You can get in touch with nature not only through hiking in the mountains or regular outings into the forest with barbecue. There are botanical gardens in Russia, where all kinds of plants are represented, among which there are the most rare and those that can be grown in your garden. Visiting them can be a great source of ideas for decorating home flower beds.
It was founded in 1945. The purpose of its creation is to preserve the Erdenevskaya grove and the Leonovsky forest. The main botanical garden was slightly cultivated not only with footpaths, but with special landscape compositions that were made in full accordance with natural conditions.
Here you can see plants from almost all over the world. The collection numbers about 16 thousand species, 1900 of which are trees and shrubs, more than 5000 are representatives of tropical and subtropical territories. The garden of continuous flowering can be considered a highlight.
If you wish, you can use the services of a guide who will acquaint you with interesting facts not only about the diversity of flora, but also about indoor floriculture, landscaping of interiors, the dangers and benefits of tropical plants.
This is a garden and park ensemble, which was created at the end of the 19th century. The Sochi Arboretum is considered one of the main attractions of the city, which is worth visiting for every guest.
The ensemble consists of two conventional parts, between which Kurortny prospect is located. Each of them is decorated in its own style. The central part looks more like Italy. In it you can see various decorative elements, sculptures that describe scenes from myths, and exquisite gazebos. The main part of the arboretum is made in the English style, which emphasized the beauty of wildlife.
It is noteworthy that summer always reigns on the territory of the arboretum. Here you can see not only more than 2000 species of exotic plants, but also strolling peacocks, swimming swans and pelicans.
Those who wish can also take a ride on the cable car, which will facilitate the process of enjoying the silence and beauty of the complex.
This is a botanical garden (and the oldest in the Russian Federation) of Moscow University, which was founded by Peter I in 1706. Now it has the status of a specially protected natural area.
There is an arboretum with a collection of 2000 species of flora, including age-old trees, an old pond with weeping willows, a garden with a collection of shade-tolerant plants, coniferous and heather hills, a collection of medicinal plants, as well as lilacs and orchids. The highlight is the exhibition of carnivorous flowers, which was created just a few years ago.
In addition to plants, there are also animals in the Aptekarsky Town, including ogars, red-eared turtles and cats, which are the ancestors of the royal animals of the time of the founder.
Various festivals and specialized exhibitions are held annually on the territory of the botanical complex.
This is a research institution, whose employees are engaged in fruit growing and botany. It is here that various experiments with plants are carried out, for example, experiments on the culture of tobacco began here for the first time.
The most noteworthy is the arboretum, which consists of the Upper and Lower parks, united into one territory, the Montedor park, where a collection of succulents is presented, and the Cape Martyan nature reserve, the path to which lies along the ecological path. On the territory there are also specialized exhibitions, such as the exhibition of orchids or butterflies.
Each visitor has the opportunity to participate in a fruit or wine tasting.
This green corner was born in 1714. Initially, it was a pharmaceutical garden where medicinal herbs were grown for the military. It consisted of 26 greenhouses. After the creation of the Soviet Union, tropical and subtropical plants settled here. During the Leningrad blockade, the situation with this beautiful place was sad. Its beauty was resumed only in the post-war period thanks to the help that came from Sukhumi and the Main Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Now this botanical garden is famous for the largest collection of greenhouse plants. In addition, in the cold season, everyone can visit a specialized exhibition of blooming orchids and bromeliads, master classes on the care of these flowers.
This green space in the Novosibirsk region is almost 70 years old. On the territory of the garden there are 12 scientific laboratories, coniferous and birch forests, the Zyryanka river.
The garden's flora collection consists of 7000 plant species, which are combined into separate zones. This is how a rocky garden, a bonsai park, a garden of continuous flowering appeared. There is also the best herbarium in the country, which consists of more than 500 thousand leaves and 1200 seeds.
The management plans to open a new display of cacti. Also, everyone can purchase seedlings for their site.
It was founded in 1927. Over the years of its existence, the botanical garden has more than doubled.
