15 breeds of geese for breeding at home

What is valued in geese? Meat, eggs, fluff, life expectancy?

What to be guided by when choosing your breed for breeding? There are many varieties of birds, some are radically different from their counterparts. In this article, we will look at the best types of geese for home breeding and personal farming.

The best goose breeds for home breeding and personal farming

Kholmogory goose

The Kholmogory breed is exclusively for economic purposes. Not practical. It is displayed exclusively for decorative purposes because it is expensive to maintain due to the complexity of removal.

Sexual maturity occurs at the age of 3 years, life expectancy reaches 17 years.

Maintaining hygiene should be a priority. Since non-observance of hygiene rules can lead to the death of the Kholmogory goose.

The disadvantages include: low productivity (10-15 eggs per year) and the survival rate of offspring (up to 50%), although this makes the bird more valuable.

Large Ukrainian gray

Ukrainian gray or as they are also called large gray. It is a young breed, with a large gray body and brightly colored beak and legs. It is one of the most preferred by farmers. They fatten up quickly, are unpretentious in care and food, fertile and strong in health.

Within the breed are divided into:

  • Ukrainian
  • Tambov
  • Ural.

The adult species gains up to 7, and sometimes up to 9 kg of live weight, and females can lay up to 60 eggs per year, the hatchability of eggs is about 70%, which is good. This is an excellent poultry for fattening liver.


The Toulouse bird has French roots. The weight of the black Toulouse reaches 12 kg, the goose up to 7 kg of live weight. The liver is also in demand, the weight of one specimen reaches 500 grams.

PS It is famous for its high growth rates, good weight gain, unpretentiousness to feed. Also, the Toulouse have good indicators of a set of fat reserves and fluff.

Disadvantages: sensitivity to temperature changes, drafts, high humidity and little or no maternal instinct.

Italian white

The Italian white arrived in the USSR in the 70s from Czechoslovakia, where she came from sunny Italy. Despite the warm climate familiar to this bird, they perfectly adapted to our weather conditions. Blue-eyed with snow-white plumage, bright orange beak and paws.

The size and shape of the body, the length of the neck, wings and tail - everything is harmoniously folded, the average size does not allow attributing this breed to either large or small, this is the golden mean in a snow-white performance.

By 2 months, he is gaining about 4 kg. It's time to sell for meat. Adults weigh about 6 kg. Perfect for smoking, as this bird does not tend to accumulate excess fat.

Egg production is 45-50 eggs per year, but up to 90 eggs can be collected, since the breed quickly reaches puberty and begins to lay early, you can collect eggs twice a year.

Of all the eggs, about 90% can hatch, of which more than 70% will be in excellent health. The breed is also used for making liver pate, collecting down and feathers.

Productive age up to 5 years.

Disadvantages: there is absolutely no maternal instinct, without an incubator it is unlikely that it will be possible to grow this breed.

Legart Danish

The main purpose of breeding is fluff. For a year, he can give up to 500 grams of fluff. Starting from one year of age and repeat the procedure every one and a half months.

Legard is an affectionate and sensitive bird, loves warmth and stability in care, the diet is monotonous throughout the year, as well as the temperature regime.

Disadvantages: low rates of carrying eggs, poor survival rate of offspring, the need for incubation rearing.

Governor's geese

The breed is quite fresh. They were bred by crossing Shadrinskaya and Italian birds. The weight of an adult male is 4-5 kg, the female lays about 45 eggs per year. Good hatchability and survival rate (over 95%).

The species has good characteristics in terms of both egg production and meat quality.

Chinese geese

One of the breeds that are bred for the sake of eggs. One female lays up to 100 eggs per year, this is not much less than a chicken. The quality of meat is highly valued, but keeping it for the sake of meat is not profitable, since the weight of an adult male is only 4-5 kg.

Disadvantages: not particularly developed maternal instinct. And increased aggression during the laying of eggs. The tribe should be watched more closely.

The Chinese breed is one of the progenitors of many breeds.


The breed was brought from Denmark. The weight of an adult female is up to 9 kg, and that of a male is more than 13 kg. High egg production for birds - about 50 eggs, good survival rate and viability of offspring - up to 82%.

But a weak maternal instinct. The absence of a reservoir is hard to bear.

Ural white

The breed has excellent immunity, tolerance to various weather and climatic conditions, consistently transmitting selective qualities to the offspring.

The female lays about 50 eggs per year, the hatching percentage is more than 80%, the brood survival rate is very high up to 95%. The weight of the Ural whites is not great, the adults reach a weight within 5-6 kg.


