To get a good harvest of carrots, complex care is necessary for them. Experienced gardeners know that it is possible to collect juicy large root crops only if they are properly watered, rid of weeds, fertilized and thinned out. Below we will tell you how to thin out carrots and in what time frame you need to carry out such a manipulation.
First, let's see why it is still important to carry out this procedure for a given culture. In the process of growing carrots, more and more space is required for a comfortable location of the root crop in the ground. If the bushes grow too close to each other, then the carrots will begin to deform and will not gain the necessary weight, even if there is sufficient watering and fertilization.
Some housewives use little tricks that save them from thinning in the future. For example, you can mix carrot seeds with river sand for even sowing, or make a mixture of radish and carrot seeds. The radish ripens earlier and you rip it out all before the carrot roots begin to pour. Thus, there will be enough space in the garden for carrots.
If you sowed the seeds in the usual way and they sprouted very thickly, you will have to take some time to learn how to thin out the carrots. In total, during the growing season, this procedure is carried out twice. The first thinning is planned at the time of the appearance of the first shoots. You don't have to wait long. It is enough for 2 leaves to look out onto the surface. Moisten the soil well before pulling on excess seedlings to help the roots come out more easily.
It is convenient to carry out manipulations with garden tweezers. You need to pull out the shoots in a straight up direction so as not to damage the neighboring plants. The root system of the sprouts is practically absent and, if handled not carefully, branches and deformations may appear in the future. Gaps of 3-4 centimeters are left between the bushes. After the procedure, the beds are moistened with water at room temperature, the irregularities are pressed down and the aisles are loosened. Excess shoots do not have to be thrown away. They can be used as seedlings by highlighting additional beds.
The next thinning of carrots is planned at the time when the stems grow up to 10 centimeters. Also moisten the soil before starting the procedure so as not to spoil the nearby bushes. The distance between carrots after 2 thinning should be 6-7 centimeters. It should be noted that such adult sprouts are no longer suitable for transplantation, so they will have to be thrown away.
When thinning, it is important to take into account that after the procedure, essential oils of the culture are released into the air and this carrot smell attracts pests, especially carrot flies. To prevent contamination, throw torn bushes away from the area. In no case should you leave them in the beds.
For safety reasons, the second thinning is recommended late at night. Hot ground pepper will help scare away uninvited guests. They are sprinkled with a thinned bed.
It's also worth noting that by thinning the carrots, you can control their sweetness and size. For sweeter and richer root vegetables, leave 1 to 2 centimeters less space than indicated above. If the main goal is to get the largest possible marketable carrots, do not spare the sprouts and leave enough space.
In the video, you will learn not the easiest way to plant carrots, especially since it must be properly thinned out. How to do this, see the video.
It takes 2 times to thin out the carrots for the entire time of its growth.
It is required to thin out carrots in the open ground for the first time 28-35 days after the seeds have been hardened, while the distance between the seedlings should be 1.5-3 cm. It is also recommended to do the same when thinning beets. The next time, thin out the carrots in the garden, remove the weakened seedlings 3-4 weeks after the first weeding. Vegetable crops should have 4-6 leaves.
Of course, thinning carrots is not the most interesting activity, to be honest, even one of the most boring and boring. That is why many gardeners initially plant carrots in proven ways that allow them to grow a ginger beauty without further thinning.
However, you will most likely still have to thin out the carrots, but in a very small amount.
Methods for planting carrots for cultivation without thinning:
Advice! More details about the nuances and methods of planting carrots read in a separate article.
However, according to numerous reviews of gardeners who have already tested this method, it does not give the desired result (= harvest), since the roots are too small.
It is much better to sow in holes, which you can make using the same egg trays, and then thin out in the future.
As the radish is harvested, the carrots will naturally thin out.
It is ideal, of course, to plant the carrots correctly, that is, so as not to thin out. This is quite possible if you plant it on tape, for example, or, as many do, on toilet paper. How to fix carrot seeds on it, read here. This method can seriously shorten the procedure for further thinning. If you sowed carrots or other crops not very successfully, then you will not be able to get around without thinning. But, you need to be able to do this so as not to pull on extra seedlings. After all, this way you can significantly reduce the yield. And you will do it yourself, and there will be simply no one to blame.
