We build a gazebo with our own hands - calculation of materials and step-by-step instructions


Gazebos are a great place to relax. In them you can both sit in between summer cottages and use them as a summer dining room or a place to celebrate significant events. In addition, more and more owners of summer cottages and suburban areas prefer to make these structures with their own hands, which allows them to be used not only for recreation.

Types of garden gazebos

A gazebo is a lightweight covered structure located in the local area, in a garden or park. It usually has a small table and a number of benches on one side or along the perimeter of the structure. The main purpose of the gazebos is a resting place with protection from rain and the scorching sun, where you can comfortably sit for a short period of time.

The gazebo can be a great vacation spot for the whole family.

Gazebos, like any other buildings, can be classified according to several criteria. Usually, arbors are distinguished, differing in shape and type. In some sources, you can find a classification according to the material of manufacture and construction of the roof.

By form

The shape of the structure is a fundamental feature, especially when the laying of the supporting base and the construction of the structure will be done independently. The shape of the gazebo directly affects its appearance and functional design features.

For example, polygonal gazebos fit easily into the exterior of almost any home. Round structures perfectly complement the garden located near residential buildings, and non-standard structures allow you to equip an additional place to relax in the form of a small lounger or hammock.

Round gazebo

A round gazebo or a rotunda gazebo (from Lat. Rotondus - round) is most often an open or semi-open structure. The simplest structure is 6–9 supports supporting the roof, located on the base with some step. A plank floor on a columnar or strip foundation is used as a base.

A round gazebo is ideal for a small garden on the site

The advantages of the round shape include the following:

  • beautiful appearance;
  • uniform shading;
  • even load distribution;
  • great opportunities for decoration.

If we compare the round gazebo with other buildings, then the rotunda is structurally more complex. For its construction, it will take much more time, which is necessary for processing materials and giving them the appropriate shape. A hip or arched roof, erected with round arbors, also has a more complex structure.

Rectangular or square building

Rectangular and square gazebos are the most common type of structures that are set up in summer cottages and the local area. The standard design is made of timber and edged boards or shaped pipes. Usually, supports for the roof are located along the perimeter of the gazebo in increments of 1-1-1.5 m.

A pitched structure is used as roofs for rectangular and square gazebos. This allows not only to speed up the construction of the structure, but also improves the protection of the interior space from slanting rain and downpour.

Rectangular gazebos are the easiest to manufacture, including when using wood or profiled pipes

The advantages of a square and rectangular shape include the following:

  • relatively short terms for the construction and arrangement of the gazebo;
  • low cost of construction, especially when using wood and scrap materials;
  • the possibility of self-construction without special building skills.

The decorative and functional qualities of gazebos of a strict form directly depend on their size. But in comparison with round structures, the complexity of making square gazebos does not greatly depend on the size of the structure. This allows you to build a building according to your own drawings, not particularly limited in size.

Structures of non-standard shape

As a rule, non-standard gazebos are understood as hexagonal gazebos, structures with a full-fledged porch or other structures that have additional space that will be used to store some things, rest or prepare food in a specially equipped place.

Arbors that are non-standard in shape are erected quite rarely (except for hexagonal ones). Usually, qualified workers are engaged in their design and construction, since their arrangement requires pouring a full-fledged slab or strip base. An additional complexity is caused by the construction of the roof structure and its sheathing.

Unlike gazebos of other forms, non-standard structures provide more opportunities for decoration. For example, arbors of complex shapes can be made in a semi-closed form, which will allow you to decorate the closed part with climbing plants or place street lighting fixtures on it.

Type

Arbors can be conditionally divided into three groups: open, semi-open and closed. In some cases, you can find combined options for structures, when one part of the gazebo has a completely closed structure, and the other is half-open. And also gazebos of a large area can be equipped with a small kitchen or a place for cooking food on an open fire.

Open design

The opening of the gazebo is most often a rectangular or square structure, which is erected in places with limited lighting during the day. Usually, for their manufacture, an edged board, bars and wooden beams, as well as a profile pipe, are used.

Outdoor gazebos are most often used as sun protection during lunch and relaxation.

The most common roof structure is single or gable, covered with slate or bitumen roll coating. The role of the base is played by a plank floor made of edged boards 2-3 cm thick.

The main function of an open gazebo is a place to relax and protect from the sun. Protection from rain and wind is not very effective due to the airflow. Open gazebos are distinguished by an optimal price-to-quality ratio. In fact, this is the simplest type of structure that a person can build at least once using a hacksaw and a screwdriver.

Semi-open gazebo

Semi-open gazebos can be of any shape. Most often they are erected in the form of rectangular frame structures, when the back of the gazebo is sheathed with edged boards, plastic panels or slab material. Around the perimeter of the semi-open gazebo, fences or sides are arranged, sheathed with wood or panels.

Semi-open gazebos perfectly protect from both the scorching sun and light slanting rain

The advantages of semi-open structures include the following:

  • good protection from rain and wind;
  • quick erection when using wood or metal;
  • the possibility of upgrading to a closed type.

As such, semi-open types of gazebos do not have significant drawbacks. The only thing is that before erecting them, you will need to choose the right place. Otherwise, the structure will be blown through, and the sheathed walls will not save from the wind. Moreover, if in the region where the structure is being built, precipitation often falls, then the choice of the place is most important.

Closed building with windows

Closed gazebos are almost complete summer houses. The most popular construction is a rectangular or multifaceted structure with frame walls erected between the supports, on which a pitched or hip roof is attached.

Covered gazebos are ideal for a comfortable pastime in cold weather

Usually, several of the walls are completely blank, and in front of the closed gazebo there are several large windows. A glazed frame is used as an entrance door to the full height of the building. This allows you to better illuminate the interior of the gazebo. In most cases, indoor gazebos are equipped with lighting, and in some insulated versions, full-fledged heating.

Indoor gazebos are ideal for large summer cottages, when inside the structure you can cook food for lunch, relax during the day, or even stay overnight. The only drawback is that a professional or a person with similar work experience should be engaged in their design and construction. Especially if a brazier or other cooking equipment is installed inside the gazebo.

With barbecue and a place for cooking

Gazebos with barbecue can be made both in an open and semi-open or closed version. The choice of the form directly depends on the personal preferences of the owner of the site and his financial capabilities. For the construction of open gazebos with barbecue, both wood, concrete and metal, as well as polycarbonate and slate are used.

For semi-open and closed options, it is better to use a profile pipe and brick, since when wall cladding, the risk of fire for wooden elements increases greatly. This is especially true for structures that will be built in regions with strong gusty winds.

Open gazebos allow you to easily install a ready-made grill of almost any design

Among the features of such gazebos are the following:

  • a single space for cooking and eating;
  • additional heating from the barbecue for closed winter gazebos;
  • durability and high maintainability due to the use of non-combustible materials.

For the construction of gazebos with barbecue, a solid supporting concrete base is required. The type of foundation depends on the size of the structure and the type of barbecue used. If possible, preference should be given to a brick building on a slab foundation. As a barbecue, it is better to use completely brick equipment, folded according to individual parameters.

With and without support base

The choice of the base for the gazebo depends on its size and functional features. Small gazebos made of wood with a pitched roof, as a rule, are light in weight. They do not require a high-strength concrete base for their installation.

Platforms made of wood, brick or block materials are sufficient. In this case, the location of the gazebo should be dry and far from artificial or natural reservoirs. The advantage of light arbors is also that they can be carried from place to place.

Closed and other dimensional gazebos are erected only on a full-fledged slab of concrete

Gazebos with a large base area, made of thick timber, brick or metal, are heavy. For their construction, a full-fledged foundation is required. Usually, a columnar, strip or slab foundation is used as a base.

For large open arbors, which will be located on dry, non-flooded ground, a columnar foundation with 4–9 supports is sufficient. The exact number of supports depends on the shape of the building and its weight. For large semi-open and closed gazebos, it is better to equip a slab reinforced foundation.

