Decorative vases in site design: rules for composing compositions + master classes


The hostesses of their own plots have long been accustomed to flower pots and know how to make compositions from them on the site. But street vases are rarely used in private design, since their grace and luxurious look do not always fit into the village landscape. Once upon a time, vases were considered the prerogative of the royal courts, as they were too expensive. But today this stylish element of street decor can be seen in city parks, near office buildings, etc. Let us understand in more detail what vases are produced for the street today, how they can be used to create accents on the site and try to make an unusual vase with our own hands.

Street vase today: types and materials

Unlike a flower pot, a vase has a special decorative effect due to its unusual shape. It is of two types:

  • on a leg or pedestal;
  • in the form of an elongated vessel.

This design raises the vase off the ground and accentuates the top, making it stand out from the grass and flower beds. Most vases are used as tapeworms, planting the most spectacular and vibrant plants in them.

Tall marble vases installed on the border of the lawn visually lengthen the territory and divide the space of the site into several zones

British vases

The shape on the leg is also called an urn, a goblet or a British vase, since it was in the English garden that this decor element was most often found. Today the shape of the cup is somewhat different from its predecessors in its restrained decor.

There is no abundance of stucco moldings, figurines, carved flowers and ornaments, which were richly decorated with vases of the Baroque era. And all because, in this guise, the vase does not fit into the modern landscape styles created in small areas. Luxurious decor is appropriate only in huge palace and park complexes, but not on 5-10 acres of land.

Therefore, modern manufacturers focus on materials and an unusual bowl shape, without cluttering the decor. Most often, such containers are cast from gypsum, concrete, fiberglass and plastic. People with high incomes purchase vases made of natural stone.

It is necessary to use the British vases richly decorated with reliefs and sculptures only as tapeworms, placing them away from lush flower beds

The rich texture of natural stone is the main decoration, therefore, such urn vases are not decorated with ornaments and stucco molding, but are carefully polished to give shine

Greek style

From the era of Ancient Greece, we got floor vases, reminiscent of huge vessels with and without handles, with a wide neck and a narrow one. Outdoor options are rarely filled with live plants, since it is problematic to change the land and take care of the root system.

They are usually placed on a dais in order to focus on a specific area of ​​the site, or they are filled with dried flowers and placed on terraces, in flower beds, near arches, pergolas.

Against the green background of weaving plants, the Greek vase looks very impressive, as it immediately attracts the eye.

High-tech and minimalist vases

In the twentieth century, the floor vase acquired an ascetic design and regular geometric shapes. No drawings - just clear lines and spectacular materials: metal, wire, plastic, glass, concrete.

In the street landscape, cubic, pyramidal and round vessels look good. As a rule, such vases are painted in a mono color or in two contrasting ones: black and white, black and red, etc.

Tall rectangular vases with boxwood growing in them can be a good option for separating an orchard or vegetable garden from a recreation area

How vases are used in landscape design

Each type of decorative vessel is designed for a specific landscape style. If this is not taken into account, then even the most luxurious vase will look like an alien element on the site.

Classic Styles

British vases are beneficial to use in gardens of regular and landscape styles, Mediterranean landscape.

A Mediterranean-style garden involves the creation of areas that are closed from prying eyes. And the British vase on the pedestal will fit perfectly into this landscape.

Tips for placing British vases:

  • A low-legged vase with a wide bowl is placed like a solitaire in a secret corner of the garden (preferably on a pedestal), at the intersection of paths or near a garden bench.
  • If the leg is high, and the bowl is of a small diameter, then they can be placed opposite each other, connecting together a certain area. For example, the beginning and end of the center track. This technique is called avenue. Most appropriate in a large area not cluttered with small sculptural forms and structures.
  • Several high bowls can be placed in a circle, thus highlighting the front part of the site, in the center of which there can be a fountain, a gazebo or a swing.
  • In a line along the hedge. A special effect is given by the combination of white or gray bowls filled with bright plants (petunias, marigolds), with a green background of the hedge. The earth under the vases is poured with pebbles.

