For medicinal purposes, fruits, flowers, bark and roots of the plant are harvested.
Viburnum fruits are harvested at full maturity, dried in ovens, dryers at a temperature of 50-60 ° C or in the open air.
The flowers are removed in whole inflorescences and dried quickly.
The viburnum bark is removed in early spring during the period of sap flow. Longitudinal and transverse cuts are made with a knife on the branches and trunk, after which the bark is easily removed in the form of tubes or grooves. Pieces of bark are dried in the open air or in dryers at a temperature of 40-45 ° C.
Viburnum vitamin tea has a tonic and calming effect, is useful in case of a breakdown (brew a tablespoon of fruits with a glass of boiling water, leave for 1-2 hours, strain. Drink 1/2 cup 2 times a day).
Viburnum fruits - It is also an excellent anti-inflammatory, wound healing, sedative, diuretic and choleretic agent.
Viburnum berries and juice are used to treat colds, coughs, stomach and duodenal ulcers, colitis, liver disease, rheumatism, and internal bleeding.
Viburnum infusion is recommended for gastritis, hypertension, constipation.
A decoction of berries is used for sore throat, dry cough; externally - for the treatment of certain skin diseases (eczema, furunculosis).
Decoctions and infusions of bark (as a hemostatic, analgesic, antiseptic) used for various internal bleeding; attacks of coughing and suffocation, with vascular spasms, insomnia, neurasthenia, hysteria, epilepsy, as well as with periodontal disease, stomatitis.
Infusion of viburnum flowers has antipyretic, tonic, anti-allergic action.
BUT decoction of viburnum seeds - This is a good diaphoretic (and also astringent - for stomach upset).
Viburnum can be grown from a seed or a cutting can be planted, grown from a seed - a more laborious method. Again, the seed may not be viable and will not germinate, so it is better to plant up to 10 pieces at a time.
Planting with a handle is easier: it is bought in a nursery or taken from friends, planted in a bright, draft-protected place. In the shade, viburnum grows poorly, and where there is a draft, it will freeze in winter in severe frost.
You can plant viburnum in spring or autumn, but in the fall it takes root worse, so the land will have to be additionally fertilized, and the plant should be mulched. From fertilizers for viburnum, cow dung or peat is suitable. During the rooting period, regular watering is needed.
Kalina, in addition to Korean and Japanese species, does not require special care, this plant is unpretentious. After rooting, watering should be done as needed, but you cannot fill it, otherwise root rot will develop. Drying out is also unacceptable - the plant will dry out.
In early spring and late autumn, Kalina needs top dressing. In the spring you will need a mixture of urea, ash and potassium sulfate, and in the fall - from superphosphate, potassium sulfate. Autumn fertilizer is best applied in liquid form.
Kalina should be cut regularly. This is done in the spring before the buds swell, and in the fall after the harvest. With pruning, dry and poorly fruiting branches are removed.
Viburnum in Ukraine is not only a national symbol, but also a useful ornamental shrub. Viburnum belongs to the honeysuckle family, can reach up to 5 m in height, with petiolate leaves and brown-gray bark. Flowers are collected in white shield inflorescences. The fruits are oval and bright red in color. Fruit ripening occurs between August and September. The plant loves to grow near water bodies.
The healing properties of red viburnum:
- Excellent diuretic
- Has a beneficial effect on the work of the heart muscle
- Useful for hypertension, vascular spasms, neuroses.
Modern medicine uses the bark of a shrub, and folk medicine uses flowers, berries and even seeds.
- The bark contains a lot of carbohydrates, iridoids, resins, triterpenoids, essential oils, alkaloids, saponins, vitamin C, tannins, flavonoids and phenol carboxylic acids.
- In flowers - flavonoids and triterpenoids.
- In fruits - carbohydrates, organic acids, viburnin, steroids, triterpenoids, vitamins C, B, P, carotene, tannins, macro- and microelements, flavonoids.
Viburnum bark: medicinal properties and uses
Most often, the bark is used in the form of a decoction or extract. As a hemostatic, antiseptic and antispasmodic agent.
Bark extract (liquid) - the viburnum bark is folded into a dark container and poured with 50% ethyl alcohol, in a ratio of 1:10 and allowed to stand for 6-7 days.