With and without subfloor

Structurally, all gazebos can be divided into structures with and without a full floor. The floor in the gazebo is made of a thick wooden board or insulated concrete screed on a load-bearing base.

The thickness and construction of the floor depends on the size of the structure and its functional purpose. For example, in summer closed gazebos, the floor is not insulated, but is done with a certain gap so that the space inside is freely ventilated.

The presence of a floor in the gazebo increases comfort and cleanliness inside the building

The advantages of floor structures include the following:

  • aesthetically pleasing appearance;
  • insulated floor helps to retain heat inside the gazebo;
  • inside the gazebo is kept clean and comfortable, especially in the cold season.

Floorless gazebos are open and semi-open structures. The base is soil or a surface lined with bricks, stones or slabs. Despite the lack of a full-fledged floor, the gazebo is still being erected on the basis, which is selected in accordance with its dimensions.

Video: semi-open gazebo with a metal frame

What can you build from

For the construction of gazebos, various materials and improvised means can be used. The most affordable material for the construction of the frame and wall cladding is timber and edged board, respectively, and for roofing - slate, siding and fabric materials.

If there are funds, then for the construction of gazebos, a profiled pipe of various sections, bricks, foam blocks and rounded timber are used. In order to understand in detail the entire range of materials used for the construction of gazebos, you should consider the structural parts of this building in more detail.

Structure frame

The most common method used for the construction of gazebos and summer houses is frame technology, when the walls of the structure are located between the load-bearing supports on which the roof structures are attached. Depending on the type of gazebo, the supports can be sheathed with various materials. If desired, windows and technical ventilation openings can be inserted into the walls.

Wooden beams and edged boards

Wood is a traditional material used for framing and roofing structures for gazebos, utility rooms and residential buildings. For the construction of gazebos, as a rule, a square beam 150x150x3000 mm, an edged board 30x100x3000 mm, and an edged bar 50x50x3000 mm are used. You can use boards and beams with other parameters, but the given sizes of materials are the most versatile in their use.

Timber beams and planks are ideal materials in terms of price-performance ratio

The advantages of wood as the main material for manufacturing include:

  • light weight - the construction of a wooden arbor, especially in comparison with brick and stone, is noticeably lower. This makes the construction process easier and saves on the construction of the bearing base;
  • safety - wood is an environmentally friendly material. It is pleasant to be inside a wooden gazebo even for a long time. In addition, wooden structures retain heat well;
  • low cost - the total cost of building wooden arbors is noticeably lower than brick counterparts. Especially if it is planned to erect semi-open summer-type structures.

Wooden structures are easy to equip and decorate. Among the significant disadvantages of wood as a material, it is possible to note the hygroscopicity and low fire resistance of wood, which can lead to damage to the supporting elements of the structure.

To avoid damage, all wooden parts of the gazebo should be treated with a wood preservative. Compositions for treatment are selected individually and can be presented as a conventional impregnation with antiseptic properties, and decorative varnish with fire protection.

Profile pipe of various cross-sections

Metal is a durable and relatively affordable material, therefore it is often used for the construction of lightweight semi-open frame structures.Typically, the material used is a profile pipe 25x25x3000, 30x30x3000 and 40x20x3000 mm, as well as a metal pipe VGP 40x3 mm. Forged products, which are mounted around the perimeter of the gazebo to a height of 1–1.5 m, act as decorative finishes.

The profile pipe allows you to create a gazebo of any configuration and shape

Among the advantages of metal pipes are the following:

  • service life - with appropriate processing, the average service life of a steel pipe is 30 years or more;
  • relatively low weight - open gazebos made of steel pipes are lightweight, which allows you to erect a gazebo on a conventional columnar foundation;
  • ease of work with the material - to assemble the gazebo, you will need a simple tool or the ability to work with a welding machine.

In most cases, it is more rational to use the services of qualified welders. They will help to assemble the gazebo together with the customer as soon as possible. For example, it will take no more than 4 hours to erect the frame of a small gazebo (3x5 m) for 3-4 people.

The disadvantages of the metal include its low resistance to corrosion processes and rapid heating under the influence of sunlight. To solve problems with rust, the frame of the gazebo and the joints with the fasteners are painted with moisture-resistant paint. The protective cover should be renewed as needed.

Brick and block materials

Brick is the most suitable material for the construction of closed gazebos on a slab base. In fact, this material allows you to assemble a full-fledged structure with windows, heating, a place for cooking, etc. In this case, the building will look no worse, and in most cases even better than a residential building.

Brick is very often used in combination with other cheaper materials.

Among the advantages of bricks are its durability and versatility. If, during the operation of the brick arbor, damage to the supports or the load-bearing wall occurs, then the damaged elements can be easily replaced.

For the construction of a brick gazebo, you will need the ability to work with concrete mix and experience in bricklaying. This, in fact, is the main disadvantage associated with the use of this material. And it can also be noted that most often brick is used in combination with other materials. This allows not only to save money, but also significantly increases the decorative qualities of the building.

Materials at hand

In addition to materials that can be purchased at hardware stores, various improvised means can be used to build gazebos. Usually, these are surplus finishing materials left over after construction, as well as simple materials that can be found in a summer cottage or forest.

Dry branches and reeds are free material for the construction of open and semi-open gazebos

Among the most common materials of this type are:

  • dry branches and old but sturdy boards;
  • dry rough logs and wooden blocks;
  • wooden pallets and euro pallets;
  • dry reed and reed mats;
  • plastic containers and pieces of polycarbonate;
  • glass and plastic containers of various sizes.

The materials described above are best used in combination. This will allow you to build not only a beautiful, but also a solid gazebo. An exception, perhaps, are wooden pallets, which allow you to build a gazebo entirely from them. At the same time, a gazebo made of pallets can be easily decorated, and its final cost is several times lower than analogs made of timber or metal.

Video: a review of a wooden gazebo after a year of operation

Sheathing and roof

The roof structure is one of the most important parts of any structure. Not only the service life of the gazebo, but also the comfort inside it will depend on how well the roof is erected. This is especially true for closed structures.The wall cladding, in turn, forms the microclimate inside the building and protects the interior space from the effects of wind and moisture.

Polycarbonate

Cellular and monolithic polycarbonate is an excellent material that can be used to cover the roof and wall cladding of the gazebo. Depending on the roof structure, polycarbonate sheets of various sizes are used.

Monolithic and cellular polycarbonate are well suited as a material for roofing

The most commonly used sheets of monolithic polycarbonate with a size of 2.05x3.05 m with a thickness of 3 to 5 mm. Cellular polycarbonate sheets have slightly different dimensions, but usually 2.1x3 m polycarbonate with a thickness of 6 to 10 mm is used, which is then adjusted to the required parameters. For fixing the sheets, galvanized self-tapping screws or bolts with a special washer are used.

The advantages of polycarbonate include the following:

  • impact resistance;
  • fire resistance;
  • flexibility and speed of installation;
  • thermal insulation qualities;
  • a large selection of colors.

Among the disadvantages of this material, one can single out low resistance to abrasion, but when used as a roof covering, this type of impact is unlikely.

It is not recommended to use scratched or damaged polycarbonate for covering gazebos when the structure is completely in an open area. Under the influence of sunlight, the unprotected material is destroyed and loses its properties.

Profiled sheet

Profiled sheet is widely used for roofing and wall cladding of technical buildings. In the case of gazebos, corrugated board is best suited for roofing, as it allows you to create a strong and stainless pitched roof in the shortest possible time. It can also be used for wall cladding, but from an aesthetic point of view, this is far from the best option.

The profiled sheet is especially convenient to use when you need to quickly sheathe the walls of the frame gazebo

For sheathing of roofs, profiled sheeting MP-20x1100-R, S-44x1000-A, MP-35x1035 is used. This is a galvanized sheet with a protective decorative and polymer coating that prevents damage to the metal.

The advantages of the profiled sheet include a high service life of the material, low weight, resistance to heat and low temperatures, ease of installation and low cost. The main drawback is the noise that the metal sheet will make during the rain, which will make it unpleasant to be inside the gazebo at this moment.

