Celosia flower: growing from seeds, photo, planting and care in the open field


Garden plants

Plant celosia (lat.Celosia), or cellosis - a genus of the Amarantovye family, although not so long ago it was attributed to the Marevye family. The name of the plant comes from the Greek kelos, which means "flaming, burning" and characterizes the color and shape of the inflorescences, similar to multi-colored tongues of flame. In nature, celosia flowers grow in the warm regions of Africa, Asia and the Americas, there are about 60 species of them today, but in the garden culture they grow most often Celosia comb, Celosia pinnate, as well as Celosia spikelet.

Planting and caring for the plant

  • Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings in late March or early April, planting seedlings in open ground - in the second half of May.
  • Bloom: from July to frost.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight.
  • The soil: fertile, well-drained neutral soils.
  • Watering: moderate, only in drought.
  • Top dressing: once a month with full mineral fertilizer. Before budding begins, organic matter can also be used, but only rotted.
  • Reproduction: seed.
  • Pests: aphid.
  • Diseases: chlorosis, in the seedling period - black leg.

Read more about growing cellosia below.

Botanical description

The flower of celosia is represented by both annual species and perennials, there are shrubs among them, but in cold winters, celosia is grown as an annual plant, since it does not tolerate sub-zero temperatures. The stems of celosia are straight and branched, the leaves are alternate, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate. Small flowers are collected in spike-shaped, comb or paniculate inflorescences of different shades - yellow, pink, red, orange, scarlet and golden. The fruit is a polyspermous capsule.

Growing cellosis from seeds

Sowing seedlings

Readers are often asked to tell you how to grow celosia from seeds, since this is practically the only way to reproduce it. But before sowing, the seed must be kept for 3-4 hours in a solution of Epin and Zircon (a drop of each drug in a glass of water) in order to soak the too dense seed coat. Sowing is carried out in March or early April in bowls on the surface of the soil, consisting in equal parts of humus earth and vermiculite. Sow lightly, and you do not need to sprinkle the seeds, just press them firmly to the ground and sprinkle with water from a spray bottle.

The container with crops is covered with foil or glass and kept on a light windowsill at a temperature of 23-25 ​​ºC, protected from direct sunlight and from time to time ventilated, moisturized and removed condensation. If you don't want to mess around with picking, sow the seeds directly into individual pots. Seedlings begin to appear within eight days.

Seedling care

Growing seedlings of celosia involves the organization of additional lighting for seedlings for 4-6 hours, since at this time of the year the daylight hours are still too short. In the case of group sowing of seeds, seedlings have to be dived twice. The first time - when 2-3 leaves appear in the seedlings - they are seated in the same substrate in a container 4-5 cm deep at a distance of five centimeters from each other.

When the seedlings take root after the pick, they are fed simultaneously with watering with a weak solution of a complex mineral fertilizer for flowering plants. When the plants get stronger, they are dived into a deeper cassette or, with the help of a scoop, are removed from the container along with an earthen lump and transplanted into individual pots (preferably peat-humus). Once you are sure that the plant has started, you can do a second similar feeding.

Celosi planting

When to plant

The time to plant seedlings in open ground comes when the heat is finally established and the threat of night frosts has passed - in the second half or at the end of May. The site for the plant is chosen sunny, sheltered from the wind and well-drained. If the soil is on the site of an acidic reaction, it is lime before planting. But do not add fresh organic matter to the soil for cellosia - the plant does not tolerate it.

How to plant

Celosia is planted in the usual way for garden plants. Young seed-grown celosia is still very fragile, so try not to damage its root system when transplanting and use the transshipment method. If you dived or sowed it in peat-humus pots, then plant the celosia in the ground right with them. It should only be borne in mind that undersized species and plant varieties are planted with an interval of 15-20 cm between specimens, and tall ones - at a distance of 25-30 cm from each other.

Celezia care

Growing conditions

Growing cellosis and caring for it in the garden does not contain any particular difficulties, but you should know two of its weak points: cellosia grown from seeds at home can die in the open field even from weak frosts, and besides, it does not tolerate too wet soil ... Based on these features, organize the care of the whole. So, you need to water the celosia only on the hottest days, if it has dropped the leaves and stopped forming flower stalks.

But do not neglect the monthly feeding, which the celosia accepts very favorably, but do not get carried away with nitrogen fertilizers, otherwise you will get lush foliage, but you will not see flowering. Loosen the soil around the plants, remove the weeds - that's all the trick.

