Garden strawberries, which most gardeners call strawberries, are one of the most common berry plants on the plots of almost any summer resident. There are many varieties of this berry, it is sometimes very difficult to choose the right one. Many people prefer the remontant small-fruited strawberries Alexandria.
Alexandria is a whisker-free remontant garden strawberry. It belongs to the alpine variety of berries, which means the formation of small fruits on it, high resistance to diseases and winter hardiness. The bush can grow up to 20 cm in height.
This strawberry variety has bright green leaves with a jagged edge and folded in half in the center. During flowering, the plant is covered with small white flowers with rounded petals.
The size of the berries is small, about 8 g. They have a conical elongated shape. With a small fruit size, the yield from one bush is considered high, since this variety is a high-yielding variety. On average, about 400-500 g of aromatic sweet and juicy berries are harvested from one bush.
Despite the fact that the size of the fruits in Alexandria is small, this variety is loved by gardeners for its incredible aroma and bright taste. What varieties of strawberries I have not tried, but Alexandria always remains a favorite on my site. Its bright taste and a large amount, albeit small, berries do not leave indifferent my household members.
Remnant strawberry Alexandria has medium-sized, but very fragrant berries
The Alexandria strawberry variety was first introduced in 1964 by one of the oldest and largest American mail order seed companies, Park Seed Company.
The variety bears fruit several times a year. In the southern regions, the crop can be harvested from May to October. In colder climates, fruiting occurs somewhat later (around mid-June) and usually ends in September. Fruit ripening is wave-like, that is, a large harvest alternates with single berries. This variety is frost-hardy and resistant to common diseases of strawberries (gray rot, late blight and others). Reproduction takes place by seed, since the bush does not release a mustache.
Fruiting of the bush lasts about 3-4 years. Then it needs to be rejuvenated by planting new plants from seeds or dividing the mother bush.
Since this strawberry variety is compact and does not produce a mustache, Alexandria is often grown on balconies and window sills.
The use of this berry is varied:
After analyzing the reviews of gardeners and personal experience, a number of advantages and disadvantages of this variety can be distinguished. First, I would like to note the pluses of the strawberry Alexandria:
For all its advantages, this strawberry also has a number of disadvantages, which include:
Alexandria is somewhat inferior to other varieties of alpine strawberries, but certainly not in taste.
|Name||Berry weight (g)||Berry color||Maturation (period)||Bush height (cm)||Features of the|
|Alexandria||6–8||Bright scarlet||End of May - mid-October||17–20||No whiskers, elongated berries, resistance to drought, frost, pests and diseases|
|Alpine giant||15–20||Red||End of May - mid-October||20–25||Stable and high yield of berries already in the first year of sowing, frost resistance, resistance to major diseases and adverse environmental conditions|
|Ruyana||5–7||Bright red||Mid June - end of September||15–17||To form a strong bush in the first season, you need to remove the resulting flowers. The plant tolerates winter (even prolonged) relatively easily and at the same time feels great even in the shade of garden trees and tree trunks|
|White Lotus||8–10||White with yellow seeds||End of May - November||15–20||The variety is resistant to powdery mildew, gray rot, spotting and is powerless only against ants. Its berry jam resembles linden honey|
You can plant Alexandria strawberries in your garden by buying seedlings or growing them yourself from seeds. The first method is simpler, but it may happen that, under the guise of one variety, the seller sells a completely different one. Therefore, it is safer to grow seedlings yourself from seeds that you can buy in a specialized store or collect at home.
The first bushes of Alexandria on my site appeared by accident. I wanted to experiment, and the idea came to buy strawberry seeds. In a garden store, I liked the seeds of this berry. Later, in order not to waste money, she already received her own seeds from her bushes. Their quality was in no way inferior to the store ones.
Good reviews are left by buyers of Alexandria strawberry seeds from the firms "Aelita" and "Gavrish"
Sowing seeds for seedlings can be done in January-February for spring planting, as well as in May-June for planting in early autumn.
It is convenient to plant seeds in a wide box or medium-sized containers. The soil should be light and nutritious. The seeds are laid out at a distance of about 1 cm between them. When the first two true leaves appear, the seedlings dive into separate pots. Containers from yoghurts or plastic cups of 100-200 g are perfect for this.
