How to build a chicken coop: instructions for building a "mansion for chickens" in the country


The dacha is a great place to relax, but it is also a great reason to change your activities. It is not for nothing that the arrangement of a summer residence and the cultivation of ornamental and garden plants are becoming a popular pastime for the townspeople. However, today even those who are going to build a chicken coop in the country with their own hands do not surprise anyone. Moreover, zealous owners choose solid buildings. If you build a house a little larger than a doghouse, the birds will get sick or eat up food unnecessarily. Then you should not expect such desirable environmentally friendly eggs from them. Let's find out the secrets of solid construction.

Choosing a place for future construction

It is necessary to figure out how to make an economically profitable chicken coop with the allocation of space for a building. The design of the house can also largely depend on the location of the house. There are basic principles that should be followed when making a choice:

  • Location... The poultry house must be located on a hill, because it will be more difficult for birds to walk in a lowland: it is in such places that moisture does not dry out longer, and the snow melts with a delay.
  • Building orientation. The chicken coop should be correctly oriented to the cardinal points. The rectangular building is located along the length from east to west. The ideal location for the house is with the windows facing south and the door facing east. The windows should get as much light as possible during the day. The length of daylight hours significantly affects the egg production of chickens. However, in the heat, the windows should be shaded.
  • Temperature... For chickens, both too high and too low temperatures are negative. Already at +25 C °, the productivity of the bird will decrease by half, and if the temperature rises by another 5 degrees, the chickens will stop laying at all. In case of heat, the windows of the hen house must be equipped with plywood shutters. In winter, the optimum temperature is +12 C °.
  • Peace. Chickens need to feel calm, so you need to choose a place for the chicken coop away from active recreation areas. Protecting the coop with a hedge is a good idea.
  • Area. The place should be selected taking into account the dimensions of the future structure. 1 m2 the premises of the chicken coop should have no more than two chickens. If the chickens live in the hen house in winter, it is necessary to provide a vestibule as an element of the hen house insulation so that the cold air does not directly penetrate to the birds. For the vestibule, you also need to take a place in the construction plan.

Experts recommend choosing a place with a reserve of space in case the success in breeding chickens prompts the owners to create, for example, a quail farm. After all, such a farm is an excellent source of not even additional income, but a full-fledged income.

A chicken coop is often called a ramshackle shed, but if you look at this building in a businesslike way, then it can be made much more attractive, then it will be easier to find a place for it

To be healthy, chickens must have a place for walking, so such a hen house with a vestibule is a well-deserved success.

What should we build a house for chickens?

We will agree in advance that we choose a four-edged beam 100x150 mm as a material for the construction of our chicken coop. This is a low-budget option and construction from such material does not require professional skill.

Stage # 1 - selection and construction of the foundation

We select the size of the upcoming building. It is better to draw a project so that you can accurately determine the need for materials. We will proceed from the approximate weight of the chicken coop, determining the foundation.

The coop on a columnar foundation looks very protected, neat and compact, despite the fact that everything you need is provided in it.

The best option for a relatively light chicken coop can be considered a columnar foundation. Why?

  • Economic benefit. Curbstones made of old brick will be very cheap, and, if you wish, you can do with an ordinary stone. Cement, sand, gravel and trowel are the main costs for such a foundation.
  • Protection. It will be difficult for rats and ferrets to enter the premises, and ventilation under the floor surface can prevent wood from rotting.

We will mark the foundation using a thin but strong rope and metal rods. In full accordance with the project, we hammer rods around the perimeter of the building. We wrap them with a rope, placing it at the surface of the earth. We check the accuracy of the markings made by measuring the diagonal distance with an ordinary tape measure.

We carefully remove the fertile soil layer of 15-20 cm inside the markings: it will come in handy in the garden. Now we will make pedestals in the corners of the building and along its perimeter. The distance between them should be 0.8-1 m. Dig holes 60-70 cm deep and 50 cm wide (for two bricks). Using a hydraulic level and ropes, mark 20-25 cm above the ground - a guideline for the construction of pedestals.

The columnar foundation is most appropriate when building a chicken coop, since it is economically viable and the building on it will be protected from decay and from predators

At the bottom of the pit we pour sand and medium-grained gravel 10 cm thick in layers. The first two bricks are laid on the bottom of the pit, on them we put cement mortar, mixed at a rate of 1: 3. Place the next two bricks across the previous ones. So the curbstone should be laid out to the level that is marked with ropes. Cement mortar will help to align the curbstone exactly to the level.