Most of the vegetables in our gardens need to be thinned twice. Moreover, one of these procedures is simply combined with weeding. 2-3 leaves on seedlings, this is a clear sign that you need to do thinning for the first time. The second time you will need to repeat this procedure, already when the seedlings grow up, that is, there will already be 5 or 6 leaves on them. Both of these stages are usually separated by about 4 weeks.
We defined the purpose of thinning at the beginning of this article. But, when you do it, then do not pull all the seedlings in a row. You will need to pull only the weak, but the real "strong", you will need to leave it, and preferably more. Of course, while maintaining a reasonable distance between them. Sometimes it happens that the seedlings, which are pulled out during thinning in this bed, are later planted again, but on another.
The distance between the seedlings must be maintained during thinning. It is determined only by the specifics of growing one or another vegetable. So, when you thin out the carrots, then keep about 1 - 2 centimeters, the same goes for parsley. But for beets or turnips, this distance will already be greater - 3 centimeters. Radish or radish require even more free space between seedlings - 4 centimeters. When you start thinning for the second time, the distance will need to be doubled.
This procedure is quite delicate and you will not be able to do without damaging the carrot seedlings. So, this work is best facilitated. To do this, just spill a good bed of carrots that you are going to process. Thinning can be done without watering, but immediately after a good rain. The best weather for this procedure is cloudy. So, those seedlings that you still touch at the same time will be able to recover much faster. The heat will obviously not contribute to this.
When thinning carrots, be careful not to damage the delicate stems. Otherwise, you will attract a carrot fly to the beds, it is very sensitive to the smell of its "native" plant. When you finish thinning, you will need to take the ash and sprinkle it on the beds. Thus, you will scare away this pest.
Of course, it is painful to pull out and throw away from the garden the long-awaited seedlings that have sprung up so amicably and cheerfully. I just want to "attach" them to the next garden bed. Do I need to do this? As for carrots, it will not take root in other beds, since it withers very quickly (one might say, immediately) and then does not recover. But it is quite possible to move the beets, and besides them celery and parsley to another "place of residence". But in order for everything to go well, you must first dig holes for these torn seedlings. In addition, it is already necessary to thin out these crops carefully, that is, at the same time, the root rod should not be deformed or somehow bent. If you allowed this and planted such seedlings, then do not be surprised that your plant will then grow a little (or strongly) deformed. After the transplant procedure, these seedlings, in their new place, be sure to water abundantly.
Loosening and weeding are usually combined with thinning. And besides these two accompanying procedures, there are two more - watering (always important for any seedlings) and soil mulching.
But in this useful video, you will be shown how you can plant carrots so as not to thin out. Look, maybe you will adopt this technique.
In most cases, transplanting thinned carrots does not give positive results. As a rule, as a result of such actions, branched and hairy carrots of very small sizes grow in the garden. It is for this reason that carrots and other root crops are not planted with seedlings, since they do not take root well. However, some gardeners still resort to such actions and get a harvest of carrots.
To plant thinned, it is necessary to use the removed shoots after the first stage of thinning, while they are very small in size. Transplanting root crops at the second stage is completely pointless - the plant will be constantly sick and the harvest will be poor. At the chosen place, you should mark the holes with a pencil and plant the remote sprouts on them. Further, the soil around the plantings must be compacted and watered abundantly. With careful care, thinned carrots can give a good boost to the vegetable yield.
1. Choosing a place. 2. Garden bed preparation. 3. Presowing preparation of carrot seeds. 4. Planting methods without further thinning. 5. Planting pelleted seeds. 6. Belt landing. 7. Planting with paste. 8. Carrot care.
Novice gardeners have difficulty sowing small carrot seeds. It is not easy to arrange the seeds into the grooves at the same interval. No matter how hard you try, a pile of seeds will spill out somewhere and you will have to cut off excess shoots. But how can we do without decimation? We will consider several ways of planting carrots in this article.
When choosing a place on the site for the location of the garden, you need to take into account the features of this vegetable crop:
Carrots are an unpretentious vegetable crop. It can even grow in sandy soil with a lot of nutrients.
On heavy clay soils, root crops bend in the process of growth and grow small.
They fix the heavy soil before the start of sowing work, introducing a large amount of peat, rotted manure and, of course, coarse river sand. Preparatory work begins in the fall.
Carrots do not tolerate acidic soils. Therefore, it is important to reduce acidity prior to sowing seeds. To do this, add dolomite flour, slaked lime or chalk during the digging process. These substances deoxidize the soil.
