Correct planting of peppers in a polycarbonate greenhouse


Bell pepper is a delicious vegetable with a versatile purpose. It is used fresh for making salads, it is also pickled, fried, stuffed, baked and used in various other variations. For growing and planting such a crop in open ground, areas with a mild climate are suitable; in other areas, such a vegetable can be obtained using a polycarbonate greenhouse.

In such a greenhouse, you can plant a sweet and bitter variety even in early spring. It is much easier to care for and train even in the climate of Siberia, the Urals and the Moscow region.

Benefits of growing peppers in a polycarbonate greenhouse

Bell pepper considered a capricious culturethat grows only at a certain temperature, light, humidity, etc. It is practically impossible to create the necessary conditions in the open field, because there will always be a risk of adverse weather conditions.

In order to get a guaranteed yield, you should build a polycarbonate greenhouse, which also has the following advantages:

  • possibility of early disembarkation seedlings, which will lead to the fastest formation of ovaries;
  • bell peppers are especially sensitive to temperature changes, while a favorable microclimate can be maintained in the greenhouse;
  • under cover, plantings will be protected from cold winds, excessive rainfall and unwanted dew. This factor makes plants the most immune to disease;
  • indoors pepper care is minimized.

For Bulgarian varieties, a polycarbonate greenhouse is best suited, because through the double material scattered sunlight gets on the plants, and not direct ones, thereby protecting the plantings from burns. Also in such a greenhouse the most comfortable temperature is maintained.

In the greenhouse, the Bulgarian will be protected from all natural disasters, so the quality and quantity of the harvest will depend only on the efforts, competent approach and skills of the gardener. It is necessary to cut off flowers in a timely manner, transplant seedlings at a certain time, and also carry out the formation of a bush if any tall variety is selected.

The correct timing for planting bell peppers in a greenhouse

On average, seedlings need to be planted in a greenhouse in mid-May, but more specific dates can be determined by the following indicators:

  1. Saplings 60-70 days old should have at least 10 leaves;
  2. A very important indicator will be the air temperature in the greenhouse; planting work is possible only when it stops dropping below 10-12 degrees;
  3. In the southern and central regions, the greenhouse is already warming up by the end of April to mid-May... While in more northern areas, such indicators appear only by the beginning of summer.

In order to speed up the process of heating the greenhouse, you should prepare "warm" beds... In the fall, the soil is dug to a depth of 30 centimeters, and small branches, straw, leaves, humus and other plant material are placed on the bottom, after which it is buried with soil and watered with water. As soon as snow falls, it is scattered over the soil in the greenhouse.

How to prepare a greenhouse and what top dressing to add to the soil

Before planting pepper seedlings in a greenhouse, it is necessary to prepare the soil, because the quality of the future harvest will depend on the degree of its fertility.

In the fall, the soil is dug up, cleaned of weeds, stones and other debris. Also at this time make organic fertilizers in the form of compost or rotted manure. For one square meter of soil, 1-2 buckets of fertilizers are used.

Immediately a few days before planting, the soil is watered with a solution of complex mineral fertilizers.

Distance when planting pepper seedlings

Bell pepper seedlings are placed in a greenhouse, focusing on the area of ​​the room, the variety and the method of growing. For the most rational use of the territory, it is recommended to choose tall varieties... The rules for the arrangement of plants are as follows:

  • the distance between the rows should be not less than 70-80 centimeters, otherwise, caring for the plants will be a little more difficult;
  • tall varieties grown in 2 or 3 trunks are located at a distance of 40 centimeters from each other;
  • undersized peppers are grown in 2 trunks, the distance between them is 25-30 centimeters.

Before planting, seedlings must be accustomed to the bright sun. To do this, they are taken out on the street every day during the week. The exposure time of plants in the open sun is gradually increased from 2 to 12 hours.

Planting bell pepper is carried out on a cloudy day or in the evening... Seedlings are thoroughly watered with water and taken out of the pots so as not to damage the root system and the earthen ball. The seedlings are deepened in the same way as they grew in seedling containers.

Competent bush formation

The future harvest directly depends on the correct formation of plants.

In order to get a large number of large and tasty fruits, you must adhere to some rules:

  • Plant formation begins only after it reaches height 25 centimeters... Young peppers may stop developing or die;
  • The first flower bud, which is also called the crown bud, is removed immediately after emergence. In this case, the plant will begin to grow new shoots more actively;
  • It is customary to form pepper into several shoots; for this, the strongest shoots are left from the first fork, the remaining one is pinched at the growing point and the top is cut off. Thus, the skeleton of the plant is created;
  • Skeletal branches also begin to form forks, in the center of which a bud appears. Actions are carried out similarly to the previous ones: the strongest shoot is left, and the rest is pinched over the flower bud;
  • All further branches are formed in the same way;
  • Shoots and buds growing inside the bush are removed, because they cause thickening of the plantings and will not bring a high-quality harvest.

