All outdoor plants are exposed to adverse environmental influences, testing them for resistance. Plant immunity suffers from these tests and can fall prey to harmful insects or infections. Trying to help plants to survive in the fight against climatic and weather conditions, gardeners and gardeners use immunomodulators. We will tell you about the growth stimulant called Epin and teach you how to use it.
Epin belongs to brassinolides. The active ingredient of this growth promoter is epinbrassinolide, a synthetic analogue of a natural phytohormone. Epinbrassinolide, by stimulating protein biosynthesis and increased production of necessary enzymes in the plant, helps it recover faster after stressful situations - poor lighting, sudden cold snaps or imbalance in water balance. And the plant's immunity increases as a result of Epin's stimulation of metabolic processes.
Epin neutralizes the negative effects of radionucleides, nitrates, pesticides and heavy metal salts. In addition, the action of Epin almost doubles the productivity of the plant. In other words, Epin is to a plant, like Eleutherococcus or ginseng is to humans.
Epin is sold in different packages, but most often - in 1 ml ampoules. To make a working solution, the contents of the ampoule are dissolved in water, and it is better that it be rain, thawed, or at least passed through a filter.
For plants, Epin is not at all dangerous and does not cause addiction in them, but as a result of its use:
For spraying one hundred square meters of a garden, you will need five liters of working solution, that is, 5 liters of water and one ampoule of Epin. Spraying is carried out before the appearance of flowers and immediately after the end of flowering. To increase germination, it is advisable to keep the seeds in Epin's solution.
Bell pepper: The seed culture material is kept for 2-4 hours in a solution of 2 drops of Epin in 100 ml of water at room temperature. Before transplanting the seedlings to the garden bed, and then again two weeks later, the seedlings are sprayed with the working composition: 1 ml of the drug in 5 liters of water. Then the peppers are sprayed with the same solution before the appearance of flowers and 2-3 days after the end of flowering. If necessary, processing of pepper with Epin and by flowers is permissible.
Potatoes: first you need to treat the potato tubers with a strong Epin solution - 1 ampoule per 250 ml of water. This amount should be enough for 50 kg of seed potatoes. The procedure is carried out at dusk, after which the tubers are left without light for 4-5 hours. The next treatment is carried out with the working solution of Epin in the stage of bud formation on potatoes. Spraying one hundred square meters of a potato field will need 4 liters of solution.
Radish and eggplant: before sowing, the seeds of these plants are kept in a solution of 2 drops of Epin in 100 ml of water. Then the radish is treated with the working composition at the stage of formation of the second leaf, and the eggplants - twice more: before the formation of flowers and during the formation of ovaries. Eggplant processing is carried out in the evening. Consumption - 4 liters of solution, one per hundred square meters.
CabbageBefore sowing, the seeds are kept for 4-5 hours in a solution of 2 drops of Epin in 100 ml of water, and when the cabbage seedlings are ready for transplanting into the garden, they are sprayed with a working composition - a solution of 1 ml in 5 liters of water. To increase the immunity of seedlings, they are treated with a working composition during the period of head formation at the rate of 2.5 liters per one hundred square meters of the garden.
Onion sets: The bulbs are soaked before sowing for 30 minutes in a solution of 1 ampoule of Epin in 2 liters of water. When the third leaf appears on the onion, it is already treated with a working solution, spending 3.5 liters of composition per one hundred square meters.
Epin increases the immunity of any plants, including flowers, prolonging their flowering period and positively affecting their decorative effect. It is advisable, before sowing the seeds of flower crops, to soak them in a solution of 4 drops of Epin in 100 ml of water. The bulbs are soaked in a solution of 1 ampoule of the substance in 2 liters of water. Before flowering and during budding, flowers are treated with a working solution. Using Epin, you can speed up the process of forcing the bulbous flowers in winter by a week.
Tuberous flowers also need Epin's help: when dividing the tubers, their parts are kept for three to five hours in a solution of 1 ml of the drug in 2 liters of water, after which they are seated in prepared holes. Thanks to Epin, the delenki take root and germinate better, and subsequently show high resistance to fungal infections.
To strengthen immunity, stimulate metabolic processes and enhance shoot formation, bushes and tree seedlings are sprayed in spring with a solution of 1 ml of the drug in 10 liters of water. This amount is usually enough for 7-8 bushes or 5-6 seedlings. The next treatment is carried out during the budding period, and then after the end of flowering. Red currant bushes are also processed for green fruits, and pear trees, in addition to the already mentioned treatments, need to be sprayed a week after the formation of ovaries. In the summer, the solution should be twice as concentrated as in the spring treatment, that is, two ampoules of Epin must be dissolved in 10 liters of water.
