as well. An additional advantage, in addition to its exotic appearance, is its unpretentiousness. However, there are several rules regarding the proper planting and care of this crop.
In nature, pineapple propagates by seeds and root cuttings, but at home you can easily get a good plant from the top.
If you want to plant the top of a pineapple, then carefully consider the acquisition of the mother's fetus. This fruit should be ripe. Examine the top carefully. It should be fresh, free from rot and defects and with a healthy heart of bright green color.
Suitable tops can be found in late spring, early autumn and summer. The tops from winter pineapples will not work - they are often exposed to cold temperatures, freeze and therefore cannot develop into a good plant.
A top with a healthy green core is suitable for further cultivation.
The planting process includes several stages. First you need to extract the top. This can be done in two ways:
The top of the pineapple can be cut or twisted
Then you need to prepare the top for planting. Try to carefully complete all the work, otherwise the workpiece will rot:
Leaves from the bottom of the top should be removed
Pineapple tops are dried upright
When rooting the tops of a pineapple in water, the roots should appear in 2-3 weeks
The top of the pineapple with roots can be planted in a pot
After completing the preparatory work, you can start planting the top in the ground:
Drainage must be poured at the bottom of the pot.
After planting, the soil must be slightly compacted
The microclimate under the glass cover will help the pineapple take root faster
Pineapple growers recommend spilling the soil with boiling water 2 days before planting in order to disinfect it and ensure the desired level of humidity.
The fact that the top has taken root is evidenced by the appearance of new leaves. Until this time, keep the workpiece under cover, providing it first with small (10 minutes 2 times a day), and then more and more prolonged airing until the cover is completely removed. Water in moderation. Experienced flower growers advise to moisten not only the soil, but also the outlet. Prevent condensation from getting on the leaves, wipe or change the film.
For all work and for further irrigation, only soft water is suitable - settled for a day, thawed, rain or boiled.
This method is rarely used, since there are almost no seeds in the pineapples on the market. In addition, in stores you can often find hybrids whose seeds do not carry the properties of the mother plant, therefore it is recommended to take material only from proven plants, for example, from those that themselves were grown from seed and gave good results.
In pineapple, the seeds are in the pulp just under the skin. If they are dark brown and hard to the touch, then they can be planted. Carefully remove the seeds with a knife and rinse in a solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 200 ml of water), then remove, dry on a paper towel and start sowing.
Plantable pineapple seeds - dark brown, hard
Preparation and landing stages:
Seedlings usually appear within 3-4 weeks, while the temperature should be at least 30aboutC. Air the plantings regularly (10 minutes 2 times a day) and water the soil as needed. If you sowed seeds in a common container, then after the third leaf appears in the seedlings, dissect them into separate containers:
The sprouts must be dived to provide enough space for the roots.
Keep the sprouts in the greenhouse until they are rooted (the signs are the same as at the top), allowing them to ventilate (20-30 minutes every day). Also, do not forget to water the soil when it dries.
You can plant pineapple this way if you already have a mature plant. Unfortunately, the pineapple bush dies off shortly after it is harvested, and if you want to continue growing pineapple, you can easily do it with cuttings.
Layers are suitable for planting, the leaves on which have reached a length of 15 cm.
Pineapple can be propagated by layering
Step by step process:
The sprouts must be covered before taking root.
To get a quality plant, you need to follow several simple agrotechnical rules, paying special attention to lighting and temperature conditions, since the health and development of pineapple depends on them.
For proper development, pineapple needs about 12 hours of daylight. It is advisable to place the plant in a bright place, partial exposure to direct sunlight is allowed.
In winter, the pineapple must be supplemented with a fluorescent lamp.
Pineapple needs to be placed in a bright place, it needs about 12 hours of daylight
Pineapple is a thermophilic culture, therefore, the temperature regime must be carefully observed, otherwise the plant will not be able to develop correctly. In the summertime, the temperature should be kept within 25-30aboutC, in the winter - 18–20aboutFROM. Also, try to avoid sudden changes in temperature and drafts (especially in winter when airing), since hypothermia negatively affects the health of the pineapple and can provoke its death.
It is advisable to replant pineapple every year in the summer. An annual plant can be transplanted into a pot with a volume of 1 liter, a two-year-old plant with a volume of 2-2.5 liters, and a three-year-old plant with a volume of 3-4 liters. It is not worth planting immediately in a large container, since the soil can quickly sour. When transplanting, use the transshipment method in order to preserve an earthen ball and not damage the root system: for this purpose, do not water the soil for several days, when it dries, turn the pot over and remove the plant. With each transplant, sprinkle the root collar (where the trunk transitions to the root) with 0.5 cm soil.