It includes a tree-ornamental nursery, a rose garden, a syringarium, a collection of fruit and berry plants, nuts, a fund of coniferous crops. There are about 5,000 species of shrubs and trees, 1,500 species of greenhouse plants, as well as a section of natural steppe. There is also a mineral spring of Seraphim of Sarov, which is revered by Orthodox Christians.
If you wish, you can use the services of a guide, landscape designers, buy seedlings of fruit trees and rare flowers.
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If there is a botanical garden in the city, it means that there is where to take a walk! Some botanical gardens have become famous throughout the country. Let's talk about the best ones.
The Metropolitan Botanical Garden was founded in January 1945. Its main goal was to preserve the Erdenevskaya grove and the Leonovsky forest - unique forest areas that Muscovites did not touch even during the war years. The landscaping of the country's main botanical garden was carried out by landscape architects Petrov and Rosenberg, who managed to turn the vast territory into a single ensemble, while preserving its natural originality.
Today the Moscow Botanical Garden is considered the largest in Europe. On 361 hectares, there was a place for a huge park, and for botanical exhibitions, and for a reserved oak forest, and for several picturesque ponds. The collection of the botanical garden is recognized as a national and world heritage - it has 17 400 species of living plants.
One of the most interesting expositions is the arboretum of the Main Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences, where exotic trees from different parts of the world, from Siberia to the tropics, fit well into the landscapes of the Central Russian zone that are familiar to us. Exotic lianas, trees, shrubs feel great next to birches, oaks, elms and mountain ash. Many of them have perfectly acclimatized in our area, they bloom and bear fruit with might and main. The pride of the exposition is a picturesque garden, skillfully inscribed in Russian landscapes.
One of the most pleasant places for walking in the main resort of Russia is the Sochi arboretum, created at the end of the 19th century by the publisher of the "Petersburg newspaper" Sergei Khudekov.
The huge territory is divided by Kurortny Prospect into two sections - the upper and the lower, which are connected to each other by a cable car.
Each part of the arboretum is decorated in its own special style. Finding yourself at the top of the Arboretum, you seem to find yourself in one of the parks of beautiful southern Italy. Openwork pavilions, colonnades, porticoes, sculptural groups dedicated to subjects from ancient myths reign here.
Also in the upper part of the arboretum you will find landscape-geographical zones, where the flora of the subtropical forests of East Asia, North America, Australia, New Zealand is collected. Parrots, ostriches and majestic peacocks live here in spacious enclosures. Swans and nutria swim in a small creek.
The lower part of the arboretum is a true English park, designed to highlight the natural beauty of wildlife. Hundreds of flowering plants, bamboo thickets, a magnificent rose garden, cascades of ponds where ducks and swans peacefully coexist with foreign pelicans. And in the lower part there is an aquarium where you can admire the inhabitants of the Red Sea.
This cozy garden, located in the very center of Moscow, is inferior in size to its colleagues - it is quite small. But - the oldest in Russia, it was founded in 1706 by Peter I. He also ordered to move here to live a few cats from the royal palace. Their direct descendants still live in the Pharmaceutical Garden.
Something always blooms in this old park with century-old trees, shady alleys, paths and lawns: from early winter to late autumn - on the street, in winter - in a greenhouse, where rich collections of cacti, tropical vines and carnivorous plants are collected.
Also, the Pharmaceutical Garden boasts a rich cultural program: various festivals, exhibitions, concerts and theatrical performances are regularly held here.
The second oldest botanical garden in Russia appeared in 1714 in St. Petersburg. Initially, it was a small pharmaceutical garden where medicinal herbs were grown for Russian soldiers. Gradually, medicinal herbs were replaced by collections of greenhouse plants.
In the first post-revolutionary years in the greenhouses of the garden, tropical and subtropical plants, which were "moved" here from royal palaces and noble mansions, felt great. But during the siege of Leningrad, the plant collections were partially lost. Miraculously managed to save more than 200 species of cacti, several specimens of cycads and several seedlings of palm trees.
The restoration of the botanical garden began immediately after the lifting of the blockade. Most of the seeds of subtropical crops were brought from the Batumi Garden, and in the spring of 1944, the collection of seeds was sent by the Lisbon Botanical Garden.
