Pellonia Houseplants – How To Grow Pellonias In The Home

By: Amy Grant

Pellonia houseplants are more commonly known by the name trailing watermelon begonia, but unlike the showy begonia, they have a fairly insignificant bloom. Pellonia houseplants are primarily grown for their showy foliage and trailing habit. An evergreen with greenish-pink stems ending in oblong, wavy-edged leaves, Pellonia houseplants are native to Southeast Asia, specifically Vietnam, Malaysia, and Burma.

Pellonia is usually utilized in hanging baskets but also works well in terrariums. This herbaceous perennial hails from the family Urticaceae and has a low growing (3 to 6 inches (7.5 to 15 cm.)) habit with spreading or creeping tendencies (1 to 2 feet (0.5 m.)), making Pellonia useful as a ground cover in appropriate climates.

How to Grow Pellonias

Hardy in USDA zones 10-12, Pellonia is an easy to grow houseplant that requires minimum maintenance. Pellonia care requires a medium amount of water and a part shade exposure, flourishing in bright, indirect light.

Pellonia houseplant care tips include keeping the soil consistently moist during its growing phase of the spring and summer months while reducing irrigation during the fall through late winter.

Pellonia also appreciates a site with high humidity and can be lightly misted to maintain humid conditions. Growing Pellonia plants requires a minimum temperature of 60 F. (16 C.), and in cooler climates must be grown indoors or in a greenhouse.

When growing Pellonia houseplants in hanging baskets, line the basket with moss and then fill with equal portions of loam and peat with a generous amount of sand included to facilitate good drainage. Plant root cuttings 4 inches (10 cm.) apart, water, and then hang the basket in a partly shady area and continue to spritz daily.

When growing Pellonia plants, propagation can be easily achieved via stem cuttings or by gently separating the root structure. Pinch the stems of the Pellonia houseplant to train the plant into the desired shape.

Other Information on Pellonia Care

Pellonia houseplants are primarily disease and insect resistant. Pellonia, however, is sensitive to drafts which may cause leaves to drop.

Although Pellonia likes humidity and moist soil, overwatering or poorly draining soil medium may cause the roots to rot.

The tiny green blooms of Pellonia are unlikely to make an appearance when grown as a houseplant, but the beauty of its foliage makes up for the lack of blooms.

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19 Tips to Take Care of the Extremely Gorgeous Maidenhair Ferns

Ferns are one of the most primitive plants that have adapted themselves to changing environmental conditions. These tiny bunches of leaves, like that of the maidenhair fern, require a little more than average care on our part. Gardenerdy gives some handy tips that are to be incorporated.

Ferns are one of the most primitive plants that have adapted themselves to changing environmental conditions. These tiny bunches of leaves, like that of the maidenhair fern, require a little more than average care on our part. Gardenerdy gives some handy tips that are to be incorporated.


The oil procured from the leaves of maidenhair fern is used in the manufacture of shampoo. Hence, the name “maidenhair.”

Ferns are known to grow in places where other plants seldom grow. One such fern is the maidenhair fern, which is spotted in woodlands, in the fissures of rocks, or simply under the shade of big trees in a damp yard. It is a native of America, but creeps all over the planet if conditions are ripe for its growth. The fronds of the maidenhair fern are its identity. Though this plant offers to be exceptionally good as ground covers and landscape plants outdoors, it is renowned as a great indoor, ornamental plant.

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The scientific name is Adiantum pedatum. The USDA zone is 3 – 8. This fern variety is recognized by its bright green leaves that are thin and delicate. It lends a peculiar poise and grace in the area it grows.

However, do not judge this fern for its gracious appearance. It is hardy enough to withstand unfavorable conditions for a brief period. It is a bunch of demanding perennials whose growth conditions are to be met with precision in order to be rewarded with the best show of their beauty. This Gardenerdy article talks at length about the maidenhair fern care. Keep reading.


► It is highly important to water this plant optimally. But watering the plant with hard water will do more harm than good. Distilled water should be opted for.

