Houseplants Published: January 15, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:
Gloriosa (lat.Gloriosa) lives in tropical regions of Asia and Africa. The genus is part of the Haricorn family and has 5-9 plant species. Initially, the genus belonged to the lily.
The gloriosa plant is a very ornamental plant. Gloriosa from Latin Gloria - glory.
It is a tuberous herbaceous perennial. The shoots are covered with leaves, curly. The leaves are arranged either in three pieces, or opposite, elongated lanceolate, sessile. The flowers grow on long stalks that emerge from the leaf axils at the top of the plant.
Read more about growing gloriosa below.
Bright, diffused light is just what you need to grow gloriosa at home. The best option is windows on the west and east sides, on the south windows you need to hide from direct sunlight. After purchase or prolonged cloudy weather, gloriasis is gradually accustomed to bright light.
In spring and summer, gloriasis should be kept at temperatures between 20 and 25 ° C. Drafts and cold air can be very damaging to the plant. Winter is a dormant period for gloriosa. When the flowering of the plant ends in autumn, watering is gradually reduced, and then completely stopped. In early to mid-autumn, the aboveground part of gloriosa dies off. Dig up the tubers, lightly sprinkle with sand and store in a moderately warm place at a temperature of 8 to 10 ° C until planting.
Indoor gloriasis is watered with settled soft water. In summer and spring, it is abundant, after the topsoil has dried out. The earthen ball should be slightly damp all the time. In winter, the plant is not watered.
Gloriosa in indoor conditions requires high air humidity. The plant can be placed on a pallet with moistened pebbles or expanded clay, but care must be taken that the water does not touch the pot. It will not be superfluous to spray the plant every day, but only so that water does not get on the flowers - spots may appear and the plant will lose its decorative properties.
In summer, domestic gloriosa blooms very beautifully. The flower tilts and the perianth rises, which looks beautiful and attracts insects. They say that butterflies cannot sit on a flower and drink nectar on the fly, and the flapping of their wings swing their anthers and pollen flies over the stigma. With age, the yellow color changes to red, and the flowers themselves do not bloom all at the same time, but open in turn - up to 7 inflorescences in 1 season.
When the shoots get stronger in spring, they are fed with a special liquid fertilizer for indoor plants. Throughout the entire flowering period, instructions are fed accordingly.
The gloriosa flower is a vine that holds onto a support with tendrils at the ends of the leaves. The stem is fragile, and since antennae may be missing at the bottom of the stem, so that the latter does not break, it must be tied up. The stem will not grow around the support, because The antennae cover only a thin wire, so you need to tie up the stem if you can't place a thin support. In May-June, indoor gloriosa is actively growing and can grow up to 2 m, which is not desirable. To reduce the length of the plant, it is necessary to direct the stem downward, gently bending it.
Plants should be replanted every spring. It is advisable to take a ceramic pot, low and wide. The best substrate is leafy and humus soil, peat and sand (2: 4: 0.5: 0.5). It is necessary to make high-quality drainage. Plant the tuber of the plant horizontally, sprinkling it with soil just a couple of centimeters. The gloriosa tuber has only one bud, the loss of which will lead to the infertility of the tuber, because the gloriosa flower will not germinate from part of the tuber. The plant is planted in late winter - early March, the substrate should be slightly damp all the time, and the temperature should be from 15 to 20 ° C. After the shoots appear, you need to rearrange the pot on a light windowsill.
Basically, the gloriosa plant is propagated by tubers, which are planted in 13-centimeter pots in mid-spring in a soil mixture of humus, leafy, turfy land and sand (2: 2: 1: 0.5). The tuber is planted with a sprout upward (with an angular fold at the top) and sprinkled with a 3 cm layer of soil. Better to use a bottom heater and keep the temperature at 20-24 ° C. Watering begins only after the sprout appears. The shoot is tied to a peg. When the roots completely encircle the pot from the inside, the gloriosa is transplanted into a larger pot or into open ground.
When glorious seeds multiply, the plant develops slowly. To obtain seeds, the plant is pollinated by transferring the pollen with a brush to the stigma of the same specimen. The seeds are collected and immediately planted in a substrate of equal parts of turf, peat and sand. You need to sow seeds at a temperature of 20 to 24 ° C, and these plants will bloom only in the 3rd year.
Gloriosa tubers cannot be eaten - they are poisonous. It is necessary to ensure that animals and children do not have access to the plant.
Gloriosa does not bloom and grows slowly. Due to a lack of light, the plant may develop slowly and not bloom. It can also be caused by damage to the tuber, or if the tubers have not been stored properly.
Gloriosa leaves turn yellow. From too dry air or lack of moisture in the soil, the tips of the leaves turn brown, and the leaves turn yellow.
Gloriosa leaves droop. In gloriosa at home, with sudden changes in temperature, the leaves droop and darken, and the shoots grow more slowly.
Gloriosa root rots. With excessive watering, gloriosa can rot the tuber, the leaves turn yellow, and the stems become lethargic and soft. To avoid this, the plant must be watered after the soil (top layer) has dried and high-quality drainage must be provided.