Today Peter the Great's garden covers over 20 hectares. The greenhouse collection of the garden is recognized as the richest in Russia - it contains more than 13 thousand plant species.
Who said that only the tropics bloom? The northernmost botanical garden in Russia is located far beyond the Arctic Circle. Its discovery in 1931 was a large-scale experiment designed to study the possibilities of adaptation of flora representatives from different climatic zones to the climate of the Far North.
Of the 30 thousand plants brought here at different times from different parts of the Earth, about three and a half thousand have managed to survive and adapt to the harsh conditions. Today, the garden's collection includes 650 species of moss, more than four hundred species of circumpolar plants, and more than a thousand species of "immigrants" from the tropics and subtropics. The pride of the collection is a snowdrop garden, a rocky garden and a living herbarium.
Another harsh botanical garden is located in the Novosibirsk region. It occupies a thousand hectares. The picturesque coniferous and birch forests are divided in two by the fast river Zyryanka, which gives the garden even more charm.
The collection of this arboretum contains more than seven thousand species of plants, united in colorful zones: Bonsai Park, rocky garden, Waltz of flowers, Garden of continuous flowering.
Soon the subtropics will also come to Siberia: the formation of an exposition of cacti is in full swing, each of which will be devoted to a separate story.
The Rostov Arboretum, which today is part of the Southern Federal University, was opened in April 1927. Since then, it has grown from 74 to 160 hectares.
The first exposition of the garden was a tree-ornamental nursery; a little later, separate collections of fruit and berry plants, nuts, a rose garden and a syringarium, as well as a fund of conifers were created.
The collection of plants from all over the world includes more than 5 thousand species of shrubs and trees, as well as 1,500 greenhouse plants. The garden also owns a unique section of natural steppe and the mineral spring of Seraphim of Sarov.
Svetlana Polonskaya managed to turn 15 acres near Tallinn into a real rock garden. This garden contains a huge collection of rare alpine and coniferous plants.
Conventionally, our garden can be divided into three zones: the northern one from the side of the facade of the house - a front one with stone paving, decorative conifers and evergreen rhododendrons, the western one - a regular landscape recreation area with a platform for summer gatherings and a part reserved for a greenhouse and a rock garden with a gravel garden.
Immediately, stone paths were made, uniting these zones into a single whole, a greenhouse was built, an extensive lawn and an orchard were laid. Every autumn I prune the fruit trees, removing all the branches in the lower part of the crown so that the trunk is clearly visible, and in early spring I form the upper tier of the crown. As a result, the trees took on a neat compact shape. Over time, I was able to plant shade-loving plants under them: ferns, hellebores, liverworts, primroses, bulbs and orchids.
They are good at any time of the year with their shapes and different colors. Our favorite Korean fir has been planted as a family tree in the middle of a large lawn. She will soon reach 8 meters in height and already pleases with self-seeding. In winter, this is our Christmas tree. The excitement of collecting conifers did not pass me by, but I give preference to the smallest varieties. I pinch and trim many of them every year to keep them compact. And what a pleasure it is to watch them develop! They are appropriate everywhere - both in the front part of the garden and in the recreation area, irreplaceable in the rock garden.
It borders the house on both sides and pleases us with fireworks of bright colors from spring to late autumn: from erantis, crocuses and merenders to crocuses and Chinese-decorated gentian. In addition to low-growing plants of natural appearance - lumbago, adonis, saxifrage, penstemons, primroses, many bulbs - dwarf conifers are planted here.
Plants were transplanted from an old summer cottage garden, purchased from nurseries, botanical gardens, brought from annual trips to the gardens of gardening friends, grown from seeds. By the way, the sowing process captured me entirely: you treat seedlings like your children. An insatiable desire to grow something new makes me sow the seeds of rare species every year. It is most interesting to introduce plants of alpine flora from various places into the garden.
