Tomato Octopus is an extraordinary result of selection specialists. Many gardeners argued how real such a culture was. But the creators of the tomato tree argue that this is possible. In addition, there are gardeners who managed to grow such tomatoes on their plots. It is believed that this variety can be grown here even under the most unfavorable weather conditions.
This variety according to the characteristics hybrid, perennial... Its growth is not limited, and the plant is able to reach a five-meter mark in height.
When grown industrially, one tomato tree is harvested up to 1.5 tons fruits. Gardeners will be able to cultivate such a plant by planting it in a greenhouse.
The culture forms a crown, the diameter of which, according to the description, reaches 50 square meters... Up to 6 fruits ripen on the brush, each of which weighs no more than 150 grams.
The foliage is oval, the inflorescences are white-pink. The tomatoes are elongated, colored yellow, red, orange, distinguished by excellent taste, density of fruits, their fleshiness and aroma. Perfect for canning, juicing.
If you follow the storage requirements, then fresh tomatoes will lie until the New Year holidays.
The successful cultivation of such a giant is possible only in greenhouse conditions.
And the greenhouse must be heated all year round, without interruption. Naturally, intensive nutrition is also required.
The tomato tree has been cultivated in South America for a long time. But in conditions with a temperate climate, plants could only be cultivated in botanical gardens. But in 1985, a breeder from Japan, Nozawa Shigeo, first introduced a hybrid variety that managed to make a splash.
Among the main positive qualities are the following signs:
The negative aspects include:
Don't experiment here - use seed material, purchased in specialty stores... The technological process does not cause any particular difficulties.
For planting, you will need containers in the form of barrels or boxes.
To remove excess moisture in a timely manner, the bottom is knocked out in the barrel. Holes are arranged in the walls according to the "twenty by twenty" pattern so that oxygen can easily flow to the roots.
Capacity is exposed in a well-lit place... A mixture of earth, turf and biofertilizers is prepared in equal proportions, covered with ten-centimeter layers.
As with other tomato seed varieties, the planting material of this culture should be soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate and rinsed with running water. Sowing is carried out in January - February, for good germination, a temperature regime of twenty-five degrees Celsius is observed.
The first shoots will appear in a week and a half. Seedlings require timely watering, removal of weeds, and the introduction of fertilizers.
The culture is transplanted into open ground late May - early Junewhen the sprouts stretch up to thirty centimeters and form from five to seven leaves.
A mound is made of fertile soil, in which a bush is planted. Previously, stepsons and lower leaves are removed on it. The next layer of soil mixture is poured to a height of ten centimeters, the container is covered with polyethylene.
As soon as the bush stretches out a dozen centimeters, it is again sprinkled with soil to the leaves located below. The procedure lasts until the entire barrel is filled.
By the middle of the summer season, tomato whips must be provided props... The soil should be maintained 60% humidity level, for which it is recommended to perform loosening and mulching. Watering is carried out up to three times a week and only with warm water.
From July, you can begin to apply fertilizer, up to three times a week using a mash made from mixed soil and biocompost. In addition, the tomato tree needs mineral or organic compounds that are introduced during watering.
As soon as the tomatoes of the first brush are ripe, remove foliage... The operation is repeated when the tomatoes start to grow on the second brush. Wilted leaves should be plucked during the entire growing season.
For prevention purposes, you can water the plant with water with the addition of a small amount of iodine to it.
It is recommended to grow the plant in a large greenhouse equipped with a heating system. These are the basic conditions that guarantee the normal development of culture.
Tomato can grow in more cramped conditions, but you should not expect a good harvest in this case. According to the technology, you will not get a full-fledged tree, the tomato will develop only to the size of a bush, the tomatoes will be small and not in such quantity.
It has already been said that the Octopus excellent resistance to major diseases... But it will not be superfluous if, for preventive purposes, treatment from late blight is organized. The plant is protected from the appearance of rot with special solutions, which are used at the beginning of the summer season.
Tomato Octopus is considered by many to be a real miracle of breeding experiments. Each gardener, observing the requirements for growing, will simply be proud of the tomato tree and the results of his own labor. And if suddenly something did not work out, you will take off the crop in any case. We recommend that you be patient and courageous and try your hand at growing this amazing hybrid.
