Turbinicarpus


Turbinicarpus is a genus of very small to medium-sized cacti, which inhabit the north-eastern regions of Mexico, in particular the states of San Luis Potosí, Guanajuato, Nuevo León, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Coahuila, Tamaulipas and Zacatecas.

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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Flower Color: Pink
Purple
White
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Containers: Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth

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Cacti

Category:

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Foliage:

Foliage Color:

Height:

Spacing:

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual

Danger:

Bloom Color:

Bloom Characteristics:

Bloom Size:

Bloom Time:

Other details:

Soil pH requirements:

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Allow cut surface to callous over before planting

From seed germinate in a damp paper towel

From seed germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants remove and collect seeds

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen clean and dry seeds

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


Turbinicarpus Species

Category:

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs Water regularly do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Foliage:

Foliage Color:

Height:

Spacing:

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual

Danger:

Plant has spines or sharp edges use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Bloom Characteristics:

Bloom Size:

Bloom Time:

Other details:

Soil pH requirements:

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:

From seed direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen clean and dry seeds

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Regional

This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Vista, California(9 reports)

Gardeners' Notes:

On Dec 31, 2007, thistlesifter from Vista, CA wrote:

Nice easy to grow. I have 10 clones of this plant and they all flowered this year. These are grown hard with very little water except in spring and cooler weeks of summer. Watered during warm periods of fall and winter. It shows no growth till March.


Turbinicarpus - garden

Origin and Habitat: Turbinicarpus horripilus is endemic to Mexico (Hidalgo: Metzitlán). The extent of occurrence is less than 100 km², the species certainly occurs in less than five locations, and the population size is estimated from 1,000 to 3,000 mature individuals. There is less than 1 individual per square meter. The few subpopulations are continuing to decline due to illegal overcollecting.
Altitude range: 1200-1500 metres above sea level.
Habitat and Ecology: This species grows in semi-desert scrub vegetation in rock crevices and steep slopes among calcareous rocks. In the same area it is possible to find several cactus and succulent species like: Mammillaria geminispina, Mammillaria candida, Myrtillocactus goemetrizans, Cephalocereus senilis, Stenocereus dumortieri, Opuntia durangensis, Tillandsia recurvata, Agave stricta and Agave salmiana. Illegal collecting continues to threaten this species.

  • Turbinicarpus horripilus (Lem. ex Förster) V.John & Říha
    • Bravocactus horripilus (Lem.) Doweld
    • Echinocactus horripilus (Lem.) Lem.
    • Gymnocactus horripilus (Lem.) Backeb.
    • Gymnocactus horripilus subs. kvetae Chvastek & Halda
    • Mammillaria horripila Lem.
    • Neolloydia horripila (Lem.) Britton & Rose
    • Pediocactus horripilus (Lem.) Halda
    • Thelocactus goldii Bravo
    • Thelocactus horripilus (Lem.) Kladiwa & Fittkau

Accepted name in llifle Database:
Turbinicarpus horripilus (Lem. ex Förster) V.John & Říha
Kaktusy (Brno) 19(1): 22 (1983) cf. Repert. Pl. Succ. (I.O.S.), 34: 8 (1985):. 1983
Synonymy: 10

  • Turbinicarpus horripilus (Lem. ex Förster) V.John & Říha
    • Bravocactus horripilus (Lem.) Doweld
    • Echinocactus horripilus (Lem.) Lem.
    • Gymnocactus horripilus (Lem.) Backeb.
    • Gymnocactus horripilus subs. kvetae Chvastek & Halda
    • Mammillaria horripila Lem.
    • Neolloydia horripila (Lem.) Britton & Rose
    • Pediocactus horripilus (Lem.) Halda
    • Thelocactus goldii Bravo
    • Thelocactus horripilus (Lem.) Kladiwa & Fittkau
Accepted name in llifle Database:
Turbinicarpus horripilus subs. kvetae (Chvastek & Halda) Chvastek & Halda
Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 9(1): 76. 2002

