Indoor rose - home care throughout the year


You will not surprise anyone with roses in a flower garden - these flowers are very popular, albeit capricious, the indoor look is much less common, the care of which requires more attention.

Varieties and varieties suitable for growing at home

To achieve a beautiful long flowering, for a rose at home you need:

  • provide space;
  • maintain optimal humidity and air temperature;
  • follow the watering rules depending on the season;
  • periodically carry out the necessary hygiene procedures;
  • monitor the plant and prevent infection with diseases and pests from other indoor flowers.

Having taken care of the correct wintering of a home rose, you can see the first buds in March, and with proper care, the plant will decorate your home with lovely flowers that overshadow all other greenery with their beauty.

Video about caring for a room rose

Now in any flower shop you can find miniature roses of various varieties, perfect for growing at home. Outwardly, they are very similar to ordinary garden ones, only smaller in size - compact bushes reach only 35 cm in height. The miniature beauty in a pot looks unusually elegant: against the background of small neat leaves of dark green color, lovely flowers with a diameter of one and a half to four centimeters stand out in contrasting spots, painted in different tones and spreading a wonderful fragrance.

Of the miniature roses, the following varieties grow especially well at home: Judy Fischer with pink double flowers, copper-pink New Penny, carmine Angela Rippon, Baby Darling in an orange-pink shade, fragrant pale yellow flowers Yellow Doll, crimson Starina with an intense aroma and silvery pink Cinderella.

Home roses

One of the advantages of the miniature species is that it reproduces well by cuttings, and you can easily grow several new plants from one purchased bush.

In addition to miniature roses for growing at home, you can choose low varieties of other varieties:

  • unpretentious Bengal, providing long-lasting lush flowering (Ophelia variety with apricot-pink flowers, Pink Grothendors variety blooming twice a year with pink rose inflorescences);
  • highly branching polyanthous multi-flowered (Orange Triumph variety with bright red flowers, pale pink fragrant flowers of Clotilde Super variety, Miniature variety with small double flowers of pink and white color);
  • fragrant tea-hybrid (La France variety with strongly double flowers, Miss Rowena Tom, Gruss en Teplitz, Jules Boucher).

If you want to relocate low varieties growing in your flower garden to an apartment, choose those plants that were obtained from cuttings, with their own roots, and not grafted on rose hips. Otherwise, you are unlikely to be able to save your own grown roses - caring for them in room conditions will not bring results.

Indoor roses

Transplanting and caring for a purchased room rose

The flower shops mainly sell miniature species brought from abroad, which means that the plants are weakened by various regulators and growth stimulants. Having delivered such a rose home, you will need to take care of transplanting it into a larger pot of fresh soil.

If the flower is young, the first buds will have to be removed, no matter how sorry they are. But by sacrificing a few small buds, you will get an abundantly flowering bush in return. The first bud that appears should not just be removed, but the stem should be pinched over a well-developed bud, from which two shoots will appear at once. They will need to do the same procedure with pinching the stems. And with the advent of third-order shoots, it is already possible to safely allow the home rose to bloom!

Flowering, well-developed plants are often treated with drugs that slow down the development of new buds. However, as soon as the drug stops working, the buds actively start growing, and the bush can quickly acquire an irregular shape and untidy appearance. This usually happens closer to spring, so you first need to have time to carry out the formative pruning of the bush, and your home beauty will remain compact.

Blooming, well-developed miniature roses are often treated with drugs that slow down the development of new buds.

As for the transplant, you should not carry it out on the same day when you purchased the rose. Let the plant get used to the new conditions a little. To do this, place the flower pot on the southeast or east window and water as needed for several days.

The transplant is carried out as follows:

  • prepare a pot slightly larger than the one in which the plant was;
  • if other flowers grew in the pot before, wash it with warm water without soap;
  • on the bottom of the pot, lay a layer of expanded clay for drainage of 1 cm, in the absence of a drain hole, make the drainage layer 3 cm;
  • pour a nutritious soil mixture of sod land, humus and sand on top of expanded clay, adding complex fertilizer;
  • sprinkle the soil with fertilizers with a layer of soil without fertilizers so as not to burn the roots;
  • water the purchased home rose abundantly and after 20 minutes, carefully remove it from the previous container, trying not to destroy the clod of earth and not damage the roots (the fertilizer granules remaining in the roots should not be washed off);
  • set the stem with a lump of earth in the pot (the root collar should be underground), sprinkle with soil mixture on all sides, compact it and add enough soil on top to leave a couple of centimeters to the edge of the pot;
  • spray foliage with water and place in a shaded area.

Home rose transplant

Within a day, it will be possible to move the transplanted rose to its permanent place and water it under the root with settled water as the soil dries out. Starting next month, start feeding by watering the plant every two weeks with a solution of mineral fertilizer or spraying the leaves.

