Liana kobea (Cobaea) is a climbing dwarf shrub, which is an annual and belongs to the cyanide family. Gardeners cultivate it as an annual plant. This vine was named after Barnabas Kobo, who was a naturalist monk and lived in the plant's homeland (Peru and Mexico) for several years. In nature, kobei can be found in the humid tropical and subtropical forests of North and South America. Such a plant has been cultivated since 1787, while it is most often used for vertical gardening of arbors or hedges.
This plant is fast growing. In this regard, its branched root system is very strong and has many thin fibrous roots. Shoots can be up to 6 meters long, and even in some cases much more. The composition of the next complex-pinnate spectacular leaf plates includes only 3 lobes. At the tips of the stems, the leaves change and become branched antennae, which help the shrub to climb up the support, clinging to it with their help. Large flowers are bell-shaped and reach a diameter of 8 centimeters, their pistil and stamens are protruding. The flowers have long stalks and grow from the leaf axils in groups of 2 or 3, or they grow singly. When the flowers are just starting to open, they are colored yellowish green. And after full disclosure, the flowers change their color to white or purple. The fruit is a leathery capsule that opens along the side seams. Inside it are large, flat, oval seeds.
It is not so easy to grow a kobei from seeds, but it is quite possible. The fact is that the shell of large seeds is distinguished by a high density, which greatly complicates the appearance of sprouts. Therefore, before sowing, such a shell must be dissolved to such a state that it looks like mucus, and then removed by hand. To do this, you need to spread the seeds on the bottom of the container, which should be wide enough, while taking into account that they should not come into contact with each other. Pour water into the container and close it very tightly with a lid to prevent evaporation of the liquid. From time to time, it is necessary to check the seeds and at the same time remove the sagging part of the shell, and then lower them again into the container. As a rule, it takes several days to completely clear the seeds from the shell.
For seedlings, this plant should be sown in February or the first days of March. For sowing, it is recommended to use individual, not very large cups, in which one seed is placed, thus you do not have to injure young plants during a dive. To sow seeds, it is recommended to use a universal soil. The seed must be laid on the soil surface, while the flat side must be turned down, and then sprinkled on top of it with a layer of the same soil mixture, the thickness of which should be 15 millimeters. Seedlings appear after a different amount of time. If you properly prepared the seeds and completely removed the entire shell, then the seedlings may appear after half a month.
Kobei. Sowing and diving.
When the seedlings grow up a little, and they have 2 real leaf plates, they should be dived together with a lump of earth in containers, which should have a volume of about three liters. This will create a strong root system and powerful stems. During transplanting, do not forget to put special ladders made of metal or plastic in the container, in this case the seedling will grow, using it as a support. At the same time, you should begin to harden the seedlings. To do this, the plant is transferred to a loggia or balcony, which must be insulated or, in extreme cases, glazed. The plants will stay here before transplanting, while slowly getting used to the cold air. As a rule, three weeks of hardening is enough to get the plants fully accustomed to the outdoor climate. Then you can start planting grown and matured seedlings in open ground.
Seedlings are transplanted into open soil in May or at the beginning of June, while the frost should be left behind. And the night temperature should not be less than 5 degrees. However, it is impossible to delay planting for too long, because in this case the plants will outgrow, and transplanting into the garden will become much more complicated.
First, decide on the place where the kobei will grow. For them, it is recommended to choose a well-lit place with nutritious soil. However, such a flower can also be grown in a shaded area. It should be noted that this shrub must be protected from the cold wind. First, you need to prepare the landing pits, the distance between which should be from 50 to 100 centimeters. They need to pour a loose soil mixture consisting of humus, peat and sod land. In them it is necessary to lower the plant along with a lump of earth, bury it and water it well. Immediately next to the bushes, you need to put a support (arch or fence), since the growing shrub must climb it, and not along the bushes or trees located nearby. In the event that the threat of frost still remains, then the plant will need to be covered for a while with a non-woven covering material folded in 2 layers.
Kobei should be watered systematically, while watering should be more abundant during a long dry period. But it should be borne in mind that if the liquid stagnates in the roots, this will provoke the development of rot. You need to be especially careful in watering if the shrub grows in a shaded place.
At the beginning of active growth, such a plant needs frequent feeding, which is carried out once a week, and for this it is recommended to use nitrogen-containing fertilizers. During budding, the kobe will need potassium and phosphorus. They begin to feed the plant almost immediately after the seedlings appear. Then when the first leaf is formed in the plant, it will need to be fed with humate. After that, the kobei is fed alternately with mineral fertilizers (for example, Kemir) and organic matter (mullein infusion) until the very beginning of flowering. In order for the vine to develop and grow normally, you need to systematically loosen the surface of the soil and pull out weeds.