By the way, note that British vases filled with pine branches look luxurious in winter. This is relevant for our snowy country.

Installation of British bowls on legs opposite each other in the corners of a certain zone unites the space, giving the landscape completeness

Oriental and Italian gardens

Vases-vessels fit well into the interior of the Italian garden, in fact, from which they arose. But it should be borne in mind that today the Italian style adheres to strict symmetry and geometry, which was not the case in the era of the ancient Greeks. Therefore, vases in Italy are placed in pairs, for example, at the entrance to the gazebo, near the fountain, on the steps of the terrace.

Where to put the vase in the eastern garden:

  • At the entrance to the garden (always with flowers, as the entrance symbolizes the gateway to heaven).
  • If the paths in the garden divide the territory into squares, then the vessel is placed in the center of 2-3 squares located far from each other.
  • Along the shoreline of a stream or fountain that flows into a pond.
  • On either side of the wall fountain.

Oriental styles also use vessel vases, as the shape of the Greek vase is very similar to the Chinese one. But if in Italy restrained natural tones (gray, white, brick) are welcomed, then the East gravitates towards brightness. Vessels can be decorated with mosaics, painted in three or more colors, creating fancy ornaments.

A bowl filled with colored pebbles in a Muslim garden can become the center of a courtyard, emphasizing the symmetry and severity of the forms of the composition.

Modern + industrial styles

In modern styles, vases are used, invented exclusively in the twentieth century (not earlier!).

High-tech can be filled with a huge number of cubes, pyramids and other original forms of vessels. The main thing is that they are all created from the same material.

The solidity of the concrete pedestal, strict geometric lines and a minimum of plants in the bowl are all signs of a modern high-tech vase

For minimalism, 2-3 original vases, located in a certain rhythm, are enough. And if the vessel is of impressive size, then no more than one. The composition, as a rule, is placed on the lawn, and a single copy is placed in front of the house or at the beginning of the front walkway.

In the industrial style, the vase is used as a solitaire. It is placed so that it is possible to observe not only from all sides of the site, but also from the windows of the house. In this case, the design of the vessel should be super unusual, and the material should be wire, metal (possibly rusty). A low vase is placed on a brick pedestal.

Eclecticism and country

A rare owner maintains a strict landscape. Usually in private backyards there is a mixture of styles (eclecticism). And in such a landscape, you can use any kind of vase, if it is in harmony with the rest of the decor of a particular zone, or create something original with your own hands.

By the way, homemade vases are also very appropriate in rustic styles, where the entire landscape emphasizes the owner's imagination and is not limited by the framework of style traditions. It is in these gardens that inexpensive plastic vases, vessels hollowed out of wood, and wicker bowls take root best. They are not used empty, but filled with fresh flowers, snags, reeds, etc. True, this decor will have to be removed for the winter, since wood and plastic are not frost-resistant, and will burst or twist from the temperature drop.

In rustic gardens, vases are placed in a chaotic manner, filled with many bright flowers, planted in several tiers

In rustic styles, vases are always part of the composition, mixing with flowers and decorative shrubs, figurines of animals or fairy-tale characters. They help to create a multi-tiered flower bed, while the pedestal is often hidden in low-growing plants. Therefore, the decor of vases can be very modest, wood and concrete do not stain, but preserve their natural texture.

Workshops on making homemade vases

It is not always possible to buy a decorative vase of the desired design and size, since only a few people are engaged in this craft. And constructions made of natural stone and concrete are also always expensive. But you can create a spectacular element of the landscape with your own hands, and in a very easy way.

Consider three options for homemade vases.

Method # 1 - a vase made of rags and concrete

If you have never dealt with the creation of vases or at least some sculptural forms - start with this vase. It is made from old rags - knitted sweaters, coarse woolen fabric or burlap. In short, find a thing that has lost its spectacular appearance - and get started.

An unusually spectacular design and the simplicity of creating a rag vase ensured them high popularity among summer residents and owners of private houses.

