9 popular types and varieties of cabbage


When choosing seeds or seedlings of cabbage for growing on their site, many gardeners prefer the white variety. This limitation is rather due to the disappointment experienced with the failed cultivation of other species.

Undoubtedly, each type of culture is endowed with its own advantages and features of agricultural technology. Although the composition has slight differences, but each variety is rich in useful minerals and vitamins regardless of size and aging period. On the same bed, you can grow cauliflower, broccoli and, for example, kohlrabi, thereby diversifying the menu, winter preparations.
Red cabbage has the largest amount of vitamin C and carotene, and cauliflower is famous for its dietary qualities and excellent delicate taste. It is especially useful to eat vegetables, which increase the body's resistance to radiation and unfavorable environmental conditions. These doctors include broccoli with small heads of cabbage, which was previously considered exotic. Modern gardeners successfully grow a rather unpretentious vegetable in their beds, collecting generous harvests from them.

The article describes brief characteristics of only a small part of the existing types of cabbage. Before compiling an assortment for beds, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with a brief description and methods of application.

Redhead, pure purple vitamin

It should have justly been called violet-headed. Outwardly, the red-headed look is similar to the white one, but the leaves are red-purple in color, more dense in structure. The composition is also superior in the content of valuable minerals and vitamins, their number. Leaves from the head can be plucked as early as June for making salads. The vegetable is used in pickled and stewed form, both as an independent product and in combination with other ingredients.
The growing season of the red-headed species lasts from 150 days, the head weight on average weighs 1-3.5 kg. Among the main advantages:

  • cold resistance (young shoots tolerate frosts up to minus 5 ° C);
  • the root system is well developed;
  • the composition includes anthocyanin, which has a positive effect on human health (increases the elasticity of capillaries, regulates their permeability).

There is only one drawback of this species - it is the impossibility of using it for fermentation.

Cauliflower

Justifies the name: fruits come in all colors of the rainbow. A popular vegetable on the site for many gardeners and an equally well-known product among culinary specialists. Vitamin Bomb is eaten both as an independent ingredient and in combination with other ingredients. The growing process does not involve complex procedures and does not require much attention. One has only to follow the elementary rules of agricultural technology.
An annual plant forms dense inflorescences weighing from 350 to 1500 kg. Soil fertility and growing conditions affect the palatability of the fruit. Harvesting is done 90-105 days after sprouting (early ripening varieties).

A huge number of advantages are opposed by the weak resistance of the vegetable to various diseases and pests.

Broccoli, characteristic

The vegetable is similar to cauliflower, but the inflorescences have a rich green color. The richest composition of proteins and vitamins raised this species to the category of popular crops. Anti-aging cabbage delicacy, many gardeners try to cultivate on their plots. This is facilitated by unpretentious agricultural technology and cold resistance of cabbage, it does not lose its qualities when freezing to minus 7 ° C. Unlike other species, the culture is undemanding to soil fertility, but this does not mean that the plants do not need fertilization, some kind of feeding is still needed. Regular watering is also necessary, especially when the heads are ripening.
Benefits of growing broccoli:

  • usefulness and nutritional value of the product;
  • the ability to diversify the menu;
  • unpretentious care during cultivation;
  • the vegetable is subjected to various types of processing (stewing, salting, etc.).

The lack of features of agricultural technology deprives the vegetable of its shortcomings.

Savoy

An ideal vegetable for growing in the middle lane. Savoy cabbage is resistant to drought, it is not interesting to pests. In structure, the vegetable is similar to the white-headed species, however, the leaves are more tender and airy. They are easy to disassemble for cooking different dishes, you just have to pour boiling water over them. The composition contains a large amount of valuable minerals and vitamins, exceeding the amount of other types.
The vegetative period of early varieties lasts 105-120 days, hence the low yield. The taste of the vegetable is very delicate due to the small amount of mustard oils in the composition and the absence of coarse fibers. Suitable for fresh, stewed consumption. The peculiarity of the species is cold resistance, with short frosts it retains its marketable and taste qualities.
A short shelf life is considered a disadvantage.

Savoy cabbage is not suitable for pickling. Varieties of this type do not differ in yield compared to white cabbage.