In construction, a technological break of 5-7 days comes, so that the solution has the opportunity to grab. After that, the finished posts must be treated with special protective mastic or simple bitumen. Coarse gravel should be placed between the pedestals and the ground. They also cover the surface inside the perimeter of the building.

Stage # 2 - erecting the walls of the building

For the process of laying timber, a standard technology has long been developed, which must be followed. As an insulator of the first crown from the foundation, you can use a double layer of roofing material. The ends of the timber should be connected in a half-tree. As a log for the floor, we use a beam of 100x150mm, laid on the edge. The optimal distance between the logs is 50 cm. We close the gaps with scraps of timber.

The walls of the building are erected by sequentially placing a bar with its connection at the corners of the building into a tongue-and-groove connection

The second, third and subsequent crowns at the corners are connected according to the thorn-groove system. Flax-jute fiber can be used as a sealant in the lock joints and between the crowns. If the timber from which the chicken coop is erected has natural moisture, it is better to use wooden pins for a secure fit of the crowns.

Their presence will protect the frame from distortion after shrinkage. Under the pins, you need to make holes in the corners of the building and around the perimeter every meter or one and a half. They are made with a depth of 2.5 beams and in a checkerboard pattern. The pins should be driven into the wood by about 7 cm. The minimum height of the walls to be erected should be 1.8 m. Next, the ceiling beams must be reinforced, the rafters installed and the roof laid.

Stage # 3 - ceiling and roof of the chicken coop

You can make the roof of the chicken coop a single-pitched one, but the gable structure is the choice of far-sighted people. Feed and inventory need to be stored somewhere. Why not use a comfortable and dry attic space for this purpose?

Of course, it is better to make the roof of the building gable, then both the feed and equipment and even the rowan fruits dried for the winter for chickens will be safe

We strengthen the ceiling beams, cover the ceiling with any boards and insulate it. Expensive roll insulation can be replaced with expanded clay or coal slag. Until the moment of insulation, you need to take care of the ventilation of the room. To do this, put together two wooden ventilation ducts. We fix them at opposite ends of the building. One end of the ventilation duct is flush with the ceiling, and the other is about 40 cm below it. Tin flaps on the ventilation pipes will help regulate the room temperature.

Stage # 4 - laying and insulating the floor

Freezing and blowing through floors should be avoided. Therefore, double floors can be considered the best option. In this case, we will use a board with a thickness of 25 mm. The subfloor should be made of dry unedged boards. A layer of vapor barrier is laid on the boards, followed by 100x100mm bars. We fill the gaps between the bars with insulation, after which we lay the finishing floor already from the edged board.

If any boards can be used for the ceiling, then for the floor, savings are appropriate only when laying the subfloor: the finishing one should be done from a grooved board

It is recommended to make ventilation ducts in the floors, which will be tightly closed for the winter, and a grate can be installed on them in the summer.

We equip the poultry house from the inside

Well, we figured out how to build a reliable and warm chicken coop, now we need to properly organize the room inside. If we talk about the necessary elements of the internal structure of the chicken coop, then the roost is just one of them.

When calculating the need for perches, you need to know that each bird will need at least 30 cm of perches. Knowing the number of feathered inhabitants of the hen house, we calculate the quantitative need for perches. It is better to make them from a rectangular bar of 40x60 mm. The perches need to be rounded, otherwise they will injure the birds. Perches should be placed from each other at a distance of 50 cm at a height of 60-80 cm from the floor, but not on top of each other. Roof trays will make cleaning the chicken coop easier.

Correctly organizing a chicken coop from the inside is no less important than ensuring its competent construction: chickens need perches, drinkers, feeders, places for layers

Places for laying hens should be located in a part of the chicken coop where the hens can feel safe and secure.

Do not forget that we cost a chicken coop for laying hens, which means that we need to provide them with all the conditions for them to lay eggs. To do this, you can equip them with boxes of sawdust in the place where the chickens will feel peace and safety.

Feeders and drinkers must be full, clean and elevated. It is easier to keep the coop clean and tidy if the floor is covered with sawdust or straw. The sloped floor will also make cleaning easier. For the winter, the chicken coop can be additionally insulated with mineral wool and foam.

Video examples of work and advice from experts

On how to build a chicken coop with your own hands in other ways, we suggest watching the following videos.

Video # 1:

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How to build a chicken coop with your own hands

You have to deal with the issue of building a chicken coop with your own hands if it was decided to have domestic chickens. The fact is that not everyone on the site has a room for their maintenance. However, this is not a problem, since even a beginner poultry farmer can build a small poultry house for 5-10 chickens. To do this, you will need the necessary materials, tools and a place for construction. If you know how to hold a hammer in your hands and know how to hammer a nail, then there should be no difficulties in building a chicken coop with your own hands.

