The potato variety Red Scarlet was developed in Holland. The tubers are well transported and have good taste, and therefore are in great demand among gardeners. Consider the rules of cultivation, description and characteristics of the variety.
To get large yields of Red Scarlet potato, you need to be familiar with the cultivation technique.
To prepare the tubers for planting, the tubers are vernalized, that is, it is necessary to stand in the light for one month. Tubers intended for planting, taken out of the storage area into the light in a warm place and laid out in boxes in one layer. A room with a temperature of 16 degrees Celsius is suitable.
Make sure that there is light in the room, since without it dense shoots with a purple tint will not form.
In order for the sprouts to grow evenly, the tubers should be turned over once a week. If the room temperature is elevated, the variety is sometimes sprayed with water from a fine spray.
The potatoes prepared for planting have sprouts of 3 cm, the sprouts are stocky. Large tubers are cut into pieces so so that every part has a good sprout.
So that the Red Scarlet cut for planting does not begin to rot immediately after planting, the tubers are dried for 5 days and only after they start planting.
Planting feature is planting in high ridges. It was this method that showed high yields of tubers from one bush. When planting in the ridges, it is worth adding nitrogen fertilizers, which will contribute to a good build-up of the vegetative mass of the bush.
Also add 250 grams to the hole. ash, after which the tubers are laid out sprouts up. Hole dug up within 8cm... After planting, ridges up to 12 cm high are formed over the potatoes.
Tubers are planted according to the scheme 70x35 cm.
When the first shoots appear, they should be hilled, bringing the ridge to 20 cm.If after the growing bushes will have an elongated decaying bush shape, this will mean that it is worth hilling.
Watering in the absence of rain must be done three times per growing season:
If, at the time of cultivation, a pest such as the Colorado potato beetle is noticed, it will need to get rid of it with fungicides or pick it up by hand, removing orange eggs from the underside of the leaf plate.
Top dressing is carried out three times during the summer season. The first is applied a month after planting the tubers with a complex nitrogen-potassium fertilizing.
If the tops grow beautiful and green, the variety does not need feeding.
The second top dressing is applied during flowering, and the third one a week after flowering. That is, top dressing always coincides with mandatory watering. Fertilizers are applied only after watering.
In order to understand the large quantities of various varieties and choose the best one for yourself, you should familiarize yourself as best as possible with the description of the variety.
The peel of the variety is rather thin and has a pink color. The skin is smooth to the touch. The eyes are occasionally located on the surface, 1 mm deep.
When the sprouts begin to grow in the light, they have a purple hue at the base. When cut the pulp is white or slightly yellowish.
During cooking, the pulp does not change color.
The shape of the tuber is oval-elongated and almost all tubers are aligned in shape and size. The weight of individual tubers in a bush ranges from 80 to 120 grams. there are also larger tubers up to 150 grams, which is quite rare.
In these large tubers, the shape becomes irregular and differs from the bulk. The starch content is 10-16% and therefore the potatoes practically do not boil over during the cooking process.
Number of tubers in one bush may hesitate from 15 to 20 pieces... Since their formation in the bush takes place almost simultaneously, the size is almost the same.
The height of the bush is quickly formed and has medium-sized stems. The variety blooms with red-purple flowers. The leaf plates are dark green and slightly wavy at the edges.
Choosing a place for a variety is not easy: it is grown in the central and southern regions of Russia, here it shows a high yield. It is not suitable for a hot and humid climate. If a great heat is established in the region, then the tubers planted in the ridges need to water more oftento keep moisture in the ground.
When planting in the holes, you need to add potash fertilizers.
Scarlet's yield characteristics depend on the growing region. In some, you can get 45 tons per hectare, but there are also bountiful harvests when it is 60 tons per hectare. Since the tubers contain a large amount of amino acids and various minerals and vitamins, the taste is at a good level.
This is an early maturing variety and young tubers can be dug up 65 days after planting in the ground. Table variety and potatoes can be used as for cooking and fryingbecause the slices of the cut tubers hold their shape well and do not decay.