It is also advisable to treat spring and summer vaccinations with a solution of 1 ml of Epin in 2 liters of water. A solution of this concentration is also used to treat cuttings before planting for rooting. And how to use Epin for indoor plants, you will learn from the following video:
Sections: Preparations Bioregulators
Among the large number of fungicides on the market, "Alirin-B", the instructions for the use of which are quite simple, is especially popular among summer residents. It is a bacterial pesticide with a broad spectrum of action. The drug not only reliably protects plants from pathogenic microorganisms, but also provides them with good immunity.
Fitosporin-M refers to systemic drugs that can spread through the vascular system of plants. Its basis is a spore culture, by the products of its vital activity (it produces fungicidal oligopeptides) suppresses the reproduction of pathogens of fungal and bacterial plant diseases:
And also rot during storage of tubers and bulbs: white rot, gray rot, black dry rot, fruit rot, dry fusarium rot, etc. Fitosporin is not a panacea for all diseases of garden crops and indoor (tropical) flowers, its effectiveness may differ in different plants and depending on the disease ranges from 65 to 95%. These are very good indicators, given that the drug is low-toxic, and can be safely used even in an apartment.
The great advantage of this preparation is the preservation of living cultures in a wide temperature range from -50 to + 40 ° C. The biological product retains its properties even after freezing and thawing. Under unfavorable conditions for it, the bacterial culture of Bacillus subtilis turns into a spore state, vital activity is suspended, but as soon as the conditions are restored (for example, after thawing), the bacteria become active, inhibiting pathogenic fungi and bacteria. In addition, the biofungicide Fitosporin-M can be enriched with humic bioactive fertilizer GUMI (this should be indicated on the package). Humic acids are needed only for the roots; there is no need to add humic acids for spraying vegetables and fruits, including before storage.
The main advantage of phytosporin-M is the ability to use it at any time at any stage of plant development - during the growing season, flowering, fruiting. The manufacturer guarantees the safety of the crop even on the day of phytosporin treatment. However, there is a significant drawback: the bacteria of the hay bacillus (any of its strains) die in bright sunlight. If you want to apply phytosporin spraying for diseases, do it exclusively in cloudy weather, or at the end of the day, when it is already getting dark. Iplants.ru also reminds: do not forget to wash fruits and vegetables with hot water, and berries - cold running and boiled, before eating and preparing meals.
If you need a fungicide to protect your garden, vegetable garden and home flowers from the group of biological products, pay attention to another drug in this group - Trichophyte.
How does Confidor extra differ from other means of pest control of agricultural crops:
Manufacturers claim that the drug Confidor extra is not phytotoxic, that is, it does not poison the plants that are processed. But still, eating fruits that have succumbed to its effects shortly before is not worth it. Therefore, when spraying vegetables or fruits, you need to calculate that at least a month has passed from processing to harvesting. Plants are also not sprayed during the flowering period of agricultural crops. Indeed, during this period there are a lot of bees on them.
The Confidor extra tool has been developed relatively recently. Therefore, most insects have not yet had time to adapt to it. This explains the high efficiency of Confidor.
Methods for using Isabion on crops include root dressing, aerosol spraying and fertigation. In the instructions for the drug, you can find not only the application rates, but also the conditions under which crops should be fertilized.
Fertilizer "Isabion" is diluted in a working container just before use. ⅔ of settled water (+ 19-22 ° C) is poured into the container, then the calculated dose of the drug is injected, if necessary, diluted with additional water.
After that, immediately proceed to aerosol spraying or watering. Fertilizer should be used within 24 hours after preparation.
Spraying is more advisable in the morning, immediately after the dew dries, or in the evening before condensation appears on the foliage. Despite the IV hazard class, all work with fertilizer must be carried out in special work clothes, gloves and a mask.
The shelf life of the drug does not exceed 3 years. Fertilizer "Izabion" should be stored in places inaccessible to children and animals at a temperature not exceeding +25 ° С.
Fertilizer can be stored even after opening the package for 3 years
"Izabion" is actively used as a biostimulator of vegetable crops. Most often, fertilizer is used in the form of foliar feeding by means of aerosol spraying.
Instructions for the use of "Izabion" for tomatoes allows for 5-7 treatments during the growing season. The first spraying is carried out at the time of picking the seedlings, the next - before flowering. Then, at the time of the formation of ovaries, the color of the fruit changes. Intermediate treatment is "prescribed" when there is a lack of lighting, low temperatures or during a dry period.
Potatoes are processed 3 times a season. The first foliar spray stimulates growth. It is produced only after the shoots reach a height of 12-13 cm. The second treatment is planned at the beginning of flowering, and the third after 10-15 days. The aim of the latter is to increase immunity to disease.