► This fern is native to the tropical forests thereby, it is constantly exposed to swampy and damp soils. Also, the soil is usually acidic in nature. Therefore, if you wish to have this tropical beauty at home, you need to offer it with almost identical growing conditions.

►Noteworthy points are that maidenhair requires air that is high on humidity. It succumbs to dry and hot air. The mechanism that works here is that the minute pores that are present on the leaves of plants run dry if the surrounding air is dry. This hampers the entire process of breathing and photosynthesis.

► The maidenhair fern is a plant that is endowed with thin leaves. Therefore, it is prone to lose immense moisture from its leaf pores. Hence, all attempts should be made to keep its surroundings moist and humid at all possible times.

► A humidifier or pebble tray may be of help in order to fix the humidity conditions of the area where the ferns are growing, especially indoors. Placing the maidenhair ferns upon a half-filled pebble tray prevents them from drying up.

► Spraying the plant with warm water a couple of times a day may help in restoring the moisture. The process is better known as misting.

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► The temperature must always remain warm, but scorching heat hampers its growth. Do not leave the maidenhair exposed to the harsh cold weather. It isn’t frost-resistant.

► Maidenhair fern is a good house plant. But there are some factors that can inhibit its growth. Air circulation is vital for all plants. Proper circulation should be restricted indoors. Placing the ferns near big windows is a good way to maintain healthy circulation. But if the area where you place the plant is devoid of large windows, make sure to use a small fan in the room, lest your plant may lose vigor, and also be down with diseases.

► The light needs to be indirect. It definitely requires good exposure to light, but direct light is certainly not the best for your fern.

► The soil is highly responsible for the healthy display of the plant. Your maidenhair fern prefers a rich soil that has good organic compost. Whether you are growing the plant outdoors or indoors, mulch is a must for the soil of the plant.

► Maidenhair loves attention and handling. But of course, handle with proper care. You can cut the yellowing or dry leaves. This also helps the plant to grow well. In fact, this fern will grow dense foliage if you are regular with its trimming sessions.

► Fertilization is to be done only to a level that will help the plant grow. Excess fertilization is to be avoided at all costs. Feeding the plant with a liquid fertilizer twice a week is sufficient for it to grow happy and healthy. Winter months are not the best time to add fertilizers.

► Be kind to the fern while adding the fertilizers. Try to dilute the fertilizers before application, and also add them near the roots rather than pouring them right over the plant. Fertilize only in a moist soil.

► Avoid fertilization immediately after reporting the fern. This may burn the roots of the plants. This is because soon after reporting, the soil is quite rich in nutrients, so fertilizers would just be an overdose of the same, and be detrimental for the plant as a whole.

► If you are growing the fern particularly as an indoor décor, choose a spot that has either an east-facing window or west. This is pertinent because the fern is not adaptable to strong light. Light from the morning sun or the setting sun is diffused and mild.

► Propagating this fern is not hazardous at all. All you need to do is to cut the stems after they are too long and filling. The best time to grow it is during the spring.


► If you notice your graceful fern curling up its leaves, know that it is unable to cope up with the dry air in its growing area. Dry leaf tips also indicate the same condition. Premature leaf fall is also a result of low moisture and humidity.

► If you witness the green foliage turning brown, you need to check the conditions in which you are growing your maidenhair fern. Inadequate watering or hard water is one of the causes. Direct or improper light, inadequate air circulation, absence of moisture, unsuitable temperatures are all to be blamed.

► Things to keep away from the fern are the bugs, snails, slugs, aphids, and the mites. Apart from these, the fern is sturdy enough to grow well.

Do not panic about the long list of the useful tips you have read to care of your maidenhair fern. These are easy-to-practice tips, which if done diligently, will turn into a habit sooner than you realize. After all, some routine and caution is too little a price to pay for a healthy, green garden or home. We are sure all plant lovers will unanimously agree!

Pellonia (Pellionia pulchra)


A beautiful trailing plant native to regions of South East Asia. Produces a low, flat mass of satiny-textured foliage. The silver and green marbled leaves give the overall plant a soft glow. Occasionally prune back any leggy, older foliage to keep plant lush with new growth.