Strained glass

Tempered glass is a modernized analogue of conventional glass used for glazing typical housing. Glass tempering increases its technical and operational qualities by several times - this allows the material to be used for glazing roofs and facades of various structures and buildings.

If we talk about gazebos, tempered glass allows you to create light and beautiful buildings that can be used all year round. It is perfect both for covering the roof and for installing as a stained-glass window, which will act as a wall. Usually, glass with a thickness of 6 mm or more is used to create glass roofs and walls of gazebos.

Tempered glass is ideal for glazing closed gazebos

Among the advantages of tempered glass are the following:

  • high temperature resistance;
  • impact resistance;
  • safety;
  • versatility.

The main disadvantages of this glass are the high cost, as well as the impossibility of cutting at the construction site. Tempered glass must be selected and prepared for a specific project so that during installation there are no difficulties with its installation.

Vinyl and metal siding

Traditionally, vinyl and steel siding is used for cladding frame technical or residential buildings. If desired, it can be used for covering semi-open or closed gazebos.In some cases, you can even use basement siding, which, in fact, is analogous to vinyl with the only difference that it has a texture like stone or brick.

Vinyl siding is used for cladding closed buildings when wall insulation is required

The advantages of this material include the following:

  • low cost;
  • quick installation;
  • the possibility of preliminary wall insulation;
  • service life is more than 15 years.

Among the disadvantages of vinyl siding are its relatively low strength. With constant and prolonged exposure to sunlight, material burnout is possible, which is especially important for cheap or low-quality panels.

Metal siding is devoid of the listed disadvantages, but if the polymer layer is damaged, corrosion processes may develop. To avoid this, it is recommended to periodically inspect the surface of the sheathed walls and remove scratches and chips with a special paint.

Soft bituminous shingles

Soft or flexible shingles are a roofing covering based on bitumen and fiberglass, covered with basalt chips. The material has high strength and wear-resistant qualities. The average service life of soft tiles is more than 25 years without severe loss of appearance.

Bituminous shingles have an attractive appearance and a service life of over 30 years

When arranging a gazebo, tiles allow you to cover the roof in a fairly short period of time, especially when it comes to a hip or arched roof. On average, it takes no more than 3 hours to cover a gable roof with a slope size of 3x5 m.

In comparison with other roofing materials, tiles have practically no drawbacks. The only negative is its cost, which starts from 350-400 rubles / m2... It is not recommended to purchase cheaper options, as their service life is noticeably lower.

Slate and its analogues

Wave slate is a traditional roofing material used for roofing both residential and technical buildings. Thanks to canvases ranging from 150 to 300 cm long and up to 150 cm wide, the roof sheathing process is performed in a matter of hours. If necessary, damaged material can also be easily dismantled and replaced with a new blade.

It is better to replace ordinary asbestos-cement slate with a more modern metal analogue

The advantages of this roofing material include the following:

  • comparative hardness;
  • heat resistance and incombustibility;
  • not susceptible to decay and corrosion;
  • ability to suppress external noise;
  • service life over 20 years.

Among the disadvantages of slate, its low strength is noted, which, if improperly transported or laid on the roof surface, will certainly lead to damage to the canvas. Large weight is also a significant disadvantage, since even relatively light arbors may require a good foundation.

In addition, slate absorbs moisture well, which obliges the owner to periodically clean the material if he does not want the roof of the gazebo to be covered with moss.

Acrylic fabric and raincoat

Acrylic or polyester fabrics are most often used as roofing when the gazebo has a collapsible structure or is used only in the summer. For example, a gazebo with a metal frame is very popular, which is completely covered with a raincoat only for the summer months and early autumn.

Acrylic fabric is made of synthetic threads impregnated with water and dust-repellent impregnations. It does not fade under the influence of sunlight, does not lose elasticity and perfectly withstands temperature fluctuations during the day.

Acrylic and canvas fabrics are well suited for summer gazebos with a metal frame

A raincoat or polyester fabric with polyvinyl chloride is perfect for aggressive environments.For example, to create gazebos-tents in conditions where precipitation can last for several weeks. It is easy to clean and does not fade.

The only drawback of fabrics for the construction of tents is the need to create a full-fledged casing for the gazebo according to individual patterns. But in comparison with the cost of other materials, this disadvantage is not so significant.

Table: Comparison of materials for roof sheathing and gazebo walls

AppearanceEase of installationLife timeThe cost
Cellular and monolithic polycarbonate++from 10 yearsfrom 280 rubles / l.m. (8 mm)
Profiled sheet-+from 25 yearsfrom 190 rubles / m2
Vinyl and steel siding-+from 30 years oldfrom 180 rubles / m2
Strained glass+-up to 50 years and morefrom 3500 rubles / m2 (8 mm)
Bituminous shingles++from 20 yearsfrom 240 rubles / m2
Wave slate-+up to 30 years and morefrom 170 rubles / m2
Tarpaulin and acrylic fabric-+-10 years and morefrom 300 rubles / m2

How to build a gazebo with your own hands from base to roof

Before proceeding with the construction of the gazebo, it is necessary to draw up a project for the future structure. This will not only speed up the execution of planned works, but also avoid mistakes that arise during construction. In addition, a well-designed diagram allows you to more accurately calculate the amount of material required.

Drawings and dimensions of the structure

To build a drawing, you can use ordinary A4 stationery, a drawing sheet with markings or graph paper. If you have the appropriate skills, then you can use computer simulation programs: AutoCAD, Home PlanPro, ArCon Home and others.

Drawing of an open wooden gazebo with a gable roof

Before drawing up a project, you will need to decide on the size of the future gazebo. The size and area of ​​the gazebo directly affect the comfort of spending time in this structure and the amount of materials required, as well as the waste that will remain after construction.

On average, it is believed that one person should have up to 4 m2 free space. But in the realities of typical summer cottages, it is not always possible to build a large gazebo, since the free space is very limited. For example, an average family of 6 people will need a gazebo with an area of ​​24 m2 (4x6m).

Drawing of an open gazebo made of rectangular wood (side view)

Therefore, we recommend starting from a value of 2-2.5 m2 per person. If it is planned to place a table, barbecue, cooking area and other household items in the gazebo, then the space for them is laid separately.

The height of the gazebo is determined based on the person with the maximum height in the family. A minimum of 10-15 cm should be added to this value - the resulting value will be equal to the height of the ceiling, from which the roof structure will be laid. If you wish, you can deviate from this rule, but people with a height of 1.85 m or more will not be comfortable entering and exiting the building.

After determining the dimensions, you can proceed to drawing up the project. The drawing should schematically depict the structure, indicating the main junctions from the foundation to the roof. If the scale allows, then you can indicate the number of fasteners.

Drawing of an open gazebo made of a profile pipe with a polycarbonate hip roof

As an example, consider the ready-made schemes of wooden and steel arbors, which are shown in the pictures in this section. The first and second diagrams show an open gazebo made of wood on a columnar or slab foundation. In this case, the type of the supporting base does not play a fundamental role, since the installation of a barbecue is not planned in the gazebo.

The arbor is 4 m long, 3.76 m wide, and the height to the ceiling is 2.1 m. The roof has a gable structure and is designed to be covered with slate or bitumen roll materials. For the manufacture of supports, it is planned to use a wooden beam 150x150 mm.For the manufacture of the roof, you can use both an edged board with a thickness of 30 mm and a beam of 100x100 mm.

Drawing of a semi-open gazebo made of wood with a conical roof

The second diagram shows a gazebo made of a shaped pipe on a columnar foundation with a hip roof. It is planned to use monolithic or cellular polycarbonate to cover the roof. If possible, you can use tempered glass.

The arbor is 3.5 m long and 2.6 m wide. The height to the level of the roof is 2 m, and the maximum height to the ridge is 2.4 m. As in the previous case, the arbor is open, therefore it is lightweight.