The Shabrin bird does not belong to the pampered ones. However, floors should be kept dry and warm. The comfortable temperature for this species is around 18 degrees.

Not picky about food. While dealing with this breed, the farmer relies on meat, since the down of the Shadrinsky goose is quite hard and is not in great demand.

An adult weighs about 6 kg, not much for the male, but the meat is of high quality and highly prized, making this bird attractive to breeders. The liver is also in good demand. The liver weighs up to 400 grams.

Tula bird

The weight of the Tula geese is about 6 kg, the egg production is the smallest, so why are they appreciated? The fact is that this is the only fighting breed. It is not difficult to breed it, Tula birds can swim even in severe frosts, the heat will not break them either. As true fighters, they steadfastly endure all conditions, but still have to follow the diet. Gaining excess weight threatens to lose the form of a fighter.

Kuban gray

The Kuban bird was bred by crossing the Gorky and Chinese geese. The weight of an adult goose fluctuates around 5-6 kg. For a year, females lay up to 90 eggs from which about 75-85% of the offspring are hatched. The survival rate of goslings is 85%.

Bad mothers do not like to incubate eggs and care for their offspring.


Early maturing beef breed Linda. the weight of an individual reaches 7-8 kg. Sexual maturity at 8 months. fertility of eggs 90% with hatchability 80%. Egg production 45-70 eggs. Lind is bred not only for meat, but also for fluff.

Perfect for a novice farmer. Geese are not whimsical in food and care, they quickly adapt to any weather conditions. Profitability reaches 100% with easy maintenance.

To maintain your wellbeing, it is important to ensure that you have plenty of water in your drinkers.

It is also recommended to equip secluded dark corners for this bird, they love solitude.


The purpose of the content is meat, fluff, liver for pâté. The liver of one individual grows up to 500 grams. The live weight of the Toulouse goose reaches 12 kg. As a rule, this particular bird is baked with apples for Christmas.

disadvantages: conditions of detention are harsh. Not less than 20 degrees Celsius, no drafts, maintaining humidity. Low egg production and survival rate of offspring.


The weight of the goose is 6-6.5 kg, the female lays about 30 eggs per year, of which about 85% will hatch.

Geese are not whimsical to care for, have a good appetite and digestion, are not pampered, and are quite hardy. This bird has a well-developed maternal instinct and excellent brood hens emerge from the geese.

Depending on the goal that the farmer pursues, the sale of meat, the collection of eggs or down, it is worth choosing your own breed of geese and carefully monitoring the content of the livestock. Hygiene, proper nutrition and animal care will ensure a profitable and enjoyable goose breeder.

Regardless of the geese, it is important to maintain hygiene in the bird's home. The floor must be dry and warm.

People who are not associated with agriculture do not know what geese are, depending on the direction. Man began to domesticate the goose more than 3 thousand years ago. Since then, a lot of work has been done to improve the quality of the gingerbread bird.

The main criteria for keeping goose flocks in a private farm are:

  • high-calorie food
  • small percentage of males in relation to females in the head
  • pond or body of water on the site
  • spacious goose bed.

The advantage of the goose family is that they can walk all day and find themselves the fresh grass they need.

Attention! To maintain the health of the livestock, they regularly disinfect and clean the goose house and feeders, and change the water.

General characteristics of the bird

  • are quick to get used to the owner, are quite intelligent
  • unpretentious to the conditions of nutrition and maintenance
  • their rapid growth is noted (in 2 months they gain 40 times in weight) and resistance to diseases.

Whether it is profitable to grow geese is clearly demonstrated by the following facts:

  1. They quickly gain weight up to 4-8 kg, of which 65% are edible (300 rubles per kg).
  2. The output of fluff from one bird is 600 grams (about 1000 rubles).
  3. Egg production is low (40-50 pieces per year), but the value of eggs is indisputable.
  4. It is possible to make your own down pillows for sale.

Goose breeding activities are lucrative and not overly time consuming.

Domestic goose: why is it profitable to breed?

Before purchasing and breeding, it will not be superfluous to have a good understanding of goose breeding products. First, let's define the basic materials that can be obtained from these birds. These include:

  1. Meat.
  2. Eggs.
  3. Fat.
  4. Liver.
  5. Down and feathers

Based on this, it will be possible to start choosing a breed for the purchase of goslings or growing them in an incubator.