On every bush they leave no more than 20-25 fruits, the rest are deleted. It is also necessary to cut off diseased, damaged shoots and leaves growing below the skeleton.

Full formation of the bush is necessary only for tall varieties... On stunted plants, only abnormally growing, diseased and sterile parts are removed.

With a lack of lighting, plant buds may begin to fall off. In order to prevent such a problem, perform the following actions:

  • after the peppers are fully ripe, the leaves located on the main stem should be removed;
  • after harvesting, all foliage growing below the second branch is removed.

In order for the peppers to ripen larger, and their taste was more intense, 40-50 days before the end of the growing season, it is necessary to form and tear off the tops of the shoots.

Watering rules

Watering is a very important procedure for peppers, so it is carried out taking into account the following nuances:

  • all work is done in the morning hoursso that by the evening the excess moisture has time to evaporate;
  • 15 liters of water are used per 1 square meter of soil;
  • before the formation of buds, the plants are watered once every 7-10 days; in hot weather, additional moisture is allowed;
  • during flowering and fruiting, planting is watered once every 4-5 days, in hot weather, once every 2-3 days;
  • only used for watering warm and clean waterto avoid hypothermia and plant infection.

Peppers are watered only at the root, using a watering can, hose or drip irrigation system.

A good approach to plant care

Feeding plants with nutrients is very important for the formation of large and beautiful fruits:

  • during the growing season, the plants are fed once every 14 days nitrogen-containing fertilizers such as urea;
  • during the formation of fruits, 1 time in 2 weeks is applied phosphoric fertilizers;
  • Plant feeding is allowed 2-3 times per season mullein.

In addition to feeding and watering, pepper needs the following work:

  • weeds take useful trace elements from the soil and shade peppers, so they must be removed regularly;
  • after watering, the soil is loosened in order to improve its oxygen saturation;
  • tall varieties need support, so they are tied to a support or trellis.

Gardeners' mistakes when growing

  1. One of the biggest mistakes gardeners make will be non-compliance with the planting scheme plants, because of which they do not receive the proper amount of sunlight and do not set fruits;
  2. Pepper is the same afraid of both cold and heat, if the first problem can be dealt with with the help of a greenhouse shelter, then the second will be a little more difficult. After the temperature in the greenhouse warms up by more than 35 degrees, the polycarbonate is covered with another translucent material;
  3. Peppers should be watered often and little by little, because with a lack or excess of moisture, the ovaries of plants very often fall off;
  4. Loosening too deep can lead to damage to the root system, which in turn leads to the death of flowers and the death of the plant;
  5. If the pepper stopped developing, then most likely a mistake was made before planting it. When planting seedlings in the ground, you must not bury the root collar of the plant.

Lack of nutrients in the soil can also lead to various problems:

  • leaves twisted around the edges indicate a lack of potassium;
  • if the underside of the leaf turns purple, then the pepper lacks phosphorus;
  • grayish leaves indicate too little nitrogen;
  • the absence of ovaries and the rapid growth of greenery indicates an excess of nitrogen, in this case, watering with an infusion of ash should be carried out.

Diseases and pests

Peppers, like many other plants, are susceptible to diseases and pests. When growing crops in a greenhouse, the following ailments can most often be found:

  • black spot;
  • bacterial cancer;
  • powdery mildew;
  • mosaic;
  • late blight;
  • gray rot, etc.

Insects most often appear:

  • scoops;
  • spider mite;
  • beetle larvae;
  • Colorado beetle;
  • aphid;
  • thrips.

To combat pests, they are treated with karbofos or other insecticides, which can be purchased in specialized stores. When diseases appear, in many cases, treatment is useless, the affected plants are removed, they cannot be transplanted, and healthy ones are treated with fungicides.

To avoid such troubles, you should carry out preventive treatment of plants with Brodsky liquid and follow all the rules of agricultural technology.

Preparation and harvesting

You can harvest sweet bell peppers from the greenhouse until the onset of persistent cold weather... The first frosts will not be terrible for such plants.

The work is carried out adhering to some rules:

  1. In order to increase the amount of harvest, peppers are harvested at the stage of technical (incomplete) maturity. 1 time in 5-7 days;
  2. Fruits harvested at the stage of biological (full) maturity are the most tasty and healthy, but their shelf life will be much shorter than that of peppers harvested during technical maturity;
  3. The transition from technical maturity to biological maturity lasts from 3 to 20 days. The main factor influencing this process will be the air temperature, the higher it is, the faster maturation takes place;
  4. The fruits are separated from the plant along with the stalk, using scissors, a knife or pruning shears.