Foliar feeding of cucumber crops can also be carried out up to 5 times per season. In the instructions for use of "Izabion" for cucumbers when spraying, the dosage is 20 ml per 10 liters of water.
"Isabion" accelerates the absorption of nutrients by plants
Like tomatoes, eggplants and peppers can be processed up to 7 times (during the growing season). The first fertilization is carried out at the time of planting seedlings, then before flowering, tying and further, depending on environmental conditions and the general state of the culture.
As for cabbage, here "Isabion" is used as a root top dressing. Fertilize the plant 4 times a season. The first time - at the time of picking the seedlings to improve their survival rate, then every 2 weeks.
Root vegetables such as beets and carrots need to be fertilized 3 to 4 times per season. Spraying is carried out after the appearance of 4 leaves, then every 3 weeks. Approximate consumption is 100-120 ml per 10 liters of water.
To stimulate adaptability and strengthen immunity, onion and garlic planting material is kept in Izabion (4%) for about 50-60 minutes. Then, during the season, fertigation is carried out (up to three times) at intervals of 20-21 days.
Pumpkin and melons are fertilized only by the root method. The first feeding is carried out after the appearance of the fourth leaf, the remaining ones based on the characteristics of the development of the culture. The interval between fertilization is 10-14 days.
The pumpkin is fertilized through fertigation
For fruit and berry crops and shrubs, aerosol spraying is used.The consumption rate depends on the size of the plant, but on average ranges from 1.5 to 2 liters per 10 m².
The first treatment is carried out at the time of budding, the second - during the formation of ovaries, the third - during the pouring of fruits, and the fourth - after harvesting until the foliage turns yellow.
A special item in the list of processed plants is grapes. The consumption of "Izabion" in this case is from 60 to 120 ml per 10 liters, and the sprayed area is similar to the rest of the fruit and berry crops.
The first processing of grapes is carried out during the ejection of flower brushes, the second - at the beginning of the formation of fruits, the third - during the pouring of berries ("pea" size), the last - at the time of coloring the fruits. If we are talking about light grape varieties, in which the color change is poorly traced - at the time of the translucence of the skin.
Isabion solution promotes the accumulation of sugars and organic acids in fruits
Spraying shrubs and garden plants with "Izabion" is carried out in the spring when the buds awaken. They also practice foliar feeding when picking seedlings, reaching shoots of 10 cm and 14-15 days after that. The number of treatments per season - no more than 3 times.
Root irrigation with Isabion fertilizer for indoor plants can be carried out once a month. Approximate consumption is 20 ml per 10 liters of water. Aerosol spraying is also acceptable no more than once every 28-30 days. This will require 10 ml of the drug per 10 liters of water.
In addition to increasing the percentage of seed germination, Silk affects the germination rate, gives energy for rapid growth. The ripening time of fruits is reduced by an average of a week, the quality of the fruits improves, and the total yield increases by at least 30%. The crop retains its qualities better during long-term storage. Silk makes plants stronger, they react less to adverse weather conditions, better resist diseases. For example, such common ailments as late blight, powdery mildew, peronosporosis, all kinds of rot are much less common in areas where this drug is used.
After using Silk, not only the quality of the fruit improves (the content of oils, starch and sugars increases), but the content of nitrates in vegetables and fruits also decreases. Potatoes after using Silk showed a significant weight gain and increased starch content, the roots were perfectly preserved until spring. The tomatoes ripened two weeks earlier, they practically did not hurt. Fertilized cucumbers form more female flowers, ovaries form a week earlier.
Insectoacaricide Vertimec belongs to the drugs of the 2nd class of toxicity. If it comes into contact with skin or mucous tissue, it can cause burns. Therefore, during processing, all personal safety measures must be observed and it is imperative to use protective gloves, a respirator and goggles.
Do not eat, drink or smoke while spraying. Especially the toxicity of the insecticide Vertimec increases under the influence of alcohol vapors - this can cause serious poisoning.
After working with insecticide, wash all exposed areas of the body with soap or take a shower. Take activated charcoal or drink 2-3 glasses of milk. If the state of health has noticeably deteriorated, call a doctor.
The drug poses a serious danger to fish and bees. Therefore, treatment with a solution near apiaries and fishery reservoirs is strictly prohibited.
Vertimek is an effective preparation with insecticidal and acaricidal action, effective against ticks, aphids, whiteflies and other pests. When used correctly and in strict accordance with the instructions, the product is safe for fertile soil. At the same time, it helps to maintain a generous harvest of vegetables, fruits and berries.