The technology for creating floor vases from old curtains or skirts is so simple and straightforward that any non-professional can try it on his site.

For work, stock up:

  • old bucket;
  • cement grade 500;
  • a jar of Faery for washing dishes (used as a plasticizer);
  • a pair of rubber gloves.

Step-by-step instruction:

  1. Turn the old bucket upside down and place it on a raised platform (pedestal, log, etc.) in a shady place. Cover the ground below with cardboard or foil so that the flowing concrete does not spoil the landscape.
  2. Throw a rag over the bucket for fitting, from which you will create a vase. It is necessary that the edges of the canvas freely fit the container, forming folds and not encountering obstacles from below. Decide on the shape of the vase right away (asymmetrical, with a beveled edge, etc.), since after hardening, do not change it.
  3. Dissolve the cement and water in a bowl to the consistency of thick sour cream, pour in a little Fairy (a teaspoon of the product on a bucket of concrete) and mix.
  4. Immerse a rag in the solution, let it saturate with concrete.
  5. Lubricate the outside of the bucket with vegetable oil to prevent the mold from sticking to it.
  6. Take out the material impregnated with concrete and, without squeezing, throw it over the bucket, giving the shape of the vase that you determined in advance.
  7. The vase should dry within 3 days. Spray it periodically (2-3 days) with water to let the concrete dry gradually. This will improve the frost resistance of the product.
  8. After 3 days, remove the bucket from under the vase, and turn the product itself upside down and put it under the canopy for a week to dry.
  9. The finished vase is coated with a primer to reduce porosity, painted with acrylic paints or decorated with varnish for outdoor work on concrete and stone.

If you have a piece of plastic pipe with a large diameter left after installation work, you can decorate it with a material soaked in cement, placing the fabric in folds. The product turns out to be very original in design and will suit any modern style garden.

Decorating an old container with a material soaked in concrete, you get an unusual and durable floor vase that is not afraid of winter and rain.

Method # 2 - a vase of fine gravel

It happens that a plastic vase was once bought into the house, which has already lost its relevance and does not fit into the new landscape. Give it a second life by decorating it with rubble. And then it will acquire the features of a classic stone vase.

A small crushed stone vase fits into any style, where natural materials are taken as a basis, therefore it is placed both in the oriental garden and in the village

To do this, you will need:

  • plastic vase;
  • cement grade 500;
  • fine sand;
  • Fairy;
  • fine gravel;
  • screwdriver and self-tapping screws;
  • nylon thread or soft wire;
  • gloves, trowel.

Work progress:

  1. We screw in self-tapping screws over the entire surface of the plastic mold (with the tip inward), and we do not drive the caps back to back, but leave a gap of 1-2 mm.
  2. We braid the caps with nylon thread or wire, creating a frame on which the cement mortar will hold.
  3. Knead the solution: 1: 3 and add a little Fairy while stirring.
  4. We spread the mortar with a trowel on the frame, starting from the bottom, and immediately press the stones, trying to place them tightly, with the same step.
  5. Dry the finished vase in the shade for 3-4 days.
  6. We decorate the surface with varnish.

Outdoor varnishes have a wide range of colors, so you can give the finished vase the desired shade and at the same time protect it from moisture.

Instead of Fairy, some craftsmen add PVA glue or bustilate to the solution to provide the vase with strength, but these plasticizers are more expensive.

Method # 3 - a vase of branches and a plastic pipe

For country style, you can create a vase from branches. It will be of an elongated cylindrical shape, since a plastic pipe is taken as a basis. For decoration, you will need burlap and even thin dried tree branches. They are easy to find in a clearing in the forest.