Growing bell peppers in a greenhouse is available to all gardeners, regardless of their location. Thanks to this design, it is possible to harvest healthy and tasty fruits not only in the south, but also in more northern regions.


The timing of planting pepper seedlings in the greenhouse may be different. On average, it is planted in mid-May, but you can more accurately determine the time by the air temperature. It should not be lower than 10-12 ° С, but it can be higher. In the middle lane, such a temperature is established in early-mid May, in more northern ones - in early summer. You can plant pepper seedlings in a greenhouse when she is 2 months old.


When to plant peppers in a greenhouse

Pepper is grown in seedlings, it does not matter at all where the culture will grow later, indoors or outdoors. Moreover, the seedlings can be grown directly in the greenhouse, the plants will not experience stress when moving. However, this is only possible in a heated greenhouse. Sowing starts from 20 February to mid-March. How to grow pepper seedlings in a greenhouse:

  • it is advisable to soak the seeds before sowing, let them hatch a little
  • the prepared containers are filled with soil (it is possible from the beds) and compacted a little
  • seeds are laid out at a distance of 1, 5 or 2 cm from each other, covered with a small layer of soil (no more than 1, 5 cm), carefully compacted, sprinkled with warm water and covered with glass
  • before germination in the greenhouse, the temperature must adhere to 25 ° C, after which it can be lowered to 15 and removed from the peppers
  • before the appearance of 3 leaves, plants need elementary care - additional lighting and watering, then the peppers dive into separate containers or directly on the beds.

Seedlings grown at home are planted in a greenhouse in the second half of April, but it is worth remembering that it must be ready for a change in growing conditions. The bush can be at least 15 cm and have at least 9 true leaves.


Watering mode for pepper seedlings in the greenhouse

Sweet bell pepper is a warm and moisture-loving culture. However, there must be an optimal balance between greenhouse temperature, air humidity and soil condition.

The first and plentiful one was made during the planting of the seedlings in the greenhouse. It is necessary to give the plants time to adapt and not disturb the root system with watering for 5-7 days. Of course, if the weather is extremely hot and the water evaporates very quickly, the interval is shortened.

Special large containers are filled with water for irrigation in advance so that it settles and warms up. In the evening, when the sun rolls towards sunset, they start watering the peppers. However, it should be noted that watering at night significantly increases the humidity of the air and the greenhouse must be thoroughly ventilated.

Watering in the morning is more rational in terms of maintaining optimal humidity indoors.

Irrigation can be carried out by sprinkling, but only in the absence of hot sunlight. Otherwise, droplets of moisture on the leaves will act as a magnifying glass, which will certainly lead to burns.

The method is stopped during the period of opening flower buds, so as not to wash off the pollen and not be left without a crop.

  • During the formation of the ovaries, the plants are watered after 3-4 days.
  • During the period of fruit ripening and until the end of the harvest - once a week.

Often, a crust forms on the soil surface after irrigation, which must be systematically loosened to provide air access to the root system.


Polycarbonate Greenhouse Planting Guide: What You Need to Know

The cultivation of pepper by our compatriots has been practiced for a long time. The huge selection of varieties on offer and methods of planting them can confuse not only beginners, but also experienced gardeners. In this article, we will talk about how to plant peppers in a polycarbonate greenhouse.

In the photo, pepper seedlings preparing for planting

Features of growing pepper in a polycarbonate greenhouse

When growing sweet peppers in a greenhouse, you need to remember about some features that will help you get a high-quality and rich harvest.

The main point is preparing the soil for planting seedlings. Experienced farmers are advised to apply potash and phosphorus fertilizers to the soil. At the same time, fresh manure cannot be added, since its use can cause a significant drop in yield. Instead, it is best to use humus or compost at the rate of 10 liters per 1 square meter.

Attention: The seedlings of peppers are planted in a permanent place only after the appearance of 12-14 leaves and the designation of a strong and thick green stem. The approximate height of the plant at the time of planting seedlings in the greenhouse should be about 25 centimeters.

When planting seedlings, it is important to take into account the soil temperature: if the greenhouse is not equipped with heating, then it is necessary to wait until the soil warms up to 15 degrees.

Due to the fact that this culture reacts negatively to replanting, the most suitable way out of this situation is to plant seeds in peat cups.