Kohlrabi, health grade

The chemical composition of kohlrabi is comparable to citrus crops, so the vegetable is very popular among cooks. Gardeners are less willing to use the crop for growing on their plots. And in vain, because the fruits have a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system, stabilize blood pressure, cleanse the intestines of toxins.
The ripening period of early varieties is 65-80 days. The stem fruit reaches a mass of 220 grams, some varieties weigh over 2 kg. The short growing season allows for several harvests per season. You can cultivate a vegetable in the open field and in greenhouses. Plant care is generally similar to other types of cabbage. The crop is stored for a long time without any loss of valuable properties.

Brussels, small heads of cabbage

The rarest type of cabbage in our beds. The composition contains a whole storehouse of vitamins and trace elements, exceeding the number of white cabbage varieties. A special feature of the vegetable is the presence of mustard oil, which is characteristic of radish. This component gives the product a nutty flavor.
The main advantage of crop cultivation is the unpretentiousness of plants to the climate of the middle zone. The main disadvantage is the long growing season.... When planting seeds in April, you can get a crop only at the end of the warm season (ripening period is about 150 days). To speed up the process, it is recommended to grow the vegetable through seedlings.

Beijing, not afraid of frost

In Russian vegetable growing, the cultivation of Peking cabbage is only gaining momentum. The vegetable has gained popularity due to its rich vitamin composition, interesting taste and high yield (900 centners are removed from 1 hectare). The plant grows in conditions of low temperatures, which is typical for the climate of the middle zone. The growing season lasts only 50-70 days, which gives the ability to get 2-3 harvests per season... You can grow crops both in the open field and in greenhouses all year round.
Cabbage benefits:

  • composition rich in useful substances;
  • young shoots can withstand short-term frosts up to minus 7 ° С;
  • high productivity.

The culture is not devoid of cons:

  • yield depends on soil fertility;
  • agricultural technology has not been fully studied;
  • the vegetable attracts the attention of pests, is vulnerable to disease.

You can sow seeds on seedlings and directly into open ground. Sowing works are carried out in April-May.

Marine, from the bottom of the sea

The product is unique in its qualities and effect on the human body. The complex biochemical composition is characterized primarily by the content of iodine, a necessary substance for the thyroid gland. In addition to it, kelp are rich in vitamins of group B, C, folic acid, amino acids, pantothenic acid and other microelements. In fact it is an alga that grows on the seabed... With any type of processing (pickling, drying), cabbage retains its valuable properties. It can harm health only if a person has an increased sensitivity to iodine.

Chinese, source of longevity

In terms of composition, Chinese cabbage is very similar to white cabbage, but differs significantly in appearance. The leaf formation of a vegetable without a head ovary is more reminiscent of lettuce, but with a richer green color. Lysine, an amino acid that cleanses the body of toxins and other harmful substances, is of particular value.

Chinese vegetable high appreciated not only for taste, but also for the ability to strengthen the immune system, which is necessary for longevity... Among the indisputable advantages:

  • harvesting in June, which is useful for replenishing vitamin deficiencies in the body;
  • delicate leaf structure, can be used for baby food;
  • simple rules of agricultural technology.

There is only one minus - the large size of the stalk, which takes up almost half of the vegetable. But you can also use it for cooking.

You can eat fresh leaves, pickled, stewed and dried. After the onset of cold weather, the pots with the culture can be placed indoors and harvest until December.
The assortment of cabbage in the beds will make it possible to enrich the body with useful microelements, strengthen the immune system and diversify the menu with delicious dishes.


CABBAGE

Collier's Encyclopedia. - Open Society. 2000.