Rock garden construction
Many alpine plants need special conditions close to natural ones. The solution was suggested by Czech rock gardeners. As an experiment, using the vertical masonry method, small hills were made from local limestone-limestone. The stones can be of different sizes and thicknesses, but they are not too large to be easily lifted.First, stones with two parallel sides are placed tightly to each other on the edge - they form a miniature natural landscape with peaks, slopes, valleys and depressions.
Then the voids are filled with garden soil, mixed about half with fine gravel and coarse sand, and then grown seedlings are planted in the crevices. The voids are filled with small pieces of stones of the same rock from which the hill is built. The soil should not be visible. Beautiful driftwood, which we found on walks along the sea coast, emphasize the natural style of the rock garden.
Plants for rock garden
On vertical slides, or, as they are now called, rolling pins, I plant only the smallest plants: abundantly flowering, with original foliage or forming dense compact decorative evergreen curtains. These are spring-flowering gentians, miniature carnations, saxifrage with small "pillows", edryanthuses, tiny bells, breaks, crumbs, rock primroses and ferns. The compositions are complemented by dwarf coniferous varieties and evergreen shrubs - daphns of various species and varieties.
The slides are made in such a way that it was easy to approach them, reach every plant and see their amazing natural beauty. You need to admire the Alpines slowly, for a long time examining them in detail, enjoying the colors and delicate aroma. They deliver indescribable joy! Alpine self-seeding has already begun to appear on the passages between the hills covered with rubble. Plants bloom, set seeds, which means they feel good. Rolling pins look spectacular against the background of dwarf conifers, mulched with pine bark. Mulch from crushed stone and bark creates a favorable microclimate for plants, retains moisture and gives the compositions a well-groomed look.
One of my last hobbies is creating miniature natural compositions in stone containers. As a building material, I use dark red granite to match the containers themselves. I select plants very carefully - both in style and in winter hardiness, since they hibernate without shelter. The containers are on the open stone terrace in the recreation area, where on warm summer days we are happy to spend time with households and guests.
On January 21, 1945, the Main Botanical Garden of the USSR Academy of Sciences was founded in Moscow. Today we will tell you about him and 5 more of the best Russian botanical gardens.
Main Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences named after N.V. Tsitsin
On January 21, 1945, it was decided to create a new botanical garden in Moscow. The main Russian museum of wildlife, designed to preserve the unique green areas - the Erdenevskaya grove and the Leonovsky forest, occupied an area of 331.49 hectares. The largest of the botanical gardens of an old woman in Europe acquired its modern look thanks to the efforts of landscape architects Petrov and Rosenberg, who focused on the greatest compliance with natural conditions. The Moscow Kingdom of Plants has gathered representatives of flora from all climatic zones and continents of our planet. Its collections include more than 16 thousand plants, including 1900 species of trees and shrubs, over 5000 various representatives of the flora of the tropics and subtropics, an extensive rose garden and a beautiful garden of continuous flowering. Excursions around the arboretum introduce interesting and useful facts about indoor floriculture, the diversity, dangers and benefits of tropical organisms, gardening interiors.
The picturesque garden and park ensemble, created at the end of the 19th century by the publisher of the “Petersburg newspaper” Sergei Khudekov, is an excellent place for recreation and walks, as well as a popular attraction for guests of Sochi. Each of the parts of the Sochi Arboretum, cut in half by Kurortny Prospect, is decorated in its own style. The central one, which recreates the green spaces of sunny Italy, is full of exquisite decorative elements, carved pavilions and sculptures describing scenes from myths. The main part of the botanical garden is a real English park, emphasizing the natural beauty of wildlife. Summer always reigns on the territory of the arboretum: many of the more than two thousand species of rare and exotic plants from all over the planet are evergreen. Here peacocks stroll leisurely, ducks, swans and even pelicans swim along picturesquely overgrown lakes, and ostriches live in the northwest. Every 15 minutes, cable cars run between the Upper and Lower parks, making it easier to move around the magnificent kingdom of peace and quiet in the heart of bustling Sochi.