Cooking tip: Red Scarlet is suitable for making chips and fries.
When growing a variety, it should be remembered that it has 6.5 points on the drought tolerance scale. Therefore, if there is no rain in the region during the flowering period, plantings need timely watering.
Primingwhere culture grows, should be looseso that moisture penetrates well to the root system.
Even if the variety is resistant to adverse environmental conditions, it still needs the necessary care, otherwise a good harvest will not be obtained.
Red Scarlett is planted in May, when the ground warms up well and shoots can be seen in two weeks.
Growing tip: if seed potatoes are scarce, then tubers can be divided in such a way that in each part there are eyes, from which the bush will later develop.
Tubers are planted according to the scheme 70x35 cm, the first shoots can be seen after 14 days, but if there are recurrent frosts in the region at this moment, the shoots may be delayed for a week.
After germination, the potatoes need care for 60 days, after which you can start digging young potatoes.
Some people believe that there is nothing else in tubers other than starch and therefore should not be eaten. But this is far from the case. The tubers contain:
Therefore, if the human body is deprived of these vitamins, then after a while a shortage of these vitamins will be noticeable.
Use potatoes need in moderationrather than eating tubers around the clock.
This variety has a great keeping quality, but in order to preserve the tubers until the next harvest, certain conditions must be created in the storage areas. These conditions, first of all, are possessed by:
Track down so that the selected place does not freeze in winter, otherwise the potatoes will lose their taste and begin to deteriorate. The upper temperature limit should not rise above +5 degrees.
You can store by folding potatoes into vegetable boxes, bags. The main thing here is that air penetrates the potatoes. Also, there should be no daylight in storage areas so that the potatoes do not germinate and turn green.
The variety is well resistant to various diseases and pests:
Concerning diseases the variety has medium resistance to scab and late blight that sometimes occurs on the tops. And late blight of tubers never happens.
To entrust large yields of potatoes, it is worth fulfilling some planting and care requirements:
Early potatoes, and planting, do not rush to the timing of landing in open ground... The beginning of June is also similar - then at the end of August you will get a wonderful harvest that will be stored all winter and will serve as an excellent side dish for meat and fish dishes.
Potatoes are early maturing varieties, the ripening period is 70-80 days, depending on climatic conditions. The variety is fruitful, there are at least 10-15 tubers in the bush with a minimum content of substandard fines. Red-tuber variety of Dutch selection adapted for the middle zone, recommended for growing on farms and in private household plots. The variety is drought tolerant, but with good watering, yields increase. Little is affected by pests: nematode, wireworm, Colorado potato beetle, but in unfavorable regions, preventive treatment of the bushes will be required. Development of scab, late blight of leaves, alternaria is possible.
The bushes are compact, erect, with strong stems and medium-sized leaves. The tops form quickly, the leaves are dark green, wavy at the edges. The color of the corolla ranges from pale pink to purple-lilac.
The tubers have a matte, slightly rough, thin skin of a pinkish-red color. The eyes are small and sparse, of a darker shade, the light sprouts are creamy, pink or purple at the base. The pulp is creamy white, juicy, dense. The shape of the tubers is elongated-rounded, the potatoes are even, smooth, without bumps and pits. When grown properly, tubers are large, but not overly large. The mass ranges from 80 to 120 g. There are also larger specimens, but they usually turn out to be less even and beautiful. The potatoes are tied at the same time, which makes harvesting easier and increases the yield.
The starch content in potatoes is moderate, ranging from 10 to 17%. The tubers do not boil much during cooking, keeping their beautiful shape. Suitable for frying, baking whole or in slices, cooking fries, stews, soups. In industrial conditions, potatoes are used for the production of chips or freezing. The taste of tubers is balanced, pleasant, moderately rich. Root crops are high in valuable amino acids and vitamins.
