Information About Spinach


Natural Spinach Dye – How To Make Spinach Dye

By Teo Spengler

Spinach as dye? You better believe it, but not just spinach. You can also make dye from orange peels, lemon ends, even the outer leaves of a cabbage. These dyes are easy, eco-friendly and really cheap to produce. Click this article to learn how to make spinach dye.

What Is Savoy Spinach – Savoy Spinach Uses And Care

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Savoy spinach is even more versatile than smooth leaf varieties. What is savoy spinach? Find out in the following article. We'll go over some savoy spinach uses and how to grow and care for this nutrient dense green. Click here for more information.

Uses For Spinach: How To Use Spinach Plants From Your Garden

By Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden

Spinach is an easy-to-grow, healthy green. If you have trouble getting your family to eat the spinach you grow, you may disguise it into a form they won’t recognize. There are a number of uses for spinach other than traditional leafy greens. Learn about them here.

Fusarium Spinach Wilt: How to Treat Fusarium Spinach Decline

By Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer

Fusarium spinach decline occurs wherever spinach is grown and can eradicate entire crops. It has become a significant problem for growers in the United States, Europe, Canada, and Japan. Click this article to learn more about managing spinach with fusarium wilt.

Popular Spinach Varieties: Growing Different Types Of Spinach

By Mary Ellen Ellis

Instead of buying spinach from the store that goes bad before using it all, try growing your own. There are many kinds of spinach, so you can choose your favorite, or succession plant to get several varieties throughout an extended growing season. Learn more here.

Spinach Blue Mold Information – Treating Downy Mildew Of Spinach Plants

By Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden

When you’re anticipating your first crop of the year and go to harvest your spinach, the discovery of downy mildew can be a disappointing setback. With a little scouting before harvest time, however, blue mold does not have to mean no spinach. Learn more here.

Ringspot Virus Of Spinach Plants : What Is Spinach Tobacco Ringspot Virus

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Tobacco ringspot on spinach rarely causes plants to die, but the foliage is diminished, faded and reduced. In a crop where the foliage is the harvest, such diseases can have serious affects. Learn the signs and some preventions for this disease here.

Spinach Anthracnose Treatment – How To Manage Spinach Anthracnose

By Liz Baessler

Anthracnose of spinach is a disease that?s brought about by a fungal infection. It can cause severe damage to spinach leaves and will overwinter in the garden indefinitely if it?s not taken care of. Learn more about symptoms and how to manage spinach anthracnose here.

Spinach White Rust Disease – Treating Spinach Plants With White Rust

By Darcy Larum, Landscape Designer

First discovered in 1907 in remote areas, spinach plants with white rust are now found all over the world. Click on the following article to learn more about the symptoms of white rust on spinach, as well as spinach white rust treatment options.

What Is Spinach Blight: Learn About Spinach Cucumber Mosaic Virus

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Blight of spinach is spread by certain insect vectors. Also known as spinach cucumber mosaic virus, it affects other plants as well. Find out what causes the disease and the best spinach blight treatment available by clicking on the following article.

Young Spinach Issues: Common Diseases Of Spinach Seedlings

By Liz Baessler

Spinach is a very popular cool season leafy green. Because of this, it can be especially disheartening when those first spring seedlings fall ill and even die. Learn more about common problems with spinach seedlings in this article.

Curly Top Spinach Disease: Learn About Beet Curly Top Virus In Spinach

By Darcy Larum, Landscape Designer

We put so much work into creating our ideal garden beds. When it gets destroyed by fungal or viral plant diseases, it can feel devastating. One such devastating viral disease is spinach beat curly top. Click here for information on beet curly top virus in spinach.

Spinach Leaf Spot Info: Learn About Spinach With Leaf Spots

By Amy Grant

Spinach can be afflicted with any number of diseases, primarily fungal. Fungal diseases usually result in leaf spots on spinach. What diseases cause spinach leaf spots? Click this article to learn about spinach with leaf spots and other spinach leaf spot info.

Aster Yellows On Spinach : Treating Spinach With Aster Yellows

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

A crop of spinach with aster yellows can rapidly decline, causing economic loss. Learn the signs and symptoms of aster yellows of spinach as well as treatment and prevention in the following article. Click here for more information.

Growing Spinach In A Pot: How To Grow Spinach In Containers

By Amy Grant

Almost anything that grows in a garden can be grown in a container. Growing spinach in containers is an easy crop to start with. Click this article to find out how to grow spinach in containers and the care of spinach in pots.

My Spinach Is Bolting – Learn About The Bolting Of Spinach

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Spinach is one of the fastest growing leafy vegetables. Spinach prefers the cooler season and will respond to heat by forming flowers and seeds. Learn more about bolting spinach plants and what can be done about it in this article.

Picking Spinach – How To Harvest Spinach

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Spinach tends to bolt and get bitter when temperatures soar, so harvest time is important to get the best leaves. Tips for choosing when and how to pick spinach can be found in the following article.