Drawing of a half-open wooden gazebo of a hexagonal shape

The third and fourth figures show a diagram for a six-sided semi-closed arbor made of wood. As a base for the construction, concrete columnar supports will be used at each angle. The height of the structure to the ceiling is 2.3 m, the length is 3.6 m, and the width is 3.1 m.

Structurally, gazebos of round and hexagonal shape are more difficult to manufacture, since a more detailed calculation of the parameters and their exact observance during the installation of the foundation strapping, which will play the role of a subfloor, are required.

Made of wood

Wood, as mentioned above, is the most popular construction material. It is easy to handle, has a relatively low cost and a long service life, especially with the timely application of protective equipment. Beams and wooden boards are also relevant if it is not planned to spend a lot of money on the construction of a gazebo.

Selection and calculation of the required amount of materials

As an example, we will calculate the amount of material required for the construction of a hexagonal arbor, the diagram of which was given above. The main material required for the construction of a structure is a beam and a thick edged board.

Wooden beams 150x150 mm are the optimal material for the construction of frame gazebos

The following material will be required for a semi-open hexagonal gazebo:

  • wooden beam 150x150 mm - for the construction of the strapping, 14 m of the beam will be required, and for the support pillars about 15 m;
  • edged board 150x30 mm - 12 m is needed to strengthen the lower strapping, about 15 m for the roof structure. Additionally, 10-12 m will be needed to create handrails;
  • edged board 100x22 mm - required for roof sheathing, floor and benches. On average, no more than 40 m of boards are required;
  • sheathing board - the amount of board depends on the height of the handrail. In our case, the handrail is fixed at a height of 90 cm, so it will take about 11 m to trim the gazebo;
  • soft tiles - no more than 10 m2... When using slate, take into account an overlap between sheets of 100–150 mm;

    Edged board 150x30 and 150x50 mm can be used instead of more expensive timber

  • fasteners - all work will be carried out using self-tapping screws for wood with a length of 50 or 70 mm. For the construction of a gazebo, one can or 1000 pieces is enough. Additionally, you will need galvanized mounting angles 70x70x55x2 mm in the amount of 50 pieces;
  • cement-sand mixture - required for pouring a columnar base. It is better to purchase a ready-made mixture of the M300 brand in bags. In our case, 3 bags of 25 kg are enough;
  • brick - necessary for laying out the supports. In our case, about 25-30 pieces of bricks are enough.

In addition to the listed material, wood impregnation is required. The composition is selected taking into account the capabilities of the owner of the site. It is not recommended to purchase cheap antiseptics, as their consumption is 2-3 times higher than that of branded counterparts.

Required tools

To build a gazebo made of wood, you will need the following tool:

  • electric drill with mixer attachment;
  • screwdriver with a set of bits;
  • jigsaw or hacksaw for wood;
  • hammer, tape measure and steel square;
  • manual or electric drill;
  • bayonet shovel;
  • miter box and pencil;
  • building level and stairs;
  • container for concrete mix;
  • container for water.

Stages of erecting a gazebo from a bar and a board

The construction of a wooden gazebo begins with clearing the place where it is planned to be erected. To do this, you need to remove all debris, cut off bushes and remove weeds. The area must be level and dry. If necessary, you can perform sand filling.

The phased technology for the construction of a hexagonal gazebo and wood consists of the following:

  1. According to the scheme drawn up earlier, it is necessary to mark the places for pouring the support pillars from concrete. To do this, mark the center on the selected area. From the center, using a rope or tape measure, we postpone the estimated distance. As a result, you should get 7 supports: one in the center and six for each support post.

    A columnar foundation is most often used as a supporting base for wooden arbors.

  2. In the marked places, we drill holes strictly in the center of the future pillar. Further, using a shovel, we remove the soil to a depth of 30-50 cm. The optimal shape of the trench is a square. We line the walls of each trench with roofing material.
  3. We carry out mixing of concrete mortar based on cement-sand mixture M300 in bags. The concrete should not be too thick. For kneading, we use an appropriate container and an electric drill with a nozzle.
  4. The resulting concrete mixture is poured into prepared trenches and evenly tamped with a rod of reinforcement, a wooden lath or other oblong object. After pouring, the supports are covered with polyethylene and left to dry for 7 days.

    Before attaching the harness guides, it is recommended to check their size directly on the supports

  5. After 7 days, you can start laying brick supports. For this, white sand-lime brick, cement-sand mixture and a trowel are used. The height of the supports is 2-3 bricks. During the masonry process, each support is checked for level. Drying time is at least 2 days.
  6. While the supports are drying, you can start preparing the strapping. According to the scheme, 6 blanks with a length of 1.8 m are sawn off from a wooden bar 150x150 mm. The ends of the workpieces are cut off at an angle of 35about... For this, a miter box and a hacksaw for wood are used.
  7. Pillars made of 150x150 mm timber with a height of 2.3 m will be used as vertical bearing supports. The total number of pillars is 6 pcs. After making them, you can immediately prepare the top strapping from a 150x30 mm edged board. The length of the workpieces is 1.95 m, the number is 6 pcs.
  8. After the masonry has dried, they begin to assemble the frame of the gazebo. To do this, we line the supports with pieces of roofing material. Further, a vertical support is set and blanks of the lower strapping are attached to it on both sides. To do this, we use self-tapping screws 70–100 mm long and a galvanized mounting bracket to size.

    Before assembly, all mating points should be treated with a wood preservative

  9. In a similar way, the remaining vertical supports are set and the harness is fastened. It is better to carry out these works together, since it is not possible for one person to hold the post and fasten the harness.
  10. The installation of the upper strapping is carried out in a similar way. The end of the workpiece is cut off at an angle of 35o... After that, the two blanks are placed on the supports and aligned at the interface. Then they are fixed on a flat fastening strip through and through into a support for 4 self-tapping screws.
  11. To strengthen the lower harness, measure the distance between the opposite edges of the gazebo. After that, you will need to prepare blanks of the required length from the bar. Then the workpiece is placed on the central support and fixed at the edges using corners and self-tapping screws. The diagonal braces are screwed in the same way.

    An edged board 100x22 mm is used as a rough coating for bituminous roofing materials.

  12. To assemble the roof, you will need to measure the distance between the opposite edges of the upper trim. After that, a blank is prepared, which is attached directly to the center of the upper strapping.A vertical post 40-50 cm high is attached to this workpiece, which will provide the required roof slope.
  13. The roof rafters are made of 150x30 mm wooden planks. To do this, measure the distance from the central post to the harness guide. We add 15–20 cm to the resulting value. The edges of the workpiece are sawn at an angle of 35o... In the place of conjugation with the harness, a cut is made in the shape of the board.
  14. The rafters are installed with fastening to a galvanized corner and self-tapping screws. After installation, the roof is sheathed with a 100x22 mm edged board with a gap of 1–2 mm. At the same stage, you can install overhangs made of board or metal.

    For covering the walls of the gazebo, a polished board of the first or highest grade is used

  15. Spacers made of 150x30 mm board are mounted between the support posts at a height of 90–100 cm. Next, you can start cladding the walls with any suitable board. Inside the gazebo, benches are mounted from a board with a thickness of 3 cm. For this, props are made, which are attached to the vertical supports. On top of the props, workpieces with a length of 30–40 cm are mounted and horizontal boards are screwed.
  16. At the final stage, the bitumen roll coating is laid under the soft tiles. If necessary, you can lay the roofing material in 2-3 layers. After that, the tiles are laid from top to bottom according to the technology with an overlap of 3-5 cm.

During the assembly process, it should be borne in mind that before laying, each workpiece must be treated with an antiseptic at least once. After assembly, the arbor frame is re-processed. Finally, you can apply decorative varnish or any other decorative coating.

Video: how to build a gazebo made of wood in one day

Polycarbonate and metal

Metal gazebos are an excellent choice for small areas, as they fit well due to their small dimensions, which are provided by thin load-bearing supports and fences. Monolithic or cellular polycarbonate with a thickness of no more than 12 mm is usually used as a roof covering.