Pests and diseases

In the "tender seedling age" from excessive moisture, the black leg affects the cellosis. As soon as you find a disease (blackening of the stem at the base), loosen the soil, sprinkle it with a thin layer of wood ash and stop watering for a while. Sometimes aphids settle on the plant, which can be dealt with by spraying cellosia with this composition: 2 teaspoons of liquid soap, a glass of vegetable oil in two glasses of water. Processing needs to be done several times in a few days in the evenings. Cellosis is resistant to all other insects and diseases.

Celosia after flowering

How and when to collect seeds

In order to collect the seeds of celosia, cut off a few wilting blossoms and place them in a dim room in a vase without water. When the bouquet is dry, shake it over a newspaper, and what is poured, blow through and pour into a storage box. You can not keep the branches in a vase, but hang them down with inflorescences and lay a newspaper under them, on which ripe seeds will pour out of the dried bolls.

Celosia in winter

Usually, after flowering, celosia is destroyed in order to plant new specimens next spring. But celosia is the perfect plant for dry bouquets: cut, peel and bring into the house some of the most beautiful flowering branches of the tall variety, tie them in a bunch and let them dry in a dark room with good ventilation, and then put them in an empty vase so that they decorated your house in the middle of winter with their bright beautiful flame.

Types and varieties

We invite you to familiarize yourself with the most popular species, varieties and varieties of celosia in horticultural culture. A favorite of our gardens is silver celosia, available in two varieties:

Celosia silvery comb

Or Cockscomb (Celosia argentea f. Cristata) - the plant is 45 cm in height, but there are less tall varieties. The leaves, depending on the variety, are green, burgundy, bronze or golden. Small flowers are collected in a massive inflorescence that resembles a cockscomb in purple-red or orange shades. Blooms from mid-summer to October. Varieties:

  • Impress - height 20-25 cm, red inflorescence, dark red leaves;
  • Atropurpurea - the same height, the stem is pinkish, the leaves are light green, the inflorescences are purple;
  • Imperialis - a low variety with dark red shoots, purple leaves with red veins and dark red inflorescences;

Celosia silvery pinnate

She is panicle cellosis (Celosia argentea f. plumosa) - a variety sometimes reaching a height of 1 meter, but having undersized and even dwarf varieties. Straight stems end with large panicles of yellow, orange and all shades of red. Leaves, depending on the variety, are juicy green, light green, pink or red. Blooms from July to October. Varieties:

  • Goldfeder - undersized variety with golden inflorescences;
  • Thomsoni Magnifica tall variety up to 80 cm tall with burgundy inflorescences against a background of light green leaves;
  • Fakelshine tall variety with bright red panicles;
  • New Look - 35-40 cm high, purple-violet leaves, yellow-orange inflorescences.

Spikelet celosia

Or celosia Hutton (Celosia spicata) has not yet taken root in our gardens, but interest in it has grown noticeably in recent years. Its height is from 20 to 120 cm, and medium-sized, spikelet-like paniculate inflorescences, in addition to red, yellow and orange shades, are also painted in white. And coral spikelet celosia will not leave anyone indifferent!

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Amaranth
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Information about Herbaceous plants
  8. Information about Annual Plants
  9. Shrub Information

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Annuals Weeds Shrubs Amaranth (Schirycevaceous) Plants on C


When choosing a planting site, it is best to give preference to a sunny area that is well closed from gusts of wind, as they can damage the plant. If the soil is heavy, it must be loosened thoroughly.

Celosia does not require special planting and maintenance, although it reacts positively to the addition of a small amount of humus before planting.


Growing seedlings of celosia is not an arduous task, however, some features will have to be taken into account:

  • Before starting work, soak the seed material for 3–4 hours in a growth stimulant solution (aloe juice, "Zircon", "Epin") so that the dense seed coat softens.
  • Fill a shallow dish with a loose nutrient medium made from universal potting soil and vermiculite (1: 1). If in the future you want to save time on picking, it is better to take separate peat glasses for sowing.
  • Spread the cellosis seeds not too thickly on the surface, lightly press them against the soil and spray the crops with lukewarm water from a spray bottle.
  • Cover the bowl with foil and place it on a light, warm (+ 23 ... + 25 ° C) windowsill.
  • Ventilate the greenhouse daily and wipe off any condensation drops from the foil. The sprouts will hatch from the ground in 6-8 days.
  • To prevent the plants from stretching, turn on a fluorescent lamp over them every day. The duration of additional lighting is at least 4–6 hours a day.
  • Seedlings growing in a common container will have to be dived twice: in the phase of 2-3 leaves, simply plant them at intervals of 5-6 cm, and after 1.5-2 weeks spread them in separate pots.
  • When the seedlings recover from the pick, water it with a weak solution of complete mineral fertilizer.

note! During the seedling period, celosia can get sick with a "black leg". If suddenly you notice that the stems of the seedlings have begun to turn black at the base, loosen the soil, powder its surface with wood ash and temporarily cancel watering.


