A fishing rod for trout fishing is practically no different from rods for fishing other fish. Except that there are special requirements for the rod. It must be strong and flexible. Its length varies depending on the conditions of the reservoirs.
But in any case, the rod should be light enough, since you constantly have to hold it in your hands, make numerous casts, and often move from place to place. Therefore, working with a heavy rod quickly tires.
Any reel with a drum capacity of about 50 meters will do. It is simply irreplaceable in the fight against strong unyielding fish, since it allows you to release the line in time when jerking.
It is generally accepted that the optimal line diameter is 0.2-0.3 millimeters. Preferably in the color of algae. Hooks are used from # 4 to # 8. Usually one hook is placed. But if the bottom is clay or peaty, then you can try to fish with two hooks. This is done so that in the event that the lower hook plunges into the viscous soil, the upper one works.
The size and capacity of the float, the weight and shape of the sinker depend on the current and on the layers in which the fish is kept. Spherical foam floats have proven themselves well. Floats with a bright contrasting color are able to scare off trout, which is always wary of unfamiliar objects that come into its field of vision.
Of the baits, of course, you should give preference to those that are the usual food of trout in this reservoir. At the same time, it must be admitted that, perhaps, the most versatile nozzle is the dung worm. It has been experimentally established that small trout can be successfully caught even on parts of worms. True, for large individuals, more serious baits are needed, such as a crawl, a whole wriggling dung worm, a frog, and even better live bait - a small fish or a small tackle.
Other baits are also suitable for catching trout: bloodworms, maggots, caddis flies, locusts, barnacles, bark beetle larva and even a fly.
With a float rod, trout are caught in three ways: in a plumb line from the bottom, floating and receiving, with a slowly sinking bait. Fishing in a plumb line from the bottom means that the bait is located directly on the bottom, but does not lie on it, otherwise the trout may simply not notice it. After all, it has long been known that fish find moving bait faster and more willingly. With this in mind, it is necessary from time to time to support the line and allow the bait to move with the flow until it sinks to the bottom again. Then the manipulation is repeated ...
The method of floating fishing consists in the fact that the float, together with the nozzle, is melted downstream to the length of the fishing line and rod. In this case, the nozzle can be close to the bottom and even cling to irregularities on it. Floating fishing is most efficient at the places where rivers and streams flow into the lake and on the slow current of quiet reaches. It is clear that there is no point in using this method on an overgrown, curled up river, since the tackle will quickly get stuck.
Floating fishing can be especially successful with the onset of twilight or in the predawn hours, when the angler may not camouflage himself too carefully, thereby taking the most advantageous, convenient position. For better visibility, the float should be white in this case.
With the method of fishing with a slowly sinking nozzle, it, as it were, along an arc trajectory descends to a depth. With skillful performance of such a maneuver and with an attractive bait (for example, from several small caddis flies or maggots), rarely any trout will not be tempted by this "treat". In addition, other fish often bite.
Fishing can be done in different ways: from the shore, across the river, from a boat. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. Fording can only be caught in rivers where the depth allows the angler to navigate the water without any problems. But in this case, it is possible to check virtually all the places in the river. Trout from a boat is rarely caught, and only in large rivers and lakes, when it is necessary to throw a bait far away.
Most often, the fisherman moves along the shore, fishing for suitable places, and, if necessary, enters the water. It is preferable to go upstream, since the trout usually keeps its head towards the stream, and therefore it is easier to approach it unnoticed. Downstream casts are used only when there is no other way out.
In most cases, especially on rifts and rapids, trout grabs the bait immediately: the float twitches several times and then disappears into the water. Therefore, it is necessary to hook quickly and vigorously, otherwise a fish with very sensitive lips, feeling a hook in its mouth, will immediately spit it out. With timely and correct striking, trout almost always becomes the prey of the angler.
If the bite is active enough, then often the trout (especially the large one) shows excitement and perseverance. If, having grabbed the bait, she did not "sit down" on the hook, then she often makes a new attack. Therefore, after an unsuccessful bite, you should not immediately remove the hook with a nozzle from the water.