See what "KABUSTA" is in other dictionaries:

CABBAGE - CABBAGE. There are white cabbage, red cabbage, savoy cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts and kohlrabi. White cabbage. A head of cabbage consists of a white stalk and curled leaves of light green and white, the number of which depends on the variety ... ... A Brief Encyclopedia of Household

Cabbage - white cabbage. Cabbage, genus one, two and perennial herbaceous plants (cruciferous family). About 35 species, in Eurasia and North Africa, most originate from the Mediterranean and China. Cultivated (since the early Neolithic) ... ... Illustrated encyclopedic dictionary

CABBAGE - wives. a food plant Brassica oleracea. Gray, outer leaves of Kachana iln fork white, pure forks, without these leaves. Curly, winter or brukkol, does not wiggle forks, there are also breeds: safoy, colored, etc. we have a more general fork, headed. ... ... Dahl's Explanatory Dictionary

cabbage - bit. zool. Cabbage (Kyrykabat) ziyankesterinin biri. Vegetable daқyldarynyң negizgі ziyankesterі - tүrlі burgeler, cabbage kobelegi, ka p u s t a b and t i, cabbage kyesi zhune kapustv shybyny (Kommunizm tuy, 6, 05, 1967, 2). Cabbage cabbage. zool. ... ... Kazakh tilinin tusindirme sozdigi

cabbage - One of the oldest cultivated garden plants, widely used in cooking. The most widespread use of cabbage for boiling in soups all over the world is not the most correct one. Boiled cabbage loses many useful things ... ... Culinary dictionary

CABBAGE - Cabbage, cabbage, many others. no, wives. Garden plant, uptr. in food growing in clubs, heads of cabbage. Sour cabbage. Fresh cabbage. A pie with cabbage. Sauerkraut. Shred the cabbage. Chop cabbage (chop for fermentation). Cauliflower (special ... ... Ushakov's Explanatory Dictionary

CABBAGE - (Brassica), a genus of plants (one, two or perennial) family. cruciferous. OK. 35 species, in Eurasia and North. Africa, most in the Mediterranean. In the USSR approx. 10 types. Long day plants, self and cross-pollinated. Many types of vegetables, fodder ... Biological encyclopedic dictionary

cabbage - grannies, vegetable, safoy, savoy, penny, grandmother, biennial, kimchi, finance, fiti miti, bashli, petit meti, money, cabbage, despicable metal, provencal, beans, money, mani, manyuhi, money, capital, broccoli, crunches, broccoli, kelp, ... ... Glossary of synonyms

CABBAGE - CABBAGE, s, wives. Garden plant of this. cruciferous, usually growing in cabbage. Head of cabbage. Colored to. (With a white head formed by the buds of inflorescences tightly adjacent to each other). K. kohlrabi. • Seaweed is a genus of seaweed ... Explanatory Dictionary of Ozhegov

cabbage - 1. Cabbage, s. Garden plant of this. cruciferous with leaves curling into a head of cabbage, which are used for food. Sauerkraut cabbage soup with fresh cabbage. A pie with cabbage. Shred the cabbage. Chop the cabbage. Hare k. (Popular name for some ... Encyclopedic Dictionary

CABBAGE - genus one, two and perennials of the cruciferous family, vegetable culture. OK. 35 species, in Eurasia and North Africa, most in the Mediterranean. Cabbage is cultivated (in heads of cabbage sugar, proteins, vitamin C, minerals), ... ... Big Encyclopedic Dictionary


Overview of Dutch cabbage varieties

In modern realities, it is the companies from Holland that provide the main supply of seed to the world market. White cabbage in this stream is represented by a huge number of varieties. For convenience, depending on the timing of ripening, they can be divided into three main types:

  1. Early ripe.
  2. Mid-season.
  3. Late ripening.

Early ripening

Varieties with a minimum ripening period usually do not last long. This cabbage is grown only for use in salads and fresh consumption. In addition, early maturing varieties often crack when over-watered, and their leaves are soft and do not crunch like other varieties.

Some of the more popular early Dutch varieties include:

  • Musketeer.
  • Farao F1.
  • Resistor.
  • Bingo.
  • Parel.
  • Python.

The ripe head of the variety assumes an ideal round shape. Covering leaves are colored light green. The mass of a mature head of cabbage is 1-1.3 kg. The full growing season of the plant takes 55 days from the moment of sowing the seeds.

Characteristically, the Musketeer, unlike other early Dutch cabbage, is not so prone to cracking. In addition, in terms of shelf life, it bypasses many other varieties.

The Farao F1 hybrid is considered relatively new. But despite this, he is quickly gaining popularity among domestic gardeners.

Cabbage of this variety is represented by rounded heads of cabbage, the weight of which reaches 3-4 kg. On the cut, the head is almost white. The cover sheets are dark green in color. They are dotted with large, but soft veins.