You have to deal with the question of building a chicken coop with your own hands if it was decided to have domestic chickens

The poultry house is erected based on the number of chickens, calculating in advance the size of the building. In order for a room for living creatures to become a comfortable home, you need to adhere to the advice of experienced craftsmen who know a lot about this business. In order to know the answers to the questions that arise during construction, it is necessary to figure out all possible nuances in advance, and they will be, for example, if it is supposed to keep a bird in winter. The ideal chicken coop in this case should be equipped with good ventilation, heating system, have reliable walls and a roof.


How to build a house with your own hands

In order to build a good chicken coop, you should think over each stage using prepared drawings and diagrams. Make sure you have all the materials you need and think about how you could save money. Yes, and before building, think about how many chickens you plan to keep in the poultry house. Perhaps you will stop at the 50 head mark or decide to have 200 chickens in the future? This issue sometimes plays a decisive role.

Materials and tools

Depending on the type of foundation, you should have several bags of cement, brick, or galvanized mesh with burlap. In this case, bitumen or mastic can play a protective role in the construction of the foundation. The walls of the hen house can be built with your own hands from a bar with insulation. So, in the arsenal of building materials, there should be enough wooden beams and ceilings for the roof.

Next, you need to take care of ventilation boxes, perches for perches and boxes for nests. Windows, doors and accompanying materials such as nails, hammer, drill, shovel, ruler, saw should always be with you.

Step-by-step master class

  1. To begin with, you should think about the foundation, which in this case can be tape, monolithic or columnar. This is important not only for the durability and strength of the building, but also so that rodents, which greatly spoil the eggs, the chickens themselves, and are also carriers of infections, cannot get through the ground into your chicken coop. You can lay a grid on the bottom of a pre-dug hole with your own hands or make a columnar foundation made of bricks with cement.
  2. After the foundation has completely dried, you can start building future walls. This process takes place according to the standard and long-proven technology of erecting structures from a bar (using individual drawings). Any insulating material should be used between the foundation and the first crown. How to lay it with your own hands, you can watch the video on the network.
  3. Sloping logs made of beams with a section of 10x15 cm are laid on the edge at a distance of at least 50 cm from each other. The resulting gaps are closed with scraps from the same bar. The following crowns are also laid, which are connected at the corners using the "thorn-groove" principle. Insulation materials are used between the crowns.
  4. When laying walls with your own hands, do not forget that their height should be about two meters. It is very important to ensure the alignment of the crowns, avoiding skewing. To do this, you can use wood pins, which are driven into the bars in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of a meter from each other.
  5. After strengthening the ceiling beams, the roof is laid with your own hands. It is worth remembering that a large loss of heat occurs through the roof, and therefore it should be well insulated. It is better to make the roof itself gable so that the water can drain. The space under the roof can be used for practical purposes for storing tools or food.
  6. The final stage is the installation of ventilation according to the drawing, floor insulation and installation of perches, bird nests. When calculating the height of the perches, one should take into account the breed of chickens, their size and the ability to jump to one or another height (you can watch a lot of videos on the network about this). The roof of the nests is also best done at an angle to prevent birds from staining it with droppings. You can also make nests with your own hands using special drawings.

It is better to make the floor in the hen house double, with a layer of rough rough plank being laid first.Next - a vapor barrier, a layer of bars with insulation and, finally, you can start laying a clean floor from edged boards.

Advice! The very structure of the house is best done on an elevated position. The flooring itself can be replaced with a new one as it becomes dirty in the house.


Photos of beautiful chicken coops

A little imagination and the chicken coop becomes a decoration of the site

An option for those who have a small plot: 5-10 chickens can be made easily

Such a chicken coop is built super-quickly: boards are knocked down around the perimeter, plastic pipes are attached, partitions are cut out of OSB

This is a chicken house, not a barn

Takes up little space and is easy to maintain

Another option with a high location of the mini-chicken coop

Mobile chicken coop for 5 chickens. Move at least every day

This is what happened with those who made such a chicken coop for a summer residence.

As you can see, chicken coops for summer cottages can be a decoration. There are very simple models that are made according to the type of frame greenhouses - on arches made of plastic pipes.

Anatoly Rytsev / Master - universal, site author

The master is a versatile person. It is engaged in interior and facade finishing works of all types: paint brushes, plastering, wallpapering, all types of tiling works, as well as the construction of country houses and plant growing.


Watch the video: DIY Chicken Coop Run. How To Build


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