The dacha is a great place to relax, but it is also a great reason to change your activities. It is not for nothing that the arrangement of a summer residence and the cultivation of ornamental and garden plants are becoming a popular pastime for the townspeople. However, today even those who are going to build a chicken coop in the country with their own hands do not surprise anyone. Moreover, zealous owners choose solid buildings. If you build a house a little larger than a doghouse, the birds will get sick or eat up food unnecessarily. Then you should not expect such desirable environmentally friendly eggs from them. Let's find out the secrets of solid construction.
It is necessary to figure out how to make an economically profitable chicken coop with the allocation of space for a building. The design of the house can also largely depend on the location of the house. There are basic principles that should be followed when making a choice:
Experts recommend choosing a place with a reserve of space in case the success in breeding chickens prompts the owners to create, for example, a quail farm. After all, such a farm is an excellent source of not even additional income, but a full-fledged income.
A chicken coop is often called a ramshackle shed, but if you look at this building in a businesslike way, then it can be made much more attractive, then it will be easier to find a place for it
To be healthy, chickens must have a place for walking, so such a hen house with a vestibule is a well-deserved success.
We will agree in advance that we choose a four-edged beam 100x150 mm as a material for the construction of our chicken coop. This is a low-budget option and construction from such material does not require professional skill.
We select the size of the upcoming building. It is better to draw a project so that you can accurately determine the need for materials. We will proceed from the approximate weight of the chicken coop, determining the foundation.
The coop on a columnar foundation looks very protected, neat and compact, despite the fact that everything you need is provided in it.
The best option for a relatively light chicken coop can be considered a columnar foundation. Why?
We will mark the foundation using a thin but strong rope and metal rods. In full accordance with the project, we hammer rods around the perimeter of the building. We wrap them with a rope, placing it at the surface of the earth. We check the accuracy of the markings made by measuring the diagonal distance with an ordinary tape measure.
We carefully remove the fertile soil layer of 15-20 cm inside the markings: it will come in handy in the garden. Now we will make pedestals in the corners of the building and along its perimeter. The distance between them should be 0.8-1 m. Dig holes 60-70 cm deep and 50 cm wide (for two bricks). Using a hydraulic level and ropes, mark 20-25 cm above the ground - a guideline for the construction of pedestals.
The columnar foundation is most appropriate when building a chicken coop, since it is economically viable and the building on it will be protected from decay and from predators
At the bottom of the pit we pour sand and medium-grained gravel 10 cm thick in layers. The first two bricks are laid on the bottom of the pit, on them we put cement mortar, mixed at a rate of 1: 3. Place the next two bricks across the previous ones. So the curbstone should be laid out to the level that is marked with ropes. Cement mortar will help to align the curbstone exactly to the level.
In construction, a technological break of 5-7 days comes, so that the solution has the opportunity to grab. After that, the finished posts must be treated with special protective mastic or simple bitumen. Coarse gravel should be placed between the pedestals and the ground. They also cover the surface inside the perimeter of the building.
For the process of laying timber, a standard technology has long been developed, which must be followed. As an insulator of the first crown from the foundation, you can use a double layer of roofing material. The ends of the timber should be connected in a half-tree. As a log for the floor, we use a beam of 100x150mm, laid on the edge. The optimal distance between the logs is 50 cm. We close the gaps with scraps of timber.
The walls of the building are erected by sequentially placing a bar with its connection at the corners of the building into a tongue-and-groove connection
The second, third and subsequent crowns at the corners are connected according to the thorn-groove system. Flax-jute fiber can be used as a sealant in the lock joints and between the crowns. If the timber from which the chicken coop is erected has natural moisture, it is better to use wooden pins for a secure fit of the crowns.
Their presence will protect the frame from distortion after shrinkage. Under the pins, you need to make holes in the corners of the building and around the perimeter every meter or one and a half. They are made with a depth of 2.5 beams and in a checkerboard pattern. The pins should be driven into the wood by about 7 cm. The minimum height of the walls to be erected should be 1.8 m. Next, the ceiling beams must be reinforced, the rafters installed and the roof laid.
You can make the roof of the chicken coop a single-pitched one, but the gable structure is the choice of far-sighted people. Feed and inventory need to be stored somewhere. Why not use a comfortable and dry attic space for this purpose?
Of course, it is better to make the roof of the building gable, then both the feed and equipment and even the rowan fruits dried for the winter for chickens will be safe
We strengthen the ceiling beams, cover the ceiling with any boards and insulate it. Expensive roll insulation can be replaced with expanded clay or coal slag. Until the moment of insulation, you need to take care of the ventilation of the room. To do this, put together two wooden ventilation ducts. We fix them at opposite ends of the building. One end of the ventilation duct is flush with the ceiling, and the other is about 40 cm below it. Tin flaps on the ventilation pipes will help regulate the room temperature.