The ripening period of the hybrid is 65 days.

The F1 resistor is a lot like the Musketeer cabbage. The shape of the forks of the vegetable is also round. Their mass is on average 1-1.2 kg. They also have identical ripening periods. The hybrid fully reaches 55 days after the appearance of seedlings.

It is also worth noting that this variety has established itself as highly resistant to various cruciferous diseases, especially Fusarium.

In terms of ripening, this variety is significantly inferior to other early maturing ones. It takes up to 160 days for the heads to fully mature. But cabbage compensates for such a long period of growth with its taste, long shelf life (up to 9 months) and high yield, which, under suitable conditions, reaches the level of 3.8–4.5 kg / sq. m.

Heads of cabbage are round, weighing 1.5-2 kg. The color of the leaves ranges from bright green to a mixture of green and gray. Their surface is covered with a dense waxy coating.

Parel cabbage is especially popular in regions with difficult climatic conditions. It is often grown in northern Russia. The culture ripens for about 60 days.

The heads are characterized by the following distinctive features:

  • weight - from 1.2 to 2 kg
  • fork shape - rounded, slightly elongated
  • the color of the cover sheets and the cut of the head is light green
  • leaves are wavy and have a slight waxy bloom.

In addition to cold weather, Parel also tolerates crowded cultivation and is highly resistant to many diseases.

Python cabbage is among the mid-early. The growing season of the culture is 125–130 days. If the crop is grown in favorable conditions, then the yield indicator of the variety reaches 5 kg from each square meter of the beds.

Heads of cabbage assume a spherical shape. Their weight reaches 2-2.2 kg. The top of the forks is covered with gray-green leaves.

The indisputable advantage of Python is that all the bushes ripen almost at the same time.

Mid-season Dutch cabbage varieties

These varieties of Dutch cabbage mature much longer than the varieties listed above. But they differ in a denser, crunchy texture of sheets, as a result of which they are widely used in processed form.

The most popular mid-season varieties include:

  • Rinda F1.
  • Krautkaiser F1.
  • Donar F1.
  • Languadeaker.

Hybrid Rinda F1 ripens on the 80th day after the transfer of seedlings to open beds. Heads of cabbage of this species are round, weighing about 4–6 kg. Distinctive features are the density and round shape of the sockets. On the cut, they are yellowish-white. The cover sheets are dark green in color.

In terms of use, the hybrid is universal. Cabbage leaves are eaten fresh and pickled. The crop storage period is 3-4 months.

The Krautkaiser ripens in 120 days from the moment the seedlings appear on the site. The heads reach a weight of 3-4 kg, suggest a round shape and light green color. The density of the forks is average.

In terms of application, such a hybrid is also a universal one. Correctly assembled heads are stored for 7–8 months. In addition, the advantages of the variety also include high resistance to cruciferous diseases and unfavorable weather conditions.

The Donar hybrid is often grown due to the possibility of long-term storage of the heads. The heads of cabbage of this culture are able to lie without the appearance of rot for up to 8 months. Cabbage is a round head of cabbage with a regular shape. The leaves are gray-green and richly covered with a waxy bloom. Such a vegetable is used fresh for food, as part of hot dishes and for sourdough for the winter.

From the moment the original Dutch seeds are planted in the ground until the heads are fully ripe, it takes from 120 to 135 days. The culture itself is characterized by unpretentiousness to the conditions of care and a long shelf life.

The forks of the variety are dense, round, covered with bright green wavy leaves. The mass of a head of cabbage reaches 3-4 kg. On the cut, the color of the vegetable is yellowish. The heads are used fresh and recycled.

The maximum yield of the variety is 10 kg / sq. m.

Late varieties of Dutch cabbage

Late cabbage from Holland has the longest ripening times. As a rule, it is planted in early or mid-spring, and harvested on the eve of or after the onset of the first frost.

In contrast to the protracted growing process, such varieties assume a long storage period for the crop in the basement, and are also resistant to negative weather conditions and diseases. In addition, cabbage leaves of these types are the most crunchy, dense, and have a rich taste.

