Rosemary is a Mediterranean guest at our home


Each housewife has her own secrets of cooking signature dishes. Spices and seasonings are of great importance in the kitchen. They are usually bought at the store, but freshly picked herb is much more aromatic. Therefore, spice lovers grow herbs themselves. However, they are often limited to dill, parsley, cilantro, marjoram. But rosemary is also easy to grow at home.

Rosemary benefits

Rosemary is an exquisite spicy aromatic condiment. Vegetables, soups, or meats cooked with rosemary take on a subtle, delicate aroma. An unpleasant smell will disappear in lamb baked with this spice. Italians don't consider pizza to be properly cooked unless rosemary is added to the filling.

Beneficial effect on the body

Rosemary is not only a spicy but also a medicinal plant. It increases gastric acid production and improves digestion. You can simply put a green twig in your tea for a delicious and healthy drink that stimulates mental activity.

In folk medicine, young sprouts and leaves are used in the form of a decoction, including during the climacteric period, as a mild natural sedative. For stomach cramps and pain in the heart, the decoction is used as a pain reliever. Rosemary baths have a relaxing and anti-inflammatory effect.

Video: the benefits and contraindications of rosemary

How to grow a healthy spice at home

An evergreen Mediterranean dwarf shrub with a fresh coniferous scent can be grown at home on a windowsill, loggia or balcony. Rosemary is propagated by cuttings and seeds. Let's consider both methods.

Growing by cuttings

Rosemary cuttings can be purchased from garden centers or rooted yourself. For this:

  1. Cut off one to three well-formed lignified shoots from the plant, tear off the lower leaves.
  2. Pour water that has stood for a day in a transparent container and place the cuttings in it so that the lower leaves do not touch the liquid. You can use sphagnum moss or hydrogel soaked in water. In this case, the cuttings are put into the filler. It will gradually release the accumulated moisture to the plant.

    The hydrogel will absorb water, and then gradually give it to the plant

  3. Place in a bright place.
  4. After three weeks, the sprouts will take root.

    Rosemary cuttings take root in 3 weeks

Now they need to be put in their permanent place.

These cuttings are ready for planting in the soil.

For landing we need:

  • slightly alkaline or neutral soil (the package must indicate a pH in the range from 6.4 to 8.0);

    This neutral soil with a pH of 6.5 is suitable for growing rosemary

  • quite spacious, better ceramic, flowerpot. Recommended height 15–20 cm, diameter 25 cm;

    It is better to use not a plastic, but a ceramic flowerpot - its walls will absorb excess water and salts

  • small pebbles or expanded clay.

    Depending on the size of the granules, there are different types of drainage for flowers.

Sequencing:

  1. Place a drain on the bottom of the flowerpot.
  2. Fill it with prepared soil.
  3. Make a depression and plant the cuttings so that the roots are completely in the ground.
  4. Water in moderation.

Growing from seeds

Rosemary seeds can be purchased from a garden store or ordered by mail order. However, due to the large amount of essential oils in the seeds, rosemary is extremely reluctant to emerge. To stimulate the process of pecking seeds, do the following:

  1. Place them in a gauze bag and rinse in hot water (40-50 ° C).
  2. Leave to cool completely.
  3. Rinse with cool water and dry.

Soaking in water improves seed germination

Now you can sow:

  1. Spread the seeds over the surface of the soil, then lightly press into it. Do not sprinkle with soil or drip it - the seeds are small, they may not break through!

    Small seeds of rosemary are not sprinkled or dripped with soil

  2. Water in moderation. It is better to use a spray bottle, so the moisture will enter the soil evenly.
  3. Cover with foil with small holes for ventilation and place in a warm place.
  4. The first shoots will appear in three weeks.

    Do not forget to open the mini-greenhouse for airing as soon as the first shoots appear.

Rosemary care

As already mentioned, the homeland of rosemary is the Mediterranean, therefore, for optimal development in our climate, it needs to create favorable conditions.

Lighting and ventilation

Light must fall on the plant for at least 8 hours a day. Better to put the flowerpot on the south or southeast window. The wrong place can be the reason for poor growth of the shrub. Rosemary loves fresh air. In summer, it is recommended to keep the flowerpot on the balcony or loggia. You can dig in the garden.