In order for the strawberry seedlings to develop well, they need to dive in the phase of the first two true leaves.
The seedlings obtained in this way can be planted in beds or grown on a windowsill.
Before planting strawberry seedlings in a permanent place in the garden, you should dig up the soil a month before and apply the necessary fertilizers to the soil. Garden strawberries respond well to such a composition per 1 m2:
If it was not possible to do preliminary preparation, then you can add a handful of the following composition to each hole immediately before planting:
When planting strawberry seedlings, you must adhere to the following recommendations:
The heart of a strawberry bush must not be buried or placed above ground level
To protect strawberries from slugs, it is recommended to plant garlic between rows. It perfectly scares away many parasites.
Alexandria grows well on the window. It looks very impressive as a houseplant and, in addition, pleases with its fruits. To make the strawberry bushes feel comfortable at home, you need to choose a pot of about 5 liters. It is necessary to lay at its bottom:
The soil should be light and nutritious. You can buy a ready-made universal primer or make it yourself. To do this, mix the following components in equal proportions:
It is necessary to water the plants as the soil dries up, while not overmoistening it.
Alexandria grows well in a pot
Special care for strawberries Alexandria is not required. The main thing is to water it on time and regularly. If there are ripe fruits on the bushes, watering should be done after harvesting so that the taste of the berries does not deteriorate. It is especially important during the growth of green mass and the appearance of the first flowers.
Loosening of row spacings is necessary in the absence of mulch, which are well suited for:
You need to feed Alexandria strawberries several times per season. In early spring, immediately after the snow melts, the garden with bushes must be watered with a solution of urea or ammonium nitrate. To prepare it, you need to dilute a fertilizer matchbox in a bucket of water. It is also permissible to use chicken droppings or mullein at this time. You can sprinkle these products dry around the plant or prepare a solution.
Chicken droppings should be diluted 1:20. This fertilizer can be applied immediately after preparation. Mullein should be diluted in water in a ratio of 1: 5 and let it brew for about 10 days. Before use, the resulting liquid must be diluted with water by half. Watering strawberries with such liquid fertilizers is necessary at the rate of about 0.5 liters per 1 bush.
Before the first flowers appear and during flowering, you can feed the strawberries with such a fertilizer as Megafol. It includes:
To prepare a Megafol solution, add 25-35 ml of fertilizer to a bucket of water. Strawberries are sprayed with the resulting composition at the rate of 0.2-0.3 ml of the product per 1 m2... During the season, you can make 2-3 such dressings.
Megafol can be fed to strawberries before the flowers appear and during flowering
It is better to prune the bushes of the remontant strawberry Alexandria in the fall, when the last harvest is removed. The lower leaves are carefully removed with a secateurs. It is important not to damage the growing point and the leaves that have not yet blossomed, which will become a full-fledged green mass next year.
If it was not possible to trim in the fall, then you can transfer it to the spring. After the snow melts, all diseased and dried leaves must be removed.
If you value berries not so much for their appearance and size, but for their taste and aroma, then be sure to plant Alexandria garden strawberries on your plot. Its sweetness and enchanting smell will not leave anyone indifferent.
[Votes: 1 Average: 5]
Elsanta is a Dutch variety that has long remained the benchmark for strawberry flavor and yield. Bred for industrial cultivation, this unpretentious and productive garden strawberry (popularly referred to as strawberry) quickly became popular with gardeners and farmers. We will learn how to grow Elsant in our climate.
"Elsanta" is considered an elite strawberry and has a high taste.
strawberry variety "Elsanta" - one of the first berries that appears in summer
some "Elsanta" strawberries have this size
The term "earthworm" appeared about half a century ago, when the first specimens of a hybrid of garden strawberries and real forest strawberries were obtained. The genes inherited by the new garden culture from their forest ancestors allowed it to bear fruit with sweet and aromatic berries even in inclement weather. But in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation for a long time there was not even such a section of "Zemklunik". It was organized only in 2017, when the Kupchikha variety was registered.