Some breeds of this domestic one are capable of reaching 12 kg. Given the relatively low cost of feed, this weight is quite economical. Goose meat contains a large amount of useful trace elements, as well as other valuable properties, such as:

  1. high calorie content
  2. choleretic effect
  3. increases the amount of hemoglobin
  4. strengthens the immune system
  5. contains a number of important amino acids.

The nutritional value of 100 grams of goose is 400 kcal and contains 7.1 grams. fat, 25.7 gr. squirrel. It is important to note that there are practically no carbohydrates in meat. Eating such a product has a choleretic effect and increases the level of hemoglobin in the blood, which is useful for patients with anemic conditions. The meat of this bird significantly strengthens the immune system and replenishes the body's reserves with a large group of amino acids necessary for its normal functioning.

Geese do not have a very high egg production compared to other birds. They are capable of producing from 80 to 120 eggs per year. However, goose eggs contain a number of nutrients necessary for the normal functioning of human organs:

  1. vitamins of group A, B, C, D, K
  2. minerals: calcium, potassium, iron, phosphorus, copper.
  3. the presence of a strong antioxidant lutein.

The presence of a strong natural antioxidant lutein in the yolk deserves special attention. It has a beneficial effect on the health of people with cerebral blood flow disorders, pregnant women and children.

Goose fat is a unique product that allows it to be widely used in the pharmaceutical industry. This is facilitated by its special composition, which is replete with many essential acids:

  1. oleic acid - 59.7%
  2. palmitinoleic acid - 22.4%
  3. linoleic acid - 7.6%
  4. stearic acid - 6.2%
  5. myristic acid - 0.4%
  6. linolenic acid - 0.4%.

The unique composition allows the use of fat for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, skin diseases, burns, frostbite, immunodeficiency states.

Another important element in the cultivation of these birds. The fact is that goose liver obtained in a certain way is a valuable delicacy. Only obtaining such a product as foie gras can pay off the cultivation of this type of bird. However, for its production it is necessary to resort to force feeding and special keeping of the goose or goose.

Breeding features

Geese can be hatched both naturally (with the help of a brood hen) and artificially (with the help of an incubator). Industrial geese breeding is carried out on a large scale. However, there are also small (home) incubators.

You can buy both geese for divorce and eggs for incubation in farms. Before acquiring young animals and an accurate understanding of how to breed geese, you should familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the breed, the basics of feeding and keeping.

First of all, you need to choose the right eggs and wait for the goose offspring.

Culling eggs

How to select the correct specimens for incubation prompts a number of requirements for them:

  • they must be fertilized, which is confirmed by transillumination on days 6-7 (87%)
  • have hatchability (what is the output of chicks from the laid amount of eggs) - 65%
  • they cannot be contaminated with droppings, because this reduces hatchability.

Obesity in gander reduces fertility rates in goose breeding.

Also, specimens are considered substandard:

  • with two yolks, with a mobile yolk, blood clots
  • unusual shape, with a non-standard air chamber
  • with shell violations.

Eggs are placed in a ventilated place for up to 10 days, turning over three times during this time.

Natural incubation

The goose expresses readiness for laying by restless behavior. They sit on eggs around the beginning of April (February-May). For one bird, no more than 13 eggs are required for high-quality incubation. It will be difficult for her to heat a larger amount.

For hatching, set up a nest at a sufficient distance from the herd. The place should be quiet, dry, temperature regime - 15 degrees. If there are several hens, separate them with partitions. Feeding is done with selected grain. Incubation lasts 28-30 days.

At the end of this period, eggs should be placed in a prepared box and illuminated with a lamp. When chicks hatch, return them to the goose.

The best option is to find the chicks that have appeared together with the brood hen.

If this is not possible, a dry, warm aviary should be equipped for them.

When incubating, non-standard situations may arise. Here is some of them.

  1. Situation 1: one of the eggs broke during incubation. Actions: remove the broken copy, wipe the rest dry.
  2. Situation 2: the brood hen has left the nest and does not return for more than 20 minutes. Actions: return it forcibly. Perhaps she is on eggs for the first time and the instinct has not fully developed.

Incubator application

With a poorly developed maternal instinct or for other reasons, an alternative to natural incubation is to use an incubator to produce offspring.

When reproduced by incubation, you should acquire:

  • incubator
  • special heating device for chicks (brooder)
  • a device for examining eggs (ovoscope).

A good hatching rate in an incubator is 70%.

