Photo of a flower midge - midges in a flower pot or sciaris


Plant pests

Very often people get confused flower midge and fruit... And it would not be so scary if the harm that these insects cause did not differ so significantly. Therefore, here we will show you how these two pests differ. And at the same time we will give a link to an article where it is written how to get rid of a flower midge.

Midge in a flower pot

Midge on indoor flowers

Flower midges or sciarids

Fruit midge

Fruit midge

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Plant Pest Information

Sections: Pests Houseplant pests


How to deal with flower gnats

First of all, prevention:

  • After purchasing a new plant, be sure to inspect it and place it for a week or two separately from other plants. Quarantined.
  • Buy only high-quality earth mixes from serious manufacturers. If you prepare them yourself, then after drawing up, be sure to carry out disinfection (calcination, treatment with insecticides and fungicides).
  • Loosen the soil in the flower pot regularly.
  • Do not use top dressing "from the table" - meat and fish water, coffee grounds, milk, etc.
  • When preparing organic fertilizers, give them enough time to ferment. This is especially true for mullein and bird droppings.
  • And most importantly - strictly observe the watering regime! It is different for each plant, but there is one general requirement - when kept in cool conditions, watering is reduced. Avoid waterlogging the soil in the pot.

But if flower midges do appear, it is not particularly difficult to remove them. There are both folk remedies and various chemical remedies.

  1. The most popular of all popular ways to get rid of sciaris is to stick 5 pieces of gray matches down into the ground. If the pot is large, then there are more matches, if it is small, then there are fewer. After some time, the sulfur will come off them, then we repeat the procedure. And so several times.
  2. Laundry soap solution is also a very good and effective way. But the solution should be weak in concentration so as not to harm the flower.
  3. Pink solution of potassium permanganate. One watering is often enough. At the same time, get rid of other possible misfortunes.
  4. Orange peels. You just need to stick them into the ground around the circumference of the pot.
  5. Garlic tincture. A non-aromatic but effective way. Sprinkle the plant with infusion of garlic (in a liter of water, insist three heads of chopped garlic for at least three hours) and water the ground.
  6. You don't have to insist on garlic, just chop and sprinkle on the ground.

If folk remedies are not particularly helpful, then you can turn to chemistry.

Dichlorvos water gives a good result. To prepare it in a liter jar of water, pshik 4 - 5 times from a can and stir. Water the ground immediately. But be careful with concentration. A lot of dichlorvos in water is harmful to the plant. It is also impossible to cultivate dry land.

Of the commercially available means for combating flower midges, "Bazudin", "Aktara", "Mukhoed", pencil "Mashenka" and so on are suitable.

As you can see, getting rid of flower midges is not difficult. But as I have already noted, its appearance is only a consequence. The main thing is to eliminate the cause of the appearance!


TOP 4 reasons for the appearance of midges in indoor plants

If the reasons are summarized into one, then we can safely say that non-observance of the rules for caring for plants can cause midges to appear. And what exactly should be violated. To make the probability of attacks not conditional, but quite expected. So, we propose to highlight the most typical reasons.

  1. Excessive moisture in the soil. Waterlogging is considered the top option, which will help to find out why your "pet" was tortured by midges. Most likely, excessive watering provoked stagnation of moisture, and this is precisely the ideal place for the appearance and reproduction of such a pest as a midge.
  2. Poor quality of the soil where the indoor flower grows. Very often you can face a problem when a plant is transplanted or gets into the house with spoiled soil. For example, something once grew in it, and the process of decay was not fully completed. It is this environment that will be the ideal breeding ground for midge larvae.
  3. Ventilation without a mosquito net. A less likely, but possible variant of the cause of the appearance of midges is open windows without mosquito protection. The thing is that there is such a type of midges that calmly fly into the premises and look for a place for breeding - the moist soil of a container with a houseplant. Such an insect quickly finds shelter in the soil, actively reproduces and populates your flower with a large number of midges.
  4. The presence of spoiled fruits or vegetables near the houseplant.If there is any fruit or vegetable in the room that is overripe and starts to rot, midges can

appear so quickly and in large numbers that you will not have time to look back.


What is this midge

This insect belongs to the scyriads, which in the common people are called "flower midges". By themselves, midges do not harm, however, their larvae feed on the shoots and roots of the plant, which as a result can cause its death. Midges can be found in a pallet or near a flowerpot, and their larvae are in the ground.

If there are a lot of larvae, then it is enough to dig the soil and they will be visible. Midges come in light and dark colors, depending on the species, but there are no other differences between them.