The originators of the variety were the Institute of Horticulture and Nursery (VSTISP) and the Bryansk Agrarian University, where, in fact, the creators of the variety work under the leadership of Professor S.D. Kokino near Bryansk is the stronghold of VSTISP. Zemklunika variety Kupchikha approved for cultivation in all climatic regions.
The merchant's wife does not belong to the remontant varieties; it ripens in the medium term. In the middle lane, the first berries are harvested in early July. Bushes are spherical, medium size, up to 25 cm, with a large number of leaves of normal size. The leaves are green, strongly wrinkled, shiny. It is by the wrinkled and highly ribbed shape of the leaves that this variety can be recognized. It forms a little mustache, therefore it reproduces not only by them, but also by dividing the bush or seeds. The whiskers present are of medium size and light red in color. The flowers are white, large, the plants bloom abundantly and beautifully. Peduncles are tall, densely pubescent, flowers are formed at the level of leaves. The stalks are thin, of medium length.
The number of berries on the bush is huge
The berries have a shape that is very different from the shape of most varieties of garden strawberries, more like wild berries. They are almost cylindrical, with a well-defined neck, up to 4 cm long, in a state of full ripeness they are painted in a dark red, even ruby color. However, ripening proceeds unevenly: if the berry is "motley", it means that it is not yet quite ready for picking. The average weight of the berries is 3.7 g, but there are also real giants that grow up to 17 g. Inside, the berries are colored the same way as outside. The pulp is dense, contains little juice, sweet, aromatic, with nutmeg notes. Taste assessment, according to tasters, 5.0 points.
In tests, which continued since 2014, in field conditions, an average yield of 135 kg / ha was obtained. The experience of growing in private gardens is still not rich, indicating the possibility of collecting about 500 g of berries from a bush. The variety is characterized by high heat resistance, average winter hardiness and drought resistance. Disease resistance is above average. The high density of berries allows you to transport the crop over any distance.
In order for Alexandria (strawberry in the photo) to bear fruit well, you must follow the rules of planting and care.
The list of basic recommendations can be presented as follows:
The main recommendations for caring for Alexandria strawberries are presented in the following table:
|Watering||Young, freshly planted bushes in the garden are watered every day, adding a little water. Waterlogging at this stage is extremely dangerous and can cause root rot.Adult plants are watered as the earthen coma dries at the rate of 1 liter per bush, it is better to use a watering can with small holes.|
|Loosening||The procedure is carried out if mulching is not provided on the beds. In this case, the gardener must regularly remove weeds and spud the plantings. It is necessary to work carefully, without deepening the tool, otherwise damage to the root system of plants is possible.|
|Top dressing||Garden strawberries need additional nutrition for good yields. You can use mineral supplements and organics. Ready mixes are used only before flowering. During the fruiting period, only organic fertilizing is permissible.|
|Disease protection||Fungicide treatment is carried out before and after harvesting. This is necessary to prevent fungal infections.|
|Wintering||Differs in increased frost resistance. After the last harvest, the bushes must be cleaned of old foliage, diseased and affected plants must be removed. The berry is covered with straw or agrofibre to protect it from snow and cold. You should not use polyethylene, it does not allow moisture and air to pass through, the culture under it will suffocate.|
Attention! It is convenient to use a drip system for watering strawberries.
Strawberry Marshmallows, like most other varieties, can be propagated with a mustache, dividing the bush and seeds.
There is an opinion that strawberry marshmallow reproduces poorly by seeds, however, gardeners' reviews indicate that this is not entirely true, and it is quite possible to get full-fledged plants with signs of the variety from marshmallow seeds.
I will share my experience of growing strawberry marshmallows from seeds. The seeds were sown at the end of February directly into the ground (without stratification), or rather, into the snow. Small dark strawberry seeds are very convenient to sow in the snow, as they are clearly visible. In addition, when the snow melts, the seeds themselves are drawn into the ground. The stratification is natural and all the seeds germinate perfectly. Most of the resulting bushes repeated the properties of the parent plant.
Strawberry Marshmallows develop a sufficient number of mustaches, so many prefer this particular breeding method.... You need to choose the most prolific plant and use the first (at least the second) sockets on each mustache, and the rest you just need to remove. In order not to clutter the bed with rooting sockets, you can substitute a separate container with soil under each of them, and after rooting the outlet, cut the maternal mustache and transplant the resulting seedling to a permanent place.