Red Scarlet early potatoes keep well and can be grown for sale. After harvesting, the dried tubers are placed in the cellar, with long-term storage they are sorted out at least 2 times per season.
The yield of the variety depends on the region and the method of cultivation. On average, 40-45 tons are harvested per hectare, the maximum recorded yield is 60 tons per hectare. The maximum yield is observed at the end of the growing season.
This type of potato owes its name to the heroes worldwide. famous novel by Margaret Mitchell "Gone with the Wind"... It also combines all the finest noble properties like Scarlett and Red possessed. The Scarlet potato was bred not so long ago by Dutch scientists, but has already managed to take a leading position among other potato varieties in almost all countries of the world. There is also another version why this type of potato has exactly this name - if translated from English, then red means red, and scarlett translates as bright scarlet, which suits the appearance of the variety. This species is included in the State Register of Russia.
If we consider the description of the potato variety Red Scarlet, then it consists of an elongated tuber that has a regular shape, visually resembling an oval, with the presence of a peel of a pinkish-raspberry color. The skin of the potato is quite thin, very pleasant to the touch and has a smooth surface. This variety has eyes that are not particularly noticeable from the first time, we can even say that they are somewhat superficial. Their depth is approximately 1.5 mm. They are yellow or dark in color.
As for the shade of potato light sprouts, then they can be both red at the base and purple. The color of the flesh of raw tubers of this variety can vary from light yellow to white. Based on the feedback from people, this potato variety does not darken at all during cutting before cooking, and retains its own main color during the cooking process.
The mass of tubers can be from 50 to 120 grams. According to the responses of buyers, sometimes there are even very impressive sizes of specimens, which can reach about 150 g in weight. On a bush, the number of tubers can be from 15 to 20 pieces. They grow practically at the same time, so the difference in size is unlikely to be too noticeable.
Description of the potato bush Red Scarlet is as follows - it is an upright small shrub with distinctive stems of medium thickness. The bushes of this potato variety, if you believe the reviews of gardeners, have tops, which are formed quite quickly. The color of the corolla of the flower can be reddish-purple, as well as light pink-lilac.
If you trust the reviews of summer residents, you can make sure that the type of potato Red Scarlet has good properties. The best regions of our state for its cultivation are Central and South.
This superior potato grows best in a humid, not particularly hot climate.
Very important when planting root crops inject huge amounts of calcium... This is due to the fact that the yield of this species directly depends on the territory where it is grown. The reviews say that from one hectare of territory, on average, it is possible to collect about 45 tons of potatoes.
The largest harvest that can be obtained is it is about 60 tons... The yield of still young potatoes may initially be 250 centners per hectare. Regarding the taste properties of the species, we can say that they are quite high. The tubers contain minerals, amino acids and vitamins necessary for the body. The variety has an early ripening period, because approximately 70 days pass from the moment of planting the tubers to the beginning of the first harvest.
The degree of drought resistance is equal to the average, according to a special scale, is 5, 6 points. Tubers do not tend to darken with insignificant damage, and they perfectly tolerate transportation, including over long distances. This variety, as they say in many reviews, during use shows good taste properties both boiled and roasted. Specifically, this type of potato produces the most delicious crispy fries and chips, because the sliced slices keep the shape obtained during the finishing process quite well.
This type of potato has good immunity and able to fight back almost all diseases, eg:
These diseases are very dangerous. - for example, when cancer occurs on the plane of the tubers, a nasty white bloom appears, which after a while becomes dark in color and grows. As for the aboveground part, it is characterized by the appearance of unusual growths. In this case, as soon as diseased tubers have been found, they should be removed immediately.And as a preventive measure, the culture before planting is recommended to be treated with a solution of foundationol for half an hour.
The variety also has an average degree of hardiness. regarding late blight of tops and common scab... Late blight is a known disease in which a very small fungus infects a crop, provoking rotting inside it. Especially quickly, this destructive process occurs under the condition of humid warm weather. To combat the disease, tubers should be treated with copper sulfate or boric acid before planting. This type of potato has the highest resistance to late blight of tubers.