Infusion of alcohol - Pour 15 g of bark with alcohol (or vodka) and let stand in a dark place for a couple of weeks. Then strain and use.
Decoction of bark - 20 g of bark pour 0.5 l. water and boil in a water bath for 20-25 minutes. Cool and drain.
Infusion of bark - 7 - 10 gr. pour 1 tbsp. hot water, insist warm for 6 hours. Strain before use.
Infusion of the cortex for neurasthenia - 1 table. l. dry bark pour 1 tbsp. hot water. And let it brew, wrapped in a warm blanket for about an hour.
Berries can be kept fresh for a long time. They have a characteristic bitter taste, but with a slight frosting, this taste will disappear. The fruits are used in dried and fresh form, for the preparation of fillings in pies, jams, marmalade, jelly, compotes, pastilles, liqueurs. Berries increase the amount of urine and heart muscle contractions. Fresh berries and infusion of them are used as a diaphoretic, laxative, for renal and cardiac edema, hypertension, neuroses, anacid gastritis, respiratory and skin diseases. Fruit juice can fight acne, age spots on the face, wounds and eczema.
Decoction of berries with honey - 1 tbsp. pour 1 liter of berries. water and boil for 10-15 minutes, then strain and add honey to taste.
Decoction of berries - 1 table. l. Pour berries into an enamel container and pour 1 tbsp. water, boil for 25-30 minutes. Then strain and bring the volume to a glass. You can take.
Infusion of fruits - 2 table. l. crush berries and pour 1 tbsp. boiling water and let stand for 3-4 hours. Add honey if desired.
Infusion of berries for coughing - 45-50 g of berries, grind in mashed potatoes, add 150-200 g of hot honey. Let it brew for 25-35 minutes. Used for severe cough, asthma, bronchitis and pneumonia.
Berry juice - Pass the viburnum berries through a meat grinder or juicer. If you don't like sour, then add sugar or honey. This juice can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than 4 months without canning. It is taken for colds, headaches, hypertension and for the treatment of ulcers and wounds.
Berries with honey - Pour the fruits over with boiling water, grind through a sieve until puree. Then add honey in a 1: 1 ratio. For full readiness, the mixture should stand for 6-7 days in the refrigerator. This is a good salvation from colds and respiratory diseases.
Viburnum flowers: medicinal properties
They are used to stop bleeding and in inflammatory processes, viburnum flowers increase sweating and increase appetite. Flower tea will help relieve nervous tension, is a slightly diuretic.
Decoction of flowers - 1 table. l. Viburnum flowers pour 1 tbsp. water and boil for 2-3 minutes. Insist for 20-30 minutes, strain and take.
Infusion of flowers - 1 table. l. pour 1 tbsp. boiling water and leave for 35-40 minutes. strain before taking.
The benefits of eating berry seeds:
- strengthen the intestinal microflora and musculature
- remove harmful microelements from the body
- can relieve fatigue, reduce migraines, relieve palpitations.
In other words, they can renew almost the entire body. Also, dried and toasted seeds are used instead of coffee - they charge you with vivacity and energy.
If you nevertheless decide to be treated with folk remedies, then be sure to consult with your doctor before using them. I also widely use viburnum not only for medicinal purposes, but also in cooking and cosmetology.
Viburnum bones are widely used in cosmetology. They work very well on the skin, removing a variety of impurities from it and giving uniform color. Viburnum seeds are widely used to treat skin conditions such as eczema, skin tuberculosis, allergies, scrofula, lichen, etc. A decoction is made from the seeds, which is taken orally, and is also used to wipe the affected skin.
Viburnum bones are widely used for increased sweating of feet, palms, armpits, etc.
To do this, use a decoction of seeds. To prepare it you need:
Viburnum bones are widely used to cleanse the skin of the face. To do this, the bones must be ground on a coffee grinder and mixed with liquid soap. With this scrub, you need to cleanse your face once or twice a week. Very often, viburnum seeds are used to prepare masks. The most common is a mask made from honey and ground seeds. It must be used at least once a week. This mixture is able to whiten the skin and give it health.
For the treatment of acne, an infusion of viburnum seeds is used.
To prepare it, you need to take 10 grams of the berries of this plant along with the seeds and pour one glass of boiling water. You need to drink a whole glass of this infusion per day in three doses. It is also necessary to lubricate acne with this infusion 3-4 times a day.