If you root each outlet in a separate cup, it will be much more convenient to transplant young plants to a new place.
The division of the bush is more often used for low-mustache or no-mustache varieties, but this method is also suitable for varieties with a large number of mustaches. By the end of the season, 10 or more growth points can form on the strawberry bush. Such a bush can be divided into parts (horns) so that each of them has at least a pair of roots.
The overgrown bush must be divided into separate bushes (horns)
If the bush is divided into 3-4 parts with a sufficient number of roots on each of them, then you can leave part of the leaves, and with a small number of roots, it is better to remove all the leaves when planting. To divide the bush, you need to take it with both hands and, slightly shaking it, "pull it apart" into separate sockets.
It is best to plant the sockets obtained by dividing from spring to September. With a later planting, the plants will not have time to take root until frost and will die.
Right before planting, the bush is carefully divided by hand into separate sockets.
To stimulate the growth of the root system, strawberry plants are regularly spudded, raking the earth to the sockets. Only the growth point (heart) should not be allowed to fall asleep, otherwise the plant will die. Remember that high humidity is needed for good rooting.
Delenki root best in a greenhouse (in partial shade) with a thickened planting of 10 by 20 cm. The root system becomes powerful in 25–30 days, then the plants can be transplanted to a permanent place.
If, when dividing the bush, part of the horns broke off without roots, they can also be rooted. It is necessary to cut off all the leaves from the horn and plant them in a greenhouse arranged in the shade. It is necessary to maintain high humidity not only of the soil, but also of the air. This is done using a fogging device or simply spray the plants with water 5-10 times a day until they are completely wetted. The greenhouse should be opened as little as possible.
Seedlings obtained by any of the above methods are planted in a permanent place in April or August according to the 25x30 cm scheme.August planting (in the last decade) is considered preferable, since the plants have time to root better by next spring and will give a bountiful harvest. In fairness, it should be noted that even with spring planting, Zephyr grows rapidly (a full-fledged large bush is obtained after 3 months) and can bear fruit in the very first year.
The place for strawberries should be set aside as even and sunny as possible, protected from drafts, otherwise the berries will not pick up sweets.
Good predecessors for strawberries are beets, carrots, cabbage, onions. Zephyr is unpretentious to soil conditions. The preferred soil is loose, breathable, neutral soil.
Strawberries Marshmallows cannot be kept in one place for more than 4 years in a row!
When planting in spring, the soil must be dug up with organic fertilizers and watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (for disinfection). It is advisable to make the beds higher so that when watering the berries they do not splash with mud. It is recommended to sprinkle sand along the bed, which will retain moisture.
If strawberries are grown in a greenhouse, it is advisable to fertilize the soil with compost one year before planting. The distance between the rows should be 50-60 cm, and between the bushes - 40-45 cm.
Bushes are planted in the morning or in the evening in pre-moistened holes with a depth of at least 25 cm with the addition of two tablespoons of ash. When using seedlings with a closed system, shake off the soil and prune too long roots. When planting, the roots should point down.
Sprinkle with soil carefully so as not to cover the heart. After planting, the plants are watered with warm water, and to retain moisture, mulch the soil with straw or hay.
Strawberry Marshmallow does not require any special care - ordinary watering, weeding and dressing are enough.
Although the variety is drought tolerant, it should be watered regularly, once a week. During the formation of buds and ovaries, the need for moisture increases. With insufficient watering, the bushes will not suffer, but the yield will be noticeably smaller and worse in quality. Before fruit setting, watering can be carried out by sprinkling, and after the appearance of the ovary - along irrigated furrows. The best irrigation method is drip irrigation.
Young planting of strawberries responds very well to sprinkling
Because of its high yield, strawberry plants extract a large amount of nutrients and trace elements from the soil. Without regular fertilizing, the soil is quickly depleted, which negatively affects the yield. Zephyr needs feeding 2 times a month. It is recommended to use ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, potassium salt, taken in equal proportions.