Growing erigeron from seeds

Planting erigeron seeds in spring and autumn in the ground

Reproduction is carried out by seeds and dividing the bush. Seeds can be sown in spring and late autumn. Sowing is possible as early as possible in spring, at the first opportunity to go out into the garden. In the fall, they try to wait for the cold dry weather after the Indian summer, so that the sown seeds do not sprout until spring.

For the northern regions, it is advisable to grow seedlings and plant them in the garden after the retreat of severe cold weather. Not all seeds germinate, so stock up on more.

How to plant erigeron seeds in the ground

To sow small-petaled seeds in the ground:

  • Prepare a bed, dig it up, let the earth settle, level the surface with a rake.
  • The seeds are very small, so the planting depth is small, 1-2 cm.
  • The distance between the rows is 25-30 cm, between the seeds in a row - as rarely as possible, so that later they break through less. However, given the poor germination rate, this procedure may not be necessary.
  • When the plants sprout, you need to weed out the weeds, break through the seedlings so as to leave a distance of at least 10 cm between the seedlings.
  • Watering is not required if spring pleases with rare rains, only water the garden in dry warm weather.

Grown plants are planted at a distance of 30-40 cm.

Sowing small petals for seedlings at home

What shoots of erigeron look like photo

For seedlings, small petals are sown in pots or boxes in early March. Shoots appear for a long time, young plants develop slowly. Use fertile soil, moisten it, distribute the seeds evenly, lightly press them into the soil, do not sprinkle.

Maintain a minimum distance of 2 to 3 cm between seedlings if sowing in a shared container. Build a mini-greenhouse by covering the crops with foil, bag or glass.

Maintain a humid environment and a temperature of 10-15 ° C - you can place the container on a cold windowsill or closed balcony. At the end of the month, expect the first shoots. They will be thin, small, but gradually they will get stronger, take root, and grow. Water gently with small amounts of warm water.

Erigeron growing from seeds photo seedlings

When the plants get crowded, transplant them carefully in separate cups. But it is better to plant two or three seeds separately in cups, so that later you do not suffer with a pick. The strongest sprout is left, the rest are cut with scissors.

At the end of March, small petals seedlings can be transplanted into the ground. Proceed carefully, it is better to pass with an earthen lump so that the fragile roots are not damaged.

Even after several months of growth in a permanent place, the plants will not be particularly strong, the first years should be covered for the winter so that the roots do not freeze.


Landing

An extremely important element in the cultivation of any plant is the way it is grown. It is important what requirements the species imposes on the planting site, what care procedures it needs, and it is also worth knowing how the flower multiplies.

Planting site selection, soil preparation

It is very important to choose a suitable site and soil for growing this plant. Growing monarda is not difficult, it does not make particularly high demands - it grows on any garden soil, although it prefers soil:

  • fertile,
  • wet,
  • humus,
  • with slightly acidic pH.

Another aspect is insolation. This melliferous plant is suitable for sunny or semi-shaded areas. In shady places, the flowers will not be as large and colored.

It is best to choose a position that is warm, sunny and protected from the wind. Monarda perennial is resistant to low temperatures, does not require winter cover.

Landing

Monarda should not be planted too thickly. With dense planting, the bushes are more susceptible to powdery mildew.

  1. Before planting the monarda, you need to dig up the soil, select all the weeds. It is advisable to provide for the possibility of drainage, mix the loosened soil with compost.
  2. Bergamot seedlings, purchased or grown from seeds (the process is described below), are planted in a garden bed at a distance of 45-60 cm. Planting dates for monarda are early spring. Plants need adequate air access - this is the best protection against disease. One plant can grow into a bush up to 90 cm in diameter!
  3. After planting the monarda, the area around the plant should be covered with mulch bark to ensure constant moisture.


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