As mentioned above, kobei can be grown from seed, and can also be propagated by cuttings. Cuttings are taken from uterine bushes, which must stay indoors all winter. When the active growth of young shoots begins in the spring, some of them can be cut off and stuck into moistened sand for rooting. The rooted cutting should be transplanted into open soil in the last days of May or the first in June. Such plants begin to bloom somewhat faster than those grown from seed, but at the same time their flowering is not lush and not so beautiful.
Aphids and ticks can settle on the plant. To get rid of such insects, it is necessary to process the plant with a solution consisting of phytoverm and potassium green soap. Instead of green soap, you can take flea shampoo for animals (it is also used to combat other pests).
Flowering begins in July and ends with the onset of frost. In middle latitudes, such a shrub is grown as an annual, which means that it should be burned in autumn. Seeds in mid-latitudes do not have time to ripen, so they will have to be purchased again at the store for sowing next year. It should be borne in mind that even if you buy seeds of a well-known brand in a store, their germination rate will not be higher than 30 percent.
If you wish, you can try to keep the grown kobei until next year. In October, you should cut off all the stems from the bush, carefully dig it and plant it in a large box or flowerpot. You need to store such a plant in a cool, dark place, while the temperature should not exceed 12 degrees. So, a basement or cellar is perfect for storage. Make sure that the substrate does not dry out; for this, water it once every 20-30 days. In the last days of February, the first - March, the bush should be rearranged in a bright and warm place and watering should be gradually increased. The bush is planted in the garden only after the threat of frost has completely passed.
This species is the only one that is cultivated. Moreover, there are 9 types of kobei in nature. This species is a perennial vine cultivated as an annual. The homeland of this plant is Mexico. This vine grows a large number of stems, reaching 6 m in length. The plumose leaf plates end in branched tendrils with which the plant clings to the support. Flowering lasts from the second half of the summer period until the very frost. Purple flowers have a honey smell. The white kobei (Cobea scandens alba) is a subspecies of the cobei that is tenacious and has white flowers.
COBE - CHALLENGES OF GROWING.
Overseas plants often attract the attention of gardeners. Many people want to bring beauty and originality to their garden.
Still, plants accustomed to a certain climate are not always able to adapt and take root in new climatic conditions. And if this happens, then the characteristics and agricultural technology change, adjusting to new circumstances.
Kobeya garden also belongs to such crops.
The most common way of growing kobei is by seed. But novice gardeners often face the problem of germination, since the seed coat is thick enough, and the sprouts cannot always break through it.
Experienced growers dissolve the skin in a liquid and then scrub the mucous substance from the seed surface. The order of the procedure:
This is the preparatory stage for obtaining a kobei plant from seeds, the cultivation of which is not particularly difficult. After peeling, the planting material is ready for planting.
The process of growing seedlings begins in late February - early March. Each seed is immediately planted in a separate container. This avoids a dive, which the kobeya does not tolerate well. Any soil from the store is suitable for planting. Seeds are laid out on the surface of the soil and sprinkled with a thin layer of substrate. If preliminary cleaning has been carried out, then the first shoots will appear in two weeks. Otherwise, you will have to wait for the sprouts for some time.
When the second pair of leaves appears on the seedlings, they should be planted in more spacious containers. It is best to transfer plants with an earthen clod so as not to violate the integrity of the root system and allow the seedlings to grow stronger faster. Even for such a tiny kobei, a support made of plastic or wood is already needed. For this so-called ladder, the plant will cling to the antennae.
Important! For the formation of healthy shoots, it is imperative to harden the seedlings. For this, the containers are taken out into the open air. If the balcony is glazed, then you can leave it there overnight.
After three weeks, the climbing cobe, whose cultivation is not too difficult, will be ready for planting in the ground. It is better to do this when the night frosts are over. Seedlings can hardly tolerate frequent transplanting, so in the first days you will have to monitor their condition.
In nature, about 40 species of cute chamomile grow, many of them have been introduced into garden culture, for example, Doronicum Altai, Austrian, Kluza, Turkestan, oblong-leaved, Kolyumny. However, the generally recognized favorites of florists are:
Landscape designers recommend planting doronicum in the background of complex flower beds, since after flowering it loses its attractiveness. But at the peak of decorativeness, culture is in perfect harmony with primroses, aquilegia, tulips, irises, daffodils. The joint planting of doronicum and hosts is especially successful - when the golden handsome man fades, the neighbor will cover the wilted bush with her luxurious leaves. Cope with camouflage and ground cover crops: alissum, periwinkle, umbilical. Incredibly beautiful bright yellow "daisies" look against the background of decorative conifers and stone walls, and a bouquet of them will bring a touch of spring freshness to the house.