Varieties

To obtain a good harvest, it is extremely important to choose the right varieties, adapted specifically for the greenhouse growing conditions.

Breeders and experienced gardeners consider the following varieties of peppers to be the best for a polycarbonate greenhouse:

  • Claudio:
    • hybrid variety
    • disease resistant
    • early ripening: full maturation 70-75 days after planting
    • about 12-13 fruits ripen at a time
    • weight of one fruit: about 250 grams
    • tolerates transportation, freezing and heat well.
  • "Cow's ear":
    • hybrid variety
    • resistant to diseases and temperature changes
    • bush height: about 60 centimeters
    • tolerates transportation well
    • weight of one fruit: about 130 grams
    • elongated fruit shape.
  • Atlant:
    • productive variety
    • cone-shaped fruit
    • tolerates transportation, storage, freezing well.
  • "Cardinal":
    • hybrid variety
    • purple hue of fruit
    • early ripe variety
    • bush height: up to 1 meter.
  • "Cockatoo":
    • productive variety
    • length of one fruit: up to 35 centimeters
    • weight of one fruit: up to 500 grams
    • red fruit
    • cylindrical fruit
    • bush height: up to 60 centimeters.
  • "Hercules":
    • early ripe variety: up to 90 days from the moment of sowing
    • cubic fruit
    • red and green fruit
    • disease resistant
    • tolerates freezing well.
  • "Denis":
    • productive variety
    • early ripe variety: up to 85-90 days from the moment of sowing:
    • bush height: up to 70 centimeters
    • disease resistant
    • weight of one fruit: about 400 grams.
  • "Victoria":
    • mid-early variety
    • cone-shaped fruit
    • red fruit
    • well tolerates storage and freezing
    • wilt resistant
    • bush height: up to 50 centimeters.
  • "Orange Miracle":
    • it is possible to plant seeds directly into the ground at a temperature of about 23-25 ​​degrees
    • well tolerates freezing and transportation
    • disease resistant
    • orange fruit
    • cubic shape of the fruit.
  • "California Miracle":
    • early ripe variety: up to 100 days after sowing
    • long-term fruiting
    • determinant type
    • high germination of seeds
    • cubic fruit
    • weight of one fruit: from 80 to 140 grams.
  • "Health":
    • high-yielding variety
    • unpretentious to weather conditions and lighting
    • the shape of the fruit resembles a prism.
  • "Winnie the Pooh":
    • high-yielding and unpretentious variety
    • well tolerates storage and transportation
    • disease resistant
    • contains a large amount of nutrients, including vitamin c.

Disembarkation

When to plant?

Due to the fact that greenhouse conditions are more favorable for the cultivation of sweet peppers, the planting of the crop in the greenhouse can be carried out earlier than in open field conditions.

In most cases, planting seedlings in a greenhouse is carried out in May. However, in warmer regions, earlier dates are permissible, and in northern regions, it is better to plant pepper not earlier than the end of spring. For this, seedlings are sown at the end of winter or the first weeks of spring.

The condition of the seedlings is also of great importance. At the time of transplantation, its height should be about 25 centimeters.

How to plant correctly: planting scheme

Farmers distinguish two methods of planting peppers in the greenhouse: seedling and seedling. The first option is especially popular, as it allows already matured plants to quickly adapt to greenhouse conditions.

When digging holes for planting pepper, it must be borne in mind that the correct planting scheme is extremely important for this culture.

The depth of the holes must be sufficient for the seedlings to fit in the cavity along with the earthy clod. At the same time, it is important not to overdo it with depth, as this can affect the growth and development of the plant.

You must first pour about 1 liter of water into the prepared hole, then let the moisture soak in, and only then place the sprout there and cover it with soil until the first leaves on the stem.

Some farmers recommend putting humus or compost on the bottom of the hole as fertilizer. In some cases, a store-bought top dressing may also work.

As practice shows, it is best to install a support for the planted pepper immediately. At that moment, when the plant requires a garter, it will be possible to do this without much effort by tying the bush to an already existing support.

In addition, you can immediately mulch the soil, since you cannot water the seedlings in the first week after planting, and the mulch will allow the plant to receive retained moisture. Sawdust, dry leaves, tree bark or straw are perfect for this procedure. The cover will keep warm and help the soil stay loose for longer.

Planting sweet peppers with seeds is beneficial if you need to plant a large space with vegetables.

Before planting, it is necessary to soak the seeds in a solution of micronutrient fertilizers for half a day and prepare the soil for planting: mix peat, sand, ash, humus and sod soil. Ash helps to get rid of the acidic reaction of the soil, which has a detrimental effect on this crop. At the initial stage of growth, a large amount of nitrogen is required, and during fruiting, phosphorus.