Gloriosa pests. Most often damaged by the scabbard. It can get sick with powdery mildew.
The species has a lot of synonyms - Gloriosa rothschildiana, Gloriosa abyssinica, Gloriosa virescens, Clinostylis speciosa, Gloriosa simplex other. The most common type in indoor floriculture, very decorative. Lives in Sri Lanka, Nepal, Tropical Africa, Malabar coast at an altitude of 1.5 km. Grows on clay soils in rain and monsoon forests. Shoots grow up to 1.5-2 m in height. The leaves are elongated-lanceolate, pointed towards the top, arranged in 3 pieces, growing in turn; up to 10 cm long, up to 3 cm wide; glossy. The flowers grow from the axils, have petals up to 8 cm long and up to 2.5 cm wide, wrinkled; from below inside yellow, above - scarlet-red, outside - pinkish-salmon color. The flowering period is June-August.
Inhabits the humid forests of tropical Africa. Shoots reach up to 1.5 m in length. Leaves are lanceolate, up to 8 cm long. Flowers grow from leaf axils, smooth, slightly wavy; petals are not bent, yellow-green with a red-yellow tint, up to 5 cm in length. The period of abundant flowering is summer.
Inhabits the humid forests of tropical Africa. Shoots twist - straight at first, then - branch. The length of the leaves reaches 8 cm, lanceolate. The flowers are axillary, growing one at a time on 10-centimeter pedicels; lanceolate petals, up to 10 cm long, the edges are wavy with a bend; dark red with purple spots at the bottom. The flowering period is summer. The variety Citrina dark red pattern on lemon-colored flowers.
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The lantana flower belongs to the Verbenaceae family. The plant is well suited to a subtropical climate, so it most often lives in Mexico, Colombia and India. But they learned to grow it in other countries. This flower is easily adaptable to life at home.
In appearance, lantana is a shrub with erect stems, on which spreading branches are formed. The size of the plant depends on the growing conditions. If caring for it is carried out correctly, then the bush quickly increases in size and can reach a height of 3 m. But there are varieties that are characterized by slow growth and small size in adult form.
Lantana branches are covered with light green bark, and some species may have thorns on them. The leaves are small, no more than 5 cm in diameter. They are bright green in color and ovoid with jagged edges.
The plant blooms in small inflorescences that can change color during the growing season. At first, the flowers are yellow or white, then they turn pink and deeply scarlet. They are characterized by an intense aroma.
Arenaria is a herbaceous plant that can be either annual, biennial or perennial. Plant height reaches no more than thirty-five centimeters. Small bushes are formed from branched stems. The leaves are sessile and are most often epileptic or ovoid. The leaves are short in length and grow no more than 20 mm. The flowers are slightly pinkish, and the center has a green tint. The beginning of flowering depends on the species. Early varieties bloom in April-May, and later ones in June. Flowering lasts no longer than a month.
In the humid coastal tropical forests of Africa and India, on sandy or rocky soil off the coast of the Pacific Ocean, you can meet a rare liana with flowers bright like the feathers of hummingbirds. This gloriosa is a creeping perennial tuberous plant of the columbia family with long, thin, very graceful stems. The herbaceous vine gloriosa was successfully introduced in Australia and the Pacific Islands, where today it can be found growing even in the wild, and the plant is distributed in the wild mainly by seeds. In Australia, gloriosa has displaced many species of native plants from its own habitat, filling and reclaiming territory, so today it is considered an invasive weed. These delicate-looking perennials have successfully adapted to a climate with alternating abundant summer rainfall and absolute drought, during which gloriosa hibernates, aerial shoots dry out, and a tuber with a rhizome rests in the ground until the onset of the wet period. Well, in a room culture, flower growers grow gloriosa from seeds, and if they are lucky enough to get it, then from tubers. Gloriosa seeds remain viable for no longer than 6-9 months, and seedlings bloom only in the third or fourth year. This year, Ukrainian flower growers were lucky enough to purchase gloriosa tubers in the catalog of "Selskiy Vestnik". And on the site's forum there is a separate topic in which experimental florists share their experience of growing gloriosa from seeds.
Germinating from a fusiform (sometimes funnel-shaped) tuber, the shoots first grow vertically, and only after the plant grows 4-5 juvenile leaves, the gloriosa stem begins to sway from side to side in search of reliable support. A dormant tuber has no roots, and, as a rule, there is only one growth point on it, when planting, it is also laid horizontally. Gloriosa rhizome grows from the root collar - the base of the stem, spreads horizontally underground. Leaves growing higher than juveniles have tendril-like endings, with which the gloriosa clings to the support, and its shoot stops vibrating. Gloriosa shoots grow in length (height) up to 2 and even 3 meters. Having firmly established itself in space, gloriosa finally decides to give offspring. In gloriosa that has reached "maturity", adult leaves already lose antennae, and the plant blooms. Gloriosa leaves 5-8 cm long, lanceolate, shiny, bright green. The vine grows very slowly.