The larvae are white, a couple of millimeters in size, barely distinguishable. Less often you can find earthen fleas - suckers. There is little harm from them, but in large quantities they are capable of destroying the plant. Fleas do not fly, but crawl, so it is difficult to detect them, given their small size and white color.

Why midges start in flowers

Breeding domestic plants is not an easy task, it requires scrupulousness, attentiveness and, of course, love for flowers. Agree that many claim that they have a heavy hand, but this is self-deception. Before you start breeding flowers, you need to answer important questions: will you care for them (water, transplant, fertilize) or are you too busy for this?

If the answer is yes, and you strive to create coziness in the apartment with the help of green friends, then you should be aware that not only you will admire them, but also ill-fated midges. They use the soil of indoor flowers to lay their larvae.

In the future, these larvae will feed on the roots of flowers, which will cause an irreversible process of decay and slow wilting of plants.

The main favorable condition for the appearance of midges is the high moisture content of the soil, from which the possible reasons for their appearance follow:

  1. Frequent watering and waterlogging of the soil.
  2. Contaminated soil or pot after transplanting or buying from a store.
  3. Purchased infected plant.
  4. Features of the soil or pot that help retain moisture.
  5. Watering the soil with various liquids that provoke rotting processes (tea leaves, coffee grounds).
  6. A permanently open window through which infection occurs.

You need to know that midges feed on rotting products, which occurs only in the presence of moisture. Cyriads lay their larvae only in moist soil, in dry soil they die.

All methods of control and prevention are based on this. If midges fly over indoor flowers, then do not rush to say goodbye to your green friend.

It is necessary to determine what could have influenced their occurrence. The most common cases are:

    waterlogging of the soil - in the hot season, most housewives often water the plant, believing that it dries up.

That is why the water stagnates, and the presence of excess moisture turns into a favorable climate for the emergence of unfortunate pests.

  • open window - flying mushroom mosquitoes can fly to your home. Having found wet soil, they will gladly settle in a flowerpot
  • non-disinfected soil is one of the important features of poor-quality soil, which consists in the fact that all decay processes are not completed in the substrate (the presence of deciduous humus residues in the ground). Such a land is an excellent source for the laying of larvae by pests.
  • Such midges do not cause any harm to humans. They can neither bite like flies and mosquitoes, nor suck like ticks. In a person, they can only cause a feeling of discomfort by flying around the apartment, falling into cups and plates.

    But for the plants you care for, this is a real threat. And they are not afraid of adults, but the larvae that hatch from eggs laid in the ground. The larvae can damage the roots of flowers, as a result, the process of rotting and slow withering of the plant will begin.

    A large population of larvae is quite capable of making the soil in a pot and flowerpot airtight and dense. And then the question of how to deal with pests is most acute.

    Knowing the reasons why midges can start, you can prevent their appearance, and not then get rid of intruders. Let's consider the most common:

    Stagnation creates a favorable climate for the growth of the pest population. This is especially true in the summer, when the plants need frequent watering and the housewives moisturize them heartily, without waiting for the soil to dry out.

  • Open windows. Mushroom mosquitoes easily fly into an apartment through an open window and choose a flowerpot for a place of residence.
  • Poor quality soil.

    Often, the soil for domestic plants contains residues of deciduous humus, i.e. decay processes are not completed. And this is a favorite delicacy for the larvae of mushroom mosquitoes.

  • Using home remedies to fertilize the soil, such as tea leaves or sleeping coffee.
  • Before proceeding with the procedure for eliminating insects, you should figure out why they appeared in a flower pot, and what type of parasites are destroying your flowers. Among the main and most common causes of insects is over-watering flowers.

    The fact is that high humidity in the soil is a favorable condition for the maturation of the larvae and their further reproduction. Often, contaminated land is sold in stores.

    You should not buy soil in spontaneous markets, it is better to overpay a little and pay for a high-quality and non-contaminated one, which is sold in specialized flower shops. Often, even buying flowers in pots does not guarantee that there are no larvae of this or that parasite in the soil.

    Often flies appear within the constituents of the soil, which is necessary to retain moisture. Usually they are installed for too moisture-loving indoor plants. Experts advise getting rid of such mechanisms - it is better to water the plants more often. Flies love tea brewing. Many housewives fertilize the soil from time to time with tea leaves.

    Experts say that such a procedure does not improve the growth of the plant, but only increases the likelihood of parasites.

    Well, of course, midges in flowers can start in the event that a window is open in the house, and insects have free access to flower pots. That is why many professionals advise installing mosquito nets for the summer, which prevent sciarids and other harmful insects from appearing in pots.