When, for example, there is no bite for half an hour or it has completely stopped, you should change the place of fishing. Quite often, the fisherman thinks that there is no fish in one place or another, but in fact it either lurked, or the fisherman failed to seduce her. You should catch your favorite places in a certain order - in a circle, starting with the closest places. In this case, the farther trout is not frightened. It is highly desirable that each cast be made exactly to the chosen place and the less often the better.
In short, fishing for trout with a float rod is exciting and difficult.
The methods of catching this popular fish in October, one might say, do not differ from the summer ones. That is, they catch him with a float rod or use donks. In autumn, carp prepares for winter, which means they feed intensively. He does this most actively when the days are warm and calm. The onset of cold weather significantly affects the biting of carp for the worse, and the colder the weather, the worse the biting will be. The fish itself, by this time, moves to the pits, in which the carp usually stands in winter. The fish practically stops moving around the reservoir, which means that you will have to look for such holes in order to have a chance to catch carp. What is also important is to be able to deliver the bait directly to the fish, and at the same time when it comes out to feed a little.
In October, it is best to use a running rig that works well for thin, fluorocarbon line. This will allow you to deliver the bait to quite remote places if you are fishing for carp from the shore. The choice of any tackle should be determined by the size of the intended catch. For small carp, up to 2 kilograms, you can use a line with a diameter of about 0.3 millimeters.
Today, carp are often caught on a feeder, that is, on a rod equipped with a feeder. The tackle of such a rod (yes, and it itself) is particularly durable, because a very decent carp can be caught, and in order to successfully pull out such a large fish and the rod and all the equipment on it must be strong enough. A match rod is used most often for feeder fishing. With this rod, the tip has good sensitivity. A rod, the length of which is 2.5 meters - 3 meters, makes it possible to cast the feeder up to hundreds of meters. It's good if you have a special carp reel on such a rod, as well as an electronic bite alarm. Here the fishing line is already used thicker - 0.3 - 0.35 millimeters in diameter.
Of course, the success of fishing is often determined by the timely holding of bait, while the entire fishing place will need to be fed. At this point, the groundbait should be mostly plant-based. It can be millet porridge, corn grains, boiled potatoes are also suitable. Which option is the best, hardly anyone will tell you. Here, each reservoir and the fish that live in it has its own characteristics.
As for the baits, in October, animal baits will do well. Several earthworms, hooked with an ordinary bunch, are a very good option for baiting carp during this period.
You can also use boilies, these are balls of the correct shape, made from flour, where, as a rule, various additives with a fragrant smell are added. These boilies can be bought in stores today, but many make them themselves. But, in any case, remember that this nozzle must always be scented. If it is not there, then it is unlikely that you will be able to catch even a relatively small carp. In addition, be sure to use feeders. Without it, you can not count on a real trophy either. You can read more about various options for fishing carp baits here.
Speaking specifically about catching carp in the pond, then there it is mainly in the reeds. Best of all, he will bite while the sun has not yet risen. You can fish for carp in the evening, but at this time the bite cannot be described as constant. Yes, and most likely one little thing will be caught.
In October, in order to catch good fish, you need to find exactly the hole that the carp chose for wintering. Usually, the current there is rather weak, and the depth is very decent. Although carp loves warmth very much, you can catch it all year round, because all this time its way of life is distinguished by certain activity. Carps love to feed on fry and other animal organisms. So, carp fishing can be practiced not only in October, but also in November, and even throughout the winter.
And, here is almost a whole film, where you will be told and shown a lot of useful information about the peculiarities of carp fishing in October. We look.
You can fish roach with a float rod from the beginning of March to the end of November. This fish is small in size, so the rig is selected light in weight. The rod should be 2.5-5 m in size, light enough and have an elastic tip. The reel can be used with a regular or spinning reel. If the rod is swinging, then the reel is not used. The thickness of the fishing line for the leash is 0.08-0.1 mm, the length is 30 cm. The hook depends on the bait. If fishing is for dough, insect or maggot, then hook number 10 is chosen, for all other baits, hook number 8 is preferred.
To attach the hook to the line, use the loop-to-loop method. When choosing a float, you need to pay attention to the place of fishing, what will be the depth and the presence of a current. A keel float with a drop-shaped body is used at great depths, as well as in places where there is a weak current. The same float, but in the form of a spindle, is used on shallows or on reservoirs where there is no current. If there are waves or strong currents, it is better to give preference to a keel float with a spherical body.