Selection and calculation of materials for construction

As in the previous case, we will calculate the amount of material for the gazebo, the diagram of which is shown in the "Drawings and Dimensions" section. It is a rectangular open gazebo with a hip roof. If desired, the roof can be replaced with a gable or semicircular.

To build a rectangular metal gazebo, you will need the following material:

  • profile pipe 40x40x2 mm - needed to create load-bearing supports and roof structure. For a gazebo 2.6x3.5 m, you will need about 25 m of a metal pipe;
  • profile pipe 40x20x2 mm - necessary to create rafters in the roof structure. In our case, you need about 12 m of pipe;

    For the construction of metal gazebos, a 40x40 or 40x20 mm profile pipe with a wall thickness of 2 mm is most often used

  • profile pipe 20x20x2 mm - can be used both to strengthen the roof and to create fences. On average, about 30 m of pipe is needed;
  • cement-sand mixture - required for pouring concrete supports. When deepening 30 cm, about 50 kg of dry mixture of the M250 or M300 brand is needed;
  • polycarbonate 10 mm thick - taking into account the roof structure, at least 22-25 m is required2... Additionally, a docking profile with a total length of 8 m is required.

It should be understood that materials are indicated with a 10% surcharge. It is not recommended to take materials back to back, as costs may arise during the construction process. This is especially true for materials for the roof.

Required tools

To build a gazebo from a profile pipe, you will need the following tool:

  • grinder with a disc for metal;
  • welding machine;
  • electric drill with a set of drills and a mixer;
  • screwdriver and self-tapping screws for metal;
  • container for concrete mix;
  • container for water.

Stages of erecting a gazebo from a profile pipe

At the first stage of the construction of a metal frame gazebo, it will be necessary to clean and mark the area chosen as the location. For this, a regular rope and wooden pegs are used, which are driven into the places where the foundation supports will be poured.

The assembly of the frame of the gazebo from the profile pipe takes place directly on the foundation supports

Further steps are identical to those described in the section on the construction of a gazebo made of wood. Trenches are prepared, concrete solution is mixed and poured. After that, the supports are covered and left to dry for 7-10 days.

After the supports have dried, construction work is carried out in the following sequence:

  1. To assemble the frame, you will need to prepare blanks in the amount of 4 pieces, which will play the role of vertical supports. The length of the workpiece is equal to the height of the arbor to the upper harness.
  2. Next, you need to mark and saw off 4 long and 4 short blanks for the upper and lower strapping. The dimensions of the blanks depend on the design length and width of the arbor. In addition, you can immediately mark the pipe for handrails, floor and roof structures.

    For installation of the floor, a horizontal guide is welded to the lower frame of the frame along the entire length of the arbor

  3. To assemble the frame, you will need the help of a qualified welder. To assemble the frame, it is necessary to weld the lower harness to the vertical post. For this, the rack is placed on a concrete support and elements of the upper and lower strapping are welded to it.
  4. To create a floor, you will need to measure the distance between opposite sides of the gazebo in width. After that, one blank is prepared, which is welded to the frame posts. Then the distance from the central posts to the welded guide is measured, and 2 more short workpieces are prepared, which are also fixed for welding.

    To strengthen the floor in the gazebo, a 20x20 mm profile pipe is used, which is fixed in increments of 25-30 cm

  5. For the manufacture of the roof structure, you can use 2 options. In the first case, the roof is made from a 150x30 mm edged board. In the second case, a 20x20x2 profile pipe is used, which is bent at the desired angle to form a semicircular canopy.
  6. To form a semicircular roof, you will need to take a profile pipe with a length greater than the width of the arbor by 50-60 cm. Further, using special equipment or a manual pipe bender, the workpiece is bent to form an arch. The required number of blanks is 6–15 pcs. depending on the length of the arbor.

    Fastening of curved roof arches made of 20x20 mm pipe takes place directly to the upper frame of the frame

  7. The resulting arches are welded to the upper trim in 50 cm increments. For additional reinforcement, vertical struts are welded to the outer arches. And also a horizontal guide from a 20x20 or 40x20 mm pipe is welded in the upper part of the arches. The fastening principle can be seen in the image above.
  8. At a height of 90–100 cm, a horizontal guide from a 40x20x2 mm pipe is welded between the frame posts. With a pitch of 50-60 cm, vertical posts are attached to it to provide the required rigidity. Later, forged decorative products or fasteners for rails can be welded to the guide.

At the final stage, polycarbonate is attached. For this, a connecting profile is installed, which is mounted on the roof arches using self-tapping screws. Then the marking, fitting and installation of polycarbonate sheets between the profile is performed.

Brick with barbecue

A brick gazebo is perfect for medium and large plots, when a separate building is needed, in which it is planned to put a barbecue and equip a small place for cooking.

Calculation of materials for a brick gazebo

When calculating the material for brick arbors, one should take into account not only the size of the structure, but also its type.So, half-open gazebos will require half, or even the second, less material than for closed structures.

To calculate the material, it is better to use special online calculators, since it is quite difficult to manually calculate a brick. When calculating, take into account the height of the corner supports, the width of the wall and the number of window openings. It is very difficult to lay the stove and calculate the materials for it on your own, especially for people without experience in masonry work.

For laying barbecues and small stoves in the gazebo, only heat-resistant stove bricks are used

Therefore, we recommend that you contact qualified specialists who will inspect the construction site and calculate the material according to your requirements. And it should also be borne in mind that the roof sheathing over the place where the grill or a large stove will be laid is carried out only after the installation of the equipment itself.

For laying the foundation for a brick gazebo (10 m2) required:

  • cement-sand mixture - for heavy gazebos, it is necessary to fill in a full-fledged slab foundation 20 cm thick.For example, for the foundation of a gazebo with an area of ​​10 m2 need about 2 m3 mixtures or 770 kg of cement and 1800 kg of sand;
  • fine-grained sand - in addition to the concrete mixture, sand is needed to form a sand-gravel cushion. The thickness of the pillow is 15 cm, which is approximately equal to 1,500-1600 kg;
  • crushed stone of fraction 20-40 - will be required to form a pillow over the base area. For a layer 10 cm thick, about 3 tons of crushed stone is needed;
  • reinforcement Ø12 mm - required for the reinforcement of the foundation. Taking into account the fact that the reinforcement is laid with a pitch of 15 cm in two rows, it will take about 300 m for reinforcement.

Required tools

To build a brick gazebo, you will need the following tool:

  • bayonet and shovel;
  • grinder with a disc for metal;
  • mason's trowel and plumb line;
  • welding machine;

    The presence of a concrete mixer will significantly speed up the process of pouring a slab base under a brick arbor

  • jigsaw or hacksaw for wood;
  • building level;
  • container for concrete;
  • container for water.

Stages of erecting a brick gazebo

If you have not previously worked with brickwork, then in order to save on the construction of a brick gazebo, we recommend pouring the foundation for the structure yourself. After that, you should contact the professionals who, taking into account the project, will perform all the necessary work on laying bricks.

The technology for erecting a brick gazebo consists of the following:

  1. The selected plot of land for the gazebo must be cleared of debris, weeds and shrubs. After that, the necessary markup is carried out taking into account the size of the future gazebo. For this, any comfortable pegs and a strong rope are used.
  2. Soil is excavated along the perimeter of the marked area to a depth of 40 cm.It should be borne in mind that the thickness of the foundation will be 20 cm, and the minimum thickness of the sand and gravel cushion is at least 15 cm.

    To increase the strength, the slab foundation is reinforced with reinforcement rods Ø10-12 mm

  3. The bottom of the dug pit is neatly leveled. A formwork made of edged boards or panel materials is installed at the edges of the pit. During installation, the formwork panels are securely fixed to each other using fixing angles and self-tapping screws.
  4. Fine-grained sand is poured into the bottom of the trench and carefully compacted. Layer thickness - 10 cm. It is optimal if a vibrating machine is used. In the absence of this, you can get by with a bar with a section of 120 mm, to which a rail is screwed for a comfortable grip.
  5. A layer of gravel 10 cm thick is formed on top of the sand cushion. The gravel is also carefully rammed. A reinforcing mesh or the bottom row of a reinforcing cage based on Ø10-12 mm reinforcement is laid on the gravel layer. Further, the second row is attached to the bottom row by welding or wire to a height of 12-14 cm.