Care rules

No matter how capricious a room rose is considered, caring for it does not require much effort if you take care of creating the right conditions. First of all, this concerns the light regime and air humidity. Dry air is contraindicated for a flower, therefore, it is especially important to regularly spray it during the heating season. And in the summertime, it is advisable to move roses to the balcony, to the terrace, to the street, or at least to open the windows so that, due to the stuffiness in the rooms, the inhabitants of the pots do not suspend their flowering. Like garden species, indoor species require a lot of light, but you should not keep it constantly on the south window, otherwise the flowers will quickly open and immediately fall off.

Video about caring for indoor roses

How to care for a home rose at different times of the year? In the summer, it will be necessary to water the flower abundantly, preventing the earthen coma from drying out, and also to ensure that the plant does not overheat and does not get sick. Cut off withered flowers with pruning shears. In autumn, indoor flowers can be moved from the balcony to the south windows and the frequency of watering can be reduced. At the end of flowering, the roses are transferred to larger pots.

For the winter, it is advisable to move the plants to a cooler room (with a temperature of +15), if there is one, and if not, then at least remove them away from heating and household appliances. Preparing home roses for wintering consists in pruning branches (no more than five buds are left on each), which can be used for subsequent propagation by cuttings. The flower is watered in winter once a week, and with the arrival of spring and the opening of the first leaves, watering is increased and fed with a solution of bird droppings or mullein.


Room (miniature) rose care

Indoor rose - a relative concept. You can also domesticate an ordinary garden rose. It is enough just to create appropriate conditions for it. But, unfortunately, only owners of rather spacious premises can afford such pleasure. But this is not enough either. If in summer a rose bush growing in a spacious tub or pot will feel more or less comfortable at home, then in winter it definitely needs a cold dormant period. You can't do without it. It can be very problematic to create these conditions. But in order for a home rose to settle in your apartment, it is absolutely not necessary to acquire a large bush. There are a huge number of miniature roses on sale, specially bred for growing at home.

A little about the plant

Home indoor rose not such a curiosity. Tea is not a tropical exotic type of guzmania, eucharis, fuchsia, and even more so pineapple or banana. Miniature rose has many varieties, bred specifically for our home and apartment conditions. Usually, this is a rather miniature plant, rarely reaching even half a meter in height. Some of them have a magnificent aroma, not inferior to jasmine or oleander, and there is no smell at all. You can not even talk about the color scheme of miniature roses, it is as diverse as that of its garden cousin.

Caring for a room miniature rose is not difficult and, as is commonly believed, is no different from caring for a garden rose. This is true, but there is one BUT ... On the street, this plant is in natural conditions and these conditions mainly depend on nature itself, with some of our intervention. A room rose depends entirely on us, on how we care for it and what conditions we create, so it will grow and bloom.


Miniature roses in the open field

Indoor roses do well outdoors, but require shelter for the winter. To plant them in the garden, you need to choose a place that is well lit and protected from the winds. Roses grow well in almost any garden soil, but best of all on loams with low acidity.

During the summer, flowers are looked after in the same way as for home flowers, and from the second half of summer they begin to prepare for winter. For this, nitrogen fertilizing is removed, and in August-September potassium-phosphorus fertilizers are introduced, inhibiting the growth of shoots. At the beginning of autumn, pinching / pruning of shoots is carried out, watering and loosening of the soil are reduced.

After the first frost on the rose in the garden, all leaves are cut off, starting from the bottom, young unripe shoots are removed. They dig up the earth under the bushes and huddle under the root. When the soil freezes a little, the rose is covered with spruce branches or dry foliage. The layer thickness must be at least 10 cm.

During the thaw period, the shelter can be removed for ventilation so that rot does not develop. With the onset of constant warm days, the shelter is removed, pruning is carried out. Then they begin to care for the flowers in the usual way.

Bushes can be planted in open ground.


Indoor rose: home care - reproduction, transplant

Reproduction

Indoor roses are propagated vegetatively. To do this, you can use the branches remaining after pruning. They are cut into pieces about 15 cm long with 3-4 buds. Cuttings are rooted in water or in a peat-sand mixture. An activated carbon tablet is added to the water. You can soak the cuttings in a solution of Kornevin or Heteroauxin. An infusion of willow branches can be used as a natural root formation stimulant. For this, yellow or green shoots are cut into small pieces 5-6 cm long and poured with hot water. The infusion will be ready in a day. Roots appear in 2-3 weeks. After that, the seedlings are planted in separate pots.

Rooting cuttings of indoor roses in water

When rooting cuttings in the substrate, they are covered with jars or placed in a greenhouse. The appearance of new leaves is a signal for the appearance of roots. Young plants should be accustomed to indoor conditions gradually.