Remember that you should not feed strawberries with chlorine-containing fertilizers!
To increase the level of productivity, it is useful to apply various organic fertilizers, for example, a mixture of peat with humus.
I was able to increase berry setting in the following way. In early spring, after removing old leaves, the plants are sprayed with a solution of mullein in a ratio of 1: 3, then a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate with the addition of 10 drops of iodine for every 5–6 liters of water. Before flowering, strawberry bushes were sprayed with boric acid solution (10–15 g per bucket of water).
The soil must be kept loose. After watering, you need to remove weeds and mulch the soil surface. You need to loosen the soil 6-8 times per season. To stimulate good growth of the bushes and the establishment of the crop, you need to regularly remove the whiskers (if they are not required for reproduction) and old leaves. This operation is carried out with a secateurs every 10-12 days. To reduce labor costs for weeding and loosening, you can cover the beds with black film or agro-fabric.
When grown in a greenhouse, marshmallow plants require frequent ventilation to prevent fungal diseases, as well as a gradual increase in air temperature. In the first period after planting, the humidity should be maintained at a level of at least 80–85%, and at the beginning of flowering it should be reduced to 70%. To accelerate ripening, it is useful to use artificial lighting for 8-10 hours a day.
Strengthening the aroma of berries can be achieved by laying out needles around the strawberry bushes.
In general, strawberry marshmallows are quite disease resistant. Treatments with a solution of copper sulfate (2-3 tablespoons per bucket of water) will help prevent diseases of the root system.
Strawberries cannot be processed during flowering and fruiting!
Unfortunately, Marshmallow easily gets sick with gray mold - one of the most common diseases affecting the entire aerial part of the bush. The lesion is especially noticeable on fruits that turn brown, soften and become covered with a gray bloom (with high humidity, also a fluffy white mycelium). Treat the disease with Fundazol, Topsin M, Euparen. Treatments begin in the first ten days of April and are repeated 3-4 times with an interval of 7-9 days.
Affected berries are covered with a gray bloom and soon dry up.
Of the pests, one should be wary of the strawberry mite, which is especially activated at high humidity. This pest settles on young strawberry leaves, sucking juices out of them. The leaves turn yellow and deform, becoming wrinkled. An oily coating appears on the surface, and then the leaves dry out.
Leaves affected by mites shrivel and dry out.
To combat the tick, you need to remove and burn all plant residues around the bushes in the fall and spring. Before planting, young rosettes (holding them with their roots up) are dipped in a solution of karbofos (75 g per bucket of water). In the spring, you can spray the affected plants with Karate and Arrivo preparations, in the summer (during the formation of the mustache) - with Mitak, Omite, and in the fall with Isofen or Chloroethanol (60 g per bucket of water).
On the first warm spring days, you should carefully inspect your plantation - remove dead leaves, loosen the aisles, add complex fertilizers, you can also plant thickened plantings.
Since the strawberries of Vima Zant and Selva quickly start to grow, you need to have time to apply all the fertilizers necessary for the future berry - potassium sulfate, superphosphate, manure and humus - before the flower stalks appear, mix everything thoroughly and seal up under each bush. It will also be useful to learn about how potato tubers are treated before planting from late blight.
The main care consists in cultivating the soil near the bushes - weeding from weeds, loosening, watering and removing unnecessary mustaches. A lot of shoots during the filling of berries can affect the harvest - the berry will become smaller, the amount of sugar and nutrients is not needed, that is, they will be acidic.
If your plot is small, then you can grow strawberries in PVC pipes, or on trellises, adapt for this several different sizes of boxes and pipes, arrange them in different order on top of each other, equip supports, and fill them with fertile soil - the bush will grow mustache in free space, climbing up the supports.
To renew the plantation at the end of the first wave of the harvest, new planting material is harvested, a new site is prepared for planting.
But how the strawberries are sprayed with iodine, and what results can be achieved, this information will help to understand.
Some gardeners and strawberry lovers advise to cut off all the green mass of the bushes for the winter, this method will allow you to seamlessly update the plantation and rid it of pests hibernating in the foliage.
By clicking on the link, you can find out about the existing reviews of gardeners about the strawberry variety Elephant.