Looks great grown in containers and hanging baskets. A terrific plant for tall plant stands where the trailing foliage will create a cascade of foliage over time. Perfect for growing on a lightly shaded deck, patio, or porch during warm weather.

Plant Feed

Once every month during growing season.


Basic Care Summary

Thrives in a warm location with bright, indirect light. Keep soil consistently moist. Can be pruned freely to maintain desired size.

Planting Instructions

Start with a good quality, commercial potting soil. These are usually lighter in weight than topsoil, sterile and pest-free. Many are available with a mild starter fertilizer in the mix.

Select a container with a drainage hole or be prepared to drill holes for drainage if there are none.

Prepare the container by filling with potting soil up to 2” (5cm) from the rim of the planter. Remove the plant from its pot.

Make a small hole in the soil slightly larger than the root ball either by hand or using a trowel. Insert the plant into the hole and press soil firmly around the roots and just covering the root ball. When all the plants are potted, water thoroughly to settle the soil and give plants a good start. Place plant in a reliably sunny location.

Repot every 2 years in the same container or in a container slightly larger than the diameter of the roots.

Watering Instructions

Prefers moist but well-drained soil. Check the soil moisture with your finger. If the top 2-4” (5-10cm) of soil is dry, or plants are wilted, it is time to water.

Apply water at the soil level if possible to avoid wetting the foliage. Water the entire soil area until water runs out the base of the pot. This indicates that the soil is thoroughly wet.

Fertilizing Instructions

Fertilizers are available in many forms: granulated, slow-release, liquid feeds, organic or synthetic. Determine which application method is best for the situation and select a product with a nutritional balance designed for foliage plants.

Too much fertilizer can damage plants so it’s important to follow the package directions to determine how much, and how often, to feed plants.

Slow-release fertilizers are an especially good, care-free choice for container plants. A single application can often provide plants with the proper level of nutrition all season long.

Pruning Instructions

Most container plants can be pruned freely to maintain the desired size and shape. Keeping the foliage trimmed also keeps the plants looking neat and tidy, encourages the plant to develop more side-shoots and flowers, and reduces the demand for the plant to develop a larger root system. This is important since the roots are in a confined space.

Pellionia pulchra
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Polynesian Ivy Plant Features

Polynesian ivy is a delightful small houseplant that has interesting foliage that looks like it has a velvety or suede-like texture. A low-growing plant, Polynesian ivy is perfect for growing in hanging baskets and terrariums, as well as decorating a mantle or tabletop.

The green leaves look good with most other houseplants, so you can mix it with a wide range of other varieties such as peperomia, pilea, and begonia for a fun combination.

Polynesian Ivy Questions?
Drop us an email our houseplant experts will be happy to help.

Polynesian Ivy Growing Instructions

Grow Polynesian ivy in low, medium, or bright light --- it's one versatile houseplant! Polynesian ivy grows fastest in medium and bright spots, but is low-care just about everywhere.

Water Polynesian ivy enough to keep the soil moist, but not saturated. Don't let this plant dry out completely.

Because it's a relatively slow grower, you don't need to worry about Polynesian ivy outgrowing its space or pruning it. But you can pinch back the stems any time you'd like.

Fertilize Polynesian ivy once or twice a year, preferably in spring or summer when temperatures are warmest. You can use any general-purpose houseplant fertilizer just be sure to follow the directions on the packaging.

Polynesian ivy is not intended for human or animal consumption.


Indoors: High light
Indoors: Low light
Indoors: Medium light



Special Features

Purifies the air
Super-easy to grow

Complement your Polynesian Ivy with these varieties:

Chinese evergreen is a can't-go-wrong houseplant. It grows practically everywhere, from low to bright light and doesn't mind if you forget to water from time to time.