The depth of planting seeds should not exceed 1 centimeter, and the planting density should be 6 by 6 centimeters. The first shoots will appear in about two weeks.

Important: Seeds are sown in a warm bed, which must be prepared in the fall.

For the germination of the culture, a temperature of 22 degrees is required, therefore, before the emergence of seedlings, the planting must be covered with a film. After germination, the temperature must be reduced for a week to 13-16 degrees, and then again increased to 20-25 degrees, which are comfortable for the pepper.

You can learn how to properly plant peppers in a greenhouse from the video:

Formation

The yield of peppers grown in greenhouse conditions directly depends on the correct formation of plants.

Correct plant formation includes the following steps:

  • determining the correct landing pattern
  • crown bud removal
  • pinching (removing unnecessary shoots)
  • elimination of excess leaves and sterile shoots
  • pinching of skeletal branches.

It is especially important to monitor the health of the plants undergoing formation, because working with a tool without disinfection after each individual bush, it is very easy to transfer the disease from sick to healthy plants.

The crown bud (crown flower) is a flower ovary that forms in the first fork of the main stem: first, the pepper grows with one stem up to about 20 centimeters, and then begins to branch. For proper development (including branching), it is necessary to remove the crown bud, which will improve the nutrition of the ovaries located above the fork.

The purpose of pinching is to redistribute nutrients and juices in order to improve the quality of the fruit. The procedure consists in removing side shoots that appear during the growth of the main stem. In this case, it is necessary to remove both sterile flowers and excess leaves.

Pinching is carried out in the following sequence:

  • 2-3 of the strongest skeletal shoots (1st order) are left on the main stem
  • for all other shoots, the growth point (top) is cut off
  • a strong and healthy shoot is left at the fork, and the weak ones pinch, cutting off the shoot just above the first leaf and flower bud.

Experts recommend leaving 15 to 25 ovaries on one bush, as large fruits will be obtained from them. When removing the shoot, it is necessary to leave one leaf, since the nutrition of the entire ovary located under it depends on it. Each subsequent division should be subjected to a similar treatment: you need to leave the strongest shoot, and remove the rest to the first leaf.

When on the first bunch the fruits reach the level of technical ripeness, you will need to cut off the leaves on the stem of the plant. When the fruits of the second brush reach the same level, it is necessary to cut off the leaves growing under it. The same scheme is required to process the entire plant.

It is important to remember that the last such circumcision must be done no later than one and a half months before the planned completion of the harvest. You cannot remove all the leaves at once: it is permissible to cut off only two leaves at a time. Otherwise, the plant may die.

One and a half months before the planned end of the season, it is necessary to make the last pinching: cut off the tops of all skeletal branches, after which all the efforts of the plant will be focused on serving the already existing fruits and the massive formation of pepper.

How to grow

The algorithm for growing peppers in a polycarbonate greenhouse is as follows:

  • select seeds for sowing
  • soak the seed in a growth stimulator solution (for 10-12 hours)
  • rinse and wrap the seeds in a damp cotton cloth for further pecking
  • plant seeds in peat pots or boxes to a depth of 1 centimeter
  • cover the container with seeds with glass or foil
  • place the container in a warm, well-lit place
  • provide good humidity and temperature 20-25 degrees
  • after the appearance of the entrances, lower the temperature, hardening the plant and periodically removing the covering material
  • 2 weeks after the appearance of the entrances, water the seedlings with a complex of mineral fertilizers
  • transplant the grown seedlings at the age of two months into the soil of the greenhouse at a distance of 30 centimeters from each other
  • provide plants with regular watering, ventilation and feeding
  • form plants in a timely manner
  • after the fruits are fully ripe, harvest in the morning, carefully picking or cutting off the fruits together with the stalk.

You can get acquainted with the cultivation of peppers in a greenhouse by watching the video:

How to water?

As practice shows, the main reason for low productivity and damage to plants by pests and diseases are errors in the mode and technique of irrigation.

With a standard irrigation scheme, this crop needs moisture every five or seven days... The most successful solution in this case is the installation of a drip irrigation system.

The soil around the peppers should always be sufficiently moist, but at the same time, waterlogging can destroy the plant.

Gardeners are advised to adhere to the following rules for watering peppers:

  • water must be distributed as carefully as possible, the formation of a soil crust around the bush is unacceptable
  • the best option is one-sided watering of the plant: water is poured in on the one hand, on the other - the soil is loosened, the next time the sides change
  • at the stage of ovary formation and abundant fruiting, water the plants no more than twice a week
  • water seedlings every two days
  • the first watering is performed when transplanting seedlings into the ground, the next watering - after 5 days.