A vase decorated with small twigs of trees goes well with a wicker fence, furniture made from tree cuts and a Moorish lawn

Work progress:

  1. Branches of the required length and thickness are harvested in the forest. Their length should be 5-7 cm larger than the base pipe.
  2. The plastic pipe is cut to the required height.
  3. A round stone is driven inside so that it lies on the bottom, but does not fall out. This will provide the structure with wind resistance.
  4. The outer surface of the pipe is wrapped with burlap, bending the ends inside the pipe and fixing them on liquid nails. No special evenness is needed, since the fabric will be covered by the branches.
  5. With a jute thread or twine, they connect the branches into one whole, tying them together with a simple knot. If the vase is not high, just knit from below and from above. If more than a meter, then tie the branches in the middle with a third thread.
  6. Try on the wood frame over the pipe until it wraps around it completely.
  7. The branches are fixed to the pipe with a thick decorative rope.

To extend the service life, it is better to clean the wooden vase indoors for the winter.

If the vase will stand in the open air, you can soak the burlap with vegetable oil to protect it from moisture, and varnish the branches.

Method # 4 - plaster vase

For this option, we have a video instruction for you:

Based on the presented master classes, you can create original elements of garden decor, and all the vases will be unique and inimitable. The main thing is not to overdo it with quantity, otherwise the landscape will lose its natural appearance and harmony.

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What stones in the garden to use for design?

The choice of stone depends on the style of decoration. You can use both natural and artificial stone.

Among the variety of wild stones, choose the one that is suitable for color, size, strength and ease of processing.The most durable option is granite.

The main advantage of artificial stone is that it can be anything, depending on the characteristics you require.

With the help of special additives, you can achieve any color scheme, increase the strength of the material and its resistance to dirt and moisture. You can create any structure and get a stone of exactly the required weight and size.

With the help of special shapes for garden paths, stones for landscaping can even be made independently.


What to consider when choosing ornamental shrubs?

When buying ornamental shrubs, it is important to remember that each of them has its own characteristics. Care for each of the varieties is different - there are capricious and unpretentious crops. So, if you decide to give your garden artistic content, then you need to consider the following nuances.

Function... First of all, you need to decide what ornamental trees or bushes are bought for. For zoning the site, some varieties are selected, and for decorating a pergola or gazebo, others.

Shrubs planted on the border of the site will protect from drafts and prying eyes

Compatibility with other cultures... If there are already trees on the site, then it is more advisable to use medium-sized shrubs. They will harmoniously fit into the overall picture.

Dimensions (edit)... When deciding on a choice, do not forget to inquire to what size the plant grows in height and width. Some varieties can even exceed the height of the trees. There are also antipodes to giants - dwarf and medium-sized varieties. They are marked with the nana label. It is better to plant them in groups so that they do not get lost in the space of the land plot.

For a small garden, compact varieties with unusual foliage are suitable, for example, the Thunberg barberry

Direction of growth... When choosing a variety, it must be borne in mind that, depending on the direction of growth, ornamental shrubs are divided into three large groups:

  • Vertical. They look like trees, grow upwards. They have well-defined trunks and a high crown. An example is the hawthorn.
  • Horizontal. The width of the crown is much greater than the height of the trunk. The location is horizontal in relation to the ground. Sometimes they form almost even parallel with the soil, such as, for example, a horizontal juniper.
  • Spherical. This class includes all varieties with a rounded crown, such as lilac or viburnum.

Kalina will delight in the fall with red berries that will remain in the winter if they are not collected for jam

In landscape design, varieties with different growth directions are used in order to play up the space of the personal plot and create real artistic masterpieces.

Rose bushes are a great way to dilute the monotony of a grass lawn


Conclusion

Country music is suitable for decorating a space, both a manor house and a couple of acres of land for a summer residence. Due to its simplicity, it is often used to decorate cottage plots around the world. This landscape solution is a great option for creative people. Each country has its own national characteristics: clear and strict lines from the British, French lightness and oblivion from lavender flowers, which grew into Provence style, German pragmatism.

The design of a country house or summer cottage does not require special financial investments. This is due to the fact that decorative elements and furniture are made by hand. A creative approach allows you to make your own home and garden area exactly the way the owner sees it. Don't be afraid to experiment. Combine cultivated and wild flora. Knowing the sense of proportion in the design, the village landscape will be filled with charm.


Watch the video: FLOWER VASE MUSIC VIDEO


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