Step by step process:
Pineapple should be transplanted according to the basic scheme of transshipment of domestic plants - while maintaining a clod of earth on the roots
Pineapple does not have a highly developed root system, so it is advisable to choose shallow wide pots for it.
There are several features that relate to the correct watering of the pineapple:
Organic and mineral fertilizers can be used to feed pineapple. If you want to use a natural fertilizer, then a mullein solution is the best choice. It prepares like this:
You can prepare a solution for several feedings at once and store it in a tightly closed container. For the season, 2 cans with a volume of 3 liters are usually prepared. For one feeding of a young plant (2–2.5 years), 10–15 ml of solution is required, for an older plant - 20–30 ml, applied under the root in a pre-moistened soil. This method of feeding is suitable if it is possible to put a pineapple pot on the balcony or in a greenhouse for the summer.
You can also feed the pineapple with flower fertilizer (Agricola, Kemira, Azalea), preparing it according to the instructions, but taking 2 times less powder than is recommended for feeding other plants. In this case, the outlet and leaves should be sprayed. It is also better to use the mineral complex during flowering, and then return to organic again. It is undesirable to use lime and ash as fertilizers. You need to feed the pineapple after it turns 1.5–2 years old, once every 15–20 days from the beginning of March to the beginning of August.
Many gardeners recommend sprinkling pineapple with a solution of ferrous sulfate (1 g of powder per 1 liter of water). A similar procedure should be carried out once a month from the beginning of March to the end of September.
Usually, pineapple begins to bloom in the 3rd year after planting. If this does not happen, then you can stimulate its flowering yourself by fumigating the plant with smoke or watering with a special solution. But be careful: the stimulation procedure can only be carried out with strong, well-developed plants, the leaves of which have reached a length of 60 cm, and the base of the rosette has a diameter of 8-10 cm.
If you have a heated greenhouse, you can try growing pineapple in it:
The main condition is that the air temperature must be at least 25aboutС, soil temperature - not lower than 20aboutFROM.
Pineapple is best grown in large boxes set on stands to hold heating appliances underneath.
Planting care is the same as at home. Try to water the plants with water acidified with citric acid, the temperature of which is not lower than the temperature in the greenhouse. Acetylene can be used to stimulate flowering, rather than fumigation, so as not to harm other plants.
Pineapples can be successfully grown in a greenhouse
Pineapple is a plant with a fairly strong immune system, but there are several problems that you may encounter when breeding this crop:
When dealing with pests, it is advisable to use chemicals, not limited to manual processing. The fact is that otherwise only adult insects are destroyed, and the eggs remain intact. Carefully study the instructions for the preparation: it is quite possible that you will need to re-process. If you have other plants, move the pineapple to a separate location to reduce the risk of infection. The place where the pineapple pot stood must be washed well with laundry soap or bleach.
At home, you can grow pineapples for a variety of purposes. Reproduction and care in all cases are carried out in the same way.
A popular pineapple variety with a remarkable feature: from exposure to the sun, its leaves acquire a pink-reddish hue. The leaves are up to 1 m long and have white and yellow stripes. Unlike other pineapples, this species lives for about 7 years. It is often used as an ornamental plant. Suitable for home breeding.
A feature of pineapple bracts is the presence of stripes
The bush reaches a height of 0.3–0.5 m and has many dark green leaves. Suitable for planting at home, does not take up much space, reproduces well by layering. Prefers porous, well-drained soils. Fruits form small, no more than 7-10 cm long and weighing within 0.5 kg, which can be used as food.
Caen's pineapple fruit can be eaten
The bush reaches a height of 0.8–0.9 m, forms long green leaves with a bluish bloom and thorns along the edges. At home, it is mainly used as an ornamental plant, without forming an edible fruit.
Champaka pineapple is often used as an ornamental plant
Growing a pineapple is not difficult, you just need to properly prepare it for planting and follow the simple rules of care. Follow all the recommendations, and you will get a wonderful plant that will not only serve as a decoration for your home, but will also delight your harvest.
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A simple and easy way to plant pineapple requires careful selection of planting material. The best time to acquire the tops is late summer or early fall. Fruits bought at another time, as a rule, have a frozen socket, which is unlikely to recover even with the most careful care.