Watering and feeding

Very often, beginner growers water their plants abundantly almost every day. This is not acceptable for rosemary. The root system will not survive and will start to rot. The soil should be slightly damp, not wet. Water frequently, but in moderation.

Thanks to its deep roots, wild rosemary is saturated with groundwater. This helps it to remain green all year round in arid climates.

The plant tolerates a lack of moisture easily. But do not forget to spray it on the leaves from a spray bottle to remove dust. Top dressing is done in winter once a month, and in summer - every two weeks. Any universal fertilizer for indoor plants will do.

Winter care

There is a dormant period in the fall. The pot with shrubs is transferred to a cool room, where it is left until spring. Watering is reduced, the leaves are cut off. It is necessary to maintain the air temperature of 10-15 ° C, then in the spring the rosemary that has gained strength will bloom with light, delicate lilac flowers.

Rosemary is not only useful, but also a very beautiful plant.

Translated from Latin, "rosemary" means "sea dew". The ancient Romans believed that it was no coincidence that he acquired the unique color of flowers. After all, a beautiful shrub grows on the slopes of the mountains of the Mediterranean sea coasts.

If the flowerpot has become small for the plant, you need to provide it with a more spacious container. The transplant is carried out once a year in April, before flowering. At other times, rosemary may not take root in a new place.

Pruning a bush

The grown rosemary bush lends itself well to shaping. The tips of the shoots are pinched to slow down their growth. Lignified twigs can also be cut. The main thing is to observe the measure, otherwise the plant will lose strength and wither.

Use sharp, clean scissors to trim.

Additional pruning can be done after flowering. Rosemary is great for forming mini trees.

This is such a beautiful bonsai can be obtained from rosemary

Plant pruning rules:

  1. Remove one third or less of the shoot from the tips of the leaves.
  2. Do not chop off the woody base of the shrub.

We cut the rosemary correctly: we leave the bearing lignified shoots

The best times for pruning are winter and early spring.

Possible growing problems

When growing rosemary for the first time, there are some challenges that may arise. But don't be alarmed, we will show you how to overcome them.

Photo gallery: signs of errors in the care and lesions of the bush

Table: how to treat a rosemary bush

ProblemWays to solve it
Leaves have faded and begin to witherShade the shrubbery to limit direct sunlight.
The lower leaves turned yellowThe plant lacks moisture, water more often.
The aroma is weakened, the leaves are fallingToo much moisture, limit watering.
White coating on leaves and stems, which later turns brownThe plant is affected by downy mildew. Remove the affected parts of the plant, transplant into disinfected soil, treat with "Baikal-M" or Fitosporin-M.
Dots appeared on the leaves, the leaves fold and deformThis is a whitefly or aphid. Spray the plant with Admiral or Aktara.

With proper and regular care, rosemary grows up to 25-30 years. All this time, it will purify and disinfect the air in your home thanks to the substances contained in essential oil. Young shoots will provide your dishes with a spicy taste and aroma, and dried branches with leaves placed in a cupboard will keep woolen items from moths.

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Rosemary: how to make growing a curiosity in an apartment easy and quick

Rosemary (translated from Latin for "freshness of the sea" or, more precisely, "sea dew") is a fragrant spice and medicinal plant. This Mediterranean visitor looks like a shrub with small and sharp, like pine needles, leaves. The flowers are small, blue, white or pink. Rosemary will become a real decoration of a home greenhouse, not only beautiful, but also useful. It is especially pleasant that it can be cultivated even in a small apartment.


Growing rosemary at home

How to grow

Growing rosemary in an apartment begins in the same way as growing rosemary for seedlings, but seedlings that have reached a height of 7-8 cm are planted not in open ground, but in separate, preferably clay pots with a diameter of 9-11 cm with drainage holes. The pots are filled with a water and air permeable substrate by mixing the universal soil with sand or vermiculite.

You can make a mixture of deciduous, sod land, sand and humus in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 2. Make a hole in the moistened soil as deep as the root of the seedling, remove the seedling from the container along with the earthy clod, move it to the hole in the pot and carefully compact the soil around the seedling.