Top dressing

Vegetable growers distinguish several types of pepper dressings in a polycarbonate greenhouse:

  • main (performed according to a certain scheme)
  • additional (if the pepper grows in greenhouses).

Top dressing can be either dry or in the form of an aqueous solution.

Peppers can be fertilized by:

  • manure
  • peat
  • humus
  • organic fertilizer (old grass and leaves)
  • potash and phosphorus fertilizers (minerals)
  • complex fertilizer.

Top dressing can be done with any of the above fertilizers, or a combination of them.

Fertilizing the soil is necessary:

  • before planting seedlings in the greenhouse
  • during flowering.

Diseases

The main diseases of greenhouse peppers during cultivation are:

  • "Mosaic":
    • virus: tobacco mosaic virus
    • provokes epiphytotics
    • plants lose leaf transpiration
    • the harvest is reduced by more than a third.
  • "Alfalfa Mosaic":
    • pathogen: Alfalfa mosaic virus
    • the appearance of white and yellow spots of various shapes is characteristic
    • most of the flowers become sterile
    • formed fruits have light stripes with dark edging.
  • "Bacterial cancer":
    • local damage to fruits, leaves and shoots
    • small spots appear on the fruits, which are prone to draining
    • leaves lose color and fall off.
  • "Gray rot":
    • pathogen: botrytis cinerea pers
    • yield decreases
    • weeping spots are formed
  • "Alternaria":
    • pathogen: Alternaria solani
    • black angular spots appear, limited by leaf veins
    • black mold forms on the fruit.

The methods of dealing with diseases of greenhouse plants are different from the methods of getting rid of diseases of peppers growing in the open field.

To combat diseases of a crop grown in a greenhouse, the following recommendations must be followed:

  • adherence to the recommended planting scheme for pepper
  • minimization of plant injury in rainy weather
  • increased ventilation of the greenhouse at the first signs of illness
  • cleaning the affected areas
  • the use of oil-containing products such as "Copper Oxychloride" or "Copper Vitriol"
  • spraying of plants and treatment of the root zone with "Fitolavin-300" (0.2%)
  • at the stage of fruiting, use biological products based on "Bacillus subtilis".

Attention: Plants affected by the mosaic must be completely destroyed.

In order to prevent diseases, breeders advise:

  • perform pre-sowing soaking of seeds in a solution of "TMTD" or "Tiram"
  • carry out disinfection measures using methyl bromide
  • periodically replace the soil in the greenhouse
  • destroy all plant residues in the greenhouse and steam the soil.

Recently, pepper varieties that are resistant to diseases have been especially popular among summer residents, including:

  • "Big Daddy"
  • "Agapovsky"
  • "Star of the East"
  • "Yellow Bell".

Pepper varieties and hybrids highly resistant to mosaic are:

  • "Montero"
  • "Aries"
  • "Blondie"
  • "Cardinal"
  • "Cube"
  • "Fidelio"
  • "Wonder"
  • "Orange"
  • "Indalo"
  • "Sonata"
  • Rubik.

In the process of selecting the most suitable variety, preference should be given to zoned varieties adapted to the conditions of a particular climatic zone.

The cost

The cost of greenhouses made of polycarbonate varies from nine thousand rubles to twenty-eight thousand. Moreover, this price is fair only for structures intended for growing vegetables in small volumes. If we talk about the greenhouse business, then the cost of such equipment can reach several hundred thousand.

The price of greenhouses directly depends on the quality of the material of the guides, on the area of ​​the structure, the availability of additional equipment in the kit, as well as on a number of other technical characteristics. In addition, the cost of polycarbonate greenhouses also depends on the region, the further south, the lower the price.

Where to buy a polycarbonate pepper greenhouse?

Before buying polycarbonate greenhouse equipment, you need to check the quality of the material from which the system was assembled. You should also pay attention to the presence of all permissive documentation and certificates.

  1. The company for the production of greenhouse equipment "Pomidorkin Dom" Moscow region, Dmitrov, st. Pravonaberezhnaya, d.17 (do not come without a preliminary call). Contact phone: +7 (919) 964-00-99
  2. Trading company "Volia", Warehouse at 14 km MKAD (Belaya Dacha district): 14 km MKAD (outer side), Belaya Dacha district, MEGA, Moscow region, Kotelniki, 2nd Pokrovsky proezd, 3, Company territory "Russian lawns", entrance - under the power line barrier, Contact phone: 8 (495) 508-54-15
  3. Trading company DP-STROY, Moscow, st. Derbenevskaya, 20 st19, Contact phone: 8 (495) 790-34-73.