Freezing and blowing through floors should be avoided. Therefore, double floors can be considered the best option. In this case, we will use a board with a thickness of 25 mm. The subfloor should be made of dry unedged boards. A layer of vapor barrier is laid on the boards, followed by 100x100mm bars. We fill the gaps between the bars with insulation, after which we lay the finishing floor already from the edged board.
If any boards can be used for the ceiling, then for the floor, savings are appropriate only when laying the subfloor: the finishing one should be done from a grooved board
It is recommended to make ventilation ducts in the floors, which will be tightly closed for the winter, and a grate can be installed on them in the summer.
Well, we figured out how to build a reliable and warm chicken coop, now we need to properly organize the room inside. If we talk about the necessary elements of the internal structure of the chicken coop, then the roost is just one of them.
When calculating the need for perches, you need to know that each bird will need at least 30 cm of perches. Knowing the number of feathered inhabitants of the hen house, we calculate the quantitative need for perches. It is better to make them from a rectangular bar of 40x60 mm. The perches need to be rounded, otherwise they will injure the birds. Perches should be placed from each other at a distance of 50 cm at a height of 60-80 cm from the floor, but not on top of each other. Roof trays will make cleaning the chicken coop easier.
Correctly organizing a chicken coop from the inside is no less important than ensuring its competent construction: chickens need perches, drinkers, feeders, places for layers
Places for laying hens should be located in a part of the chicken coop where the hens can feel safe and secure.
Do not forget that we cost a chicken coop for laying hens, which means that we need to provide them with all the conditions for them to lay eggs. To do this, you can equip them with boxes of sawdust in the place where the chickens will feel peace and safety.
Feeders and drinkers must be full, clean and elevated. It is easier to keep the coop clean and tidy if the floor is covered with sawdust or straw. The sloped floor will also make cleaning easier. For the winter, the chicken coop can be additionally insulated with mineral wool and foam.
On how to build a chicken coop with your own hands in other ways, we suggest watching the following videos.
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You have to deal with the issue of building a chicken coop with your own hands if it was decided to have domestic chickens. The fact is that not everyone on the site has a room for their maintenance. However, this is not a problem, since even a beginner poultry farmer can build a small poultry house for 5-10 chickens. To do this, you will need the necessary materials, tools and a place for construction. If you know how to hold a hammer in your hands and know how to hammer a nail, then there should be no difficulties in building a chicken coop with your own hands.
You have to deal with the question of building a chicken coop with your own hands if it was decided to have domestic chickens
The poultry house is erected based on the number of chickens, calculating in advance the size of the building. In order for a room for living creatures to become a comfortable home, you need to adhere to the advice of experienced craftsmen who know a lot about this business. In order to know the answers to the questions that arise during construction, it is necessary to figure out all possible nuances in advance, and they will be, for example, if it is supposed to keep a bird in winter. The ideal chicken coop in this case should be equipped with good ventilation, heating system, have reliable walls and a roof.
In order to build a good chicken coop, you should think over each stage using prepared drawings and diagrams. Make sure you have all the materials you need and think about how you could save money. Yes, and before building, think about how many chickens you plan to keep in the poultry house. Perhaps you will stop at the 50 head mark or decide to have 200 chickens in the future? This issue sometimes plays a decisive role.
Depending on the type of foundation, you should have several bags of cement, brick, or galvanized mesh with burlap. In this case, bitumen or mastic can play a protective role in the construction of the foundation. The walls of the hen house can be built with your own hands from a bar with insulation. So, in the arsenal of building materials, there should be enough wooden beams and ceilings for the roof.
Next, you need to take care of ventilation boxes, perches for perches and boxes for nests. Windows, doors and accompanying materials such as nails, hammer, drill, shovel, ruler, saw should always be with you.
It is better to make the floor in the hen house double, with a layer of rough rough plank being laid first.Next - a vapor barrier, a layer of bars with insulation and, finally, you can start laying a clean floor from edged boards.
Advice! The very structure of the house is best done on an elevated position. The flooring itself can be replaced with a new one as it becomes dirty in the house.
A little imagination and the chicken coop becomes a decoration of the site
An option for those who have a small plot: 5-10 chickens can be made easily
Such a chicken coop is built super-quickly: boards are knocked down around the perimeter, plastic pipes are attached, partitions are cut out of OSB
This is a chicken house, not a barn
Takes up little space and is easy to maintain
Another option with a high location of the mini-chicken coop
Mobile chicken coop for 5 chickens. Move at least every day
This is what happened with those who made such a chicken coop for a summer residence.
As you can see, chicken coops for summer cottages can be a decoration. There are very simple models that are made according to the type of frame greenhouses - on arches made of plastic pipes.
The master is a versatile person. It is engaged in interior and facade finishing works of all types: paint brushes, plastering, wallpapering, all types of tiling works, as well as the construction of country houses and plant growing.