    Types of midges on flowers

    Emerging pests can be detected with the naked eye. The most common are white midges (pores or springtails). They can be observed on the surface of the flooded soil or at the foot of the flowerpot. The pores are small (0.2-1mm), predominantly white or grayish-brown in color.

    They are very active, constantly jumping over the sheets of their green friend. Their laid-off larvae can cause irreparable damage to the root system of a home plant. White midges on indoor flowers mainly appear in winter or early spring, when moisture does not evaporate very quickly from the surface of the earth. In addition to white pests, black midges can also start.

    Sciarids are small midges that fly annoyingly over green spaces.

    They are harmless to humans, but they cause great discomfort, as they fly throughout the living space, constantly getting into plates of food and cups of tea. But for plants and soil, they are very dangerous. Large numbers of larvae can damage the root system of the flower, as well as make the ground airtight and denser.

    If you see translucent worms 2-5 mm long in the ground. with a black dot on the head, it is sciaris. Black midges in flowers can appear if you prefer to fertilize plants with folk remedies such as tea leaves, rotted leaves, or other organic matter. Pests can also be introduced by using non-disinfecting soil for transplanting flowers.

    Plant species favored by pests

    Experienced flower growers claim that not all varieties of flowers are attacked by midges. For example, springtails prefer plants with soft leaves such as fuchsias, begonias, etc. Sciarids, on the contrary, take root at the roots of plants with dense leaves: violets, azaleas, ficuses, and others.
    Source: "netparazit.ru nisorinki.net klopkan.ru sadovod.guru"


    Types of midges on plants

    Several species of insects belonging to the Sciarid family, the Diptera order, have adapted to life in flower pots.

    In everyday life, they are called midges and flies, although they are leafy, or soil, mosquitoes:

    The size of adults does not exceed 5 mm, the length of young insects is 1.5 mm. They briskly scurry about in flower pots, fly over to window sills, window frames, shelves.

    Adult midges hardly feed. Females lay eggs on plant roots or on the surface of the soil. Almost transparent larvae with a black head end emerge from them. First, they feed on mushrooms, algae and plant debris. Then they switch to eating young roots. A favorable environment for the development of larvae is a waterlogged substrate.

    Sciarids damage young roots that absorb water with solutes. As a result, plants do not receive the necessary nutrition and moisture, develop poorly and may die.

    Flowers in greenhouses, greenhouses, terraces, balconies and rooms can be harmed by leafhoppers. These are representatives of the family Cicadellidae, the order of Hemiptera. The leafhoppers differ from sciarid midges by their larger size (up to 10 mm), the shape of the body in the form of the Latin letter V and various colors (yellow, green, light gray).

    Adults and larvae suck up plant juices and inject poisonous saliva, which causes the leaves to change color and shape. Cicadas feed on leaves and flowers, can fly around the room, wingless nymphs jump high.


    Different insects can grow in pots with plants. If you understand what kind of pest you are facing, the fight will be more effective.

    Black midges

    These are sciarids, which are also called mushroom mosquitoes. They are very small in size, literally a few millimeters. The body is elongated, gray-black, the wings are transparent.

    Adult insects are not dangerous at all. Plants are threatened by eggs that sciarids lay in moist soil.

    The hatched larvae are approximately 3-5 mm long. They have a black head and a white body. They feed on organic matter rotting in the ground, but they can also gnaw thin young plant roots.

    White midges

    In another way, they are called whiteflies or aleurodes. Adults are approximately 2-3 mm long. Outwardly, they resemble moths. They have two pairs of milky white wings covered with a flour-like coating.

    Gary chang

    Insects lay light and well-defined eggs on the underside of the leaves.With special pleasure - for juicy. These are, for example, in fuchsias, primroses, pelargoniums, poinsettia, hibiscus, abutilones.

    The hatched larvae, like the adult whiteflies, suck the juices from the stems and leaves. The damaged areas are deformed, twisted, sticky dew appears on them. If you do not take action, the plant will die.

    Fruit flies

    These are fruit flies 2-3 mm long. Outwardly, they resemble ordinary flies, only very miniature.

    Katja Schulz

    Drosophila is not dangerous for a plant. They rather annoy people, as they quickly multiply and scatter around the apartment.


    How to get rid of midges in flower pots quickly?

    For many indoor flowers, midges, which most often appear in winter, become a real scourge. These small white insects lay eggs in moist soil, from which larvae are then formed. This raises questions: why midges appear in flowers, what to do if they damage plants.