The healing properties of viburnum begin already in its roots, continue in the bark and leaves, containing tannins, vitamins and organic acids. Decoctions from plant parts are used to lower the temperature, as immunomodulators and means to reduce and stop bleeding.
However, of course, the berry itself has all these properties. The tannins and resins in it form its unique taste: sour and with bitterness. Fruit drinks and compotes from red viburnum do not differ in sweetness, but they have a strong diuretic effect, which helps with colds and all sorts of inflammatory processes. The berry also has a good effect on the problems of the oral region, for example, it improves the condition in case of inflammation and bleeding of the gums. In general, the hemostatic effect is the hallmark of viburnum. It is advised to use it for painful periods, even for the treatment of internal bleeding. However, such thrombus-forming properties are a direct contraindication to the use of berries during pregnancy and with a person's tendency to thrombosis.
The medicinal properties of viburnum also work when it is used for coughing (due to the expectorant effect) and tonsillitis. She, like another useful berry - raspberry, also has antiseptic properties. One of the most effective ways to get rid of acne is to consume berries internally, as well as make masks on your face. This removes age spots, whitens the skin and relieves inflammation from its upper areas.
The healing and beneficial properties of red viburnum are mentioned in folklore and traditional medicine. So, for example, it is believed that this is the berry of "bewitchment" and the excitement of past passion. Pies stuffed with viburnum are treated to husbands who are "sad" in marriage. Whether there is a sacred meaning in this or the whole point, again, in a powerful vitamin cocktail, which are ripe fruits, is not known for certain. But the fact remains - berries help.
If you are lucky enough to have a viburnum on your site, do not neglect it. The shrub itself needs to be processed, since it is very attractive to various insects, especially aphids. Simple agricultural techniques will allow you to get a good harvest, which can be disposed of in different ways.
Kalina is frozen, which is why the bitter taste disappears. She can show this property on her own, being removed from the bush at the wrong time and therefore treated with the first frosts.
Fresh viburnum can be used to make fruit drinks, compotes, juice can be squeezed out. To reduce the sour and bitter tastes in these cases, you will have to add a decent amount of sugar.
The berries can be dried, just keep in mind that this leaves a rather impressive drupe, but the amount of the main substance decreases. Such berries cannot be used as, for example, raisins. But this method of cooking viburnum will allow you to get a good flavor for tea.
What else can you do with viburnum berries? Grind the berries with sugar and then add as a filling in pies or as a puree - an addition to pancakes and cottage cheese. From fresh viburnum, you can make marmalade or jelly, they will turn out to be rich and persistent due to the presence of pectin in the berries. Practice and cooking viburnum as medicines: the berries are ground with honey, the mixture is stored in the refrigerator and used on demand to treat the onset of a cold or prevent viral diseases in the cold season.
The healing properties of viburnum berries are due to the presence in the composition of a large amount of nutrients and vitamins. The fruits of viburnum contain vitamins A, P, K, E, C. The composition of the fruits contains chemical compounds: calcium, copper, phosphorus, strontium, magnesium, iron and others.
In terms of iron content, viburnum berries are not inferior to blueberries, rose hips or drupes. The berries contain organic acids, pectins, essential oils, phytoncides, tannins, amino acids.
Thanks to such a rich composition, viburnum berries have many medicinal properties. They are used as antibacterial, anti-febrile and sedative drugs. Viburnum fruits also have a diuretic, strengthening and expectorant effect.
A recipe for a general strengthening of immunity with a calming effect: insist a tablespoon of red viburnum in a glass of boiling water for 1 hour. Strain the drink and take half a glass in the morning and evening.
Recipe for colds and coughs: we brew a tablespoon of berries with 200 ml of boiling water and insist in a thermos for 2 hours. Strain before use and, sweetened with honey, take it warm 4 times a day. It is also useful to drink decoctions of berries for stomach ulcers, hemorrhoids and collitis.
Ripe viburnum berries are an excellent prophylactic agent against a number of diseases, they have a mild laxative effect.
To remove the bitterness from viburnum berries, they need to be frozen or simply scalded with boiling water.
Berries can be stored for a long time in wooden boxes in the cold or just in the snow.
The juice from viburnum leaves can also be used for medicinal purposes, it contains a lot of vitamin C. The juice from the leaves is mixed with honey and taken to recover from serious illnesses and operations.
