The herb campanula (Campanula), also called the bell, is part of the Bellaceae family. This genus unites more than 400 species that can be found in nature in regions with a temperate climate in Europe, the Caucasus, Central and Western Asia, as well as in some places in North America. The bell prefers to grow in forests, steppes, meadows, desert and rocky areas. The scientific name of this plant was formed from the word "campana", which translates as "bell", and "campanula" means "bell". In the people, this flower is also called the chebotka, the birdwort, the bell or the chenille. Below you will find detailed information on how to grow campanula indoors.
The genus Campanula is represented by herbaceous plants, which can be perennials, biennials and annuals. Their leaf plates are solid and alternately located. As a rule, the corolla has a bell-shaped shape; it can be painted in lilac, white, blue, and also in various shades of purple. Flowers are single or they are part of paniculate or racemose inflorescences. The fruit is a capsule.
In indoor conditions, as a rule, only 1 species is cultivated - the campanula is equally leaved, or this plant is also called "the bride and groom". This species is a perennial, the stems of which are about 0.3 m long, they can be creeping or hanging. Alternating greenish leaf blades have long petioles and a serrated edge; their length can vary from 30 to 70 mm. Terminal corymbose panicles consist of flowers reaching 20–40 mm in diameter. The color of the flowers can be pinkish, lilac, white, blue or lilac. Most often, a couple of varieties of campanula with a contrasting color are planted in one container, it is because of this that this variety is called "the bride and groom".
Campanula is the decoration of your home. Care and cultivation.
Campanula is a rather unpretentious plant that needs a lot of bright sunlight, but it must be diffused. If you put a flower on a north-facing window, then its stems can take on a painful appearance due to poor lighting. It is best to plant the plant in a hanging planter, which is located closer to the south, west or east window. In the event that the bush will grow in a pot on the windowsill, it is better to choose the one located in the eastern or western part of the room. If the campanula grows on the southern windowsill, then it must be shaded from the direct rays of the sun.
In the warm season, the bell grows best at a temperature of 20 to 22 degrees, and in winter - from 12 to 14 degrees. It reacts extremely negatively to heat, but in summer it is recommended to move it outside, for example, it can be placed on a terrace or a shady balcony, and a place under the lacy shade of bushes and trees growing in the garden is also suitable.
After the duration of daylight hours is reduced, the cessation of intensive growth of the bush is observed. After that, its shoots are cut off, and the flower itself is placed in a cool room, where it can accumulate strength to bloom profusely next year.
Campanula is distinguished by its moisture-loving nature, in this regard, watering should be abundant and systematic, especially on hot days. During the dormant period, watering is carried out very rarely, about 1 or 2 times every 30 days, but do not allow the earthen coma to dry out in the pot. Water the flower with well-settled water, which should be at room temperature or slightly warmer.
A bell at home grows well at low air humidity, which is typical for residential premises. However, on hot summer days, as well as during the heating season in winter, foliage should be moistened regularly.
During the growing season, flower feeding is carried out regularly once every 1.5–2 weeks. For this, liquid complex mineral fertilizers are used for flowering indoor plants, for example, Kemiru-Lux. With the onset of the dormant period, feeding is stopped, and fertilizers are reintroduced into the substrate in the spring immediately after new stems begin to grow.
The newly purchased campanula is not disturbed for several days, during which time it must adapt to new conditions. After that, it must be transplanted. For this, a wide pot is used, at the bottom of which a good drainage layer is made. A suitable soil mixture must be necessarily loose, its composition: peat, humus, coarse sand and leafy soil (1: 1: 1: 1).
Next, the bush is transplanted in the spring at the very beginning of active growth. But experienced florists advise not to transplant an old bush, but to grow a new flower from cuttings in spring.
For propagation of indoor campanula, the seed method is used, as well as cuttings, dividing the bush and planting young shoots. At the same time, vegetative methods are more popular among flower growers, since they are simpler and more effective compared to seed.
For cutting cuttings, use the lower parts of the shoots remaining after pruning. For rooting, they are planted in a substrate of sand and peat, which is spilled with Fitosporin, and they are covered with a transparent dome on top. At a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees, cuttings give roots rather quickly. During rooting, cuttings are not watered, they are only systematically moistened from a sprayer. After the cuttings have reached a height of about 10 centimeters, pinch their tops to make the bushes more lush.
After young shoots grow on the bush in the spring, separate a few pieces together with the heels. Plant the shoots for rooting in the same substrate as the cuttings, and also cover them with a transparent cap on top. For rooting to be successful, the shoots must be kept cool (about 12 degrees). The roots on the shoots should grow back in 20-30 days, immediately after the young foliage appears on the plants, remove the shelter and transfer them to a warm, well-lit place (the light should be diffused).
A heavily overgrown bush can be divided into parts during transplantation. Treat the cut areas with charcoal powder. After that, the delenki are planted in separate containers. The planted cuttings are well watered and the first days are protected from direct sunlight.
Sowing seeds is carried out in early spring. For sowing, use a bowl, which is filled with seedling soil mixture. Bellflower seeds are very small, they are evenly distributed over the surface of the substrate and covered with a thin layer of earth on top. Crops are very carefully moistened with a sprayer. The seedlings that have appeared must also be watered with a spray bottle. Their pick on individual cups is carried out after they have formed 3 real sheet plates.