In addition, like other types of potatoes, this potato variety to the liking of Colorado beetles and a bear... In order to get rid of the bear, use a vinegar solution - for 10 liters of water you need to take 3 tablespoons of vinegar. Then the resulting solution is poured into holes for half a liter. To combat the Colorado potato beetle, which can kill the leaves of a crop, they use such an old method as manual harvesting, as well as a more innovative one - the purchase of special chemicals and subsequent processing. Please note that this should be done no later than 20 days before harvest.
The bushes are low, erect, covered with medium-sized leaves. The color of tops and leaves is deep green. The thickness of the stems is average. The edge of the leaf plate is slightly wavy. Flowers can be of different shades:
The tops grow actively, from 15 to 20 potatoes are formed on one bush... It is convenient to take care of the plantings, since the bushes are compact and, with timely hilling, do not grow in breadth. The likelihood of growing a good crop of Red Scarlett is high. By purchasing high-quality seed material, the gardener may well expect to receive marketable tubers in the fall in the required amount.
True potato lovers are interested in all the main characteristics of Scarlet potatoes. First of all, a description of the tubers of the Red Scarlet potato variety. All important parameters, which are guaranteed by the description given by the manufacturer for this variety, are given in the summary table.
|appointment||table (frying, cooking, fries)|
|richness of potatoes||weak|
|starch (%)||from 10.1 to 15.6|
|dry matter (%)||≤ 18,6|
|maximum yield for industrial cultivation||270 c / ha|
|maximum yield in private household plots||from 16 to 19 kg / sq. m|
|commercial quality of the harvested crop (%)||96|
|keeping quality (%)||98|
|mass of one medium-sized tuber||50-120 g|
|pulp (color)||from white to cream|
|eyes (depth, number)||slightly, shallow|
|peel (texture)||smooth or slightly rough|
|peel (color)||root vegetables with red skin|
|tuber size||middle, aligned|
|the form||oval, elongated|
Despite the short ripening period, Red Scarlet potatoes need constant supervision. Without this, it will not be possible to harvest a large harvest.
The variety is drought tolerant, but it is not worth experimenting. The soil must be regularly moistened and not allowed to dry out constantly.
Usually it is enough 1-2 times a week, but then you should be guided by the weather. If it rains, you don't have to worry.
Attention! Watering is especially important after the first shoots appear, since tubers are formed.
Various dressings help maintain the seedlings and fill them with nutrients. Red Scarlet responds especially well to complex mixtures.
Important! You can apply top dressing only in the morning or in the evening, otherwise the seedlings will burn in the sun.
You should not be too zealous with fertilizers, as their excess is dangerous. They cause burns and negatively affect yields.
The first time feeding is applied with the emergence of sprouts, the second time in flowering, and a week later, repeat. Additionally, plantings can be fertilized only if the tops are pale, sluggish and no stem growth is observed.
In comparison with other varieties, Red Scarlet is very sensitive to soil. Therefore, it must be loosened - this facilitates the access of oxygen and moisture to the roots.
The first hilling is carried out when the sprouts reach a height of 10 cm. They rake the earth to the bushes and form small mounds from it. This helps to protect the planting from the bright sun. In addition, more roots are formed inside the large hill, on which new tubers are formed.
After the potatoes reach a height of 40 cm, a second hilling is carried out. Together with it, hay, tops or cut branches are laid. This additive allows the soil to retain moisture better.
The first harvest is carried out on day 50. A week before the day of digging up the potatoes, the tops are cut off - this will speed up the formation of tubers.
Experienced gardeners recommend paying close attention to the quality of the planting material. The tubers should not be too small, whole, without mechanical or other damage. Excellent elite potatoes can also be obtained from seeds, but this will take a lot of patience. In general, for this variety, the general rule is true: a more bountiful harvest will grow from large tubers.