Note that the roach does not like the neighborhood with the rudd, therefore, where there is a lot of rudd, as a rule, there is no roach, and vice versa. Note that fishing for roach with a float rod is widespread. This is due to the peculiar capricious bite of the fish, which so supports the fishing excitement.
In summer, especially in July, the tench is not particularly mobile. His lifestyle during this period can be described as sedentary. Most often, this fish is found in lakes, especially if such a lake is small. The tench also lives in rivers. There he keeps closer to the muddy bottom, where he feeds on bloodworms or water worms. In addition, the tench loves backwaters, backwaters and oxbows. When the water warms up to plus 20 degrees (3-4 days after that), the tench begins to spawn. Here biting is seriously declining, and is fully restored somewhere, in a week.
Tench can be caught from the shore, and, of course, from a boat. In any case, the bait must be cast correctly, that is, it must cross the border that forms the aquatic vegetation. Regardless of where you are, in the boat or on the shore, do not let the fish see you. To remain unnoticed, you must be 6 - 7 meters from the place of casting.
The tench is most active in cloudy weather, or even when it is raining a little. If the weather is exactly like this, then you can safely catch tench all day long. In hot weather, tench bites well somewhere around 8 o'clock in the morning. This is the time to start heating the water.
Whatever fish you catch, bait is a very important part of your fishing success. If you catch tench on the lake, then you must use it. For example, you can cook it with your own hands from cottage cheese, where they add a little chopped or just crushed bloodworm. Do not throw in a large portion of groundbait at once, because in summer there is enough natural food for the tench. And, when casting a large portion of bait, the fish becomes saturated very quickly, and may not react at all to your bait. When fishing for tench, you can hook the meat of crayfish, or, well known to all of us, maggot on the hook. Remember also about the classic bait, that is, about the worm.
This simple tackle is perhaps the most commonly used when fishing for tench. To successfully cast the tackle beyond the aquatic vegetation, it is best to take a long rod - 6 meters. The role of the main line on such a rod (if you want to catch a really large fish) should be played by the line, the color of which should match the color of the water. Leashes (several pieces) are fixed to this cord, the diameter of which should be 0.25 mm. Further, hooks are already tied to these leashes. The hook number can be in the range of 5-8. The float is selected sensitive enough. When casting, your task is to adjust the depth correctly, that is, the bait should only slightly touch the bottom of the reservoir.
Usually, tench very hesitantly and extremely carefully, slowly begins to crush the bait. When he does this, the float begins to walk from one side, and, little by little, to the other. Here you should not immediately hook it. Wait! The float has gone completely under the water, which means it's time for the sweep. This should be done sharply, because the tench's lips are quite thick. So, if you missed this moment, then it is quite possible that he will simply spit out the bait and leave.
So, you can catch a tench quite successfully if you know where it is, catch it with a float rod, feed it with cottage cheese (or crayfish meat), and correctly hook it. These are the main tricks for catching tench. Good luck fishing!
You will also be told about the subtleties of catching tench with a float rod in this video. Take a look.
The float rod has a fairly simple rig, which consists of a fishing line with a hook at the end, a sinker and a float. The sinkers are positioned slightly above the hook, with the float above them. Thanks to a special mount, the float can be effortlessly moved along the line, setting the desired depth.
There are several types of float tackle.
It is a fairly light fishing rod, it can be cast with a light wave of the hand to a distance that exceeds the length of the rod itself by 2-2.5 times. A more powerful swing rod with a reel and rings on the rod is called a bologna.
It is a rod, the length of which is 16-18 meters, and a float rig is located immediately under its tip. This considerable rod length allows the rig to be delivered directly to the point of fishing. When the fish is biting, the hooking is done with a sharp movement "towards oneself".
On the shore there are special rollers, along which the rod is quickly pulled to the shore, where the end of about 2-3 meters is disconnected from it. With the help of this rod, the final playing of the fish ashore takes place.From the description it may seem that it takes a lot of time, but in practice everything happens in a matter of seconds.
Has a sliding float. Using this tackle, you can fish areas remote from the coast using a long cast. At the same time, a special stopper is placed on the line, thanks to which the rig will be immersed in the water at the same distance from the shore. This will allow you to feed the area and then fish there.