If the campanula is not properly watered or if it is not provided with suitable conditions for growth, then this can cause the development of a fungal disease. In order to cure the flower, cut off all affected stems and foliage, then the plant and the surface of the potted substrate are sprayed with a fungicide.
If the room has excessively low air humidity, then a spider mite or scale insect can settle on the flower. Such insects are sucking, and they feed on the cell sap of the flower. If ticks settle on the bush, then it should be treated with acaricide, for example: Aktellik, Fitoverm or Aktara. It is not so easy to cope with scale insects, since they are protected by a chitinous shell, and are covered with wax on top. Scabbards should first be removed from the bush with a very stiff brush, and then sprayed with acaricide. If the bush is severely affected by a fungal disease or there are a lot of pests on it, then it should be processed several times with a break of 1-1.5 weeks.
On an absolutely healthy bush, leaf plates may begin to turn yellow. As a rule, this is due to the fact that she has been exposed to prolonged exposure to direct sunlight. Strongly elongated shoots indicate excessively poor lighting.
Campanula is the most popular among florists, a detailed description of this species was given at the beginning of the article. Even at home, the following species are cultivated:
This plant is a stunted variety of Pozharsky's campanula. The foliage of this plant is large, and the color of the flowers is bluish. In length, the stems can reach about 20 centimeters. This flower can be grown both in the garden and at home.
This hybrid was created by crossing the spoon-leaved Campanula and the Carpathian. The plant is small and at the same time many double flowers of blue, white and purple bloom on it. The flexible stems of this flower are almost impossible to see due to the many carved leaf plates. This plant is very effective, but it is demanding in terms of keeping conditions.
This annual plant has ovoid-rounded foliage, it is located in the root part like a rosette. In diameter, the flowers reach about 50 mm, they can be colored blue, white or purple. The most popular of all garden forms are such as: Alba and White Star - with white flowers; Riversley, Blaumeise and Chenton John - blue flowers; Carpatenkrone - purple flowers; Celestine and Isabelle - flowers have a sky-blue tint.
Campanula home care / Flower bride and groom
Flower lovers are always looking for something to complement their floral range. If you do not yet have a campanula flower among your indoor plants, we recommend purchasing it. This beautiful plant with bell-shaped flowers can grow both indoors and outdoors.
People often call these flowers "bride and groom", and this is not without reason: they are very delicate, associated with purity and lightness.
Many florists today use it when creating a wedding bouquet. "The Bride and Groom" has a kind light energy, they say that it is a symbol of family happiness and well-being.
Campanula is an ampelous culture, which received the names “flower bride and groom”, “indoor bell”, “shooting star” for the luxurious flowers of snow or blue color. It has some similarities with eustoma, fairy bell, "mother-in-law", lily rubrum, salvia, nemesia, monarda, light, lavater, canna and cabbage.
Shoots form a "pillow" about 20 cm high. The leaves are bright in color and rounded, which resembles a heart with jagged edges. The flowers look like bells up to 5 cm long. Since there are many of them, they almost completely cover the leaves. Five graceful petals create the silhouette of a star, which, in turn, form inflorescences of the range from white ("brides"), blue ("grooms" or "lovers") and bright blue shades to lilac, pink and lilac.
When decorating the interior, a combination of different flowers, their unique combination, decorates tables and walls. Campanula looks aesthetically pleasing in boxes or baskets.
For the formation of new buds, old bells should be systematically removed.
The price for a campanula is from 1000-1700 rubles.
After cutting, the flower is presented as bouquets, or placed in warm water of +38 ° C, containing 5% sucrose.
The bell is so popular in private flower farms that the name of the plant is used by manufacturers of household appliances, for example, the Czech bath "campanula ravak".
The genus Campanula includes annual, biennial and perennial grasses with alternate whole leaves. Their corolla is usually bell-shaped, white, lilac, blue and various shades of purple. Flowers can be single or collected in racemose or paniculate inflorescences. The fruit of the campanula is a capsule.
In home culture, mainly one kind of bells is grown - the campanula isleaf. "The bride and groom", as this plant is usually called, is a perennial campanula with hanging or creeping shoots up to 30 cm long. Its leaves are light green, long-petiolate, alternate, toothed, 3 to 7 cm long. Flowers with a diameter of 2 to 4 cm collected in terminal corymbose panicles. They can be white, pale pink, blue, purple or lilac. Most often, two varieties of plants with a contrasting color are planted in one pot, therefore the campanula is uniform and is called "the bride and groom".
Due to improper care, campanula can suffer from fungal diseases, rot, yellowing and leaf fall. It happens that she is attacked by a scale insect and a spider mite.
The answer to the question of why this is happening and how to deal with it is quite simple. The best fight is prevention. A plant for which all conditions of care are provided has a fairly high immunity. Therefore, when the first signs of illness appear, it is worth analyzing the situation, finding the problem and solving it.In the case of pests, treatment with special preparations and the removal of damaged parts of the plant will be required.
Indoor campanula is an amazingly beautiful plant that will adorn any home. How beautiful the flower is during the flowering period, which can last all 3 summer months. The plant will suit both lovers of traditional home flowers (campanula white and purple) and those who want something unusual.
A variety of varieties allows you to satisfy any request. Do not omit the fact that, according to the signs, the flower brings family happiness and peace to the house.