Among the popular Dutch varieties, the late-ripening category includes the following:

  • Galaxy.
  • Furios.
  • Portula.
  • Bartolo.
  • Fundaxi.

When fully ripe, Galaxy cabbage reaches a weight of 4–6 kg. The growing season for a culture takes 130-135 days. The head itself is round, grayish-green, dense. The leaves contain a large amount of ascorbic acid and are suitable for raw and processed forms.

This species is thrips resistant. In addition, the harvest is stored for 10-12 months.

The main advantage of Furios cabbage is its thin but dense and crispy leaves, which have a good taste. The ripening period of the heads is 125–130 days from the moment the first shoots appear. The weight of each head of cabbage is 3-5 kg. The color of the heads is light green.

Furios offers high yields and is also resistant to gray mold and fusarium.

A versatile hybrid that is equally well suited for processing and raw consumption. Each head weighs up to 6 kg. Like other late-ripening varieties, Portula has a long shelf life.

It takes 165 to 175 days for the forks of the Bartolo F1 hybrid to mature. They are distinguished by their elongated shape and small size. On average, each head grows to 1.5-2.2 kg. Heads of cabbage are rather dense and are covered with gray-green wavy leaves with thin veins on top.

The yield of the species reaches 5.7 kg / sq. At the same time, in the process of growth, the culture is not susceptible to gray rot and various bacteriosis. Such cabbage is stored until the next harvest.

From the moment the first seedlings appear until the forks are fully ripe, it takes from 130 to 140 days. Mature heads of cabbage weigh up to 6 kg. They are distinguished by a gray-green color and a dense texture. The sheets are thin and have soft veins. The stump at the head is short.

Such a plant is highly resistant to fusarium and gray rot. In addition, the hybrid is resistant to damage from thrips. It is worth noting that such a crop gives high yields only with abundant watering.


Variety of types of cauliflower with photo

Many other varieties have been developed from the original cauliflower variety in the course of long-term breeding work. They differ among themselves by the peculiarities of cultivation, the color and shape of the heads of cabbage, the timing of ripening. Based on the latter characteristic, all types of cauliflower are divided into:

  1. Early.
  2. Mid-season.
  3. Late.

Early varieties

Early species are distinguished by the shortest maturation period of the heads. In addition, the palatability of such vegetables is much higher than that of mid-ripening and late-ripening varieties. The disadvantage of this category is the very short shelf life.

Some of the more popular early varieties include:

  • Regent.
  • Snowball.
  • Guarantee.
  • Alpha.
  • Snowball.
  • Movir 74.

The Regent cabbage can be harvested from the beds as early as 110 days after the seedlings have hatched. When mature, the forks weigh about 500 g. It has a white color and medium tuberosity. From above, the head is covered with elliptical leaves of a dark green color.

The regent is suitable for seedling and non-seedling cultivation. Under favorable conditions, from 0.9 to 3.9 kg of cabbage are harvested from each square meter.

In addition to the good taste of the inflorescences, this species has other advantages. The plant is resistant to a number of diseases typical for cabbage. In addition, it can withstand periods of drought and sudden increases in temperature without consequences.

The Snowball variety assumes a shorter ripening period for the heads. Their technical maturity occurs 90–95 days after the emergence of sprouts. The crop yield varies within 3.2-4.2 kg / sq. m.

Cabbage heads are white, dense. Their surface is fine-grained, and their weight is 0.5-2 kg. From above, each fork is covered with large elongated bluish leaves.

This variety is bred in France. It endures cold weather and is used fresh and fermented in cooking.

After planting the seeds, the forks are fully formed within 80-100 days. Each head is rounded and painted white. The leaves of the plant are well developed and cover the head almost completely. The average weight of cabbage varies between 0.6-0.9 kg.

The advantages of the variety include the following points:

  • good taste
  • high density
  • simultaneous ripening of the entire crop
  • disease resistance.

In addition, the Warranty is suitable for long distance transportation.

The Russian-made variety, bred by Poisk, is fully adapted to the domestic climate. Alpha is recommended to be grown in the central and northern regions of the country.

The crop ripens approximately 85–90 days after the emergence of sprouts. The forks are dense, medium lumpy and weigh about 1.5 kg. The color of the head of cabbage is completely white. The average vegetable yield is 3.5 kg / sq. m.