The tomato tree is not a myth, but a real kind of culture. In its natural environment, it is found in South America, but this form of tomatoes has become massively grown thanks to the selection work of Japanese scientists. Tomato Octopus F1, created in 1985 by Nozawa Shigeo, gained wide popularity, which served as a motivation for the hybridization of new varieties with different weights and shapes of fruits.
The tomato tree is native to South America. In Russia, the hybrid tomato Sprut F1 was bred just a few years ago by the Sedek agricultural company.
This is a hybrid variety of cluster tomatoes, which is a real tree. An unusual variety is indeterminate, i.e. not having restrictions in growth.
Tomatoes Octopus F1 can be grown outdoors or in a large greenhouse
Octopus has the ability to intensively form shoots. The height of the bush can reach whiter than 4 m, and has a branched crown with an area of up to 50 cm2. The annual harvest is amazing - up to 14,000 tomatoes weighing about 1.5 tons!
Has a lot of advantages:
The fruits, according to gardeners, have a rounded shape, bright red color, juicy fleshy pulp. The fruits themselves are small, weighing 100-150 grams. The variety has a long shelf life, perfect for canning blanks, tomato juices, salads and cuts.
You will also be interested to know about what you can then plant on your site.
Octopus f1 tomato seed is purchased in specialized agricultural stores.
It differs from ordinary tomatoes, this variety is sown on seedlings much earlier.
It is recommended to do this in January-February. This is due to the fact that late sowing can affect the amount of the crop.
After purchasing the seeds, they must be prepared for sowing.
The processing of octopus tomato seeds is no different from the processing of conventional tomato varieties:
When all preparations are completed, it is necessary to prepare the soil for sowing.
Soil is an important factor in growing a hybrid. It should be with the addition of sand, clay and humic acids.
You can purchase ready-made material in the store or prepare it yourself:
Such a substrate is perfect for a hybrid, it will contribute to the normal growth and development of the plant.
The first step is to prepare containers: boxes or other containers. Purchased or prepared soil is poured into them.
Then they make indentations and water them. Seeds are placed every 2 cm.
They are slightly pressed into the soil, but only slightly so as not to damage.
From above, cover with earth with a layer of up to 1 cm. Cover with transparent glass or film, remove to a warm place where the air temperature reaches 20-25 ° C.
After the first sprouts appear, they must be removed to a windowsill or other place where it is warm.
Also during this period, plants need sunlight. Since they are sown early, the sprouts need additional lighting for the first time. If this is not done, the seedlings may stretch out.
When the plants have 2-3 true leaves, they are seated in separate containers. Water regularly.
Further, a transplant is necessary when the hybrid reaches a height of 1 m.To do this, you can take a bucket or barrel.
In principle, for open ground, all the main points of growing an Octopus tomato remain the same as for a greenhouse. It should only be noted that it is possible to reveal all the possibilities of this hybrid only in the open ground of the southern regions, at a latitude south of Rostov-on-Don or at least Voronezh.
Otherwise, in the beds, it is very important to build a strong and voluminous trellis for these tomatoes, to which you will regularly tie up all the growing shoots. With early planting, it is necessary to provide for the protection of Octopus tomato seedlings from possible nighttime cold snaps. Some attention should be paid to the prevention of diseases and pests, since in open ground, the likelihood of their occurrence, as a rule, is greater than in greenhouses. Although the Octopus shows high resistance to various problems and, as a rule, copes with them even without outside help.
Compliance with the basic requirements for planting your homemade tomatoes can lead to the expected result.
Seeds are planted on seedlings in order to grow a tomato tree from it as early as possible, some begin greenhouse planting as early as January. For the comfortable growth of tomato seedlings, soil is selected with a high content of vermicompost in it and the temperature regime in the greenhouse is maintained at the proper level. With a lack of daylight hours in winter, the planted seeds for tomato seedlings are additionally illuminated with artificial sources.
A container with planted seedlings is displayed in a greenhouse or on a balcony in the place where the sun's rays mostly fall. When choosing a suitable place, it should be remembered that the plant needs a lot of free space for growth, since the crown will later spread in width up to 2 meters.
The soil in iron barrels or boxes where the plant will be planted should be laid out in layers:
Planting of grown seedlings begins in April-May. The most powerful seedling is selected for the base. After planting in open ground, the container is covered with a film at night to provide the necessary warmth. Over time, arcs are made to cover the growing seedling in order to use them as a support for the film coating.