Large-scale cultivation of pineapples
When buying a fruit, it is important to pay attention to:
Leaves. They should be green and firm from base to tip.
Peel. The quality of the fruit can be judged by the uniform golden hue and pronounced aroma.
Overripe fruit. Do not plant the top of an overripe fruit. Most likely, the bases of such fruits are already to some extent affected by rot. You can check for overripeness by slightly pulling the pineapple leaves, if they straighten quickly, then the fruit is not suitable.
No gray spots at the base of the leaves. Their presence indicates the defeat of the plant by fungal diseases.
Experienced gardeners advise buying two fruits at once.
The first step is to properly prepare the outlet for planting. The top is cut out of the fruit with a sharp knife. It is important not to damage the main barrel. The pulp is completely removed, its remnants can lead to rotting.
At a distance of 2 cm from the base, the trunk is cleared of leaves. Sections must be treated with activated carbon powder. After that, the top is dried for 2 days in an upright position.
During this time, all wounds of the cutting will heal, and nutrients will be directed only to the area of root formation.
I have a large garden and vegetable garden, several greenhouses. I love modern methods of plant cultivation and soil mulching, I share my experience.
The first Europeans to experience the happiness of acquaintance with pineapple were the Spaniards, who landed on the shores of America. They marveled at the juicy fruits and did not spare the scarce sugar at that time in order to preserve the fruits and send them to the Old World to the nobility. The nobility appreciated the gifts and demanded the next delivery. So pineapples began their triumphant march around the world.
In the process of further acquaintance with the fruit, it was discovered that there are several types of pineapples: some are sour, the second a little sweeter, and the third with a subtle bitterness. And even later, people learned to independently cross the fruits, bringing out the types of pineapples for their own needs. Few people know that there is a whole institute of “pineappleology” in Hawaii, and the best biologists are engaged in breeding large, juicy and sweet varieties of fruits, helping them grow and ripen.
Separately, it should be said about a small group of purely decorative pineapples of the Pineapple Nanas variety. It is purchased by landscape designers, summer residents, flower growers. The species is distinguished by beautiful leaves of a slightly reddish hue, flowers of incredible beauty. But - it's not difficult - they grow fruits from a tuft of any kind. Let the fruits fail to become sweet - their appearance will surely please.
If you cannot find seeds of an exotic culture not always and everywhere, then it is quite possible to grow pineapple at home from the top of a fruit purchased in a store, even without special knowledge. True, it is worth approaching the choice of a delicacy that is destined to be given planting material with full responsibility. Pineapple should be fresh, with a green elastic rosette of foliage, without traces of spoilage, cold damage or wilting. When examining, you need to pay attention to the point of growth of the outlet, if it is rotten, withered or simply absent, it will be extremely difficult to get a new plant.
At home, when growing pineapple, the top of the fruit is cut off with a sharp clean knife, capturing not only the leafy rosette, but the area of the fruit three centimeters lower. If the pineapple is completely ripe, you can carefully unscrew the outlet, holding the tuft tightly with one hand, and the stem with the other.
When the future planting material is received, all residues of juicy pulp, which can become a source of rot, are carefully removed from the outlet. The short lower leaves are removed to obtain a cylindrical stalk up to 3 centimeters long.
Slices must be treated with a saturated solution of potassium permanganate, crushed charcoal or, which will speed up the appearance of roots, with an epin solution.
To protect the stalk from decay, it is advised to leave the pineapple for drying for a day or two before rooting. Moreover, it is better to hang the outlet so that it does not come into contact with any surfaces. A video on how to grow pineapple at home will reveal all the subtleties of the process and clearly show all its stages.
Rooting is carried out by immersing the part of the cuttings cleared of foliage in water. To hold at the desired level, you can use a cardboard wheel or toothpicks, as shown in the photo.
When the first roots appear on the pineapple, the rosette can be planted in the ground, and you should not bury the young plant above the lower tier of leaves. The substrate around the seedling is gently crushed and compacted, trying not to damage the slightly numerical roots.
Further cultivation of pineapple at home takes place under a film at a temperature not lower than 20-22 ° C. If it is possible to achieve heating of the air and soil to 25 ° C, after about a month, new bright leaves will appear in the center of the rosette.
While acclimatization and rooting is underway, the pineapple plant is important:
The pineapple plant pot is placed in a lighted place where the outlet will not be threatened by direct sunlight.