In terms of use, cabbage is versatile and, in addition to being consumed raw, is also suitable for processing.

Cabbage Snow Globe is grown by seedlings or sown directly on the beds. In the second case, 95–110 days pass from the emergence of shoots to the full ripening of the forks. The culture is distinguished by high resistance to diseases and is versatile in application.

The plant heads in terms of appearance are fully consistent with their name. They are distinguished by their snow-white color and the presence of small bumps on the surface. The head weight does not exceed 0.9 kg.

Tellingly, the Snow Globe cabbage takes root well even in difficult weather conditions. But the yield is 3 kg / sq. m can be obtained only on rich soils and in mild climates.

This variety was bred by domestic breeders. On average, the heads are fully formed 70–90 days after the first shoots appear. The species is responsive to favorable growing conditions. If all of them are observed, then summer residents receive up to 4 kg of vegetables from each square of the area. In addition, in the southern regions, the crop is harvested twice a year.

The color of this variety is completely white or with a yellow tint. Weight reaches 1.3 kg. The fork has a dense structure and is covered on top with large elongated leaves.

Cabbage Movir 74 is resistant to cold snaps and excessive dryness. The crop can easily endure long-term transportation.

Mid-season varieties and hybrids

Forks of this category of cabbage need much more time to ripen. In addition, all mid-season varieties are thermophilic and develop well only at temperatures close to 20 degrees. Therefore, they are grown mainly in the south of the country.

The long ripening times of these types are compensated by the longer shelf life of the forks.

Some of the most sought-after mid-ripening cauliflowers include:

  • Purple.
  • White head.
  • White beauty.
  • Purple ball.
  • Flora Blanca.

Purple cabbage is also one of the domestic varieties. It is distinguished by cold resistance and resistance to cruciferous diseases. The vegetable ripens within 110–120 days from the moment the first seedlings emerge in the garden.

Heads of cabbage of this species are dense, round, covered with small tubercles. Each head weighs up to 1.5 kg. A distinctive feature of such formations is a pronounced violet-purple color. The yield is 4 kg per square meter.

Like the previous variety, the White head matures in 110–120 days. At the same time, the yield of the variety varies in the range of 3.5–4.5 kg / sq. m.

The heads of the culture assume a white color and a roundish, slightly flattened shape. The average fork weight is 1.1 kg. From above, it is covered with leaves only partially.

Such cabbage has good cold resistance, is stored for a long time and is suitable for transportation. In addition, the vegetable pulp contains an increased amount of vitamins and minerals, which makes it popular not only in cooking, but also in medicine.

The white beauty is grown in seedlings, but it is recommended to plant seedlings in open ground, and not in a greenhouse. In this case, within 65–70 days after planting, the crop is ready for harvest.

A variety is presented with white dense heads, the weight of which reaches 1-1.2 kg. Such forks are well stored, have a pronounced taste, and are suitable for transportation. But during cultivation, the plant must be carefully protected from pests.

The variety was bred just a few years ago by the well-known company "Aelita". For the full maturation of seedlings, as a rule, 120 days are required. The productivity of the species is 3-3.5 kg from each square.

The appearance of the forks is quite exotic. They are painted purple. By their structure, the heads of cabbage are dense, covered with small bumps. The head weight is 0.7-0.9 kg. The outer leaves are small and only half cover the forks. In addition to its bright color, this vegetable has an equally bright taste.

Flora Blanca cabbage bred in Holland grows on a garden bed in 110–120 days. It assumes resistance to cold weather and versatility in terms of use. The average yield is 2.5 kg / sq. m.

Such a vegetable is represented by small dense forks. Their color is white with a yellow tint. Weight, as a rule, does not exceed the 1.2 kg mark. The cover leaves of the culture are small, rounded.

Flora Blanca keeps well. In addition, the plant is resistant to bacteriosis.

Late varieties and types

All late cauliflower varieties have a ripening time of more than 4 months. In addition, on open soil, they manage to ripen only in the southern regions of Russia. For cultivation in the north of the country, a greenhouse is definitely needed. But such a cabbage compensates for a long growing season with large forks and a long shelf life.

Popular late varieties include:

  • Asterix.
  • Cortez.
  • Amerigo.