A mixture of viburnum juice and honey is used as an external agent against boils, abscesses, acne. With the help of baths in which the branches of red viburnum are steamed, allergic skin rashes are treated.
The bark is also used in medicine, it contains resins, tannins, organic acids, vitamins.
For medicinal use, viburnum bark is harvested in early spring, dried and crushed.
As a decoction, the bark is used to stop internal bleeding.
The bark is also used for diseases of the nervous system, neurasthenia. In this case, a decoction prepared according to the following recipe is recommended: 200 ml of boiling water is poured over a tablespoon of chopped viburnum bark and boiling is continued over low heat for about half an hour. Then the drink is cooled, filtered and drunk after meals 3-4 times a day, 50 ml.
From the roots of the viburnum, preparations are made for insomnia, cramps, scrofula, and the seeds of the red viburnum have a tonic effect, so they can be added to tea or coffee. For rheumatism and insomnia, baths with a decoction of viburnum root are used.
Viburnum roots are cleaned, washed and finely chopped. Then, three tablespoons of small roots are poured with cold water for 30 minutes. Then they boil for half an hour, filter and pour into the bathroom. The duration of the procedures is about 20 minutes, the whole course is 15 baths, repeated after 45 days.
The flower decoction is mainly used to improve digestion. Flowers are harvested from May to June, when they have just opened. If you brew a handful of fresh flowers in a thermos and, after filtering the drink, drink it as tea, then it helps with gastritis, and also improves appetite.
Red viburnum berries are useful in any form, and many dishes are prepared from it: jam, jam, jam, pies, compote, jelly, fruit drink, syrup. To make the jam, you need to rinse the berries well and separate them from the stalks. Then, using a juicer, we get juice from the berries. Add sugar to the juice at the rate of 300 - 500 g per 1 liter.
Next, put the juice with sugar on the stove, bring to a boil and remove immediately. After some time, cooling down, the jam will thicken to a jelly state and remain a bright red color. Pour the finished jam into sterilized jars. We store the finished jam in a cool, dark place.
When using viburnum for medicinal purposes, it must be borne in mind that this plant may not always be beneficial. You should not use viburnum, its infusions and decoctions, for people with high blood clotting, low blood pressure, as well as for gastritis with high acidity. Also, the use of viburnum should be agreed with the attending physician for pregnant women.
The medicinal properties of red viburnum, recipes for using this plant, can be useful and safe for health only if they are agreed with a doctor.
Video: red viburnum, medicinal properties, recipes
It's time to pick viburnum berries in dry weather, in October, after the first frost, when they almost lose their bitterness. You can also remove the bitter taste from the berries at home: you need to hold the berries for 6-7 minutes in boiling water. The best option is to cut the berries along with the stalks so as not to damage their delicate flesh. Then the fruits must be scattered in a thin layer, dried in the air for some time, and then dried in the oven at a temperature of 40-60 ° C. Only after drying, the berries should be peeled from the stalks, and stored in a linen or paper bag in a cool dry place. The shelf life of the viburnum fruits harvested in this way is not limited.
Viburnum fruits are a diabetic product. They contain sugars, tannins and pectin substances, essential oil, amino acids are rich in ascorbic, acetic, valeric acids, vitamins A, P, K, as well as phytoncides that kill pathogenic microbes.
Viburnum berries are known as an active agent in the treatment of many diseases. For the treatment of hypertension, atherosclerosis, gastritis, colitis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, colds, vascular spasms, an infusion of viburnum fruits is prescribed, which can be prepared in the following way. Grind 20 g of fruits, boil them in 250 ml of boiling water, leave for 4 hours, strain and drink 100 ml 2-3 times a day before eating. Outwardly, this infusion is used for nosebleeds, skin rashes are lubricated.
When coughing and bronchial asthma, you can use a slightly differently prepared infusion of viburnum: grind 40 g of fruits, pour 200 ml of hot honey over them, leave for 2 hours, take 1 tbsp. l. 4 times a day after meals.
Juice from viburnum berries is prescribed 50 ml 2-3 times a day for asthma, hypertension, heart and liver diseases, used as a gargle for sore throat, gum disease, and even wipe the skin for rashes and acne. To prepare viburnum juice, you need to wash the berries in cold water, dry and squeeze the juice.