Prepare the garden in the fall. Dig up the soil to a depth of 30 cm with a bayonet spatula or garden pitchfork. Lumps are left on the surface to freeze in the winter. Thanks to the “heat treatment”, weed seeds and pests are killed in the clumps.
In the spring, the soil is treated with a solution of copper sulfate (a mixture for irrigation is prepared from one bucket of water and 1 tablespoon of copper sulfate). Watered by sprinkling from a watering can. After processing, re-dug up a bed with a pitchfork or carry out processing with a cultivator. Lumps are broken with a rake and level the topsoil.
A bed is formed: the ground is raised above ground level by 25 cm (carrots grow even and large in high beds). If possible, the sides are made of boards or slate so that the earth does not crumble at the edges. In arid regions, low beds are organized (up to 10 cm). The width of the ridge depends on the individual preferences of the gardener, but it should not be made wider than 1 meter.
Carrot seeds sown dry sprout for a very, very long time. In optimal weather conditions, sprouts begin to break through after 2 weeks, and when planted early, the sprouts can emerge “into the light” after a long period of time (3-4 weeks). Why do seeds take a long time to germinate? Due to the etheric shell, which prevents rapid germination.
Steps for preparing carrot seeds:
By choosing any of the planting methods, it will not be possible to completely do without thinning.
This procedure will be greatly simplified if the seeds sprout at the same distance, and not in piles, in which it is difficult to separate good specimens from bad ones.
Consider several planting methods that will help the gardener save seeds and reduce the number of time-consuming operations to pull out excess plants. Experienced gardeners shared these methods on the Internet.
Use of seeds in dragees. In the factory, small seeds are covered with a special shell, which disintegrates in a humid environment. Coarse granules are very easy to sow into the grooves at the required distance.
Disadvantage - it is difficult to predict the quality of seeds packed in dragees. If the percentage of germination is small, then voids may appear in the garden. And sowing them closely with subsequent thinning is an expensive pleasure.
When should you buy seeds in pills? If it is possible to carry out daily watering of the beds up to the sprouting of seedlings. With a lack of moisture, the destruction of the shell is inhibited. As a result, the seeds die without being able to germinate through the crust in the dragee. The pelleted seeds germinate in 3 weeks.
Carrot seeds on tape are not uncommon in horticultural stores. It won't be difficult to buy. Prepare the tape on their own if you want to save money, and also if you plan to plant seeds collected by hand. Prepare the tape in advance in the winter.
How to properly stick carrot seeds on the tape? Stages:
In what cases is the distance between the seeds reduced during the ribbon making process? Then, when there is no confidence in the quality of seeds (with a low percentage of germination), so that the work does not go to waste. After all, if some of the seeds do not sprout, then gaps will form in the garden. Use quality seeds to avoid problems in the future.
With paste, the seeds are distributed evenly in the grooves, but at a close distance. The thinning procedure takes significantly less time than when sowing dry, due to the lack of seedlings in clusters.
The recipe for the paste: in 1 liter of cold water, it is enough to add 1 tbsp. spoon of starch and bring to a boil. Then refrigerate to 30 degrees. Pour 1 package of carrot seeds into 1 liter of paste in a thin stream, stirring occasionally.
Pour the mixture from a small watering can into the grooves after calculating the approximate consumption. The grooves are covered with light soil and moistened with a watering can with a strainer. Keep the soil moist until emergence.
The land in the garden is constantly kept moist. The top layer of the soil must be moistened before germination. Otherwise, weak sprouts will not be able to break through the crust. As the root crops grow, the volume of water increases. The soil should be moderately moist at a depth of 30 cm or more. Stop watering 3 weeks before harvest (late August - early September).
Loosening of the surface layer of the soil is combined with weeding. Loosen the ground with a rake or flat cutter. Remember - oxygen is not supplied to the roots through the crust, which is necessary for the good development of plants. To prevent crust formation, you can cover the aisles with mulching material (straw, grass or sawdust).
If the carrots do not sprout evenly, then with the appearance of the first true leaf on the plants, thinning is carried out. Gently remove weak sprouts, leaving a 2 cm gap between the carrots. The second time you need to thin out the carrots after 3 weeks. Leave 5 cm between the plants.
Observing these growing rules, it is easy to get a large harvest of large carrots in the garden. Remember - planting density affects the size of root crops. When sowing seeds at a great distance, you do not have to carry out thinning in the summer. The carrots will grow large and tasty.