    You can start laying pillars and parapets only after the concrete foundation is completely dry.

  6. The concrete mix is ​​being mixed based on M300 cement. For this, a concrete mixer is used. If possible, the concrete can be ordered from the factory, which will only improve its strength properties. The finished mixture is poured into the pit and carefully distributed using shovels. As it is poured, the concrete is rammed with a vibrating screed.
  7. The drying time of the concrete mixture is at least 27 days. During the drying process, the surface of the foundation should be wetted with water. While the concrete is drying, you can contact a specialist who will calculate the amount of bricks needed to build a gazebo.
  8. After the foundation has dried, the formwork is dismantled. In the place where the brick will be laid out, a layer of roll waterproofing is spread. Next, they start laying square supports and parapets.

    For the manufacture of roof rafters, an edged board of 150x30 mm or a beam of 100x100 mm is used

  9. After the parapets are laid out to a height of 50–70 cm, their laying stops. The laying of vertical supports continues until they are brought out to a height of 1.9 m.
  10. For the manufacture of supports for the rafter system, a 20x20 cm wooden beam is used. 8 workpieces 20 cm high are made from it. After that, the workpieces are installed on brick pillars.
  11. A strapping made of 15x15 cm timber is attached to the installed supports. For fastening, a galvanized strip and self-tapping screws 100 mm long are used. Further, short guides from other supports are attached to the harness.

    The laying of furnace equipment inside the gazebo should be entrusted to professionals.

  12. For the manufacture of rafters, a thick board of 200x50 mm is used. The rafters are fastened together in the center of the gazebo with slats and self-tapping screws. For support in the center, a vertical post is mounted. At the end, the rafters are fixed at the bottom and the OSB boards or a roughing board 100x20 mm are laid. Laying the board at the pipe outlet is not carried out.

After the roof installation has been completed, you can contact a professional stove-maker to draw up a project for a future stove or barbecue, as well as calculate the necessary material.

If you plan to install a ready-made barbecue, then you can purchase chimney pipes and, based on their diameter, finish the roof. To do this, you will need to install a metal outlet box in the roof structure, which will be filled with a non-combustible insulator. After that, you can start laying roofing material and shingles.

How to equip and decorate

After completing the main stages of construction, it is worth taking care of the interior arrangement and decoration of the gazebo. This will not only transform the appearance of the building, but also significantly improve the quality of rest.

Lighting is the easiest and most effective way to decorate any gazebo.

To equip and decorate the gazebo, you can use the following recommendations:

  • benches and seating areas - for wooden benches, chairs and other seating areas, you can make your own soft covers from foam rubber, old rags and suitable fabrics. Additionally, you can take care of pillows and floor rugs;
  • curtains - for the manufacture of curtains and curtains, you can use both natural and artificial fabrics. We recommend using translucent fabrics like organza. They will fit perfectly into any interior, regardless of the type of building;
  • flowers are the most common and beautiful way to decorate any outdoor extension or gazebo. These can be fresh flowers in hanging containers and flowerpots, bouquets and compositions in floor vases, as well as climbing summer plants;
  • lighting - garlands and other low-power lighting priors allow not only to successfully emphasize the exterior of the gazebo, but also create the right atmosphere inside the structure.

Photo gallery: various ways to decorate gazebos

How to extend the life of a building

When building a gazebo and other buildings near the house, it is recommended to follow the basic rules that guarantee that the structure being erected will last for several decades without significant problems.

Impregnation of wood with an antiseptic prevents wood decay due to high humidity

These rules include the following:

  • foundation - the minimum depth of the foundation supports should be at least 30 cm.On moving and damp types of soil, at least 50 cm.If skills and capabilities allow, it is better to reinforce each support;
  • foundation strapping - before installing the foundation strapping, the interface is insulated with a gasket made of bitumen-roll material. When laying, the lower part of the timber or profile pipe is treated with bitumen varnish;
  • gazebo frame and roof structure - wooden gazebos are impregnated with a wood preservative 2 times. Among the tested formulations are the products of the companies Pinotex, Luxens and Tikkurila.;
  • airing - closed gazebos must be aired 2-3 times a month, especially if rainfall is abundant in the region where it was built. Open gazebos are also ventilated, especially if they are covered with very dense fabrics;
  • roofing - the roofing material wears out as it is used. Cracks, chips or small holes may appear on it. It is recommended to carry out a preventive inspection of the roof once a month and, as necessary, to change the leaky areas.

Building a gazebo is a time-consuming process, especially if you have never done similar types of work with your own hands before. The simplest types of arbors made of wood can be made independently, without seeking help from specialists. To do this, it is recommended to carefully study all the instructions presented and draw up a detailed project of the future structure. Then the construction will be completed without serious problems and on time.


A lot of useful information on the construction of arbors of various shapes from various materials and for your summer cottage.

Gazebos with a barbecue (and a stove) +240 do-it-yourself photos

In this article we will look at how to make a gazebo with barbecue ( B-B-Q and grill ) with your own hands. Below you will find more than 10 models with step-by-step photos of manufacturing, detailed instructions and drawings, as well as sketches and projects. Consider projects of garden gazebos brick and made of wood , as well as metal (from a profile pipe) ... These are mainly summer garden and cheap gazebos. A special bias will be made for making barbecues, barbecues and grill ovens on their own (models with step-by-step photos).

Arbor do it yourself projects. 800 photos + step-by-step instructions

Building garden gazebo do it yourself can be challenging for you, requiring logistical, organizational and technical skills. However, a finished gazebo is a source of pride and a lot of fun, not to mention a new design element in your garden!

How to build a gazebo with your own hands, which style, design, material to choose and will determine the place, these are the main questions that you will have. The answers, if not all, then many of them you will find in this article, because it is presented here:

  1. How to build a wooden gazebo with your own hands
  2. Do-it-yourself metal gazebo
  3. Diy brick gazebo
  4. Polycarbonate gazebo
  5. Gazebo with a reed roof

Gazebos for the COTTAGE. Step by Step Instructions! +400 photo. With your own hands

In this article, we will look at the most beautiful and simple garden gazebos for a summer residence. The text below presents: detailed step-by-step photos of manufacturing, instructions for creating and installing, as well as drawings, diagrams, layouts and dimensions. The following types, options and models of wooden arbors are considered: open and closed, large and small, inexpensive and cheap (budget - economy class), with gable and gable roofs, hexagonal and octagonal.

Basically, these are the simplest projects of square and rectangular arbors made of wood with sizes 3x3, 4x4, 3x4, 3x5 and 3x6, which you can easily and quickly do with your own hands.There are interesting and simple ideas for small (mini) collapsible, portable, open with a canopy and closed summer verandas that you can build on your summer cottage.

Gazebos:> 100 drawings, dimensions and step-by-step photos of the assembly.

Here are more than 100 drawings (with dimensions), projects, layouts and sketches of gazebos for a summer residence, a private house or a garden, so that you can make them yourself. There are country, garden, wooden, pipe and metal gazebos for every taste.

DIY pergola 700 photos step by step instructions

A practical person living in the middle lane, perhaps, may ask, why do we need a gazebo without a roof? What can I say, probably then, why do we need front gardens, alpine slides or flower beds - for beauty. Yes, perhaps to someone the pergola will seem like an unfinished structure, but this is all the charm, besides, this building is not devoid of functionality, and most importantly, the light and delicate design does not create an oppressive impression and can become the highlight of your garden or summer cottage.

Be that as it may, but the interest in this type of garden building is very high today. Therefore, in this article, you can find out how to make a pergola with your own hands , get acquainted with various options, use step-by-step photos, drawings, diagrams and links to sites with detailed instructions. I would also like to say that in addition to its visual appeal, it is quite easy to make a pergola with your own hands, even for a person without experience. Maybe not everyone decides to build a gazebo, but there shouldn't be any special difficulties with a pergola. You will be convinced of this when you consider the examples of designs proposed in the article.