Red Scarlet potatoes are very sensitive to soil quality. Before planting, digging up the site is carried out in the fall with the introduction of compost. Re-digging is carried out in the spring after the soil has thawed. They harrow, trying to obtain the lightest and most loose structure, and apply potash and nitrogen fertilizers. In this case, the tubers will receive unhindered access to moisture and air.
The optimal precursor for Red Scarlet potatoes is peas, as well as beans and lentils. It is perfectly acceptable to alternate them with each other every year. If vegetable crops, especially cruciferous ones, served as predecessors, then the optimal crop rotation interval is 3-4 years.
Since the planting of Red Scarlet potatoes will be carried out in rows, between which it is extremely important to maintain identical distances, a cord is marked in advance. Cord planting results in even rows that are easier to care for.
Before planting, the tubers of Red Scarlet potatoes are laid out in an even layer in a moderately warm room (about + 15 0 С). It is important to ensure that the planting material can dry out, and lighting is also required. In such conditions, strong shoots grow quickly. If it is too cold or hot, not enough light, then the sprouts will be fragile and skinny.
Carefully examine all Red Scarlet tubers; it is necessary to discard those on which dark spots are present. Darkening indicates the onset of late blight. Once every 2 days, the tubers must be turned over so that the sprouts grow evenly. If the eyes have not sprouted in a week, then the tubers must be carefully heated to + 40 0 С (do not overheat!), Which will spur the activity of growth points. The sprouts ready for planting should be about 2 cm long.
Planting Red Scarlet potatoes can be carried out in the usual way, digging holes (on a shovel bayonet) and lowering 1 tuber into them. But a much higher yield can be obtained if planted in the ridges. To do this, a 12 cm high roller is formed from loose soil along the ridge line. The distance between the ridges of Red Scarlet potatoes is 70-80 cm. Between individual bushes they measure 25-35 cm, focusing on the size of the tubers (the larger, the greater the distance). Pour 1 glass of wood ash into each hole. The tubers are lowered into the holes, directing the sprouts up.
Watering Red Scarlet potatoes should be done regularly if the region is arid. If the temperature in the summer months rises above + 30 0 C, then there is a risk of potatoes baking in the soil. Hilling and abundant watering save from this. If the amount of precipitation is quite enough, then the planned watering is carried out necessarily before flowering, after it and the third time another 2 weeks later.
The first feeding of Red Scarlet potatoes is carried out a month after planting, and then 2 more times with an interval of 4 weeks. The composition of the applied fertilizer per square meter:
This does not exclude the introduction of organic matter into the soil before planting (spring digging). Rotted manure, compost, and bird droppings are ideal.
Weeding is carried out throughout the growing season. The fact is that weeds harm plantings not only by sucking moisture and nutrients. Tough roots can pierce Red Scarlet tubers, thereby impairing their quality. Loosening must be carried out simultaneously with weeding, removing the roots of perennial weeds from the soil. The cut grasses are removed from the site, dried in the sun and burned to use the ash as fertilizer. It is not worth putting weeds on the compost, since the seeds in the compost heaps do not rot, but actively start growing when they enter the soil.
Red Scarlet potatoes require double hilling. The first is carried out at planting, and the second is carried out after flowering. As a result, the height of the ridge should reach at least 20 cm. When manually hilling, hoes are used, trying to form the ridges very carefully, not going deep into the soil under the shoots, but scooping up the soil from the middle of the rows.
Since Red Scarlet potatoes are resistant to mechanical damage, they are perfectly stored in the cellar. However, experts recommend not leaving the crop in the soil for a long time (Figure 7).
Figure 7. Tubers need to be dug out on time, otherwise they will become uneven
The technical ripeness of a vegetable occurs 80 days after the emergence of sprouts. At this time, you need to harvest. If you carry out the procedure later, the surface of the tubers will become uneven. The harvest of this variety should be stored in the usual way.
You will learn more information about the productive potato variety Red Scarlet from the video.