Accepted name in llifle Database:
Turbinicarpus horripilus subs. wrobelianus Nitzschke & Montes
Succulenta (Netherlands) 79(2): 92. 2000
Synonymy: 3

  • Turbinicarpus horripilus subs. wrobelianus Nitzschke & Montes
    • Bravocactus horripilus subs. wrobelianus (Nitzschke & Montes) Doweld
    • Turbinicarpus horripilus var. wrobelianus (Nitzschke & Montes) D.Donati & Zanov.

Description: Turbinicarpus horripilus, formerly known as Gymnocactus horripilus, is a small, slowly clustering, globular to roughly columnar cactus.
Stem: Bluish-green to olive-green up to 4-9 cm cm in diameter, 10-18 cm tall Apex depressed, very woolly,
Root: Swollen bundled.
Tubercles: ± Conical, compressed at the sides, rhombic at the base 5-7 mm high.
Areoles: Oval, with much white wool, very soon becoming bare.
Radial spines:8-15 rigid, 9-11 mm long, radiating, straight or (rarely) somewhat bent, intertwined in each other white with brown tip.
Central spines: 1-2 rigid, pungent up to 3 cm long, dark brown becoming greyish white, blackish tip.
Flowers: Diurnal deep purple with whitish throat, up to 4 cm in diameter.
Blooming time: Spring and summer.
Fruits: Greenish-red becoming yellowish-brown 4-6 mm long, 3-5 mm wide.

Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Turbinicarpus horripilus group

  • Turbinicarpus horripilus" href='/Encyclopedia/CACTI/Family/Cactaceae/6344/Turbinicarpus_horripilus'> Turbinicarpus horripilus (Lem. ex Förster) V.John & Říha : Pungent pale to dark brown spines with blackish tip that become greyish white, areoles with white wool (when young), soon becoming bare.
  • Turbinicarpus horripilus subs. kvetae (Chvastek & Halda) Chvastek & Halda
  • Turbinicarpus horripilus f. monstruosa" href='/Encyclopedia/CACTI/Family/Cactaceae/12125/Turbinicarpus_horripilus_f._monstruosa'> Turbinicarpus horripilus f. monstruosa : It forms dense clusters, composed of a great number of soft green stems, each of them usually less than 2 cm wide, some only a few mm across. The spines are all radials: 1-3 mm long, bristle-like, somewhat bent.
  • Turbinicarpus horripilus subs. wrobelianus" href='/Encyclopedia/CACTI/Family/Cactaceae/6350/Turbinicarpus_horripilus_subs._wrobelianus'> Turbinicarpus horripilus subs. wrobelianus Nitzschke & Montes : has almost white radials and darker brow to black central spine (versus tan to brownish spines), and a little smaller flower. Distribution: North of Metztitlan near Jilos (Gilo, Xilo), Hidalgo, Mexico.

Bibliography: Major references and further lectures
1) Edward Anderson “The Cactus family” Timber Press, Incorporated, 2001
2) James Cullen, Sabina G. Knees, H. Suzanne Cubey "The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe, Both Out-of-Doors and Under Glass" Cambridge University Press, 11/Aug/2011
3) David R Hunt Nigel P Taylor Graham Charles International Cactaceae Systematics Group. "The New Cactus Lexicon" dh books, 2006
4) Guadalupe Martínez, J., Fitz Maurice, W.A. & Fitz Maurice, B 2013. Turbinicarpus horripilus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. . Downloaded on 09 August 2015.


Gymnocactus horripilus, in habitat at San Cristobal, Hidalgo, Mexico. Photo by: Amante Darmanin
Turbinicarpus horripilus Photo by: K.k. Agrawal
Turbinicarpus horripilus Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Turbinicarpus horripilus Photo by: Cactus Art

Watch the video: Turbinicarpus Kakteen


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