Bloom occurs from July to October... The flowers of gloriosa are similar in shape to the flowers of a turban lily - its six petals are gracefully bent upward, the petals have wavy edges, and the staminate filaments protrude large anthers, like those of lilies, in different directions.
For this similarity, gloriosa is often referred to as the "glorious lily" or "lily of glory." Gloriosa Rothschild (like Gloriosa Superba) blooms with bright crimson flowers with a yellow border around the edges of the petals, other types of gloriosa have greenish-yellow or yellow flowers, there are species with orange, red or red-pink flowers. Flowers in gloriosa are single, located on long pedicels. After flowering, an ovary is formed on the plant in the form of triangular capsules - seed pods with a large number of seeds inside.
It often happens in the world that everything beautiful has an insidious disposition. The same fate befell gloriosa: its unprecedented beauty correlates with unprecedented toxicity: in the whole plant, from roots to flowers, gloriosa contains the strongest alkaloid colchicine, its tubers, rhizomes and seeds are especially rich in colchicine. It is because of the poisonous properties of gloriosa in Australia that they fight the plant: local animals, eating a beautiful foreign woman, simply die out. Even with skin contact with the sap from the stems and leaves of gloriosa, irritation occurs. And in India, famous for the whole world of alternative medicine, the "livestock" of gloriosa is maintained in the norm due to the use of the plant in medicinal preparations. And African peoples are actively using gloriasis in folk medicine. And in ancient times, the natives deliberately went in search of gloriosa in the forest: not for the sake of beautiful flowers - for the sake of obtaining poison-rich tubers, from which they prepared a deadly poison for their arrows. Today, gloriosa is the national flower of Zimbabwe and the national emblem of Tamil Nadu in southern India.
In the genus gloriosa, there are about 10 species and many varieties or hybrids, in indoor floriculture the most popular type of gloriosa is luxurious, also known as gloriosa superba, as well as the type of Rothschild gloriosa (Gloriosa Rothschildiana). The name of the genus comes from the Latin gloriosus, which means "glorious, illustrious", otherwise this fragile vine with graceful flowers simply cannot be called.
The process of growing seedlings from gloriosa seeds is described in many reference books.
In the summer, the gloriosa pot can be exposed outside.... When planting gloriosa tubers, it is preferable to prepare the soil from a mixture of garden soil with sand, deciduous humus is suitable, but sand must be added. It is necessary to place the plant in bright sunlight, gloriosa is not afraid of direct sunlight and even requires sunbathing in the morning or evening hours. The plant is fed from April to August; liquid fertilizers for geraniums can be applied every 10 days. Gloriosa is not too whimsical to air humidity, but it loves spraying the leaves. And the plant must be watered with caution: during the period of awakening of the tuber, watering is given every 8-10 days. When shoots appear, water it once every 4 days. But due to excessive waterlogging, gloriosa leaves can turn black and fall off. Planting - gloriosa transplant is arranged in Marchwhen the tubers are taken out to wake up to the light. The tubers are sent to rest in November: the plant is stopped from watering, the shoots are allowed to dry completely, the dried tubers must be stored at a temperature of 10-12 ° C. When propagating by seeds, it is recommended to sow gloriosa seeds in early February.
In the open field, gloriasis is often affected by aphids. Care should be taken when handling the long, thin tubers of gloriosa - they are very fragile, break easily and very poisonous.
Caring for indoor rhodochiton does not differ in exotic requirements. It is enough to provide the plant with high-quality soil, a comfortable pot, choose the right microclimate, watering and feeding regime.
With proper care, indoor Rhodochiton pleases for a long time with the flowering of magical and alluring inflorescences of fabulous beauty
Indoors, the Rhodochiton will be most comfortable in the depths of a bright and spacious room with sufficient sunlight. The best option is to place a container with a vine on the windowsills of windows facing west and east.
Indoor Rhodochiton prefers bright lighting
For indoor vines, you should choose volumetric pots or flowerpots with a diameter of more than 20 cm. For plants, fertile, air and permeable soil with drainage is suitable.
For Rhodochiton flowers, a loose soil rich in organic matter is of particular value.
As an additional top dressing, mineral fertilizers with a high phosphorus content are suitable for home crops. It is necessary to fertilize the plants once every 2 weeks.
There is no need to feed Rhodochiton flowers in winter.
The indoor vine should be watered regularly, avoiding stagnant water. Tropical culture requires constant maintenance of high air humidity. Regular spraying, use of humidifiers, placing an aquarium near a vine or a container of water are ideal conditions for a Rhodochiton to live indoors.
In autumn and winter, watering rhodochiton flowers is reduced
Since Rhodochiton is a type of tropical liana, the plant cannot grow and develop without support. In indoor conditions, you should take care in advance of what can serve as a support for creeping shoots.
Indoors, the tropical liana blooms mainly in the summer, but even in winter it can produce single flowers.
Rhodochiton flowers are bisexual, they form an ovary with seeds