Spinach Planting Guide: How To Grow Spinach In The Home Garden

By Amy Grant

When it comes to vegetable gardening, spinach planting is a great addition. Spinach is a wonderful source of Vitamin A and one of the healthiest plants that we can grow. Click on the following article to learn how to grow and plant spinach in the garden.


Spinach Care

Light

Plant spinach where it will receive full sun to partial shade. It's advised not to tuck spinach in a flower bed, since too many critters will make a snack of it. You can, however, take advantage of the shadier spots of a fenced-in vegetable garden, where most other vegetable plants would languish. You can also grow spinach in the shade cast by taller vegetable plants and near plants that will begin spreading out as the spinach finishes its season, such as pole beans and corn.

Spinach prefers a well-draining soil with a neutral pH and won't be happy at a pH lower than 6.0.

Water

Water spinach frequently to keep the soil moist this also helps keep it cool during hot weather. The plants need 1 to 1 1/2 inches of water per week. In dry climates, you may need to water every day, sometimes more often. In any area, don't wait all week, then deep-water it's better to water several times per week at a minimum.

Temperature and Humidity

Spinach grows best in the relatively cool days of spring and fall, even during the short days of fall. In addition to a spring planting, you can start seeding again at the beginning of August. Keep the seedlings shaded and watered and in the summer heat, and they should be ready to harvest beginning in September. Spinach grows in a range of humidity conditions, including very dry climates.

Fertilizer

Because it is such a fast grower, spinach is also a heavy feeder. A fertilizer high in nitrogen, the first number on the fertilizer package, will help produce dark, healthy leaves. Fish emulsion and soy meal are good organic choices for spinach.


How to Grow the Tastiest Spinach Ever

Make sure your greens don't turn bitter in the heat of summer.

Spinach is one of the most satisfying cool-weather crops to grow, producing large yields of vitamin-rich, dark green leaves that are excellent for salads and for cooking. Since both hot weather and long days trigger spinach to bolt (send up a seed stalk) quickly, the secret to success with this crop is to start sowing seeds as soon as possible in spring to make small, frequent plantings during late spring and summer and to concentrate on fall as the season for the main crop.

Planting

Spinach does best when growing in moist, nitrogen-rich soil. Spinach plants form a deep taproot for best growth, loosen the soil at least 1 foot deep before planting.

Sow spinach seed as early as six weeks before the last frost or as soon as you can work the soil. Prepare the soil the previous autumn, and you'll be able to drop the seeds in barely thawed ground come spring. In areas with a long, cool spring, make successive plantings every 10 days until mid-May.

In warm climates, plant spinach in the shade of tall crops such as corn or beans. The young plants will be spared the hottest sun and be ready for harvest in fall or winter. Using cold frames or heavyweight row covers, you can grow spinach all winter in many parts of the country. In colder regions, try planting in fall (October) and protecting the young plants through winter for a spring harvest. In regions where the soil doesn’t freeze, try planting spinach in February for a March harvest.

Spinach seed doesn’t store well, so buy fresh seeds every year. Sow them one half inch deep and two inches apart in beds or rows. If the weather isn’t extremely cold, seeds will germinate in five to nine days. Spinach produces beautifully in cool fall conditions, but it’s tricky to persuade the seed to germinate in the hot conditions of late summer. Sow seed heavily, because the germination rate drops to about 50% in warm weather, and water the seed beds frequently — even twice a day — because watering helps to cool the soil.

We love planting spinach in raised beds — here's our favorite design for building one:

Growing Guidelines

Overcrowding stunts growth and encourages plants to go to seed. To avoid crowding, thin seedlings to four to six inches apart once they have at least two true leaves. Fertilize with compost tea or fish emulsion when the plants have four true leaves.

Since cultivating or hand pulling weeds can harm spinach roots, it’s best to spread a light mulch of hay, straw, or grass clippings along the rows to suppress weeds instead. Water stress will encourage plants to bolt, so provide enough water to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Cover the crop with shade cloth if the temperature goes above 80 degrees.

Troubleshooting

Since most spinach grows in very cool weather, pests are usually not a problem. Leafminer larvae can burrow inside leaves and produce tan patches. Prevent leafminer problems by keeping your crop covered with floating row cover. For unprotected plants, remove and destroy affected leaves to prevent adult flies from multiplying and further affecting the crop. Slugs also feed on spinach.

Spinach blight, a virus spread by aphids, causes yellow leaves and stunted plants. Downy mildew, which appears as yellow spots on leaf surfaces and mold on the undersides, occurs during very wet weather. Reduce the spread of disease spores by not working around wet plants. Avoid both of these diseases by planting resistant cultivars.

Harvesting

In six to eight weeks you can start harvesting from any plant that has at least six three or four inch long leaves. Carefully cutting the outside leaves will extend the plants’ productivity, particularly with fall crops. Harvest the entire crop at the first sign of bolting by using a sharp knife to cut through the main stem just below the soil surface.


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