Asterix is ​​one of the hybrids, and the name on the seeds is supplemented with the F1 marking. This species is highly resistant to powdery mildew. The vegetable ripens in 130-135 days.

The heads of such a culture are white, round, weighing 700-900 g. Dark green leaves cover the head of cabbage. The pulp of the plant has a good taste and a dense texture. The yield of Asterix is ​​2.5 kg / sq. m.

Cortez is another Dutch hybrid variety. Harvesting is carried out 70 days after transplanting seedlings to open beds. The crop is well stored and suitable for processing.

Heads of cabbage of this species are rather large. Their weight often exceeds 2 kg. At the same time, a white head of cabbage contains a large amount of liquid. The average yield is 4-4.5 kg of cabbage per square meter.

The Cortez hybrid easily tolerates cold weather. But when growing a crop, it is worth remembering that without suitable fertilizers, the harvest will be insignificant.

This species makes high demands on the soil of the site on which it is planned to grow. Under favorable conditions, after planting the seedlings, the technical maturity of the heads of cabbage occurs in 60–65 days. At the same time, the yield of vegetation is 7.5 kg per square.

The heads of the Amerigo variety are round and dense. The weight of each head of cabbage varies between 2-2.5 kg. The forks are white. From above, each head of cabbage is almost completely covered with large dark green leaves.


Is it possible to keep an orchid in the bedroom

The orchid has a beautiful appearance, creates a favorable aura in the room, especially for sleeping. But she is whimsical to the emotional atmosphere in which she grows. Experienced growers advise not to show anger and heightened emotions in the presence of this plant.

For the bedroom, the orchid is very useful, both in Feng Shui and in aesthetic appearance. It is better to place it on the windowsill, a little further from the bed.


Heading: Types and varieties of cabbage

There are various varieties of cabbage and even species in the world. We are more familiar with the garden. But in nature there is also decorative. This vegetable has been known for a long time. At one time, the Spartans considered him the most useful. By the way, before the discovery of potatoes in Europe, cabbage had a priority among other garden crops.

Moreover, some peoples have even developed specific ceremonies for harvesting. In ancient Russia, for example, a vegetable was harvested collectively for the winter. It was a holiday for the villagers. And the famous student skits? How can you forget those times? The current explanation to the kids can be considered a tribute to this famous product: "You were found in cabbage ...".

The types of cabbage are extremely varied and numerous.Color, shape and other features indicate their differences. But not only outward signs separate them. Each subspecies has its own specific merits. They are united by one thing - the undoubted benefit for our body.

Today, the generally recognized and most common are white and red cabbage, Brussels and Peking, Chinese and Savoy, leaf and colored. The list can be infinitely long, because these are far from all types of cabbage! Kohlrabi and broccoli have become very popular. The culture called Romanesco, which resembles a herringbone in its appearance, is becoming more and more famous.

Agricultural scientists continue their work to create new types of irreplaceable products. And breeders, and not only professionals, but also amateurs, are engaged in the development of new varieties and hybrids. As a result of their work, new varieties and hybrids of cabbage appear.

Early maturing, mid-maturing and late-maturing white potatoes are known to any gardener. In addition, there are middle cultures. You can purchase both mid-early and mid-late cabbages. Each of them has its own harvest maturation period.

In addition, varieties are being developed that are intended for cultivation in a specific area. There are crops specially bred for long-term storage, fermentation. You can find out what each variety is intended for, as well as find out its resistance to diseases, other advantages and disadvantages, thanks to this heading.

All types and varieties of cabbage that exist today are presented here. Feel free to bookmark the site and ask your questions in the comments to the articles. Comprehensive answers to them will be given without fail!


Reviews (summarized)

White cabbage. Tips and Secrets.

Cabbage: types (white cabbage, Savoy, broccoli, Brussels sprouts), description of the 33 best varieties, agricultural technology features (Photo & Video) + Reviews

We have tried to collect the most popular varieties for you and give them the main characteristics. If you disagree with these ratings, leave your rating in the comments with the reasons for your choice. Thank you for your participation. Your opinion will be useful to other users.


Watch the video: A Guide to Cabbage Varieties and When to Plant Them


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