Do-it-yourself wooden gazebo step by step

If you have your own garden, vegetable garden, then you need a gazebo, there are no options! Today everything can be bought, but even a simple gazebo can cost a lot of money, I will not name the prices, there is a sea of ​​advertising on the Internet on this topic. But in addition to advertising ready-made structures, you can also find many instructions and master classes on the network, how to make a gazebo with your own hands... Of the many options, we will only consider arbors made of woodas the most popular.

In this article, you will learn:

4 models square (with step by step photos)

6 models of Rectangular arbors (+ drawings)

Octagonal and Hexagonal

Wall
(with step by step photos)

Open
(with step by step photos)

70 drawings and layouts of Square gazebos

90 drawings and layouts of eight- and hexagonal gazebos

At the end of the article, there are huge photo selections of the most unusual and beautiful gazebos (more than 150 selected models)

The article presents mainly diagrams, drawings, there are also step-by-step photographs and instructions, everything that could be found interesting on the Internet. Under each gallery there is a link to the site where the information was taken from, so if you are interested in the details, you can always go to the original site.


Some features and benefits

Octagonal closed gazebo with barbecue

Despite the fact that building a closed gazebo with your own hands will be a little longer and more expensive than a regular one, it has many advantages. If you want to build a gazebo for your home or for a summer residence, you should know its advantages and features. Here is some of them:

  1. Design.
  2. Convenience.
  3. Communications.

An open gazebo includes only load-bearing supports and a roof, while in a closed gazebo there are necessarily wall panels that are sheathed with glass. Wood, forged products, as well as brick structures can be used as walls. It turns out that the building is completely fenced off from external influences, so neither rain, nor strong wind, nor snow or leaves and other debris will get inside. Such a gazebo can be equipped with beautiful furniture, paintings, mirrors, lamps and even a TV.It is enough to simply insulate the building and it is ready for the cold season. Thus, for you the barbecue season can last for a very long time. Moreover, during the construction of such a gazebo, it can be done with a barbecue or barbecue. And this is not the limit, if you have enough imagination, you can do whatever you want, if, of course, you have the means to do so.

As you can see, a closed gazebo differs in many respects from an open one, and these differences only endow such a design with its own advantages. So, if you intend to build such a multifunctional room on your site, let's look at what material it can be built from and what are the features of each of them.


Assembling the base of the gazebo

We assemble the base of the gazebo from 5 beams with a section of 100 by 100 mm and a length of 3 meters. First, we mark and drill holes in the corner beams, with which we will insert them into the rods of the outermost columns of the foundation.

At the intersection of the bars, they can be "knitted" with each other by the "half-tree" method, which will create a fairly reliable bond between them, the diagram of such a connection is shown in the figure below:

The finished base for our gazebo turned out like this:


Small gazebo with your own hands

Before making a small gazebo, I would like to acquaint you with some of the features of their construction:

  • The most optimal place for building a gazebo is the one that is least exposed to the sun's rays (see). It will be pleasant to relax in such a gazebo at any time, since it will not be very hot by the sun's rays.
  • When designing a room design, both external and internal, it is imperative to take into account the general design of the suburban area.

Advice. Before starting construction work, experts recommend checking for the presence of underground sources. If there are any, it is better not to build a gazebo at this place.

  • Otherwise, the soil under the gazebo will settle, which, after a short time, will entail its destruction.
  • When using wood as a building material, it is recommended to use special agents or impregnations with antiseptic properties for its pretreatment.

When choosing the material from which you plan to build a small gazebo, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the comparative table below.

Comparison table of a brick gazebo and a wooden gazebo:

Wood Metal
No need to invest heavily The building cost is quite high
There is no need to build a solid foundation for the installation of the gazebo. It is mandatory to have a belt-type foundation
Needs preliminary preparation of the working material, as well as periodic maintenance of the material surface Exactly the same
Needs conservation for the winter season Can be used during the cold season
Not very long service life Differs in a long service life

We build a structure made of wood

When building a small gazebo for a summer residence, for example, made of wood, we advise you to adhere to the following instructions:

  • If you want to make a gazebo with a foundation, you do not need a large amount of expensive material to lay it. It is necessary to dig a hole, the dimensions of which will correspond to the size of the future gazebo. Pour a layer of sand 15 - 20 cm thick at the bottom of the pit.
  • Then the sand must be well moistened with water and tamped. Pour a layer of crushed stone about 15 cm on top of the sand.This layer will also need to be tamped well. Now, to the top of the dug hole, pour a layer of cement mortar and let it dry for 10 - 11 days.
  • To make the frame of a small gazebo made of wood, you can use ordinary wooden slats or bars, which are attached to each other with nails or self-tapping screws.
  • Thus, the lower harness of the gazebo is laid out, and then the support pillars. Moreover, the pillars will necessarily need to be aligned using the building level.
  • Install the top trim using the same pattern as when installing the bottom trim.
  • Now you can start installing the roof. For this, materials such as slate, tiles, roofing tiles, polycarbonate, etc. will come in handy. It all depends not only on your desire, but also on financial capabilities.
  • So the last stage of construction of a simple inexpensive small gazebo for a summer residence has come, which lies in its external and internal design. Here you can use any materials that are mounted and combined with each other at your discretion.

The video in this article contains detailed instructions for building small summer cottages.

It is necessary to take into account when building small gazebos on personal plots that the availability of building materials, financial capabilities are not the main thing. The most important thing is your desire and desire to build a small gazebo in which you will invest not only your strength, but also your soul.

Further activities that you will carry out in the gazebo will depend on the location of the structure. That is why it is not advisable to install it in an open place, because it will be very hot and stuffy inside - it is best to choose a small area in the shade of a tree. If your site has a small pond or fountain, you can start construction there. The most simple gazebos for summer cottages are built of wood - we will talk about the creation of such a structure today.

It is very important to prepare the material for a long service life if you do not want the gazebo to collapse after several winters. ... So, it is advisable to cover wooden beams to create supports from below with an anti-rotting impregnation and wrap them with roofing material and a film so that the tree does not rot. And the boards for sheathing are pre-treated with linseed oil or mastic, which protect the material from rotting and attacks of insect pests.


Do-it-yourself gazebo made of wood (+ diagrams, photos)

For almost every person, a dacha is a second home or a favorite vacation spot. Caring for a garden and a vegetable garden, as well as performing construction work in a house are labor-intensive processes that require investment of finance and physical labor. The gazebo is not only a beautiful addition to the site, but also serves as a great place to relax. When choosing materials for building a gazebo, most people prefer wood. Self-production of the gazebo will significantly save money.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantages of wooden arbors:

  1. Beauty. Undoubtedly, the creativity of ordinary people sometimes pleasantly surprises.
  2. Environmental friendliness. The wood does not contain harmful substances.
  3. Adequate price. Wood can be easily purchased from hardware stores at an affordable price.
  4. Easy to use. Wood is quite comfortable to work with and does not require any special professional skills.
  5. At high temperatures, especially in summer, wooden arbors do not heat up.

The disadvantages include:

  • Fragility. The tree can rot and the likelihood of damage by carpenter beetles is high. To extend the service life, at the end of the summer cottage, remove fallen leaves from the floor in order to avoid rotting. It is also necessary to treat wood surfaces with special antiseptic compounds, this is done immediately after the completion of construction, but before painting / varnishing wooden structures. Cracks that have appeared over time need to be putty. In winter, for the safety of the gazebo, the roof should be covered with a stretch film and it is advisable to transfer all unnecessary items to a closed room.
  • High flammability.Due to the high risk of fire, it is unsafe to install barbecues and braziers in the gazebo. The likelihood of a fire is reduced when wood is treated with special compounds that minimize the risks of such a disaster.