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September Report: Successful Containers

New England’s weather challenges even the most experienced gardener. The summer of 2013 certainly gave this gardener a dose of humble pie. Spring arrived late but was quite lovely for several weeks. June was cool and adequately moist (some folks in western New England were deluged with rain, but we were happy here with what we received. July was tropical. Hot, humid, humid, did I say humid? And there are plants that loved the tropical weather: Colocasia, Coleus Papyrus, Canna. Unfortunatley I hadn’t planned on hot humid weather, so I didn’t plant many of them this year. No this year I couldn’t plant enough succulents in the ground, in containers, in vertical gardens. It could have been a better summer for growing them, but they managed to carry on sullenly and perked up when August proved to be cool and dry. And now we are here, at the end of the season, to judge which of the containers held up the best over the 3 month period. (See the June article: The Before Pictures for evidence of how containers transformed.)

The Cissus had to be cut back. Begonia ‘Concorde‘ has resented the recent chilly nights. Still this has been an easy shade loving combo which I would repeat.

Coleus ‘Odalisque’dominated this planter, Begonia thurstoniihas held its own, but can’t say the same for the Begonia ‘Elegance’ (there is a glimpse of what’s left of it). Our Begonia boliviensishybrids and and most of our Fuchsia really pooped out early this year.

This partial shade planter wasn’t shown in the June post, but it has been quite lovely all summer. Plectranthus ‘Velvet Elvis’ is really starting to bloom now. Why don’t people grow more of the interesting trailing ivies?

I was a little disappointed that the Xanthosomadidn’t explode with growth, but the gentle green foliage of Pelargonium tomentosum looked fresh all summer, and I love to rub its leaves as I walk by.

Once the Eucomisbloomed, that was that, and then the Lantana montevidensis with its profusion of lavender flowers on wiry stems took over. Oxalis triangularis never disappoints, and Tradescantia ‘Blue Sue‘ filled in nicely.

We have planted this classic stone bowl with succulents for the past few years, but this year’s growth was the least impressive. Not bad, but look what it did last year.

Only the Senecio cylindricus put on growth. I think all the other succulents just sat there. At least they didn’t melt.

This bowl was planted around the 4th of July, with a mix of hardy and tender plants. The Senecio ‘Blazing Glory’is beginning to bloom with it’s bright orange buttons. I like the hardy Sedum ‘Turkish Delight’but next time would leave out the Sedum ‘Xenox’.

We moved our famous River Pot to a more prominent spot. What wouldn’t look great in this pot?

The vertical garden is still looking sweet. The Crassula schmidtii has been in bloom for weeks, and the Echeveria ‘Atlantis’ continues to want to send up flowers. I made several versions of these vertical gardens, experimenting with just hardy plants and mixing lots of different tender succulents. Some succulents grew well despite the weather, others were more temperamental.

This container continued to inspire customers to replicate it all summer. The grouping is Echeverias ‘Afterglow’ and ‘Lola’, Phormium ‘Pink Stripe’, Saxifraga ‘Maroon Beauty’, and silvery Dichondra.

What was your summer weather like and how did your containers fare this year?

A native to South America the Peperomia argyreia is a small plant grown for its attractive leaves. They grow up to 12 inches tall and the mini watermelon peperomia only grows up to 6 inches. Because of their small bushy rosette appearance they're best suited when grown outdoors as a ground cover or grouped together with other plants indoors.

Foliage: For the size of this plant as a whole the leaves are fairly large. These peltate leaves (stem attached centrally) are kind of oval in shape and display an outstanding mixture of green and silver stripes. The leaves have a fleshy feel to them that are attached to thin non-woody red stems.

Flowers: Non showy flowers can appear during summer on slim stalks (flower spikes) that are greenish in color. They are not even worth a mention if a grower is looking for attractiveness in flowers. They're all about foliage.

Care level and growing: These are very easy to grow and can make a good plant choice for the beginner. Keeping to the basics of care instructions will allow these plants to thrive. Most important is enough light, no overwatering and cold conditions.

I would display them close to other plants that have similar care needs to help them look more attractive, otherwise they can look a bit isolated because of how small they're. They can be placed in a planter and look great, but you will need to make sure other plants share the same care needs.

Watch the video: Planting Peonies in Spring - New Peony Plants for the Perennial Garden! Home for the Harvest

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