Peter the Great Botanical Garden
The green corner of St. Petersburg, which was born in 1714, has gone a long way from a small pharmaceutical garden that provided medicinal herbs to the armed forces of the Russian Empire, to a vast complex of 26 greenhouses measuring 22.9 hectares. In the first Soviet years, tropical and subtropical plants from the collections of the royal palaces and mansions of the aristocracy moved to the already rich Botanical Garden of Peter the Great, but during the siege of Leningrad, the arboretum naturally fell into decay. Only in the post-war period, thanks to help from Sukhumi and the supply of greenhouse plants from the Main Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences, it was revived again in its former beauty and grandeur. Today's Peter the Great Botanical Garden is famous for the most luxurious collection of greenhouse plants in Russia, annually receives more than 150 thousand guests and conducts numerous excursions. Since November, the Arboretum has hosted an exhibition “Pieces of the Rainbow”, featuring a variety of blooming orchids and bromeliads, as well as educational master classes on caring for whimsical green beauties.
Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute
The northernmost botanical garden in the Russian Federation, located above the Arctic Circle, was opened on August 26, 1931. His work is one large experiment designed to study the possibility of the existence of plants from different climatic zones in the harsh conditions of the Far North. During the existence of the arboretum, more than 30 thousand of all kinds of flora have visited here, about 3500 of which have managed to take root in the land of the Kola Peninsula. The Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden also does not disdain scientific research: for example, during the Great Patriotic War, a method for extracting glucose syrup from lichens was invented here. Among the green exhibits of the institute are over 650 species of moss, more than four hundred different plants inhabiting the Murmansk region, as well as about a thousand species of "settlers" from the tropics and subtropics. During the year, the botanical garden on the territory of the Khibiny Mountains receives over 2.5 thousand visitors, exchanges seeds and sprouts with botanical gardens in more than 30 countries of the world. The unique collections of the arboretum include a snowdrop garden, a rocky garden and a living herbarium.
Botanical Garden in Rostov-on-Don
The Rostov Arboretum, created in April 1927, originally occupied only about 74 hectares, but eventually expanded to more than 160 hectares. The garden almost immediately became part of the North Caucasus State University, now known as the Southern Federal University, and worked mainly as a research and educational unit. In 1927, a tree-ornamental nursery appeared in the garden, a little later, separate collections of fruit and berry plants, nuts, a rose garden and a syringarium were formed, and then a fund of coniferous crops appeared. In 1992, the SFedU Botanical Garden became a natural monument of regional significance. In addition to a large collection of plants from all over the world, numbering 5,000 shrubs and trees and 1,500 greenhouse specimens, there is a unique section of natural steppe and the mineral spring of Seraphim of Sarov, revered by Orthodox Christians. The arboretum offers a good excursion program, landscaping and landscaping services, sells fruit trees and rare flowers.
Central Siberian Botanical Garden
A beautiful green corner of the Novosibirsk region, which has existed for the 68th year, stretches over a thousand hectares. The Central Siberian Botanical Garden has a dozen scientific laboratories and three branches: in Altai, Chita and Kemerovo. The emerald massifs of coniferous and birch forests are cut by the picturesque Zyryanka River, which gives the garden a certain natural charm. The collection of the garden brought together more than 7 thousand different plants, which are combined into colorful zones: Bonsai Park, rocky garden, Waltz of flowers, Garden of continuous flowering. TsSBS is rightfully proud of the best herbarium in Russia, covering half a million leaves and more than 1200 seeds of all kinds. In the near future, it is planned to open a new unusual exposition here - the kingdoms of the famous inhabitants of the subtropics, cacti, about each of which its keeper is ready to tell a separate story with pleasure. The Siberian Botanical Garden conducts excursions for children and adults, sells seedlings for the adjoining territories, and also serves as a great place for families.
The capital of Ukraine also has a number of botanical gardens that have become the largest in the country:
But in almost every big city there is at least 1 botanical garden, usually adjacent to educational institutions. Almost all are open to the public, but some accept sponsorship without fail.
They can interest visitors by various types of flora collected not only from the territory of Ukraine, but also from all over the world. A feature of some botanical gardens is the ability to purchase a plant you like.
These objects of scientific and cultural purposes are assigned a special role, to develop minds with research activities and to enchant and delight in the true beauty of nature.