Seat selection

At the preparatory stage, it is necessary to choose the location, size and type of structure, style of construction and building materials. The choice of the size of the gazebo depends on the main purpose of the construction of the structure. For family or friendly gatherings, a large gazebo is needed, for personal needs a small one is enough.

Site selection is a responsible process. The durability of the structure depends on this factor. If a structure is built in a lowland, then due to frequent rainfall, it can rot. The wind protection factor is also important. Endless drafts are unlikely to give pleasure from sitting in the gazebo. In terms of landscape design, the view from the intended gazebo should be good. The ideal option is to build a structure deep in the garden.

For complete harmony, it is necessary that the gazebo be designed in the style of building a house, otherwise such a dissonance will stand out strongly on the site.

Varieties

Gazebos can be classified according to the following criteria:

  • by type of construction
  • in shape.

Common shapes are rectangular, hexagonal and round.

By type, arbors can be divided into open, semi-closed and closed. Closed canopies are universal for use at any time of the year. Semi-closed gazebos resemble a small house.

Style selection

An important nuance is taking into account the style of construction in accordance with the landscape design. The most common gazebo styles include classic, Victorian, rustic, oriental, and custom.

The classic style of construction is characterized by clear lines. The design is based on hexagonal and quadrangular bases.

Ornamental and ordinary plants are inherent in the Victorian style, therefore, when building with this nuance in mind, the base of the gazebo is built along with a special lattice.

The oriental style differs from others in the shape of the roof and extraordinary ornaments.

Features of wooden arbors

Drawings and diagrams

Having decided on the style and type of the proposed gazebo, it is necessary to draw up drawings. Thanks to them, you will be able to understand how to make the necessary building. A correctly drawn up project will help save time during the construction of a structure, calculate the exact amount of required building materials, take into account all the nuances before starting construction in order to obtain a high-quality and durable structure.

The project diagram should include a view of the proposed structure from all sides with an indication of the dimensions.

Preparation of materials / tools

In accordance with the planned project of a wooden structure, the construction process involves the presence of the following materials:

  • wooden blocks
  • piles
  • boards
  • cement
  • rubble
  • sand
  • nails or screws
  • metal corners
  • roof covering materials
  • fittings
  • brick
  • roofing material.

Set of tools

Spruce, birch, pine, larch or cedar are the most common types of wood used to build these structures. Before starting work, the wood must be dried and treated with special means that will protect the building from parasites and decay.

The required tools are:

  • a hammer
  • chisel
  • drill / screwdriver
  • spanners
  • electric planer
  • Circular Saw.

Stages of work

After the preparatory stage, the construction work process follows, which includes the sequential execution of the steps:

  1. Clearing and leveling the construction site. At this stage, you need to clear the area of ​​debris, cut trees and bushes if necessary, level the area.
  2. The choice of the foundation. A well-laid foundation is the basis for the success and longevity of a building.There are such base options - tape, slab and columnar. The simplest and not requiring large financial investments is columnar. To do this, it is necessary to mark the territory of the future gazebo with wooden posts and ropes stretched between them. Then remove from the allocated area the upper soil layer with a depth of at least 0.5 m. After that, lay sand (10 cm), crushed stone (10 cm), concrete mortar (30 cm) in succession. Such a solution is made from sand, gravel and cement. Next, lay a layer of roofing material on the concrete layer. Then you need to make posts of brick in three or four rows in order to create space between the ground and the gazebo in order to avoid rotting wood. At the final stage of creating the foundation, you need to re-lay the layer of roofing material.
  3. Floor installation. To accomplish this task, it is necessary to choose the option of installing the floor: on the basis of the structure or taking into account the emphasis on the floor of the walls. The second option is quite simple. For the arrangement of the floor, wooden beams are used, treated with layers of copper sulfate in order to avoid rotting and eating them by insects.
  4. Building the frame and roof. When performing such work, it is important to focus on the supporting beams, because they are responsible for the stability of the gazebo. When assembling the frame, wooden boards and beams are used. The bearing supports are assembled from wooden blocks. The basis of the frame is made up of special beams that are placed on concrete blocks. Floor joists and vertical posts are attached to the base of the structure. To the frame - vertical posts using metal corners and self-tapping screws. For the vertical arrangement of the base, it is necessary to use special props. When building the frame, the so-called upper straps (special horizontal beams) are used. The easiest way to build a roof is to use timber logs to create geometric outlines for the building.
  5. Wall cladding. At this construction stage, the choice of material is important: sheet metal, boards, slate and others. The main disadvantage when choosing sheet material is the lack of sound insulation, especially in rainy weather. The easiest option is to use wall cladding with wooden planks. Depending on the style and design of the planned structure, solid or lattice walls can be made.
  6. Improvement of the gazebo. The final stage is filling in and creating the necessary interior of the resulting structure.

The choice of furniture and the availability of electricity already depend on the desire and imagination of the owner.

Video

Photo: original gazebos

Arbor from a log house

Unusual shape

Rectangular

Oriental style

Base

Thatched roof

Unusual design of the gazebo

Gazebo with barbecue

Frame fabrication

Simple construction

Traditional Russian gazebo

Polygonal shape

Closed gazebo option

Schemes

The diagrams will help you design your own gazebo made of wood:

Grill gazebo drawing

3 by 3 shape

Drawing of a gazebo in oriental style

With a hipped roof

Rectangular version with pitched roof

Hexagonal gazebo

Standard summer cottage option

With barbecue

Multi-layer roofing

Node diagram

Connecting roof nodes


Types of pigeon poultry houses

Before proceeding to consider the construction process, consider what types of dovecote exist.

Mounted dovecote

This variety can be called a rural economy option. This is what amateurs often build in order to keep a non-pedigree bird inside in small numbers, one or three pairs. The appearance of such a bird house resembles an ordinary wooden box, which is attached to the outer wall of the house, under the roof itself.

We present a comparative table of the advantages and disadvantages of mounted dovecotes:

Mounted dovecote is not suitable for high-quality breeding of pigeons

Specifically, hanging pigeon houses are not suitable for breeding. Their undoubted advantages include the low cost of materials and the ease of manufacturing the structure, which is why they are very popular in the villages. However, such poultry houses cannot serve as a refuge for birds from frost or wind, just as they cannot save them from attacks of predatory animals or birds. Among other things, their location makes the process of caring for a bird so difficult that over time it discourages any desire to engage in this branch of poultry farming. The high mortality rate of chicks is largely due to the presence of a hanging dovecote, because it is simply impossible to constantly monitor their health and development.

Tower dovecote

Such a dovecote cannot be compared with a hinged dovecote, as it is more practical and suitable for breeding purebred birds. Usually it is erected in the form of a tall structure, which can reach 4 meters, in the form of a round turret.

What does a tower dovecote look like?

Inside the tower dovecote, the following arrangement of residential pigeon sections by floors is adopted:

  • the first floor is given as a warehouse for equipment and feed for pigeons
  • the second and subsequent floors are occupied by nests.

We present a comparative table of the pros and cons of tower pigeon breeding.

The tower structure of the poultry house is attractive for its unconditional practicality, it is perfect for achieving breeding goals of the poultry farmer. However, the cost of the materials that will be required for its construction will hit an insolvent farmer in the pocket, in addition, demanding significant labor from him.

Original tower dovecote from a barrel

Dovecote in the attic

The most optimal and convenient location of the pigeon house for successful breeding. The attic arrangement of the pigeon dwelling does not require serious investments and hard physical work, since the room under the roof will need to be supplemented only with a bird walking area.

It is best when the pigeon attic is located on a sturdy house building, on the ground floor of which you can keep tools, bird food and other devices. The building must be insulated.

Attic dovecote with spacious walking area

Let's discuss the advantages and disadvantages of attic dovecotes.

As you can see, this method of placing the dovecote has an overwhelming amount of advantages. As for cleaning, it will have to be done in any case, this minus accompanies the breeding of birds in any room. Next, we will consider the construction of a dovecote in the form of an attic superstructure over an adjoining building and a tower dovecote.


Watch the video: How to Screen in a Porch - Installing a Screen Tight Porch System. The Home Depot


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