It is advisable to place the rosemary in a pot on the southern windowsill. Rotate the rosemary pot 180º about its axis once a week so that each side of the plant gets its fair share of sunlight.

In spring and summer, homemade rosemary is best kept in the yard, on the terrace or balcony - it loves the warm summer air, but if you want the rosemary to continue to grow in winter, bring it indoors as soon as the outside temperature drops to -1 ºC and daily turn on the fan in the room for 3-4 hours, since the cold air from the open window is harmful to the plant, and if there is no air circulation, the rosemary can become moldy. Keep the room temperature below 16 ºC during winter and keep the air dry.

Homemade rosemary can be affected by aphids and spiders, so be prepared to spray the plant with an insecticide or acaricide solution as many times as necessary to get rid of the pests.

Watering rosemary

The soil in the rosemary pot should be moist, but not wet. The first sign that rosemary is thirsty is the appearance of yellow leaves on the underside of the stems. And the plant reacts to excess moisture by dropping foliage. It is better to water with a watering can with a long narrow spout so that the water gets on the ground, and not on the rosemary leaves - if the water gets wet on the leaves, mold may appear on the plant. Water for moistening the soil should be at room temperature and settled for at least 24 hours.

Top dressing

During the active growing season from March to September, rosemary is fed with mineral fertilizers containing primarily calcium. Fertilizers are applied once every two weeks. In winter, top dressing can be omitted or done once a month and a half.


Methods for growing rosemary at home on a windowsill

At home, growing a shrub is possible in several ways:

  • cuttings
  • seeds
  • branches or tops of shoots.

Planting material is purchased in specialized stores or seedlings are obtained independently from seeds. The optimal and effective option for home breeding is by cuttings. Growing rosemary at home from seeds is a lengthy process, the planting material does not always germinate. If young shoots have sprouted together, some of the shoots may die due to improper care:

  • unsuitable soil composition
  • over-watering
  • moisture deficit
  • low temperature in the house.


Diseases and pests

Rosemary, planted outdoors or grown indoors, successfully resists pests and diseases because of its antibacterial properties.

However, under certain circumstances, the bush can be affected:

  • powdery mildew
  • spider mite
  • aphids
  • scabbard
  • whitefly.

If the plant has already undergone a disease, it is recommended to cut off all affected parts. After sanitary pruning, fungicide treatments are beneficial.

Growing rosemary at home will be possible for everyone who plant properly and organizes proper care. Using these simple guidelines, there should be no problems with growing. If in doubt, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the training video.

Author: Sergey

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Diseases and pests

Growing rosemary in a pot at home has several benefits. One of them is the relative ease of planting and care: the plants are not damaged by pests or diseases. However, the appearance of a whitish bloom on the leaves is occasionally observed (fungal infection - powdery mildew).

The appearance of plaque is possible due to a sharp temperature drop. Therefore, when grown at home in late autumn, pots of rosemary should be gradually transferred to a cool room, tempering for two weeks.

It is better to use folk remedies - a solution of ash, tobacco dust, infusion of teeth or greens of garlic, onion peels, mustard powder and others.

Why does rosemary dry in a pot at home

Even if you organize the correct planting, in summer, the shoots and leaves of the plant can dry out. The most likely cause is improper care (lack of moisture). If everything is in order with watering, then drying out may be associated with the action of pests:

  • spider mite
  • aphid
  • whitefly.

Folk remedies are used against insects, and, in extreme cases, insecticides are used: Fitoverm, Vertimek, Aktara, Biotlin, Green Soap and others. After processing, the shoots cannot be used for food for a week.


When rosemary can be harmful

Sometimes it is worth giving up the use of this fragrant herb. It is not recommended to use it:

  • pregnant and lactating women
  • small children
  • hypertensive patients
  • epileptics and people with a predisposition to seizures.

Essential oil has a vasodilating effect, therefore its use can be dangerous in some conditions and diseases of a person. When concentrated, it can burn sensitive skin and cause an allergic reaction. Therefore, people prone to allergies should dilute rosemary oil with water or ordinary vegetable oil.

I drip rosemary essential oil onto the comb and I don't get overwhelmed by my hair - it shines, smells nice and the dandruff is gone. And I like to use rosemary in my cooking. Tomatoes in combination with it sound in a special way.


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