Steps of incubation hatching:

  1. Take eggs no older than 10 days. They must be healthy and in perfect shape. You cannot wash them. You can only sprinkle with potassium permanganate for disinfection.
  2. Preheat the incubator to 39 degrees (4 hours before laying). Maintain humidity at 60-65%.
  3. Eggs are laid and kept in a home incubator at a temperature of 38 degrees for 4-5 hours. Then reduce to 37.8. Bring the temperature to 37.5 2-3 days before the extraction.
  4. Eggs must be turned up to 8 times a day for even heating.15 days after laying, it is recommended to periodically ventilate the incubator for 10 minutes.

On the 11th and 27th day, the clutches are examined. If a dark spot of the embryo does not appear, the eggs are removed.

During the second inspection, a dark solid mass indicates the death of the embryo.

Breeding geese at home for beginners

Geese can be a simple home breeding bird or a complex one, depending on how you approach this business. On the one hand, they really don't cause a lot of problems. On the other hand, these birds have their own specific breeding characteristics.

  • Breeding geese at home can take patience, as almost any breed of geese reaches puberty at about 9 months of age.
  • To get a really large increase in young stock (fertilized eggs), you need to have 3 females per male in the house.
  • Young animals can be obtained by placing eggs under the goose or simply by hatching them in an incubator. The second method is more popular because it takes less time to breed large offspring.

From the 2nd week, the goslings can walk for the whole day

  • For breeding geese at home, it is worth separating a separate room in the poultry house for young animals. A higher temperature is maintained in it, up to +26 degrees, and there should also be a place for feeders, drinkers. There are 10 individuals per square meter.
  • Young animals are fed in the first week every 3 hours, and then the number of feedings is reduced to 2-3 times a day.
  • About a week after birth, you can begin to briefly release the birds for walks. From 2 weeks old, goslings can walk all day, just like adults.
  • As you can see, everything is very simple. It is easy to get fertilized eggs from a bird, you just need to feed and maintain it correctly, and this is not difficult. Youngsters are easier to hatch in an incubator. This simplifies the division of individuals into age groups. In this case, it will also be much easier to monitor the state of young animals, their appetite, and health.

    Geese breeding as a business

    Geese breeding is one of the most lucrative agricultural businesses. But to generate income, certain investments will be required to equip the farm:

    1. Land plot: for maintenance you need a shed or any other building located on the walk (preferably with a pond). It is better to buy a plot outside the city.
    2. Poultry house: despite the fact that geese tolerate winter well, a poultry house needs to be equipped for keeping at night and in the cold season. It is insulated, protected from drafts and connected to heating and lighting. Only if these conditions are met, it is possible to preserve the egg production and meat productivity of poultry.
    3. Inventory: when building a goose house, you must immediately provide for drinkers, feeders and nests. Nests are best made of wood and placed in the shaded parts of the goose nest. Feeders and drinkers should be made of materials that are easy to clean and disinfect (iron, wood or plastic).
    4. Purchase of poultry: people who start breeding geese are better off buying young animals intended for fattening. After the birds reach the desired weight, they are sold, and with the proceeds they buy productive geese intended for breeding. The breeding business will only be profitable if the young animals are hatched directly on the farm.
    Figure 4. Profitability of a goose farm

    You should also take care of the sales market. First of all, you need to obtain a certificate from the veterinary service, confirming the quality of meat and eggs. In the future, you can sell not only goose, but also down, feathers and liver (subject to breeding special breeds).

    Goose farm business plan

    Drawing up a goose farm business plan is necessary to calculate the profitability of a business. To equip the farm, the following expenses will be required:

    • Construction or renovation of premises, purchase of equipment and inventory will cost about 150 thousand rubles
    • It is more profitable to buy birds in bulk, but it will cost more if you purchase several breeds. On average, the price of one chick is 70 rubles. Accordingly, 500 individuals will cost 3,500 rubles, subject to the purchase of one breed. But it is better to purchase several breeds of different directions of productivity, so that part of the herd can be sent for meat, and the females can be used as hens.
    • Stern. If it is not possible to independently grow and harvest grain, hay and vegetables on a personal plot, the purchase of feed will cost about 40 thousand rubles.
    • An incubator, brooder and ovoscope may be required to hatch the young. Their purchase will cost about 50 thousand rubles, but all these devices can be made independently from scrap materials.
    • Registration of documents, certificates and certificates will cost another 30 thousand rubles.
    • It is advisable to vaccinate the birds, as one infected individual can lead to the loss of the entire flock. The average cost of one vaccination is 30 rubles.

    Taking into account all the costs, the farm will pay off within a year, and the profitability of such a business is about 75%. However, it is important to find a good sales market, although goose meat is considered one of the best and most popular.

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