    There are several reasons for the appearance of pests:

      Sometimes the purchased soil for flowers is already infected with larvae. The main reason is over-watering. In winter, soil in pots does not dry out so quickly, and this is the best environment for small insects. In summer, flower flies can also appear if you have filled the pot with soil. Damp indoor air and low temperatures are a favorable environment for pests. Attracts insects and the substrate, where there is an active process of decay. Soil mosquitoes like to lay their eggs in soil that has been fertilized with mullein tinctures.

    How to get rid of midges in home flowers if they are found? With a minimum number of insects, it is enough to dry the soil to forget about intruders. If this is a neglected case, then you will have to use folk or chemical remedies.

    How to spot annoying guests?

    Midges in flower pots will quickly announce their presence. They can be found on the surface of the substrate, and even in the sump, where they drain during the next watering.

    Types of midges that live in flower pots

    Much more often, the flowerpot is precipitated by white actively jumping mosquitoes, whose larvae can cause certain harm to the roots. They are also called spring-tails or fools. Their size is 2-10 mm, the color is white or yellowish. Numerous laid larvae cause significant damage to the root system.

    The higher the humidity level, the faster they will multiply. Begonia, fuchsia, camellia, gardenia are susceptible to their attacks.

    Black guests, or sciarids, are no less agile. Adult soil mosquitoes do not feed on plant sap; they damage the growth point, which then becomes a hotbed for the development of rot. The female lays eggs over time in a moist substrate.

    The larvae feed on rotting plant debris, therefore, during mass reproduction, they can cause significant damage to the root system of plants. With a small amount of spiarids, it is enough to let the soil dry well so that the pests disappear.

    We take preventive measures

    The risk that midges in pots will start is minimized if appropriate preventive measures are taken in time. We offer several simple ways that can get rid of this trouble:

      Soil mosquitoes will not start if the room is regularly ventilated. Watering should not be too abundant, since pests start in conditions of high humidity. After watering, the water from the sump must be drained. Sciarids lay their eggs only in moist soil, in order to avoid this, but not to dry out the soil, it is necessary to spread pebbles or expanded clay on its surface. This method will reduce the risk of insects that cannot lay their eggs. Drainage for flowers is an excellent prophylactic method against sciarids and springtails. If the risk of pests still remains quite high, you can treat the place where the containers with flowers stand with ordinary crayon for cockroaches.

    Subject to all preventive measures, midges simply will not be able to start, but such measures should be applied regularly, otherwise small harm will quickly attack the flowerpot you like. Knowing how to deal with pests, how to grow seedlings, when and how to feed cucumbers and tomatoes, you can easily equip a vegetable garden or a miniature greenhouse on the windowsill.

    Primary folk methods of struggle

    If, nevertheless, midges in flowers have started, how to get rid of them is the next problem. Proven folk remedies will help.

    You can also use normal soapy water for the treatment. To do this, the laundry soap must be grated and dissolved in water. The proportion is as follows: for 1 liter of water, you need to take 20 g of soap.

    Some growers recommend putting a few cloves of garlic in the soil. The land will have to be loosened more often, reducing watering.

    Wood ash will also help, it will not only get rid of insects, but also serve as an excellent fertilizer. It is enough to sprinkle the earth on it and the problem is solved. Care must be taken with plants that prefer acidic soils. An excess of wood ash will be disastrous for them. Azaleas, gardenias, hydrangeas, etc. prefer to grow in acidic soil.

    If there are midges in indoor flowers and you are in doubt about what to do, use chili peppers. It is enough to take 1 tsp. ground spices and 0.5 liters of boiling water. Cover the container with the mixture with a towel and leave for a couple of hours, then filter the composition. For 1 medium-sized pot, 150-200 ml of infusion is required.

    If white midges appear in the flowers, immersing the pot in water will help get rid of them. It remains only to collect the emerging insects on the surface.

    Chemicals

    Soil mosquitoes can be destroyed in other ways. For example, with the help of chemicals that are sold in many stores today. But it is best to resort to such measures if everyone else has not brought the expected result.

    For a radical fight against the larvae, insecticides will help. The solution can be spilled on the ground and sprayed on foliage. A popular chemical agent for midges is Aktara. Fitoverm, Kinmiks, Intavir can be used.

    After treatment with chemicals, the plants are not watered for 4-5 days, so as not to weaken the active effect of the insecticide.

    Since insect larvae provoke rotting of the root system, it is necessary to spill the substrate with any systemic fugicide. Topsin, Fundazol or the biological product Gamair are suitable. If you provide help to your pets in a timely manner, then many problems can be avoided.


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