  1. Brand store in the production of CJSC "Stena", St. Petersburg, Kingiseppskoe shosse, 53, Contact phone: 8 (812) 954-12-58
  2. Trading company CJSC "Stena" St. Petersburg, Novocherkassky prospect, 1 Contact phone: 8 (812) 347-77-22
  3. St. Petersburg, st. Predportovaya, 10 Contact phone: +7 812 988 49 15.

Video

Look at the video of the greenhouse for planting pepper:

In order to enjoy the rich taste of bell pepper throughout the year, you need to take care of the place where it will be grown. It is worth paying special attention to the equipment for lighting and heating the greenhouse structure. You should also think about the place where it will be located, because the right choice of place makes it possible to significantly save on electricity. As a result, it will be possible to recoup all spent funds in the shortest possible period of time.


Greenhouse Pepper Care

It is not difficult to grow and care for peppers in a polycarbonate greenhouse. The plant will receive enough light, they will not be burned, as, for example, in a greenhouse with a film coating. Maintaining ideal humidity conditions is also more convenient indoors. Seedlings in a polycarbonate greenhouse require compliance with the following recommendations:

  1. Continuously monitor temperature changes. Even small fluctuations will affect the growth of the plant.
  2. Always water on time. If there is not enough water, the vegetable itself will let you know about this by the appearance of brown spots on the leaves. This is how the burn of the plant manifests itself.
  3. Loosening the soil will enrich the rhizomes of your plant with oxygen, and moisture will flow faster.
  4. A light-loving plant requires a lot of light. If there is enough light, the shoots will acquire a bright, saturated color.
  5. Fertilizers will accelerate the development of vegetable crops, therefore, special solutions must be regularly introduced into the soil.

If you follow these minimum care requirements, then the peppers will produce an excellent harvest and beautiful bright, juicy fruits.

Diseases of pepper in greenhouses

No matter how we try to protect our plant from diseases, the seedlings will constantly be attacked by infections. It is better to consider the signs of the disease in a photo on the Internet. The most common disease is aphids. It is very difficult to get rid of it; you will have to constantly monitor the seedlings. Aphids usually settle on the inside of the leaves, so if you buy seedlings, you need to carefully examine them so as not to infect all the plants in the greenhouse garden.

If your vegetable does not receive enough moisture, its leaves may even crumble. So summer residents recommend watering in small portions. Even a polycarbonate greenhouse will not protect your pepper seedlings from pests. May beetle larvae, whitefly, thrips, Colorado potato beetle, aphids - all of them can damage peppers. Therefore, the use of biological agents is considered mandatory. Pepper can hurt just like other plants in your greenhouse with rot, bacteriosis.

Growing pepper in a greenhouse climate will definitely bring good results, if you want to make a place in a closed garden more profitable, then experienced gardeners compact pepper seedlings by planting herbs, for example, onions, dill, parsley. The pepper grows slowly, so you have time to cut the greens before the stem of the pepper branches out.


Planting scheme for peppers in a greenhouse, cultivation, care

A large number of species and varieties of pepper are grown in the world. And this is not surprising, since this vegetable, in addition to being a powerful source of vitamins necessary for the human body, is also an invariable, revered and favorite ingredient of many culinary experts.

How to choose the right pepper variety for growing in a greenhouse

Peppers of various varieties can be grown in greenhouse conditions, which can have not only a traditional shape, but also an unusual one, but in order to obtain high yields, it is recommended to choose hybrids that give large fruits, while giving preference to seeds of zoned varieties.

When choosing which pepper to plant in the greenhouse, it should be borne in mind that the seeds could already have undergone pre-sowing preparation. It is worth asking the seller or reading the information sheet. If there was no preparation, you should do it yourself. The simplest and most proven option is to pickle in a solution of potassium permanganate or treat with fungicides, after which the seeds should be soaked in 8-12 hours .

Growing seedlings

Photo - pepper seedlings in pots.

Pepper refers to plants that are grown exclusively in seedlings, while this rule is the same for plants that will be grown both in industrial greenhouses and in the open field.

In addition, this vegetable develops for a rather long time, the germination of seeds occurs in about a couple of weeks, and the period from the moment of laying the seeds to planting on the beds is on average 60-75 days... This factor is important to consider before planning the date of planting on the beds.

The initial stage of growing seedlings can be carried out in a special tray, planting seeds at a distance of 1-2 cm between them, and until the emergence of seedlings, keep it under glass (to maintain the temperature regime and protect against drying out of the soil).