Indoor roses are transplanted in early spring or late August. Before transplanting, a potted rose bought in a store must be given time to adapt to the new conditions of "living". Two to three weeks will be enough for this. After the end of the adaptation period, the plant can be transplanted into a new pot. Its dimensions should not be much larger than the parameters of the previous vessel: 5 cm in height and 2-3 cm in diameter. Too much capacity will lead to acidification of the soil and rotting of the root system. If another plant has grown in this vessel before, then it must be disinfected. A rose bush in a transport pot is watered to make it easier to remove it and not damage the roots.

A drainage layer is poured at the bottom of the pot, on top of it is a small layer of fresh soil.

After transshipment, the plant is kept in partial shade, the soil is moistened moderately. After a couple of days, you can rearrange the plant to a permanent place.

Root or foliar dressing of roses begins a month after transplantation.


Rose Cordana Care

Indoor Rose Cordana most often sold immediately by bushes in plastic pots, and in stores, full-fledged plant care is very rarely provided. That is why after buying the flower will feel bad - often roses begin to shed their leaves, they look withered and faded.

Therefore, it is very important to start proper care of the plant immediately after purchase, then several weeks will be enough for it to fully recover and adapt to a new place.

Immediately after the purchase, you must take the rose to the bathroom to rinse the leaves of the bush under a warm shower without strong pressure. In the same place, you can immediately treat the plant with a special preparation designed to exterminate pests - this works both for the destruction of parasites that could start, and as a prophylaxis.

After the flower dries out, you can start transplanting into new soil and a spacious pot. Before choosing a location for your rose, make sure it is well lit and airy.

In the summer, if the climate permits, you can take the rose to the balcony. As soon as the soil begins to dry out, it is necessary to water the plant, and then loosen the top layer of the soil a little.

Nitrogen-containing fertilizers, which can be used in the spring, before flowering, are well suited as plant nutrition. In the summer - the most active during flowering - you can add potassium-phosphorus fertilizers.

After flowering has passed (autumn time), it is enough to cut the bush, preparing it for the cold, since Rose Cordana in winter differs in particular weakness. In some cases, without pruning, the plant may simply not bloom next year.


Caring for a rose in autumn

When buying in the fall, you must remember that a rose in a pot at home already in October needs rest. Having carried out all preventive measures to combat diseases and pests, it is necessary to prepare the plant for hibernation, providing thorough care.

  1. Trim off all dry branches, buds, flowers and leaves.
  2. Transplant the rose if necessary.

Since the flower lives all year round at home, it will not completely shed its leaves, but the rest time will come anyway. The rose needs to rest a little and get ready for the next bloom.


What to look for when buying a plant

Be sure to remove the gift bag, inspect the stems, they should not have black areas. If there are black spots on the stems, refuse to buy this specimen.

Make sure the plant is not shedding leaves. They should adhere firmly to the plant, cover the stems to ground level and be green, glossy, elastic.Faded and falling leaves indicate that the plant is "worn out" during transportation. Matte leaves with whitish dots indicate that the plant is affected by a spider mite. The large number of yellow leaves at the bottom of the stems indicates that the plant has become depleted from long transportation and being in the store. Brown or black spots on the leaves are a sign of mushroom spots. The presence of white spots with a small fluff - another fungal disease - powdery mildew.

Inspect the plants for pests: mealybug (lumps that look like cotton in the axils of the leaves), scale insects (brown small cakes that look like droplets of wax are removed with a fingernail, often along the veins of the leaf), whiteflies (white small capsules on the back of the leaf), thrips (silvery strokes on on the upper side of the leaf, thin nimble flies can be seen in flowers), aphids (usually densely cover the upper parts of the shoots), spider mites (whitish leaves, powdery bloom on the underside of the leaf, sometimes a cobweb is visible).

After purchasing the plant wash the rose under a warm shower, this procedure will clear the leaves of road dust, greatly reduce the population of spider mites, if any.

Carefully remove the lump from the pot; if it is strongly entwined with roots, it should be immediately transferred (without replacing the soil and separating the bushes) into a slightly larger pot with the addition of fresh soil for roses.

For prophylaxis against insect pests, it is advisable to treat with Aktara (sprinkle with a solution of 1 g / 10 l and sprinkle the leaves with a solution of 4 g / 5 l).

Upon detection black patches on the stems remove them just below the damage. Provide the rose with a very bright and well-ventilated area.

If dark spots (spots), white bloom (powdery mildew) on the leaves, gray fluff on leaves or flowers (gray mold) are found, it should be treated against fungal diseases fungicide preparations (Hom, Topaz, Skor, Colloidal sulfur, etc.).

Multiply roses by cuttings, the technology is the same as when cutting other plants, in detail - in the article Cutting indoor plants at home. Cuttings are best taken immediately after flowering.


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