After two or three weeks, sometimes a month, when 2-3 leaves appear, the seedlings can be dived, while planting in small plastic, paper or other cups with a diameter no more than 7 cm .

And the planting of pepper in the greenhouse takes place after the process of setting the buds has begun. As a rule, the plant by this time has a height about 25 cm... and up to 10 leaves have already developed on the bush.

Important! The pepper should be planted at the same depth as it grew in the pot, taking care not to damage the root system, which can cause a low yield.

Landing on greenhouse beds

Peppers are planted in a greenhouse made of polycarbonate, glass or film approximately in May, closer to the middle of the month, but if the structure is heated, then transplanting is allowed in April and even in March.

How to plant plants correctly: examples of schemes

Photo of the two-line tape landing pattern.

It is very important for peppers to follow a certain pattern according to which they should be planted. Often the seed packaging contains detailed instructions with recommendations that are optimal for a particular species or variety.

It is worth noting that the scheme for planting pepper in a greenhouse is mainly determined by the size to which the bush grows.

Important! With a lack of light, the growing season increases, and, therefore, the plants should be arranged in such a way that they have as much space as possible.

Friendly neighborhood

To increase the profitability of a greenhouse, for example, a small summer cottage, the so-called compaction of beds with peppers with other plants is possible. This is due to the rather long vegetation period of pepper, which reaches 180 days... Generally, planting green onions, sorrel, dill, spinach, lettuce, parsley, etc. is recommended. such a neighborhood does not negatively affect the yield of pepper.

Care features

Although peppers can be grown in almost any climatic conditions, planting and caring for peppers in a greenhouse has some peculiarities and will bring results only if certain requirements and rules are observed.

Soil preparation

Peppers require light, breathable soil. Immediately before planting seedlings, fertilizers should be applied, primarily organic fertilizers, such as vermicompost. Ash also plays an important role, which is involved in the formation of fruits.

One of the most optimal soil compositions in which peppers are planted in a greenhouse is as follows: peat, humus, sod land or peat with sod land and sand, in the first case the proportion is 3:1:1... and in the second # 8212 4:2:1 .

Plant feeding

For normal growth, starting from the stage of growing seedlings, the application of organic and mineral fertilizers is constantly required. During the season, on average, about four full dressings are carried out. The amount should be increased if necessary. It is recommended to carry out top dressing together or simultaneously with watering (depending on the fertilizer).

If complex fertilizer options are used, the price of which is quite affordable in specialized stores, feeding can be done according to the schedule -
1 time in 2-3 weeks, depending on the condition of the plants, variety, growing season.

Watering

In the photo - automatic watering of plants.

Pepper is very picky about the watering regime, it needs moisture for normal growth. above 70%... Leaves should not be allowed to wither. Watering should be done in the morning and, despite the plant's moisture-loving nature, do not allow an excess of moisture in the soil.

A farm greenhouse watering schedule might look like this:

  • before fruit ovary - once a week,
  • during the fertile period - 1 time in 2 days or daily, if necessary.

After watering, it is important to loosen the topsoil to provide air access to the root system.

Temperature regime

Pepper is a heat-loving plant, for its development the temperature is optimal from 20 to 27 ° C. Sharp changes should not be allowed, a slight decrease, although it will not lead to the death of the plant, can significantly slow down growth.

Drafts are very dangerous, therefore only one-sided ventilation is recommended, for example, only one of the greenhouse doors opens. At the moment when the peppers are planted in the greenhouse, the soil temperature should be from 15 to 20 ° C, the air temperature should be 20-25 ° C.

Conclusion

Despite the fact that pepper is a rather warm and moisture-loving plant, its cultivation is possible even in harsh climatic conditions, for example, in Siberia, of course, if it is grown in a greenhouse. At the same time, you can get fairly high yields, which are influenced by a lot of factors, for example, the scheme of their planting in a greenhouse, the right choice of variety for growing, etc.

If something remains unclear, watch the video in this article (also find out what a mini greenhouse with 36 peat tablets is).

Sources: http://kakteplica.ru/rasteniya-v-teplice/ovoshhi/perec/instrukciya-po-vysadke-rassady-perca-v-teplicu.html, http://propolikarbonat.ru/vyrashivat-perec-v- teplice, http://oteplicah.com/rasteniya/285-sxema-posadki-percev-v-teplice

  • enter
  • insert
  • fill
  • charge
  • land plot
  • cover
  • put on
  • clothe
  • to accept
  • different
  • hand over
  • take off
  • make up
  • to cut
  • lay down
  • install
  • Proper nutrition
  • Right answers
  • The right foundation


Watch the video: Harvesting pepper seeds


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